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Earth Science Data Analytics: Definitions, Techniques and Skills

Steve Kempler, Tiffany Mathews
2017 Data Science Journal  
As a result of the void of Earth science data analytics in the literature the ESIP ESDA definition and goals serve as an initial framework for a common understanding of techniques and skills that are available  ...  Earth Science Data Analytics (ESDA) comprises the techniques and skills needed to holistically extract information and knowledge from all sources of available, often heterogeneous, data sets.  ...  and encouragement.  ... 
doi:10.5334/dsj-2017-006 fatcat:hvphedgtufdjlfzdjq3mwkntyi

Integration of data mining methods for Earth science data analysis in GIS environment

B. P. Nikolov, J. I. Zharkikh, A. A. Soloviev, R. I. Krasnoperov, S. M. Agayan
2015 Russian Journal of Earth Science  
This work was carried out within the project of the Program No. 7 of the Earth Sciences Department of RAS "Intellectual analysis of geophysical data, geoinformatics and mathematical geophysics".  ...  Earth sciences, with the use of data mining techniques. It provides data publication on the Internet and access for interested parties, in particular the scientific community.  ...  on Earth sciences (screenshot).  ... 
doi:10.2205/2015es000559 fatcat:5vfa4dput5hwldldrpwnwxqbia

Smart Environmental Data Infrastructures: Bridging the Gap between Earth Sciences and Citizens

José R.R. Viqueira, Sebastián Villarroya, David Mera, José A. Taboada
2020 Applied Sciences  
This paper reviews earth science data representation and access standards and technologies, and identifies the main challenges to overcome in order to enable their integration in semantic open data infrastructures  ...  As a consequence, high volumes of data are generated, which include data generated by earth observation systems and different kinds of models.  ...  A first example is the Semantic Web for Earth and Environmental Terminology (SWEET) [14] , which is a collection of ontologies constructed in NASA with the broad scope of Earth science.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10030856 fatcat:db53zgxpsrfl3mwqal4q6cyof4

A Discussion of Value Metrics for Data Repositories in Earth and Environmental Sciences

Cynthia Parr, Corinna Gries, Margaret O'Brien, Robert R. Downs, Ruth Duerr, Rebecca Koskela, Philip Tarrant, Keith E. Maull, Nancy Hoelbelheinrich, Shelley Stall
2019 Data Science Journal  
Here, representatives from a number of environmental and Earth science repositories evaluate approaches for assessing the costs and benefits of publishing scientific data in their repositories, identifying  ...  Despite growing recognition of the importance of public data to the modern economy and to scientific progress, long-term investment in the repositories that manage and disseminate scientific data in easily  ...  Data repositories can be compared to specialized analytical laboratories as they employ an expert workforce having specific skills in data curation and preservation that ensure the quality and interoperability  ... 
doi:10.5334/dsj-2019-058 fatcat:jf6hyv2zfrbhhovsvvvixsbeiq

Statistical models for point-counting data

Pieter Vermeesch
2018 Earth and Planetary Science Letters  
4 Point-counting data are a mainstay of petrography, micropalaeontology and palynology. Conventional 5 statistical analysis of such data is fraught with problems.  ...  Commonly used statistics such as the arithmetic 6 mean and standard deviation may produce nonsensical results when applied to point-counting data.  ...  Gert-Jan Weltje and an anonymous reviewer are 385 thanked for their constructive comments on the submitted manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.08.019 fatcat:ojcy57mobnddxc3vsb4uw6f75u

Uncertainties in land use data

G. Castilla, G. J. Hay
2007 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
There are two main uncertainties surrounding land use data, positional and categorical.  ...  This paper deals with the description and assessment of uncertainties in land use data derived from Remote Sensing observations, in the context of hydrological studies.  ...  The present work was carried out within the Project "Harmonised Techniques and Representative River Basin Data for Assessment and Use of Uncertainty Information in Integrated Water Management (HarmoniRiB  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-11-1857-2007 fatcat:vnacr6bn65gb3pan62mcqdl26y

Uncertainties in land use data

G. Castilla, G. J. Hay
2006 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions  
There are two main uncertainties surrounding land use data, positional and categorical.  ...  The latter refer to what is physically on the Earth surface such as vegetation, water or sand. Strictly speaking, land cover should be confined to vegetated and built-up areas.  ...  and their radiometric definition.  ... 
doi:10.5194/hessd-3-3439-2006 fatcat:bznka7ejovctvhvhnsvoczpmqa

C-GLORSv5: an improved multipurpose global ocean eddy-permitting physical reanalysis

Andrea Storto, Simona Masina
2016 Earth System Science Data  
The reanalysis is run at eddy-permitting resolution (1∕4° horizontal resolution and 50 vertical levels) and consists of a three-dimensional variational data assimilation system, a surface nudging and a  ...  tool for a variety of applications, ranging from climate monitoring and process studies to downstream applications, initialization of long-range forecasts and regional studies.  ...  Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 8, 679-696, 2016 A. Storto and S.  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-8-679-2016 fatcat:fivgc7lyobaipgvmrih734g2qe

Accounting for Transport Error in Inversions: An Urban Synthetic Data Experiment

Subhomoy Ghosh, Kimberly Mueller, Kuldeep Prasad, James Whetstone
2021 Earth and Space Science  
Karion, and Sharon Goudji from NIST for their valuable comments.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Israel Lopez-Coto from National Institute of Standards and technology (NIST) for providing the influence functions and the prior emission inventory; Adam Pinter, Anna  ...  Future investigation should explore the methods' skill using real data.  ... 
doi:10.1029/2020ea001272 fatcat:slmrd6skw5fhxjchm55y6ytwve

Interpretation of multi-scale permeability data through an information theory perspective

Aronne Dell'Oca, Alberto Guadagnini, Monica Riva
2020 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
We focus on gas permeability data collected over Berea Sandstone and Topopah Spring Tuff blocks, considering four measurement scales.  ...  We also assess the level of uniqueness, redundancy and synergy (rendering, i.e., information partitioning) of information content that the data associated with the intermediate and largest scales provide  ...  Assessing (i) the information content and (ii) the amount of information shared between permeability data associated with differing support scales (and/or diverse measuring devices/techniques) along the  ... 
doi:10.5194/hess-24-3097-2020 fatcat:z5t7sso5t5dylfifgstp2parxq

An improved method for estimating water-mass ventilation age from radiocarbon data

Tim DeVries, François Primeau
2010 Earth and Planetary Science Letters  
The new method is formulated in terms of parameterized age distributions that account for the effects of advective and diffusive transport in the ocean.  ...  We also applied the method to sediment-core radiocarbon data from the deep subarctic northeast Pacific.  ...  This research used samples and/or data provided by the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP). ODP is sponsored by the U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.011 fatcat:w7alfdieendytp265z7egmk4ve

An algorithm for operational flood mapping from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data using fuzzy logic

L. Pulvirenti, N. Pierdicca, M. Chini, L. Guerriero
2011 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
The algorithm is designed to work with radar data at L, C, and X frequency bands and employs also ancillary data, such as a land cover map and a digital elevation model.  ...  The flood mapping procedure is tested on an inundation that occurred in Albania on January 2010 using COSMO-SkyMed very high resolution X-band SAR data.  ...  The authors would like to thank Laura Candela from ASI for her support in gathering COSMO-SkyMed data. The authorization to publish  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-11-529-2011 fatcat:po3fiuwwbbevvmxunnztz73mcy

Benefits and limitations of data assimilation for discharge forecasting using an event-based rainfall–runoff model

M. Coustau, S. Ricci, V. Borrell-Estupina, C. Bouvier, O. Thual
2013 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
of the initial condition upon simulated discharges, and (iii) to identify and understand conditions in which this technique fails to improve the forecast skill.  ...  In order to improve the skill of rainfall-runoff models in predicting such flash floods, hydrologists use data assimilation techniques to provide real-time updates of the model using observational data  ...  The authors would also like to thank Veolia, the SCHAPI, the DIREN, the SPCMO and Meteo-France respectively for the piezometric levels, SIM Hu2, discharges, radar and rain gauge rainfall data.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-13-583-2013 fatcat:urc436ogx5hf3e4ml4bvtamkoq

seNorge2 daily precipitation, an observational gridded dataset over Norway from 1957 to the present day

Cristian Lussana, Tuomo Saloranta, Thomas Skaugen, Jan Magnusson, Ole Einar Tveito, Jess Andersen
2018 Earth System Science Data  
</strong> The conventional climate gridded datasets based on observations only are widely used in atmospheric sciences; our focus in this paper is on climate and hydrology.  ...  However, in very data-sparse areas, such as in the mountainous region of southern Norway, seNorge2 underestimates precipitation because it does not make use of enough geographical information to compensate  ...  Work at MET Norway and NVE on the activities presented in the article has been funded by Norwegian project "Felles aktiviteter NVE-MET tilknyttet nasjonal flom-og skredvarslingstjeneste" and NVE project  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-10-235-2018 fatcat:bot4hoi7zbgsbkkwr433m6ivpu

Analytic of China Cyberattack

Robert Lai
2012 The International Journal of Multimedia & Its Applications  
Therefore, an analytic of China cyberattack must scrutinize the national interest, goals and philosophies, culture, worldview, and behavioral phenomena of China.  ...  Apparently, China's advantage is more on the cognitive domain than technical domain since information systems security is art and science-in some case, it is more art than science.  ...  Toshi Yoshihara, John A. van Beuren Chair of Asia-Pacific Studies Strategy and Policy, and professor at the U.S. Naval War College, for his invaluable inputs to this paper. We would like to thank Dr.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijma.2012.4304 fatcat:mw3sqecta5duhfvgymbpqf7hda
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