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Neglected Food Bubbles: The Espresso Coffee Foam

Ernesto Illy, Luciano Navarini
2011 Food Biophysics  
The present work is aimed at reviewing the literature on espresso coffee foam.  ...  Only recently, some aspects of the Physics and Chemistry behind the espresso coffee foam have attracted the attention of scientists.  ...  played by bicarbonate ions in the extraction fluid during espresso brewing. 20, 21 However, the study by Fond 22 is the first one which put in evidence the relationship between carbon dioxide chemistry  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11483-011-9220-5 pmid:21892345 pmcid:PMC3140933 fatcat:5xz5w7hry5bevbhfpwtet2a3d4

Why espresso? Explaining changes in European coffee preferences from a production of culture perspective

Jonathan Morris
2013 European Review of History  
The consumption of Italian-style espresso-based beverages outside the home is now widespread. Much of this is drunk in branded coffee shop outlets, based on a format popularised in the United States.  ...  These were stands serving espresso-based drinks, located within major transport termini from the late 1980s. 46 Operators took care to explain to any customers ordering an espresso that 'what you have  ...  Italy, where espresso originated, demonstrates the importance of the distinction between the at-home and away from home segments.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13507486.2013.833717 fatcat:veio45mwrfeijhzeeyl5aqxcxy

A prototype of an expert system for pavement maintenance and rehabilitation strategy in the State of Ohio (ESPRESSO)

1995 Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice  
The Rules are presented in the form of an IF-THEN statement and used to express the relationship between the hypodiesis and supporting data in an application.  ...  To collect pavement history data and determine the relationship between the evaluation results of the pavement condition and M&R strategy selection; 2.  ...  Correctness: overall agreement and reasonableness between ESPRESSO'S results and your judgment. 2 Completeness: adequacy of the system as defined in the scope and limitation of ESPRESSO. 3.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0965-8564(95)90261-9 fatcat:o67hvawzgfbnrk3sx3kkfvmh5y

Set Expansion using Sibling Relations between Semantic Categories

Sho Takase, Naoaki Okazaki, Kentaro Inui
2012 Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation  
More specifically, the proposed method makes use of sibling relations between semantic categories as an additional type of prior knowledge.  ...  However, in the setting of set expansion with multiple semantic categories, we might leverage other types of prior knowledge about semantic categories.  ...  In this study, we explore the usefulness of sibling relations between semantic categories in set expansion. At last, we mention the relationship between this study and ontology learning.  ... 
dblp:conf/paclic/TakaseOI12 fatcat:xgcjy7qcovhytcr27gl2uzddry

Graph-based analysis of semantic drift in Espresso-like bootstrapping algorithms

Mamoru Komachi, Taku Kudo, Masashi Shimbo, Yuji Matsumoto
2008 Proceedings of the Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing - EMNLP '08   unpublished
Proposed algorithms achieve superior performance to Espresso and previous graph-based WSD methods, even though the proposed algorithms have less parameters and are easy to calibrate.  ...  In named entity recognition task, instances are usually retained on each iteration and added to seed instance set.  ...  We will take recently proposed Espresso algorithm as the example to explain common configuration for bootstrapping in detail.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1613715.1613847 fatcat:mrz4vi3k5zf6fisaafzlvpdonq

Search for patents using treatment and causal relationships

Ashwathi Krishnan, Alfonso F. Cardenas, Derek Springer
2010 Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Patent information retrieval - PaIR '10  
We also show that expanding our search to look for a broader set of relationships and including causal relationships along with treatment relationships, addresses a larger range of patent documents thereby  ...  The ability to scan an article or set of articles and extract relationships such as "X treats Y" or "A happens because of B" is key to retrieving articles of interest to a large population.  ...  HYPOTHESIS Relationship extraction is the task of recognizing the assertion of a particular relationship between two or more entities in text.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1871888.1871890 fatcat:wbefivvkjbfori7gssi52r3mti


Azin Ghazimatin, Rishiraj Saha Roy, Gerhard Weikum
2019 Proceedings of the Twelfth ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining - WSDM '19  
This paper presents FAIRY, a framework that systematically discovers, ranks, and explains relationships between users' actions and items in their social media feeds.  ...  Transparency and explainability are key concerns in the modern world of cognitive overload, filter bubbles, user tracking, and privacy risks.  ...  In ESPRESSO [36] , the goal is to find relatedness cores (dense subgraphs) between two sets of query nodes.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3289600.3290990 dblp:conf/wsdm/GhazimatinRW19 fatcat:4pdwe2bcrvh3rigrqg3vk7qzw4

Using Graph Based Method to Improve Bootstrapping Relation Extraction [chapter]

Haibo Li, Danushka Bollegala, Yutaka Matsuo, Mitsuru Ishizuka
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
These systems usually return a large amount of extracted relationship instances as an out-ofordered set. However, the returned result set often contains many irrelevant or weakly related instances.  ...  PMI: The Espresso information extraction system [5] uses the pointwise mutual information (PMI) to measure the relation between context pattern and entity pair: PMI (e i , c j ) = |e ia , c j , e ib  ...  The main components are explained in upcoming sections. Figure 1 portrays the framework architecture.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19437-5_10 fatcat:4ttsweri6zetjdbudqac5oqmqi


2017 RAE: Revista de Administração de Empresas  
We introduce the taste transformation ritual, theorizing the process that converts regular consumers into connoisseur consumers by establishing and reinforcing differences between mass and connoisseurship  ...  Suzy (28 years old, Biochemist, 13 years performing the ritual) explains how she deals with the trade-off between fair trade/direct trade and highquality coffee.  ...  25-35 seconds, and a brew temperature (usually set by the machine) of 195 o F-203 o F.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0034-759020170506 fatcat:s7yeihwj7fhy7n7ksc6es322li

What can constructions do?

László Kálmán
2014 Theoretical Linguistics  
As a consequence, there can be no distinction between entities directly stipulated by the grammar, on the one hand, and other entities produced by grammatical rules, on the other.  ...  She then offered me a wonderful espresso. b. She then made me a wonderful espresso.  ... 
doi:10.1515/tl-2014-0005 fatcat:esswsck7sree3m3zcj757kltku

Closing the loop in webpage understanding

Chunyu Yang, Yong Cao, Zaiqing Nie, Jie Zhou, Ji-Rong Wen
2008 Proceeding of the 17th ACM conference on Information and knowledge mining - CIKM '08  
We have applied the proposed framework to local business entity extraction and Chinese person and organization name extraction.  ...  They focused more on the relationship between named entities, whereas we mainly focus on the attributes of an object.  ...  One is the connection between the vision node label and the segmentation of the inner text. The other is the connection between multiple mentions of a same named entity.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1458082.1458298 dblp:conf/cikm/YangCNZW08 fatcat:ji2jv5wfmzeeti77gnwp32vspi

Allelic Variation in TAS2R Bitter Receptor Genes Associates with Variation in Sensations from and Ingestive Behaviors toward Common Bitter Beverages in Adults

John E. Hayes, Margaret R. Wallace, Valerie S. Knopik, Deborah M. Herbstman, Linda M. Bartoshuk, Valerie B. Duffy
2010 Chemical Senses  
An association between a TAS2R16 SNP and alcohol intake was identified, and the putative TAS2R38-alcohol relationship was confirmed, although these polymorphisms did not explain sensory or hedonic responses  ...  A haploblock across TAS2R3, TAS2R4, and TAS2R5 explained some variability in the bitterness of espresso coffee.  ...  Likewise, epistatic interactions may attenuate relationships between taste receptor polymorphisms and liking.  ... 
doi:10.1093/chemse/bjq132 pmid:21163912 pmcid:PMC3038275 fatcat:l5lmryv66fhctblndheywpub2e

Metonymy and Metaphor as Verbal Postulation: The Epistemic Status of Non-Literal Speech in Indian Philosophy

Malcolm Keating
2017 Journal of World Philosophies  
Understanding the relationship between metonymy and metaphor, and how hearers understand what is meant by an utterance employing them, has implications for our theorizing about word meaning, the relationship  ...  In addition, the paper explores the relationship between metonymy and metaphor, the extent to which putatively literal language involves metonymy, and the objective constraints for metaphorical interpretation  ...  The relationship between analogy and metaphor, and the role of similarity in both, are other topics on which the Mīmāṃsakas have much to say, and which are worth further exploration.  ... 
doi:10.2979/jourworlphil.2.1.06 fatcat:sm6tposrcnffjkrcwh4yxkoqve

Data-centric online ecosystem for digital materials science [article]

Timur Bazhirov
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We focus initial attention on modeling and simulations from nanoscale and explain how to add support for other domains.  ...  We discuss the critical components of the ecosystem and explain the implementation of data standards and associated tools.  ...  We maintain a set of tools able to facilitate the conversion into-and from the data standards explained earlier.  ... 
arXiv:1902.10838v1 fatcat:appmyvcxpffgbkwoc7ltlow4nq

Relation Extraction for Open and Closed Domain Question Answering [chapter]

Gosse Bouma, Ismail Fahmi, Jori Mur
2011 Interactive Multi-modal Question-Answering  
This method works well for large text collections and for seeds which are easily identified, such as named entities, and is well-suited for open domain question answering.  ...  In our experiments aimed at extracting relations between named entities we use the same metric for selecting accurate extraction patterns.  ...  Most of this work relies heavily on annotated corpora, such as the ACE corpus, in which relations between named entities are marked explicitly.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-17525-1_8 dblp:series/tanlp/BoumaFM11 fatcat:jkoly4jsljaxfgfky3xs547j3i
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