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FFP3 reusable respirators for COVID-19; adequate and suitable in the healthcare setting

G.C. Higgins, E. Robertson, C. Horsely, N. McLean, J. Douglas
2020 Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery  
Funding The authors kindly thank the Beatson Cancer Charity, UK (Grant Application number 19-20-001), the Jean Brown Bequest Fund, UK, and The Canniesburn Research Trust, UK for funding this study.  ...  Funding The authors declare no funding. Acknowledgements Jeremy Rodrigues provided data from the two NHS Trust journal clubs and invaluable advice. Funding Nil.  ...  UK National Health Service (NHS) Trusts in 2019.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bjps.2020.06.002 pmid:32620313 pmcid:PMC7326435 fatcat:ga4reks2fbgivftloebmbb7snm


A Njoroge, K E Munene
2015 East African Medical Journal  
as well as assessing the disparities in funding and service delivery systems between NCDs and infectious diseases; we review this rising double burden of infectious and non-infectious diseases and propose  ...  Non-communicable diseases (NCD) are emerging as the leading cause of morbidity & mortality globally, with the greatest rise in incidence of cardiovascular disease cases observed in Sub-Saharan Africa.  ...  Lack of data on the burden of disease of even common NCDs such hypertension precludes evidence-based planning for NCD control. Not only do we need to know the burden but also interrogate the causes.  ... 
pmid:28811676 pmcid:PMC5554602 fatcat:outjfspzjvbixfw65jlb47l6ty

Changes in health in the countries of the UK and 150 English Local Authority areas 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016

Nicholas Steel, John A Ford, John N Newton, Adrian C J Davis, Theo Vos, Mohsen Naghavi, Scott Glenn, Andrew Hughes, Alice M Dalton, Diane Stockton, Ciaran Humphreys, Mary Dallat (+32 others)
2018 The Lancet  
Evaluation UK liaison team, Julia Gall for project support to the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation UK liaison team, and Hannah Gregory for editing of the manuscript.  ...  The views expressed in this Article are those of the author(s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR, or the Department of Health and Social Care.  ...  UK countries, because of differing funding formulas in the different nations in the UK  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(18)32207-4 pmid:30497795 pmcid:PMC6215773 fatcat:f3zbhpvhgrbdlm2oqr5ym7whza

Human papilloma virus: global research architecture assessed by density-equalizing mapping

Dörthe Brüggmann, Luise Kayser, Jenny Jaque, Matthias Bundschuh, Doris Klingelhöfer, David A. Groneberg
2018 OncoTarget  
The US was the leading country with 12,270 publications. Only high-income-countries were found in the ranking of the fifteen most active countries with Germany, France, and Japan among the top five.  ...  Analysis of HPV research activity in relation to the economic strength demonstrated a lead position of Finland and Sweden with an average of 2248.78 and 1924.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Christian Scutaru for the establishment of the analysis unit and helpful comments. This study is part of a PhD thesis project (LK).  ... 
doi:10.18632/oncotarget.25136 pmid:29774116 pmcid:PMC5955169 fatcat:cizif2km3nferorsvj7n357aau

The heterogeneity of the COVID-19 pandemic and national responses: an explanatory mixed-methods study

Yi-Ying Chen, Yibeltal Assefa
2021 BMC Public Health  
The disease burden has been heterogeneous across regions of the world, with Americas leading in cumulative cases and deaths, followed by Europe, Southeast Asia, Eastern Mediterranean, Africa and Western  ...  As of 1 April 2021, the US had the highest cases per million out of the nine countries, followed by Brazil, Italy, Germany, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and China.  ...  This phenomenon resonates with other literature's findings, which underscore the importance of adequate funding for UHC to protect the most vulnerable populations from catastrophic health expenditures  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-021-10885-8 pmid:33933062 fatcat:ps6aabxx4vgp5mrxcumvznx77y

The Dragon and the Tiger: Realties in the Control of Tuberculosis

P. Bhatter, A. Chatterjee, N. Mistry
2012 Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases  
Here we have compared the medical, social and economic approaches of the two nations towards better management and control of TB. Does India have lessons to learn from China?  ...  Globally, India and China recorded the highest Multi-Drug Resistant TB (MDR) cases notified in 2010 (64000 and 63000, respectively).  ...  While simple effective measures like hygienic living conditions and adequate nutrition may not bring the end of TB but will definitely ease the disease burden.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2012/625459 pmid:22829815 pmcid:PMC3398628 fatcat:3q6p2tfibncwlaza7x6wu5j43q

The epidemiological burden of obesity in childhood: a worldwide epidemic requiring urgent action

Mariachiara Di Cesare, Maroje Sorić, Pascal Bovet, J Jaime Miranda, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Gretchen A Stevens, Avula Laxmaiah, Andre-Pascal Kengne, James Bentham
2019 BMC Medicine  
Treatment of obesity is difficult and children with excess weight are likely to become adults with obesity.  ...  These trends have led member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) to endorse a target of no increase in obesity in childhood by 2025.  ...  To do so, we use data from the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates [45] , the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) Global Burden of  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12916-019-1449-8 pmid:31760948 pmcid:PMC6876113 fatcat:bn4qhjtp2bd2fcike7bw6dupoy

International primate neuroscience research regulation, public engagement and transparency opportunities

Anna S. Mitchell, Renée Hartig, Michele A. Basso, Wendy Jarrett, Sabine Kastner, Colline Poirier
2021 NeuroImage  
Understanding the similarities in standards applied by different nations to animal research, and where the differences might lie, is crucial.  ...  The transparent promotion of this level of care and welfare, along with the results of the research and its impact, may reduce public concerns associated with animal experiments in neuroscience research  ...  All research discussed in this work was performed in accordance with institutional and nationally approved oversight, including but not limited to the NIH Guide for Care and Use of Laboratory Animals,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117700 pmid:33418072 pmcid:PMC7994292 fatcat:ztirvljghjfz3f6227ngod2wg4

Action on mental health needs global cooperation

Pamela Y. Collins, Shekhar Saxena
2016 Nature  
The views expressed here do not necessarily represent those of the US National Institute of Mental Health, the US National Institutes of Health, the US government or the World Health Organization.  ...  The WHO Mental Health Action Plan specifically calls for stronger leadership and governance for mental health at the national level, including adequate funding.  ...  The organization refined a model for helping people into care and work and to advocate for their problems in African and Asian countries, including Ghana, Tanzania, Nepal, China and Vietnam.  ... 
doi:10.1038/532025a pmid:27078549 fatcat:cilxubgsonb4flmpbwznnkyxje

The wow factor as a determinant of funding for disorders of the skin

Terence J. Ryan
2015 Military Medical Research  
and neglected tropical diseases affecting the skin for the purpose of skin care.  ...  The care expectation is one of technical proficiency integrated with kindness and altruism.  ...  Such a programme was prepared with a grant from the Education and Science divisions of the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO). It was named UNIDERM.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40779-015-0040-7 pmid:26110067 pmcid:PMC4479063 fatcat:c7t54qgkfzct3k2g2p5hiftx5a

Comparing the cost-per-QALYs gained and cost-per-DALYs averted literatures

Peter J. Neumann, Jordan E. Anderson, Ari D. Panzer, Elle F. Pope, Brittany N. D'Cruz, David D. Kim, Joshua T. Cohen
2018 Gates Open Research  
The publication of fewer studies than expected for some diseases given their imposed burden suggests funding opportunities for future cost-effectiveness research.  ...  We examined study characteristics, including intervention type, sponsor, country, and primary disease, and also compared the number of published CEAs to disease burden for major diseases and conditions  ...  In the 1990s, the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO) developed the DALY to quantify disease burden (reflecting both years of life lost (YLL) and years of life with disability (YLD)) 9,10  ... 
doi:10.12688/gatesopenres.12786.2 fatcat:ndoyzsdkvzg3nki2ydiauqaqby

Translational Research to Generate Evidence for Rational and Efficient Introduction of New Vaccines in Developing Countries: The Experience of the International Vaccine Institute

John Clemens
2008 Annales Nestlé (English ed )  
with the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases and the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, respectively.  ...  studies done in the US and the UK [17] .  ... 
doi:10.1159/000129625 fatcat:p2hwhfulwbebzjdq4rdcspmd4u

The global burden of disease study 2013: What does it mean for the NTDs?

Jennifer R. Herricks, Peter J. Hotez, Valentine Wanga, Luc E. Coffeng, Juanita A. Haagsma, María-Gloria Basáñez, Geoffrey Buckle, Christine M. Budke, Hélène Carabin, Eric M. Fèvre, Thomas Fürst, Yara A. Halasa (+10 others)
2017 PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases  
The new Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 has identified some key trends in the major neglected tropical diseases, many with public health and policy implications.  ...  PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases | https://doi.  ...  India and China lead the world in cysticercosis and cystic echinococcosis disease cases with over 100,000 each, while Burkina Faso has the highest prevalence of disease from cysticercosis and Mongolia  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005424 pmid:28771480 pmcid:PMC5542388 fatcat:zwtqwoqjpfckpchwf3d2iu4wya

Focus on China: should clinicians engage in research? and lessons from other countries

Zhongheng Zhang, Gavin P Winston, Hai-Tao Zhao, Edwin H G Oei, Qiyong Ai, Romaric Loffroy, Ting Lin, Yaxing Shen, Chin K Ng, Hua Liu, A Cahid Civelek, Zhijun Han (+3 others)
2014 Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery  
To compare the structure and funding of China with other countries, authors from UK, The Netherlands, France, and USA are also invited.  ...  We compiled some thoughts and opinions on the topic of 'should clinicians in China engage in research?'  ...  Although reformation of medical treatment has lasted for years, research and writing paper might accompany us for the whole career life.  ... 
doi:10.3978/j.issn.2223-4292.2014.10.07 pmid:25392826 pmcid:PMC4213419 fatcat:qfhrlydvhreavdc7rkepclz5wi

Call for Action to Address Equity and Justice Divide During COVID-19

Sonu Bhaskar, Aarushi Rastogi, Koravangattu Valsraj Menon, Beena Kunheri, Sindhu Balakrishnan, Jeremy Howick
2020 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
people suffering from chronic diseases or mental illness.  ...  The coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is deepening the inequity and injustice among the vulnerable communities.  ...  discussions during these unprecedented and challenging times despite the incredibly short timeframe.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.559905 pmid:33343410 pmcid:PMC7744756 fatcat:2vknghsu45emfcp45t6l63bp3a
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