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Don't Think, Just Feel the Music: Individuals with Strong Pavlovian-to-Instrumental Transfer Effects Rely Less on Model-based Reinforcement Learning

Miriam Sebold, Daniel J. Schad, Stephan Nebe, Maria Garbusow, Elisabeth Jünger, Nils B. Kroemer, Norbert Kathmann, Ulrich S. Zimmermann, Michael N. Smolka, Michael A. Rapp, Andreas Heinz, Quentin J. M. Huys
2016 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Don't think, just feel the music: individuals with strong Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer effects rely less on model-based reinforcement learning.  ...  In two independent samples with a total of 243 participants, Pavlovian-instrumental transfer effects were negatively correlated with the strength of model-based reasoning in a two-step task.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the LeAD study teams in Dresden and Berlin for data acquisition.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00945 pmid:26942321 fatcat:bxhfij4pwfg2tnjwgipry6p55q

An Adaptation of Pavlovian-to-Instrumental Transfer (PIT) Methodology to Examine the Energizing Effects of Reward-Predicting Cues on Behavior in Young Adults

Raquel Quimas Molina da Costa, Emi Furukawa, Sebastian Hoefle, Jorge Moll, Gail Tripp, Paulo Mattos
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
The Pavlovian-to-Instrumental Transfer (PIT) paradigm offers a way to measure the effects of classically conditioned stimuli on behavior.  ...  During the Transfer test, participants again applied force to a handgrip to win money. This time, the slot machines were presented with the Pavlovian cues, but with the outcomes hidden.  ...  Don’t think, just feel the music: individuals with strong Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer effects rely less on model-based reinforcement learning. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 28, 985–995.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00195 pmid:32116971 pmcid:PMC7034436 fatcat:ymin35xtwballlndj54jqno7ja

Understanding psychiatric disorder by capturing ecologically relevant features of learning and decision-making

Jacqueline Scholl, Miriam Klein-Flügge
2018 Behavioural Brain Research  
Here we propose that using computational models with tasks that capture ecologically relevant learning and decision-making processes may provide a critical advantage for capturing the mechanisms underlying  ...  We begin this review by mapping out the basic concepts and models of learning and decision-making.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Michael Browning, Laurence Hunt, Nils Kolling and Matthew Rushworth for helpful comments on an earlier version of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2017.09.050 pmid:28966147 fatcat:5lrs4db4dzg7pmhgkbdjongjpy

Psychology of Habit

Wendy Wood, Dennis Rünger
2016 Annual Review of Psychology  
We conclude by applying insights from habit research to understand stress and addiction as well as the design of effective interventions to change health and consumer behaviors. 11.1  ...  As the proverbial creatures of habit, people tend to repeat the same behaviors in recurring contexts.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Peter Dayan, Sanne de Wit, Benjamin Gardner, Barbara Knowlton, David T. Neal, Yael Niv, Sheina Orbell, A. Ross Otto, Carol Seger, Kyle Smith, and Bas Verplanken  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-122414-033417 pmid:26361052 fatcat:qpnu6ak6srdmhc2wexcwh5uple

A Behavioral and Biological Analysis of Aesthetics: Implications for Research and Applications

Francis Mechner
2017 The Psychological Record  
The effects would occur only for individuals with the necessary priming, in circumstances that include effective potentiating factors.  ...  distinguishing attributes of effects one might call "aesthetic," I examined hundreds of examples in music, visual arts, poetry, literature, humor, performance arts, architecture, science, mathematics,  ...  The speed and ease with which learning occurs defines the continuum from early learning (at one extreme) to full genetic encoding at the other. 13 Responses based on universally shared priming may be  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40732-017-0228-1 fatcat:mk5nb4eoanho7nw3drckxdn6ce

Implicit assumptions about implicit learning

Keith J. Holyoak, Merideth Gattis
1994 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The assumption that learning in some of these tasks (e.g., artificial grammar learning) is predominantly based on rule abstraction is questionable.  ...  We examine the evidence for implicit learning derived from subliminal learning, conditioning, artificial grammar learning, instrumental learning, and reaction times in sequence learning.  ...  We would like to express our considerable gratitude to colleagues who have commented on this work, especially Axel  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x00035159 fatcat:fqtxatogcnbdndgdn7vujkausq

Papers and Posters Presented at the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society The Adams' Mark Hotel, St. Louis, Missouri November 13–15, 1992

1992 Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society  
The more animals pressed during the preexposure period, the lower the rate of subsequent learning.  ...  Is this anticipatory contrast effect due to the devaluation of the initial saccharin solution because it precedes the preferred 32% sucrose?  ...  Two experiments demonstrate that this structuring is often based on the retrieval of specific instances of the category, but that task constraints can lead individuals to rely more on broader knowledge  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03334109 fatcat:5wkarsmzpbha5nlmx3pbut3kva

Towards a comparative science of emotion: Affect and consciousness in humans and animals

Elizabeth S. Paul, Shlomi Sher, Marco Tamietto, Piotr Winkielman, Michael T. Mendl
2020 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
mechanisms of affect and its evolution and distribution across taxonomic groups, to our understanding of animal welfare, and to the development of animal models of affective disorders.  ...  Although many animals display bodily and behavioural changes consistent with the occurrence of affective states similar to those seen in humans, the question of whether and in which species these are accompanied  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank colleagues and organisers of the workshop on Comparative Affective Science (2017), Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Mariska Kret and Jorg Massen, for prompting some  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2019.11.014 pmid:31778680 pmcid:PMC6966324 fatcat:v2pwnkclk5bd5k7bd3xyam6pai

Money as tool, money as drug: The biological psychology of a strong incentive

Stephen E. G. Lea, Paul Webley
2006 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Specifically, what could be the biological basis for the extraordinary incentive and reinforcing power of money, which seems to be unique to the human species?  ...  The first is if it is used as a tool, and by a metaphorical extension this is often applied to money: it is used instrumentally, in order to obtain biologically relevant incentives.  ...  Such models can help clarify the neurobiological bases of the tool -drug distinction (or at this point, integration), and at the same time extend it to the broader domain of reinforcement learning with  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x06009046 pmid:16606498 fatcat:w5fvcxlp65gxpjnbixtssmg44u

TRF1: It Was the Best of Time(s)…

Anne Giersch, Jennifer T. Coull
2018 Timing & Time Perception  
First on the agenda was to decide on eminent keynote speakers to lend credibility to this very first TRF conference.  ...  The TRF committee members were invited to submit recommendations of key timing papers published in 2016, and Sofia Soares was the unanimous choice to present her PhD work with Joseph Paton on the timing  ...  Kononowicz has been supported by ERC-YSt-263584 to Virginie van Wassenhove. References Ouellet, M., Santiago, J., Israeli, Z., & Gabay, S. (2010)  ... 
doi:10.1163/22134468-00603001 fatcat:u3eej7wjhrdnphz7u6nozppiwm

The self-organizing consciousness

Pierre Perruchet, Annie Vinter
2002 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
that emerges thanks to elementary associative processes that take our conscious representations themselves as the stuff on which they operate, a thesis that we summarize in the concept of Self-Organizing  ...  We propose that the isomorphism generally observed between the representations composing our momentary phenomenal experience and the structure of the world is the end-product of a progressive organization  ...  Axel Cleeremans is a Senior Research Associate with the F.N.R.S.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x02000067 fatcat:xwzlrlhvnfd3bozxoriqtiyeq4

The conscious and the unconscious: A package deal

Martin Kurthen
2002 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
that emerges thanks to elementary associative processes that take our conscious representations themselves as the stuff on which they operate, a thesis that we summarize in the concept of Self-Organizing  ...  We propose that the isomorphism generally observed between the representations composing our momentary phenomenal experience and the structure of the world is the end-product of a progressive organization  ...  I am most grateful to Rachel Murray for her help in preparing this manuscript as a plain text HTML file, and to Christina Bandomir, Geert-Jan Boudewijnse, Sylvie Hebért, Andrea Kilgour, Kyunghwa Kwak,  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x02360060 fatcat:yfjqvbt2avcrlj7yfs7i3rszvq

Phasic norepinephrine is a neural interrupt signal for unexpected events in rapidly unfolding sensory sequences – evidence from pupillometry [article]

Sijia Zhao, Maria Chait, Fred Dick, Peter Dayan, Shigeto Furukawa, Hsin-I Liao
2018 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
The results demonstrate that NE tracks 'unexpected uncertainty' on rapid time scales relevant to sensory signals.  ...  A prominent theory (Dayan & Yu, 2006) proposes that the brain monitors for 'unexpected uncertainty' – events which deviate substantially from model predictions, indicating model failure.  ...  Thus it is expected that people with a higher level of meta-cognitive ability rely less on a learning style with exaggerated confidence about decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1101/466367 fatcat:a3bquw6n55amhodwmfoa2frboa

Links [chapter]

Luc Bovens
2021 Coping  
How do we cope with love lost on the eros, the agape, and the fusion models, and what kind of cure do cynical models have in store? Reconciliation. Social life can drag us down.  ...  There is often very little we can do to make changes to the world, and yet we do not just simply sit back and accept. There is something in the space between courage and serenity.  ...  I want to thank two anonymous referees for their helpful reports, Alison Gray for excellent proofreading and editorial work, and the Open Book Publishers team, in particular Alessandra Tosi, for making  ... 
doi:10.11647/obp.0268.10 fatcat:2wytukyykbelhbnz455aznlyu4

A conceptual framework for the neurobiological study of resilience

Raffael Kalisch, Marianne B. Müller, Oliver Tüscher
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
On this basis, it posits that a positive (non-negative) appraisal style is the key mechanism that protects against the detrimental effects of stress and mediates the effects of other known resilience factors  ...  The framework is applicable to both animal and human research and supports the design and interpretation of translational studies.  ...  An interesting parallel occurred with the learned helplessness model of depression, initially based on animal research.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x1400082x pmid:25158686 fatcat:5jooovtaarbqzg25eml7jl7zji
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