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Challenges in thermodynamics: Irreversible processes, nonextensive entropies, and systems without equilibrium states

Robert Hołyst
2009 Pure and Applied Chemistry  
Recent works on evaporation and condensation demonstrate that even these simplest irreversible processes, studied for over 100 years, are not well understood.  ...  Whether liquid evaporates into its own vapor or into the vacuum, the irreversible pathway in the process goes through a number of steps which quickly lead to the steady-state conditions with mechanical  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under grant 2007-2009 and by the fellowship MISTRZ from the Foundation for Polish Science.  ... 
doi:10.1351/pac-con-08-07-13 fatcat:stjrvjiiizg7tol74dqrsdrx7y

Page 1830 of None Vol. 112, Issue 6 [page]

1958 None  
HAZIME MORI based on the linear response of thermodynamic systems to mechanical disturbances. 2.  ...  1830 fluids of g components without chemical reactions. Furthermore we attempt to provide a statistical- mechanical foundation of the thermodynamics of irreversible processes in continuous systems.  ... 

A Non-equilibrium Approach to Model Flash Dynamics with Interface Transport [article]

Aaron Romo-Hernandez, Nicolas Hudon, B. Erik Ydstie, Denis Dochain
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This article presents a modeling framework for a class of multiphase chemical systems based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics.  ...  The irreversible system is thus written as a system of Differential-Algebraic Equations (DAEs). The non-equilibrium liquid-vapor DAE system is proven to be of index one.  ...  Acknowledgments The research presented in this paper is supported by the Mexican Council for Science and Technology (Grant 410828), and the Institute of Information and Communication Technologies, Electronics  ... 
arXiv:1902.05445v1 fatcat:eex2we4ojre7bi2ntpuvazksyy

Page 572 of Applied Mechanics Reviews Vol. 11, Issue 10 [page]

1958 Applied Mechanics Reviews  
., The thermodynamics of irreversible proc- esses: Approximation of the Enskog gas theory. |. One component system. II, Multiple component systems (in German), Z.  ...  ., Statistical mechanics of irreversible phenomena, Part IV (in French), Physica 21, 299311, 1955. A study of irreversible processes in linear chains of harmonic oscillators.  ... 

Dissipative versus reversible contributions to macroscopic dynamics: the role of time-reversal symmetry and entropy production

Helmut R. Brand, Harald Pleiner, Daniel Svenšek
2018 Rheologica Acta  
We discuss the time-reversal behavior of dynamic cross-couplings among various hydrodynamic degrees of freedom in liquid crystal systems.  ...  Using a standard hydrodynamic description including linear irreversible thermodynamics, we show that the distinct thermodynamic requirements for reversible and irreversible couplings lead to experimentally  ...  We use a stringent hydrodynamic description based on (linear irreversible) thermodynamics considering the symmetries and broken symmetries involved.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00397-018-1112-x fatcat:q7ubpf2pgrh7xabqyritxzxwda

Dispersion and turbulence: A close relationship unveiled by means of state function

Alfredo Jose Constain, Gina Peña Olarte, Carlos Peña Guzman
2021 ITEGAM- Journal of Engineering and Technology for Industrial Applications (ITEGAM-JETIA)  
This approach allows us to obviate the limiting use of non-linear differential equations, as "mandatory" characterization of fluid dynamics.  ...  in hydraulics and thermodynamics.  ...  II.3 NATURAL WAYS AS OPEN SYSTEMS EVOLVING UNDER CONDITION OF "DYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM Since the "Stable State" corresponding to the irreversible, "Linear" thermodynamic stage, close to equilibrium, is important  ... 
doi:10.5935/jetia.v7i30.763 fatcat:yg3gynil4realomjzcgjctgflu

Page 634 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 97A [page]

1997 Mathematical Reviews  
the thermodynamics of irreversible processes in systems where nonlinear transport processes occur.  ...  Essays 5 (1992), no. 3, 320-327; MR 95b:80001], called ordinary thermodynamics, which is based on a dynamic law (differential equation) governing pro- cesses.  ... 

Models of liquid mixtures: Structure, dynamics, and properties

V. A. Durov
2004 Pure and Applied Chemistry  
Models of the structure and properties of liquid mixtures are outlined.  ...  The main focus is on quasichemical models for the modeling of supramolecular ordering in mixtures, self-organized by H-bonds, leading to a unified description of their physicochemical properties.  ...  QUASICHEMICAL MODELS IN INVESTIGATIONS OF RELAXATION PHENOMENA AND DYNAMIC PROCESSES IN LIQUIDS The macroscopic description of irreversible processes is based on methods of nonequilibrium thermodynamics  ... 
doi:10.1351/pac200476010001 fatcat:myfrjbo4pbdz3ngszl3vxy6pwq

Thermodynamic Consistency and Thermomechanical Dynamics (TMD) for Nonequilibrium Irreversible Mechanism of Heat Engines

Hiroshi Uechi, Lisa Uechi, Schun T. Uechi
2021 Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics  
a spontaneous thermodynamic process in the DB system.  ...  The thermomechanical dynamics (TMD) approach constitutes a method for the nonequilibrium irreversible thermodynamics and transport processes. ( ) W t includes a time-change of volume ( ) V t .  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper. H. Uechi et al.  ... 
doi:10.4236/jamp.2021.96093 fatcat:ujsj6c6xbndi7lqq6illkhhj4y

Page 135 of Applied Mechanics Reviews Vol. 13, Issue 2 [page]

1960 Applied Mechanics Reviews  
“The thermodynamics of linear irreversible processes is pre- sented from a unified viewpoint.  ...  The introduction of inertia forces leads to a general formulation of thermoelastic dissipation of dynamical systems by Lagrangian methods.  ... 

Page 2205 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. 22, Issue 12B [page]

1961 Mathematical Reviews  
VII) by him on non-linear processes.  ...  Irreversible thermodynamics of a nonlinear R-C system. Phys. Rev. (2) 118 (1960), 1466-1470.  ... 

Pumped heat energy storage with liquid media: Thermodynamic assessment by a Brayton-like model

D. Salomone-González, J. González-Ayala, A. Medina, J.M.M. Roco, P.L. Curto-Risso, A. Calvo Hernández
2020 Energy Conversion and Management  
These strategies are based on a reduced set of parameters of the overall installation and without the high computational costs of dynamical models. .uy (P.L. Curto-Risso), (A.  ...  The model provides a thermodynamic assessment of the main involved processes and their interplay for a selected arrangement (molten salts, cryogenic fluid, and the charge and discharge power blocks) in  ...  Methodologically, most of the models are based on computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations on the transient behavior [8] , integration of solar energy [11] and/or commercial software through exergoeconomic  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113540 fatcat:lx5xy2dbh5blppraf77xvgg2ny

Page 359 of Applied Mechanics Reviews Vol. 7, Issue 8 [page]

1954 Applied Mechanics Reviews  
W., On the thermodynamics of irreversible processes (in German) ZA MP 5, 1, 86-88, Jan. 1954.  ...  The principles of linear irreversible thermodynamics are applied to derive a general expression for the thermochemical electrical potential of a general system in terms of the material electri- cal transference  ... 

Page 456 of Applied Mechanics Reviews Vol. 7, Issue 10 [page]

1954 Applied Mechanics Reviews  
for evaporation and condensation based on t!  ...  The thermodynamical theory is developed for a limited num- ber and an infinite number of internal mechanisms, on the basis of irreversible processes under different conditions, such as adiabatic or isotherm  ... 

Page 546 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. 22, Issue 4B [page]

1961 Mathematical Reviews  
On the foundations of the linear theory of irreversible processes. I, IT. Ark. Fys. 17, 257-314 (1960). 3177d: Uhlhorn, Ulf. Statistical mechanical approach to non equilibrium thermodynamics. Ark.  ...  The following topics are treated after the initial exposition of the author’s approach: Extensive and intensive thermodynamic variables; the linear theory of irreversible processes; and reciprocity relations  ... 
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