133,497 Hits in 5.8 sec

Qualitative decision theory with preference relations and comparative uncertainty: An axiomatic approach

Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier, Patrice Perny
2003 Artificial Intelligence  
Then assuming the transitivity of the strict preference, the underlying partial confidence relations are those at work in non-monotonic inference and thus satisfy one of the main properties of possibility  ...  Within this qualitative framework, we determine the only possible form of the corresponding decision rule.  ...  It can easily be shown that possibility-based and necessity-based dominance rules yield a relation whose asymmetric part is transitive but this is not the case for the probabilistic likely dominance rule  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(03)00037-7 fatcat:32gxoglygfg6vp5wju5hzqe65u

Voting on Actions with Uncertain Outcomes [chapter]

Ulle Endriss
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
That is, we need to integrate two kinds of aggregation: beliefs regarding the current state and preferences regarding the next state.  ...  We introduce a model for voting under uncertainty where a group of voters have to decide on a joint action to take, but the individual voters are uncertain about the current state of the world and thus  ...  Agents 1 and 2 believe A is most plausible; agent 3 believes B is most plausible.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-41575-3_13 fatcat:suolnn6cove4fbhvvye5m4msqy

Qualitative decision theory: from savage's axioms to nonmonotonic reasoning

Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier, Henri Prade, Patrice Perny
2002 Journal of the ACM  
However, the obtained decision rules are sometimes either not very decisive or may lead to overconfident decisions, although their basic principles look sound.  ...  and preference could be mapped.  ...  It can be made more discriminating by allowing ties to be broken by checking the second most plausible states, and so on like for the likely dominance rule.  ... 
doi:10.1145/581771.581772 fatcat:co3lytba2vaw7jptfjdyxtmami

Money Pumps, Incompleteness, and Indeterminacy

Johan E. Gustafsson
2015 Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  
So we can plausibly reject the normative-supervenience principle. And, without that principle, neither of the transfer principles has any support and can hence plausibly be rejected too.  ...  One might object that these alleged counter-examples need to make use of transitivity to rule out indi erence; see the small-improvement argument in de Sousa ( , pp. -) , Broome ( , p. ) , and Raz (  ... 
doi:10.1111/phpr.12248 fatcat:nwoi7ax44bbz5mchf723p5f7eu

Liberal Resourcism: Problems and Possibilities

Peter Vallentyne, Bertil Tungodden
2013 Journal of Social Philosophy  
So, even if publicity is required, this does not rule out appeals to noncomparable ordinal wellbeing in principle, and hence, does not rule out that advantage may be suitably pluralistic.  ...  satisfies Liberal Intrapersonal Advantage (LI -A) and Transitivity (TA), then it follows straightforwardly that it satisfies the following minimal dominance condition.  ...  Advantage (LI -A), Continuity for Advantage (CA), and Transitivity (TA).  ... 
doi:10.1111/josp.12045 fatcat:sbrnyyzkpncepcob7tj2snpojq

A theory of socio-ecological system change

R. Costanza
2013 Journal of Bioeconomics  
Which level of selection dominates will vary with a number of factors, but as Lin's research has shown, it is certainly possible for cooperative rules and norms (symbotypes) to evolve in complex social  ...  timely, smooth, intentional, transitions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10818-013-9165-5 fatcat:xcoxls4pdvhknldbwsi55gycu4

Variational Bewley preferences

José Heleno Faro
2015 Journal of Economic Theory  
p captures its relative degree of plausibility.  ...  The axiomatic basis for this class of preference waiver completeness and transitivity, and an interesting property is that cycles are avoided.  ...  Next we show in detail the relationship between transitivity and our main decision rule obtained in Theorem 1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jet.2015.02.002 fatcat:wggdckuurrgbpi3gwa2qer4mvm

A Dynamic Analysis of Interactive Rationality [chapter]

Eric Pacuit, Olivier Roy
2016 Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science  
We show general conditions for the stabilization of such sequences of rational responses, in terms of structural properties of both the decision rule and the information update policy.  ...  In this paper we employ one such model: a plausibility structure consisting of a set of states and a single plausibility ordering (which is reflexive, transitive and connected) w v that says "v is at least  ...  An infor- mational context of G is a plausibility model M G = W, , σ where is a connected, reflexive, transitive and well-founded 8 relation on W and σ is a strategy function: a function σ : W → Π i S  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26506-3_6 fatcat:vsgn7hygfnf7rh73dv4nyolabu

Degrees All the Way Down: Beliefs, Non-Beliefs and Disbeliefs [chapter]

Hans Rott
2009 Degrees of Belief  
Even if this paper is not a direct result of interaction with them, this is a good occasion to express my general indebtedness to their work and their personal friendship and support.  ...  I would also like to thank Peter Gärdenfors, Isaac Levi, David Makinson, Wlodek Rabinowicz and Wolfgang Spohn for showing me how to find a good balance between philosophical and technical questions.  ...  Hence, by dominance and transitivity, ¬A < p . Hence, since for every proposition, either it or its negation is as plausible as , ≤ p A. Hence, by dominance and transitivity again, B ≤ p A.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9198-8_12 fatcat:jvulud3wfvgorhruikq65rtnsm

Handling imprecise evaluations in multiple criteria decision aiding and robust ordinal regression by n-point intervals

Salvatore Corrente, Salvatore Greco, Roman Słowiński
2016 Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making  
This sequence of subintervals is associated with an increasing sequence of plausibility, such that the plausibility of a subinterval is greater than the plausibility of the subinterval containing it.  ...  We explain the intuition that stands behind this proposal, and we show the advantage of n-point intervals compared to other methods dealing with imprecise evaluations.  ...  Acknowledgements The first and the second authors wish to acknowledge funding by the "FIR of the University of Catania BCAEA3 New developments in Multiple Criteria Decision Aiding (MCDA) and their application  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10700-016-9244-x fatcat:gon5jzxaebhmbljkfggzq64iqu

A simple grid-based framework for simulating forest structural trajectories linked to transient forest management scenarios in Fennoscandia

Titta Majasalmi, Micky Allen, Clara Antón-Fernández, Rasmus Astrup, Ryan M. Bright
2020 Climatic Change  
Forest structural properties largely govern surface fluxes of moisture, energy, and momentum that strongly affect regional climate and hydrology.  ...  , the role of harvests and other managementdriven effects cannot be overlooked.  ...  RMB, CAF and MA participated in writing the paper. CAF was responsible for SiTree simulations, and MA for SFD model development. All authors participated in conception and design.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-020-02742-1 fatcat:zsoypt4gqnhpjh23uldaa7itau

STIT Based Deontic Logics for the Miners Puzzle [chapter]

Xin Sun, Zohreh Baniasadi
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In order to deal with the more general puzzle we add a modal operator representing plausibility to our logic. We present a sound and complete axiomatization.  ...  We also discuss a more general version of the miners puzzle in which plausibility is involved.  ...  Proposition 1. p is reflexive and transitive. 1 The pessimistic version of dominance ( p G ), conditional dominance ( p G/X ), optimal (Optimal p G ) and conditional optimal (Optimal p G/X ) are obtained  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-17130-2_16 fatcat:6ilm3k4h4nclxhbvydhw6spu3i

Page 4612 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 97G [page]

1997 Mathematical Reviews  
can be factored into the transitivity of fuzzy strict preference and the transitivity of fuzzy indifference); and (3) normality (the degree to which transitivity prevents choice cycles, ensuring consistency  ...  for potential dominance.  ... 

Relative uncertainty aversion and additively representable set rankings

Walter Bossert, Arkadii Slinko
2006 International Journal of Economic Theory  
It is shown that, for a large class of decision rules characterized by a set of plausible axioms, the new criterion yields a complete ranking of those rules with respect to the relative degree of uncertainty  ...  In addition, we address a combinatorial question that arises in this context, and we examine conditions for the additive representability of our rules.  ...  By repeated application of part (i) of dominance and transitivity, it follows that {a 2 , . . . , a |A| }P {a |A| } and, using part (i) of conditional independence, we obtain AR{a 1 , a |A| }.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1742-7363.2006.00026.x fatcat:7m6tydce7fhu3e42kfws3bjawy

The Detectability and Characterization of the TRAPPIST-1 Exoplanet Atmospheres with JWST

Jacob Lustig-Yaeger, Victoria S. Meadows, Andrew P. Lincowski
2019 Astronomical Journal  
To assist community preparations for JWST observations, we use simulations of plausible post-ocean-loss and habitable environments for the TRAPPIST-1 exoplanets, and test simulations of all bright object  ...  1's seven known transiting Earth-sized planets are particularly favorable targets.  ...  Therefore, an oxygen-dominated atmosphere for TRAPPIST-1b could be ruled out by not detecting these features in seven transits.  ... 
doi:10.3847/1538-3881/ab21e0 fatcat:cfx7j7yaonbwnfwhlg73ccy3c4
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 133,497 results