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Early Detection of Social Media Hoaxes at Scale [article]

Arkaitz Zubiaga, Aiqi Jiang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The unmoderated nature of social media enables the diffusion of hoaxes, which in turn jeopardises the credibility of information gathered from social media platforms.  ...  This in turn has limited research exploring early detection of hoaxes as well as exploring other factors such as the effect of the size of the training data or the use of sliding windows.  ...  The generation of this dataset has also enabled us to run experiments for early hoax detection from social media, which we have experimented for very early detection within minutes of the first report.  ... 
arXiv:1801.07311v3 fatcat:jl6plimnwjbufbhxf6gt5ebpzu

Hoax Distribution in Social Media After Ratification of Omnibus Law

Febriansyah Febriansyah, Nani Nurani Muksin
2021 Jurnal Aspikom  
Social media had both positive and negative impacts. Lately, hoaxes had spread on social media massively after the ratification of the Job Creation Law (Omnibus Law).  ...  This research aimed to obtain an overview of hoax distribution on social media that emerged after the ratification of the Job Creation Law, find out the factors that cause it, and solve hoaxes on social  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the Ministry of Research and Technology / National Research and Innovation Agency that financed this research through the 2020 Research and Technology-BRIN grant.  ... 
doi:10.24329/aspikom.v6i2.871 fatcat:jal6nwk5p5fa3maq75fzlxr62i

False Information on Web and Social Media: A Survey [article]

Srijan Kumar, Neil Shah
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Characterizing how false information proliferates on social platforms and why it succeeds in deceiving readers are critical to develop efficient detection algorithms and tools for early detection.  ...  False information can be created and spread easily through the web and social media platforms, resulting in widespread real-world impact.  ...  Jure Leskovec for comments on an early draft of this survey, and Prof. Jiliang Tang and Dr. Charu Aggarwal for inviting us to write an earlier version of this survey for their book.  ... 
arXiv:1804.08559v1 fatcat:2qv3tigktzdnvpe37mef3mrg4a

Mapping Disinformation During the Covid-19 in Indonesia: Qualitative Content Analysis

Devie Rahmawati, Deddy Mulyana, Giri Lumakto, Mila Viendyasari, Wiratri Anindhita
2021 Jurnal Aspikom  
The study results revealed that most of the disinformation during the Covid-19 pandemic was related to the spread of hoaxes on health issues.  ...  This research implies that several recommendations are made to respond to the urgency of handling disinformation during Covid-19 in Indonesia, such as initiating digital literacy and media literacy in  ...  Therefore, we would like to thank the Chancellors of the University of Indonesia, the State University of Jakarta, and the University of Padjajaran. They have provided material and moral support.  ... 
doi:10.24329/aspikom.v6i2.907 fatcat:uyd25yexm5hlhee2hjfhi6ypyy

2021 Jurnal Interaksi: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi  
ABSTRACT Social media Twitter as a means of providing information at this time, during the Covid-19 pandemic, the Government's announcement, in this case, the Twitter account from the Ministry of Health  ...  This study reveals the use of social media Twitter about spreading social media information on Twitter with (hashtag) # COVID19, # Covid19Indonesia, and Twitter accounts from the Ministry of Health of  ...  , physical distance, large-scale social restrictions (PSBB), stay at home, don't go home, stay clean, always wash your hands with soap, hand sanitizer, and use a mask.The use of sophisticated technology  ... 
doi:10.30596/interaksi.v5i1.4949 fatcat:llaeqbmjmrb2tfzgbs2rvwnl5a

Combating Disinformation in a Social Media Age [article]

Kai Shu, Amrita Bhattacharjee, Faisal Alatawi, Tahora Nazer, Kaize Ding, Mansooreh Karami, Huan Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The creation, dissemination, and consumption of disinformation and fabricated content on social media is a growing concern, especially with the ease of access to such sources, and the lack of awareness  ...  We introduce different forms of disinformation, discuss factors related to the spread of disinformation, elaborate on the inherent challenges in detecting disinformation, and show some approaches to mitigating  ...  The goal of the early detection of disinformation is to prevent its further propagation on social media by giving early alerts of disinformation during the dissemination process .  ... 
arXiv:2007.07388v1 fatcat:scqvbj3aczc6lf2h7t45ndtpye

Fact-checking Effect on Viral Hoaxes

Marcella Tambuscio, Giancarlo Ruffo, Alessandro Flammini, Filippo Menczer
2015 Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '15 Companion  
The Internet and online social networks have greatly facilitated and accelerated information diffusion processes, but at the same time they provide fertile ground for the spread of misinformation, rumors  ...  The goal of this work is to introduce a simple modeling framework to study the diffusion of hoaxes and in particular how the availability of debunking information may contain their diffusion.  ...  He provided us with data about his experience, helping us get some insights at a very early stage of our study.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2740908.2742572 dblp:conf/www/TambuscioRFM15 fatcat:krz7b4td5jd3xmuyi22trvnlnq

Terrorism Early Warning and Counterterrorism Intelligence

John P. Sullivan, James J. Wirtz
2008 The international journal of intelligence and counter intelligence  
Los Angeles faced a series of ''white powder'' hoaxes that were being fed by media coverage of earlier evacuations.  ...  Social network analysis is also undertaken to understand the social dynamics that might TERRORISM EARLY WARNING AND COUNTERTERRORISM INTELLIGENCE shape the course of an incident and the effectiveness  ... 
doi:10.1080/08850600701648686 fatcat:6bttuxwvhfe4lhnhipue4gom6u

Characteristics of Fake News and Misinformation in Greece: The Rise of New Crowdsourcing-Based Journalistic Fact-Checking Models

Evangelos Lamprou, Nikos Antonopoulos, Iouliani Anomeritou, Chrysoula Apostolou
2021 Journalism and Media  
Journalists in the new era seem not to be able or willing to play their traditional role of gatekeeper and social media have made the problem even more intense.  ...  This dissertation scopes to map the characteristics of fake news and misinformation in an EU country such as Greece, based on the findings of "Ellinika Hoaxes" a fact-checking platform that uses in combination  ...  Hoaxes also keep a high percentage (38%) indicating that media outlets in Greece have been contaminated with non-true stories at a significant scale (RQ3).  ... 
doi:10.3390/journalmedia2030025 fatcat:pkndt4w3krht3n56b37vfpcddq

Resonant Moments in Media Events:

Josephine Lukito, Prathusha Sarma, Jordan Foley, Aman Abhishek, Erik Bucy, Larissa Doroshenko, Zhongkai Sun, Jon Pevehouse, William Sethares, Dhavan Shah
2021 Journal of Quantitative Description: Digital Media  
This analysis finds key differences in social media discourse about the two candidates. Notably, Trump received substantially more coverage than Clinton throughout the debate.  ...  Using the first 2016 U.S. presidential debate between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump as a case, this paper employs a temporal method for identifying resonant moments on social media during televised  ...  Detecting Events and Moments Social media data.  ... 
doi:10.51685/jqd.2021.019 fatcat:fheaxpioandvnkemybdscbm7my

False News On Social Media: A Data-Driven Survey [article]

Francesco Pierri, Stefano Ceri
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The aim of this survey is to offer a comprehensive study on the recent advances in terms of detection, characterization and mitigation of false news that propagate on social media, as well as the challenges  ...  As a matter of fact, social media platforms exhibit peculiar characteristics, with respect to traditional news outlets, which have been particularly favorable to the proliferation of deceptive information  ...  Nowadays the world is experiencing much more elaborated hoaxes; social media platforms have favored the proliferation of false news with much broader impact.  ... 
arXiv:1902.07539v3 fatcat:nfdrmyadnvgozhdfciap3krowy

Dataset of Fake News Detection and Fact Verification: A Survey [article]

Taichi Murayama
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We surveyed 118 datasets related to fake news research on a large scale from three perspectives: (1) fake news detection, (2) fact verification, and (3) other tasks; for example, the analysis of fake news  ...  The rapid increase in fake news, which causes significant damage to society, triggers many fake news related studies, including the development of fake news detection and fact verification techniques.  ...  Indic-covid [110] is an Indian dataset that collected Hindi and Bengali tweets to detect fake news in the early stagy of COVID-19 pandemic from social media.  ... 
arXiv:2111.03299v1 fatcat:noyhfssx7fe6rhsndcjosbi7oi

Suicide Communication on Social Media and Its Psychological Mechanisms: An Examination of Chinese Microblog Users

Qijin Cheng, Chi Kwok, Tingshao Zhu, Li Guan, Paul Yip
2015 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Conclusion: Weibo users who are at greater suicide risk are more  ...  Differences in psychological and social demographic characteristics between those who exhibited WSC and those who did not were examined.  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph120911506 pmid:26378566 pmcid:PMC4586688 fatcat:gtf4nkbfnba47cl4zeyswknszy

Linguistic-Based Detection of Fake News in Social Media

Mohammad Mahyoob, Jeehaan Algaraady, Musaad Alrahaili
2020 International Journal of English Linguistics  
The purpose of this analytic study of media news language is to investigate and identify the linguistic features and their contribution in analyzing data to detect, filter, and differentiate between fake  ...  However, there is a wide range of developed fashions to detect fake contents, either those human-based approaches or machine-based approaches; both have shown inadequacy and limitations, especially those  ...  Bessi et al. (2014) studied the spread of false news on social media. Their study proposed that users who interact using different social media are more probably use false information.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ijel.v11n1p99 fatcat:usby3xwcu5a3lgjtwwgm4t2gke

Artificial intelligence and journalism: diluting the impact of disinformation and fake news through bots

Jesús Miguel Flores Vivar
2019 Doxa Comunicación  
The article analyzes the main developments of bots used to minimize the impact of fake news.  ...  Many of these initiatives are based on artificial intelligence that, with the art of algorithms, design and develop bots and platforms whose objective is to fight against the toxicity of information.  ...  How can we fight against fake news and the spread of hoaxes? How can we detect fake news?  ... 
doi:10.31921/doxacom.n29a10 fatcat:uuvupu35xbb37fk24fdxwwtdea
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