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Domain Adaptation meets Individual Fairness. And they get along [article]

Debarghya Mukherjee, Felix Petersen, Mikhail Yurochkin, Yuekai Sun
2022 arXiv   pre-print
methods for domain adaptation to enforce (individual) fairness.  ...  In particular, we show that (i) enforcing suitable notions of individual fairness (IF) can improve the out-of-distribution accuracy of ML models, and that (ii) it is possible to adapt representation alignment  ...  [18] , and Petersen et al. [7] used the graph Laplacian regularizer to post-process ML models so that they are individually fair.  ... 
arXiv:2205.00504v1 fatcat:gnusztq6ubgc3pbzz3qwu5zdim

Prevention Adaptation of an Evidence-Based Treatment for Parents Involved With Child Welfare Who Use Substances

Gracelyn Cruden, Shelley Crawford, Lisa Saldana
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
FAIR entails four treatment domains: substance use, parenting, mental health, and ancillary services (e.g., housing, medical care, and food).  ...  Future research will explore additional required, fidelity-consistent prevention adaptations to FAIR, and the impact of PRE-FAIR on parental substance use and child welfare case outcomes.  ...  As the current study was focused on specifying potential adaptations to FAIR for PRE-FAIR, and the phenomenon of parental improvement in one treatment domain affecting another domain has been observed  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.689432 pmid:34867582 pmcid:PMC8639490 fatcat:fa53hcmfzbdhpcmrd2cs3cdvly

Clonal plasticity: an autonomic mechanism for multi-agent systems to self-diversify

Vivek Nallur, Siobhán Clarke
2017 Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems  
We show that clonal plasticity is competitive with manual diversification, at achieving efficient resource allocations and fairness.  ...  Multi-agent systems, in particular, have utilized diversity to achieve aggregate properties such as efficiency of resource allocations, and fairness in these allocations.  ...  Therefore, in iteration 3, the sole agent participates in the minority group, and thus meets the game is both, efficient and fair.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10458-017-9380-x fatcat:dbd46z3u6fdtndxe44bhggmqrm

Development and application of criteria to evaluate written CBT self-help interventions adopted by Improving Access to Psychological Therapies services

Paul Farrand, Adam Dawes, Michelle Doughty, Sundeep Phull, Sally Saines, Simon Winter, Anthony Roth
2022 The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist  
This pilot supports the development and potential utility of an independent criteria-driven process to appraise the suitability of written workbook-based CBT self-help interventions for use within the  ...  standardised criteria-driven process that can be used to determine the extent written CBT self-help interventions are consistent with guidance regarding the fundamental characteristics of low-intensity CBT and  ...  -b); Williams and Morrison (2010) DISCERN (Charnock, 1998; Charnock et al.,1999) ; EQIP (Moult et al., 2004) ; Evidence Review: Patient Information Forum (Treadgold and Grant, 2014) ; NHS Patient  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1754470x22000241 fatcat:ti7lip2k6ja43ip5ghkw6lilom

Unravelling Children's Perceptions of Parental Differential Treatment

Rozemarijn Jeannin, Karin Hannes, Karla Van Leeuwen
2012 Journal of Psychology Research  
Questions targeted: (1) domains of PDT; (2) explanations of PDT; and (3) considerations of fairness.  ...  Fairness-considerations comprised a cognitive and emotional component and moderating factors.  ...  Children in the individual interviews indicated that parents react to conflict between siblings and want their children to get along well.  ... 
doi:10.17265/2159-5542/2012.02.003 fatcat:j47pl2vpojdszowphde4wiupei

Re-designing process architectures towards a framework of design dimensions

Alexei Lapouchnian, Eric Yu, Arnon Sturm
2015 2015 IEEE 9th International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS)  
Supported by technological and business innovations, the torrent of changes faced by today's organizations, forces them to stop looking at their processes individually and focus on designing BPAs, especially  ...  In this paper, we propose a framework for BPA design with several dimensions along which activities or decisions could potentially be repositioned across processes and a goal-driven approach for analyzing  ...  To evaluate the proposal, we are applying it to domains facing both a high rate of change and changes in the domain dynamics to further validate the expressiveness and usability of the notation and the  ... 
doi:10.1109/rcis.2015.7128881 dblp:conf/rcis/LapouchnianYS15 fatcat:bjmlfgmpbbarpfinttasrb66je

Programmatic Access to FAIRified Digital Plant Genetic Resources

Mehmood Ghaffar, Danuta Schüler, Patrick König, Daniel Arend, Astrid Junker, Uwe Scholz, Matthias Lange
2019 Journal of Integrative Bioinformatics  
To ensure a standard and comprehensive sharing of scientific and experimental data among domain experts, FAIR data principles are utilized for machine read-ability and scale-ability.  ...  This paper presents the concepts, best practices and implementations to meet these challenges.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors gratefully acknowledges the IPK-Gatersleben directors board for granting the FAIR-IPK flagship project and the BMBF for funding the de.NBI project under FKZ 031A536A.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jib-2019-0060 pmid:31913851 pmcid:PMC7074143 fatcat:ws4g2hgp4jh3fpe76dsqepmh64

Algorithmic and Economic Perspectives on Fairness [article]

David C. Parkes, Rakesh V. Vohra, other workshop participants
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The second is that these algorithms fail to treat people as individuals. Third, who gets to decide how algorithms are designed and deployed.  ...  They are deployed to screen job applicants for the recommendation of products, people, and content, as well as in medicine (diagnostics and decision aids), criminal justice, facial recognition, lending  ...  At the same time, fairness questions are inherently complex and multifaceted and incredibly important to get right.  ... 
arXiv:1909.05282v1 fatcat:kyd7jv4ktfehjpxibb4vqttk6e

Responsible AI and moral responsibility: a common appreciation

Daniel W. Tigard
2020 AI and Ethics  
domains.  ...  Indeed, notions like 'responsible AI' and 'responsible robotics' may sound appealing, for they seem to convey a sense of moral goodness or ethical approval, thereby inciting psychological connections to  ...  Transformations in Healthcare Work and Knowledge Environments" at the Technical University of Munich.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s43681-020-00009-0 fatcat:646h6gynxvavzixniljrilohou

A Lockpick's Guide to dataARC: Designing Infrastructures and Building Communities to Enable Transdisciplinary Research

Rachel Opitz, University of Glasgow, Colleen Strawhacker, Philip Buckland, Jackson Cothren, Tom Dawson, Andrew Dugmore, George Hambrecht, Willem Koster, Emily Lethbridge, Ingrid Mainland, Tom McGovern (+23 others)
2021 Internet Archaeology  
In parallel, they were also designed to support the reuse of diverse data that underpin transdisciplinary synthesis research and to contextualise materials disseminated widely to the public more firmly  ...  This article outlines the research infrastructure produced by the project and reflects on its design and development.  ...  The software development team of Tim Sexton, John Wilson, Clayton Sexton, Angela Payne, Manon Wilson, Hanna Ford and Trausti Dagsson are likewise recognised and thanked for facilitating and supporting  ... 
doi:10.11141/ia.56.15 fatcat:ifhauz7ipjdglbphlolzay4d4a

Meaningfully Engaging Patients in ACO Decision Making

Matthew DeCamp, Jeremy Sugarman, Scott Adam Berkowitz
2015 American journal of accountable care  
and expenditures of their patients. 1,2 When ACOs meet quality and cost benchmarks, they can share in the cost savings accrued.  ...  3 distinct domains: individual patient-clinician interactions, organizational or "system-level" governance, and the broader community (ie, patients and organizations beyond the ACO). 7 Engaging patients  ...  Acknowledgments Source of Funding: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (1K08HS023684-01) (DeCamp).  ... 
pmid:29057390 pmcid:PMC5647154 fatcat:3oin7aewifer3ktyglhwabev7e

Subcarrier Allocation Techniques in OFDMA

The subcarrier resource allocation issue is complex for both charged energy minimization along with price maximization both in uplink and downlink situations.  ...  Orthogonal Frequency Division several Access (OFDMA) is a access that is numerous where the regularity musical organization is divided in to range subcarriers and each individual is assigned a subset of  ...  The aim that is primary margin adaptive algorithms is always to minimise the sum total send energy for the system while keeping each individual along with its necessary quality of solution demands; such  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.i3245.0789s319 fatcat:oun5l7rbs5e5lgmlyuoqexq7hq

Impact of Digital Economy on Intellectual Property Law

Asif khan, Ximei Wu
2020 Journal of Politics and Law  
However, some of their personal information has been suggested by giving individual property rights while describing it to protect freedom and privacy.  ...  However, such adaptations are yet to design, and for completing such tasks, the stakeholders' participation is significant.  ...  Along with that, the committee heard from an extensive range of government, academic and industry experts.  ... 
doi:10.5539/jpl.v13n4p117 fatcat:bd3zxkqe55bt5mudazxbthhpb4

Disability in people clinically at high risk of psychosis

Eva Velthorst, Dorien H. Nieman, Don Linszen, Hiske Becker, Lieuwe de Haan, Peter M. Dingemans, Max Birchwood, Paul Patterson, Raimo K. R. Salokangas, Markus Heinimaa, Andreas Heinz, Georg Juckel (+6 others)
2010 British Journal of Psychiatry  
In Cox regression, difficulties in getting along with people significantly contributed to the prediction of transition to psychosis in our sample (β = 0.569, s.e. = 0.184, Wald = 9.548, P = 0.002, hazard  ...  Decline in social functioning occurs in individuals who later develop psychosis.  ...  (a) domain 1: understanding and interacting with the world (six items); (b) domain 2: moving and getting around (five items); (c) domain 3: self-care (four items); (d) domain 4: getting along with people  ... 
doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.109.075036 pmid:20884950 fatcat:sbufhmmhj5ejvc3bcyansio7au

Effects of methyphenidate and expectancy on children with ADHD: Behavior, academic performance, and attributions in a summer treatment program and regular classroom settings

William E. Pelham, Betsy Hoza, David R. Pillow, Elizabeth M. Gnagy, Heidi L. Kipp, Andrew R. Greiner, Daniel A. Waschbusch, Sarah T. Trane, Joel Greenhouse, Lara Wolfson, Erin Fitzpatrick
2002 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology  
Beneficial effects of stimulant treatment for these children have been documented in different domains of functioning, including classroom behavior, peer relations, and mother-child interactions (see Swanson  ...  Boys attributed their success to their effort and ability and attributed failure to task difficulty and the pill, regardless of medication and expectancy.  ...  the child got along with peers, and (d) how well the child got along with and listened to the teacher (i.e., the same as the four DRC domains).  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-006x.70.2.320 pmid:11952190 fatcat:vw4bsvedvjcb5awdfgsg3jw3j4
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