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Double-Hard Debias: Tailoring Word Embeddings for Gender Bias Mitigation [article]

Tianlu Wang, Xi Victoria Lin, Nazneen Fatema Rajani, Bryan McCann, Vicente Ordonez, Caiming Xiong
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a simple but effective technique, Double Hard Debias, which purifies the word embeddings against such corpus regularities prior to inferring and removing the gender subspace.  ...  Some commonly adopted debiasing approaches, including the seminal Hard Debias algorithm, apply post-processing procedures that project pre-trained word embeddings into a subspace orthogonal to an inferred  ...  Then we apply Hard Debias to these purified embeddings to mitigate gender bias.  ... 
arXiv:2005.00965v1 fatcat:hf2ogckorbeofowcutckmuhf4i

Double-Hard Debias: Tailoring Word Embeddings for Gender Bias Mitigation

Tianlu Wang, Xi Victoria Lin, Nazneen Fatema Rajani, Bryan McCann, Vicente Ordonez, Caiming Xiong
2020 Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics   unpublished
We propose a simple but effective technique, Double-Hard Debias, which purifies the word embeddings against such corpus regularities prior to inferring and removing the gender subspace.  ...  Some commonly adopted debiasing approaches, including the seminal Hard Debias algorithm (Bolukbasi et al., 2016) , apply post-processing procedures that project pre-trained word embeddings into a subspace  ...  Then we apply Hard Debias to these purified embeddings to mitigate gender bias.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.acl-main.484 fatcat:tezmwinvcjgbfo5fmdg2rlahsm

Marked Attribute Bias in Natural Language Inference [article]

Hillary Dawkins
2021 arXiv   pre-print
By noticing that a new type of intrinsic bias measure correlates meaningfully with the marked attribute effect, we propose a new postprocessing debiasing scheme for static word embeddings.  ...  An investigation of the current debiasing landscape reveals two open problems: none of the current debiased embeddings mitigate the marked attribute error, and none of the intrinsic bias measures are predictive  ...  We thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions which improved the final version of this manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:2109.14039v1 fatcat:ph27cczaqbcuxjazkrsjdvlvk4

Word Embeddings via Causal Inference: Gender Bias Reducing and Semantic Information Preserving [article]

Lei Ding, Dengdeng Yu, Jinhan Xie, Wenxing Guo, Shenggang Hu, Meichen Liu, Linglong Kong, Hongsheng Dai, Yanchun Bao, Bei Jiang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Previous studies have shown that word embeddings trained on human-generated corpora have strong gender biases that can produce discriminative results in downstream tasks.  ...  The proposed method allows us to construct and analyze the complex causal mechanisms facilitating gender information flow while retaining oracle semantic information within word embeddings.  ...  Double-hard debias: Tailoring We present the details about how to obtain the equations (2) word embeddings for gender bias mitigation. arXiv preprint and (4) here as follows: arXiv:2005.00965  ... 
arXiv:2112.05194v1 fatcat:r6oik4br3rdxplwjjmsjzoab6q

Learning Bias-reduced Word Embeddings Using Dictionary Definitions

Haozhe An, Xiaojiang Liu, Donald Zhang
2022 Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2022   unpublished
Pre-trained word embeddings, such as GloVe, have shown undesirable gender, racial, and religious biases.  ...  Existing debiasing algorithms typically need a precompiled list of seed words to represent the bias direction, along which biased information gets removed.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive feedback. We also thank Professor Rachel Rudinger for her helpful discussion when we prepared the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2022.findings-acl.90 fatcat:lllcqpmb65gmdantwvtf2ec54y

Fair Measures: A Behavioral Realist Revision of "Affirmative Action"

Jerry Kang, Mahzarin R. Banaji
2006 California Law Review  
For example, orchestras now have candidates audition out of the sight of evaluators to remove gender biasing cues.  ...  Instead, the purpose ofthe debiasing agent is to mitigate objectively measurable bias by producing environmental conditions that alter the strength of association between social category and attitude or  ...  American experimenter reduced race bias in White participants.""  ... 
doi:10.2307/20439059 fatcat:x4o3dlfcwfh5fnjbuwk4oprx7i

Investigating gender fairness of recommendation algorithms in the music domain

Alessandro B. Melchiorre, Navid Rekabsaz, Emilia Parada-Cabaleiro, Stefan Brandl, Oleg Lesota, Markus Schedl
2021 Information Processing & Management  
In this case, a RS is considered to be unfair when it does not perform equally well for different groups of users.  ...  We also study the effect of a resampling strategy, commonly used as debiasing method , which yields slight improvements in the fairness measures of various algorithms while maintaining their accuracy and  ...  Evaluation results using other thresholds for NDCG, recall, diversity, and coverage See Tables A.8-A.17.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2021.102666 fatcat:h5xa5oj5crdoxobk2z5n2fscru

Implementing the New ANA Standard 8: Culturally Congruent Practice

Lucy Marion, Marilyn (Marty) Douglas, Mary Ann Lavin, Nancy Barr, Shena Gazaway, Elizabeth (Libby) Thomas, Carol Bickford
2016 Online Journal of Issues in Nursing  
The American Nurses Association (ANA) is responsible for the contract between society and the nursing profession, including the nursing scope and standards of practice.  ...  We also discuss cultural congruence for the graduate-prepared nurse; offer brief comments related to evaluation of culturally congruent practice using Standard 8 and future research; and conclude with  ...  The first step to mitigating unconscious bias in the workplace is to recognize our own biases. 2.)  ... 
doi:10.3912/ojin.vol22no01ppt20 pmid:28493662 fatcat:p64zs6gvwvbrzngrfacb5oyrkq

Automatic Face Understanding: Recognizing Families in Photos [article]

Joseph P Robinson
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, we built BFW to serve as a proxy to measure bias across ethnicity and gender subgroups, allowing us to characterize FR performances per subgroup.  ...  We built the largest database for kinship recognition. The data were labeled using a novel clustering algorithm that used label proposals as side information to guide more accurate clusters.  ...  Human bias in machine learning Bias is not unique to ML -humans are also susceptible to a perceived bias. Biases exist across race, gender, and even age [277, 314, 315, 316] .  ... 
arXiv:2102.08941v1 fatcat:eqje3jh23nb6do7crz7rw6342a

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Acknowledgments References ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the following people for their valuable feedback: Mohit CONFLICT OF INTEREST This report was authored by the Center for Research on  ...  Foundation Models (CRFM), a center at Stanford University borne out of the Stanford Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI).  ...  for foundation models that can fix these defects (e.g., mitigate the bias).  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v3 fatcat:kohwrwk2ybf7fd7wsuz2gp65ki

Handling multiple demands in academia : does gender play a role?

Nigel R. F. Burnell
2019
I find no evidence of less biased evaluations by those who anticipate gender bias. Chapter five summarizes the findings of this thesis and concludes.  ...  I find evidence of gender bias and show that gender bias may be eliminated by the academic's seniority but not by a high warmth teaching style.  ...  In Study 2, I find that gender bias disappears for senior academics. Finally, I find no evidence of less biased evaluations by those who anticipate gender bias.  ... 
doi:10.15126/thesis.00851831 fatcat:hs3ecolqwzcldkhdin4rd2tnby

Judges and Mass Litigation - a (Behavioural) Law and Economics Perspective

Alexandre Pierre <1986> Biard, Faure Michael G.
2014
Meanwhile, contexts in which judges evolve have transformed: mass damage nowadays tends to multiply and create new challenges not only for legal actors, but also for society at large.  ...  Judicial duties have for decades extended far beyond the scope of traditional adjudication, judges being progressively called upon to occupy the role of social engineers.  ...  Toute politique d'incitation à l'action est donc en contradiction avec l'objectif poursuivi en procédure civile'). 158 See for instance in France, new articles 2062-2068 Civil Code about the 'convention  ... 
doi:10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/6742 fatcat:eyfo4vdp4zbera65fop52ax6ba

EUROPEAN DOCTORATE IN LAW AND ECONOMICS __ Ciclo __27°__ TITOLO TESI JUDGES AND MASS LITIGATION-A (BEHAVIOURAL) LAW AND ECONOMICS PERSPECTIVE Coordinatore Dottorato Relatore

Presentata Da, Alexandre, Pierre Gilbert, Claude Francois, Biard, Prof Luigi, Alberto Franzoni, Prof Dr, G Michael, Faure
unpublished
Toute politique d'incitation à l'action est donc en contradiction avec l'objectif poursuivi en procédure civile'). 158 See for instance in France, new articles 2062-2068 Civil Code about the 'convention  ...  , information provision was in this case used for debiasing jurors  ...  A discussion on possible solutions for debiasing judges will follow (7.3.4 ).  ... 
fatcat:v6ppfv5albdpjglrf7se2oexny

VOLUME 36 NUMBER 3 • PUBLISHED BY THE CATO INSTITUTE • FALL 2016

Richard Morrison, Nick Zaiac, Brad Stapleton, Michael Cannon, Randal Meyer
unpublished
Below, I discuss the following biases: availability bias, representativeness bias, status quo bias, loss aversion, and overconfidence.  ...  The "hard fought" battle against the Great Inflation, for instance, might cause a bias against policies that risk greater inflation.  ...  In other words, the United States should focus on doing what it has been doing: preserving a strong, independent Western Europe; deterring aggression against either Japan or South Korea; and working with  ... 
fatcat:bnw3tcdodndjnpy5qafj6bjkze

A MUSLIM FIFTH COLUMN: MORISCO RELIGION AND THE PERFORMANCE OF IDENTITY IN SIXTEENTH CENTURY SPAIN [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, University, My, Zain Abdullah
2020
Beginning with these initial conversions, the question of Morisco Muslim-ness is one that has historians for years.  ...  For many scholars, Morisco religiosity represents a form of syncretic religion that blends both the Catholic and the Muslim in specific instantiations of religious practice.  ...  Close proximity can often be the cure to ideations of prejudice and bias, and Old and New Christians at the bottom of society shared the commonality of poverty and hard labor.  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/1409 fatcat:452eqaedmfhchkikpzaag44k74
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