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ESPRIT: Explaining Solutions to Physical Reasoning Tasks [article]

Nazneen Fatema Rajani, Rui Zhang, Yi Chern Tan, Stephan Zheng, Jeremy Weiss, Aadit Vyas, Abhijit Gupta, Caiming XIong, Richard Socher, Dragomir Radev
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Neural networks lack the ability to reason about qualitative physics and so cannot generalize to scenarios and tasks unseen during training.  ...  Our framework learns to generate explanations of how the physical simulation will causally evolve so that an agent or a human can easily reason about a solution using those interpretable descriptions.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Abhinand Sivaprasad for his helpful discussions and annotations. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback.  ... 
arXiv:2005.00730v2 fatcat:owaben5c7fe67exmfoaw4bqu5a

ESPRIT: Explaining Solutions to Physical Reasoning Tasks

Nazneen Fatema Rajani, Rui Zhang, Yi Chern Tan, Stephan Zheng, Jeremy Weiss, Aadit Vyas, Abhijit Gupta, Caiming Xiong, Richard Socher, Dragomir Radev
2020 Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics   unpublished
Neural networks lack the ability to reason about qualitative physics and so cannot generalize to scenarios and tasks unseen during training.  ...  Our framework learns to generate explanations of how the physical simulation will causally evolve so that an agent or a human can easily reason about a solution using those interpretable descriptions.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Abhinand Sivaprasad for his helpful discussions and annotations. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.acl-main.706 fatcat:avjqv35tnbaxboys6ukqknlfc4

Esprit de Corps and Desertion Intention in Indonesian Navy

Lutfi Adin Affandi, Ma'ruf Akbar, Dedi Purwana
2018 Journal of Business and Behavioural Entrepreneurship  
Losing members due to death in battle or desertion from their units is detrimental to the military unit. Both will interfere with the implementation of the overall task.  ...  The desires of desertion of soldiers must be sought to be prevented, and become part of the task of the unit commander.  ...  The value of the organization is the strongest indicator (SLF = 0.79) in explaining the construct of esprit de corps.  ... 
doi:10.21009/jobbe.002.2.01 fatcat:a7jt6m5e35ebjovwlbvbtosqne

A framework for the analytical performance assessment of matrix and tensor-based ESPRIT-type algorithms [article]

Florian Roemer, Martin Haardt
2012 arXiv   pre-print
Secondly, we show how to obtain explicit first-order expansions of the estimation error of ESPRIT-type algorithms and provide the expressions for matrix-based and tensor-based Standard ESPRIT and Unitary  ...  the number of samples to be large; (c) we present a framework that incorporates various ESPRIT-type algorithms in one unified manner.  ...  It is important to note that results on Unitary ESPRIT in this section relate to the LS solution only.  ... 
arXiv:1209.3253v1 fatcat:5cdaa2df2nalvjtigl2wtyf3se

Planning Virtual Conferences in the Humanities: A Detailed Look at the 9th International ESPRit Conference

Christian A. Bachmann, Nora Ramtke
2021 Journal of European Periodical Studies  
As the COVID-19 pandemic spread in Europe during the Spring of 2020, the conference team agreed to go virtual with the conference, due to the foreseeable legal and logistical difficulties in planning and  ...  On behalf of the Research Unit, a team from the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) was responsible for planning and carrying out the event, in coordination with the ESPRit Committee.  ...  Archiving and Publication The idea to archive the website as a conference archive and make it publicly available contributed to the virtual ESPRit Conference not being viewed as a poor stopgap solution  ... 
doi:10.21825/jeps.v6i2.21078 fatcat:2dlyx7g5hzhkbey3csypalwjfe

The Economics of Erosion and Sustainable Practices: The Case of the Saint-Esprit Watershed

Jean-Christophe Dissart, Laurie Baker, Paul J. Thomassin
2000 Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics-Revue Canadienne D'Agroeconomie  
I am also gratell to Eric Leger (Saint-Esprit watershed association) for his help with economic and animal data collection and relationships with farmers.  ...  Abstract The Saint-Esprit watershed project was initiated to address the issue of nonpoint source agricultural pollution and relies on the adoption of sustainable practices tested on-farm by willing fmers  ...  Before explaining how these data were obtained, the Saint-Esprit area and the watershed project are presented.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1744-7976.2000.tb00269.x fatcat:hfcipvyibfd57iwnlyxsggmebq

Standardized versus Unstandardized Factor Analysis in a Study of "Organizational Climate"

N. Mehra
1973 Journal of Experimental Education  
The standardized R -analysis analyses the intercorrelations among respondents based on their "ipsative" scores, as opposed to the unstandardized R -analysis (or equivalently R -technique) which analyses  ...  accepted view that since "ipsative" standardization results in some loss of information, unstandardized R techniques should be preferred over the standardized R -analysis and presented empirical arguments to  ...  Even today no satisfactory mathematical solution has been found which settles this question in a decided manner, although for reasons related to mathematical soundness and tractability the R-technique  ... 
doi:10.1080/00220973.1973.11011462 fatcat:wyfhld3m6rfyhjdjx7xuwly3xe

Product Data Model for Interoperability in an Distributed Environment [chapter]

Richard Junge, Thomas Liebich
1997 CAAD futures 1997  
The ESPRIT project VEGA (Virtual Enterprises using Groupware tools and distributed Architectures) has the objective to develop IT solutions enabling virtual enterprises, especially in the domain of architectural  ...  This paper belongs to a suite of three interrelated papers.  ...  The prototype implementation is a slice through the model form the minimal kernel to physical objects and to building_elements down to an architecture application module.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-5576-2_43 fatcat:i57uydk3gvggvizkb25b5nrozq

Compared application of two knowledge modelisation methodologies on a car engine cylinder head design problem [chapter]

A. Saucier, C. Vargas, P. Courts, P. Alberta, P. A. Yvars
1995 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
The growing interest in the specification and development of user friendly and easy to maintain design tools has urged engineers to develop and use design knowledge acquisition and modelisation methodologies  ...  The modelisation capabilities offered by these methodologies are presented, illustrated, and discussed referring to their application to the development of a car engine cylinder head design and optimisation  ...  Technical solutions correspond to the realisation of a concept. Design features give a physical representation to technical solutions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34834-6_14 fatcat:nb5pc45qtbaelf3dhaykdifh5i

State-of-the-art on models, architectures and methodologies [chapter]

G. Doumeingts, D. Chen
1996 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
This broad definition shows that CIM cannot be bought; each firm must devise its own, which explains why methodologies must be made available so that CIM systems can be built.  ...  In a CIM design methodology, the structured approach should cover the whole life- Recent works on models /architectures within ESPRIT 39 Factory Interface J J ~  ...  From Honeywell's point of view, 'the architecture does not provide a solution; it provides the discipline and the mechanisms needed to evaluate various alternatives, and to select a solution with reasonable  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-34941-1_4 fatcat:3gtgo44d7fh53mid5ryaxlyexm

Persuasive Artefacts in Architectural Design and Planning [chapter]

I. Wagner
2000 Collaborative Design  
Acknowledgements This paper refers to several projects of the Architekturbüro Rüdiger Lainer: Eurocity (a cinema complex in Salzburg), Pleasure Dome (an entertainment centre in the Gasometer area in Vienna  ...  I am very grateful for the contributions of Monika Büscher, Rüdiger Lainer, Dan Shapiro and the other partners in EU ESPRIT LTR Project 31870 'DESARTE -The Design of Artefacts and Spaces', funded by the  ...  More and more material is added as the search for a solution proceeds. It is evoked, when the solution in mind has to be explained to significant others, is filled with detail.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-0779-8_36 fatcat:mextatap5vb67divvq4zihvjjq

Load balancing by redundant decomposition and mapping

J.F. de Ronde, A. Schoneveld, P.M.A. Sloot
1997 Future generations computer systems  
The problem of load balancing is considered to be an NP-hard optimization task.  ...  We are grateful that we were allowed to use this tool for our purposes.  ...  The nature of the SA algorithm, where incremental changes to the solution encoding are made, is the main reason for this.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-739x(97)83341-9 fatcat:33w5ahxzbnb7vkuoozeli22mdq

Combining Objective and Subjective Data in Evaluation of Spoken Dia-logues

Lars Larsen, Bo, Lars Larsen
1996 Appendix C 1 "Voice Controlled Home Banking-Objectives and Experiences of the Esprit Ovid Project   unpublished
The main focus is on the work carried out within the Danish part of the Esprit OVID 1 project, and the articles and reports published from that project in the period 1996-1999.  ...  To supplement the articles a more recent part has been added, containing an in-depth presentation and discussion of the theoretical background of the methods applied in the articles.  ...  Acknowledgements The work performed at CPK is partly funded by the EU through the OVID project, and partly by the Danish Technical Research Council, through its funding to CPK The author wishes to thank  ... 
fatcat:z7pnynaavnhjfly4uyrn363ai4

Toward embedded qualitative simulation: a specialized computer architecture for QSim

M. Platzner, B. Rinner, R. Weiss
2000 IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications  
QUALITATIVE SIMULATION IS A key inference technique of model-based reasoning that has found use in such areas as monitoring, fault diagnosis, and design.  ...  to embedded computer platforms.  ...  The goal here is to automate tasks that engineers, technicians, and scientists perform when understanding, designing, explaining, monitoring, and diagnosing physical systems.  ... 
doi:10.1109/5254.850829 fatcat:aqzpsj2nlbhyxdd2eobtrev5ke

High-Resolution Direction of Arrival Estimation of Underwater Multitargets Using Swarming Intelligence of Flower Pollination Heuristics

Nauman Ahmed, Huigang Wang, Shanshan Tu, Norah A.M. Alsaif, Muhammad Asif Zahoor Raja, Muhammad Kashif, Ammar Armghan, Yasser S. Abdalla, Wasiq Ali, Farman Ali
2022 Shock and Vibration  
Developing the parameter estimation, particularly direction of arrival (DOA), utilizing the swarming intelligence-based flower pollination algorithm (FPA) is considered an optimistic solution.  ...  ) standard counterparts are employed along with Crammer–Rao bound (CRB) to improve the worth of the proposed setup further.  ...  Its reason can be environmental factors like wind and physical proximity. Generally, many flowers can grow on a plant, and pollen gametes from each flower can be released in billions.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/5876874 doaj:502c1e15898f4aef893a66caa4ec0673 fatcat:3msipifr7nem7baufvy7m2dxcq
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