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Eliciting expertise [chapter]

Nigel Shadbolt
2005 Evaluation of Human Work, 3rd Edition  
These systems range from classical knowledge-based systems through to structured intranets, from workflow support tools through to best practice guidelines.  ...  interest in capturing and modelling knowledge and expertise.  ...  These systems range from classical knowledge-based systems through to structured intranets, from workflow support tools through to best practice guidelines.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420055948.ch8 fatcat:54yjvsqjrbdivcamed23fuhbbe

Investigating the Expertise Indicators of Vulnerability Discovery Professionals

Mortada Al-Banna, Boualem Benatallah, Moshe Chai Barukh
2017 Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems  
In this paper, we investigate the expertise indicators of vulnerability discovery professionals in a crowdsourcing vulnerability discovery platform.  ...  In crowdsourcing, selecting the person with suitable expertise is very important; especially since the task requester is not always in direct contact with the worker.  ...  Acknowledgment We greatly acknowledge all participants that provided valuable feedback and insight in interviews and online survey.  ... 
doi:10.25046/aj0203218 fatcat:xdmhdz4oozfjtoxsnagtwzxqja

Adaptation and user expertise modelling in AthosMail

Kristiina Jokinen
2006 Universal Access in the Information Society  
The focus is on the system's adaptive capabilities and user expertise modelling, exemplified through the User Model parameters dealing with initiative and explicitness of the system responses.  ...  This article describes the User Model component of AthosMail, a speech-based interactive e-mail application developed in the context of the EU project DUMAS.  ...  Thus the application does not require the system to take a guiding or directing initiative to instruct the user through the tasks, as the tasks are fairly straight-forward and independent of each other  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10209-005-0002-z fatcat:bapmuihcrzczxafcuwgih25ujy

The institutionalization of expertise in university licensing

Jason Owen-Smith
2011 Theory and society  
I present and analyze cases where solutions to complicated quandaries become abstract bits of professional knowledge and demonstrate that in some circumstances institutionalized practices can contribute  ...  In this setting, expertise is rationalized in response to institutional tensions between academic and business approaches to deal making and professional tensions between relational and legal approaches  ...  In the TLO, rationalization creates professional knowledge through the elaboration of general rules, boilerplate contracts, and standards of practice.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11186-010-9136-y fatcat:mgu33ej3p5fydhhuzlh3igt2iy

The Reference Librarian as Non-Expert: A Postmodern Approach to Expertise

Mark Stover
2004 The Reference librarian  
, dissemination, and preservation of the world's databanks and knowledge stores. 5 As Rowland writes, librarians are "professional information managers whose role is to guide students and researchers through  ...  Introduction The modern world is obsessed with the idea of knowledge and expertise. 1 Specialized knowledge is highly valued in the "knowledge society" that is driven by an "information economy." 2 The  ...  The "modern" view of knowledge and expertise is that these entities are objective and separate from the people who make use of them. Knowledge is independent of the knower.  ... 
doi:10.1300/j120v42n87_10 fatcat:fcowczosmrhr3cdrurpcg2jpva

Coordinating Expertise Across Knowledge Boundaries in Offshore-Outsourcing Projects: The Role of Codification

Julia Kotlarsky, Harry Scarbrough, Ilan Oshri
2014 MIS Quarterly  
We examine the dynamic nature of codification and show changes in the relative importance of these different roles in coordinating distributed expertise over time.  ...  Unlike previous studies of expertise directories, codification of the knower does not involve representing expertise in terms of occupational skills or competences but enables the reciprocal interrelating  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the editorial team for their constructive and insightful comments that guided us in developing the ideas in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.25300/misq/2014/38.2.13 fatcat:yupse6yczbcwhllrzyacontd2y

Developing Expertise with Objective Knowledge: Motive Generators and Productive Practice [chapter]

Luc P. Beaudoin
2014 Cognitive Systems Monographs  
Acknowledgements Thank you to Jeremy Wyatt for the initiative and all the effort in organizing this important event in the history of cognitive science.  ...  Yet many experts do implicitly practice (e.g., through teaching, writing and using their knowledge).  ...  Perkins proposed a useful geographical metaphor for intelligence and expertise: knowing one's way around thinking and domains, respectively, which requires deep involvement with the domains.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-06614-1_12 fatcat:uhk56f7wlvfj5noangdrotsgcm

Effective and Efficient Approaches to Retrieving and Using Expertise in Social Media

Reyyan Yeniterzi
2016 SIGIR Forum  
One such difference is the availability of different types of user created content, which can be used to represent users' expertise and the information need being searched more effectively in order to  ...  This dissertation addresses this problem by estimating topic specific expertise scores of users which can be also used to improve the expertise related applications in social media.  ...  Figure 3 . 3 2 and domain-specific search engines Figure 3 . 2 : 32 An example library search engine.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2888422.2888450 fatcat:qcksnx6k6rgvdnjw3ghhrdgi54

How to play … popular music: Didactic action and the display of musical expertise in online tutorials

Christofer Jost
2020 Studies in Communication Sciences (SComS)  
In a first step, didactic activity and musical expertise are discussed with reference to institutional, interactional and media aspects in order to gain a comprehensive image of what influences the teaching  ...  Overall, it can be shown how specific rules regarding the representation and gratification of expertise emerge in the YouTube media environment, examples of which are the "professional" appearance of the  ...  Needless to say that it would be an exceedingly challenging, if not hopeless venture to depict the elements of a knowledge domain in a single YouTube channel (or even a single clip) in their rhizome-like  ... 
doi:10.24434/j.scoms.2020.02.002 fatcat:atjadaw3rjecpne25xpbiffilu

Competence of IT Professionals in E-Business Venture Teams: The Effect of Experience and Expertise on Preference Structure

Tobias Kollmann, Matthias Häsel, Nicola Breugst
2009 Journal of Management Information Systems  
Among others, these include knowledge on e-business platforms and concepts, online marketing, search en- gines, Web security, payment systems, and legal and ethical issues in e-business [35, 66, 95].  ...  Hypothesis 1: There is a relationship between a venture team member’s expertise and the perceived gain in utility that results from higher levels of specific compe- tence components of the cofounding IT  ... 
doi:10.2753/mis0742-1222250402 fatcat:p5yjyj55ezdvtpw4z5su5h7vzy

Knowledge in the head and on the web

Geoffrey B. Duggan, Stephen J. Payne
2008 Proceeding of the twenty-sixth annual CHI conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '08  
In terms of process, greater topic knowledge led to less time being spent on each Webpage, faster decisions to give up a line of inquiry and shorter queries being entered into the search engine.  ...  The importance of background knowledge for effective searching on the Web is not well understood.  ...  Higher domain knowledge was found to produce more effective search query formulation in a simulated database environment [5] and within an actual microbiology database [20] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/1357054.1357062 dblp:conf/chi/DugganP08 fatcat:qny6nlxcxjahflyyvq2nqz3bte

Ontology-based end-user visual query formulation: Why, what, who, how, and which?

Ahmet Soylu, Martin Giese, Ernesto Jimenez-Ruiz, Evgeny Kharlamov, Dmitriy Zheleznyakov, Ian Horrocks
2016 Universal Access in the Information Society  
In this respect, visual methods for query formulation undertake the challenge of making querying independent of users' technical skills and the knowledge of the underlying textual query language and the  ...  An ontology is more promising than the logical schema of the underlying data for guiding users in formulating queries, since it provides a richer vocabulary closer to the users' understanding.  ...  In this pursuit, in database domain, visual query formulation approaches (cf.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10209-016-0465-0 fatcat:ejbb5nrzgfegzjgub2cv3dsryy

TcruziKB: Enabling Complex Queries for Genomic Data Exploration

Pablo N. Mendes, Bobby McKnight, Amit P. Sheth, Jessica C. Kissinger
2008 2008 IEEE International Conference on Semantic Computing  
We use ontology schemas to guide the user through the process of building complex queries in a flexible Web interface. Queries are serialized in SPARQL and sent to servers via Ajax.  ...  We demonstrate facilitated access to information through expressive queries in a flexible and friendly user interface. Our system scores 90.54% in a user satisfaction evaluation with 30 subjects.  ...  Acknowledgements Pablo Mendes was supported in part through an American Heart Association award 0330338N to J.C.K.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsc.2008.93 dblp:conf/semco/MendesMSK08 fatcat:ax7bdkk44rfglfmijzhinghw2q

When search engines stopped being human: menu interfaces and the rise of the ideological nature of algorithmic search

Niels Kerssens, Mediarep.Org
2020 Internet Histories  
and intellectual labour in the search process.  ...  This article critically examines the ideological nature of algorithmic search, by showing how, between the mid- 1970s and late-1980s, long before the birth of algorithmic search by search engines in the  ...  With technical expertise made redundant in the process of database selection and query formulation, iteration in the search processinterpreting and evaluating the relevance of computer search resultswas  ... 
doi:10.25969/mediarep/14027 fatcat:scic6giatbgxtd2y62gmm5ztze

The effects of domain knowledge on search tactic formulation

Barbara M. Wildemuth
2004 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
It was also found that the search tactics changed over time as the students' domain knowledge changed.  ...  These results have important implications for designers in developing systems that will support users' preferred ways of formulating searches.  ...  Friedman, principal investigator of the "Information and Cognition in Medical Education" project; the numerous graduate research assistants who coded the search moves; and the student participants.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.10367 fatcat:6e2agn63ordedntcfi2gihbana
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