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Mirror neurons

Christian Keysers
2009 Current Biology  
Do we have mirror neurons for emotions or sensations?  ...  So I think the next strategic move for cognitive neuroscience is to get all these conservative, impact factor accountants into a field and club them to death. Do you think I could get a grant for it?  ...  After the initial enthusiasm for the discovery of mirror neurons, and the stimulating wave of speculation that followed, we now need to concentrate on developing methods that can: localize these neurons  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.08.026 pmid:19922849 fatcat:hmjcl2ksnjap7m5octkek2tnlq

Motor neurone disease

B. Sackett, M. Sakel
2011 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
would visit our home and do whatever was needed.  ...  Shortly after Diane was diagnosed with motor neurone disease in 2006, we went to Cairns in Australia. She was not really strong enough but was very determined and insisted on going.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.d1661 pmid:21540256 fatcat:gjhxbgzbxjffbf47qzy2rx26tm

Meaning-Making Neurons

M. Shermer
2010 Science  
How does all this get coordinated into a single feeling that we call love?  ...  Although we cannot implement such experiments in the name of science, if they do happen, scientists should be the fi rst in to record the results.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.1189752 fatcat:glgdfoscmrggziiule7szial6q

Account for Neuronal Representations from the Perspective of Neurons [article]

Chiyin Zheng
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In the macro-level, I further discuss how these specialized neurons underlie various cognitive functions and phenomena.  ...  Then I describe how they take synaptic plasticity, inhibition, and synchronization as their strategies and demonstrate how the execution of these strategies during turn them into specialized neurons that  ...  We cannot prepare all representations needed before birth.  ... 
arXiv:2109.01347v1 fatcat:looxpkpq7zhmvpef3t3wpua4xy

Putting neurons on the map

Michael Eisenstein
2009 Nature  
"This is one of the first problems ever attacked in computer vision, back in the late 1960s -and yet today we still don't have reliable systems that do it. " Rather than trying to establish strict neuron-recognition  ...  These computer 'students' also need to know the limitations of their organic instructors. "When humans trace stuff, there's just a lot of jitter in the way they trace, " says Seung.  ...  Partha Mitra thinks that scientists already have the tools they need to begin building a 'mesoscale' map of the mouse brain.  ... 
doi:10.1038/4611149a pmid:19847270 fatcat:igcljozxmnbtpifbu5qhw5ky2u

The Reliability of Neurons

T. H. Bullock
1970 The Journal of General Physiology  
What we do know is the fact of a large amount of reliability.  ...  I How reliable are neurons? That is, how dependably do they do the same thing under the same conditions?  ... 
doi:10.1085/jgp.55.5.565 pmid:5462670 pmcid:PMC2203020 fatcat:q47mjvzqsjeubhjobk7dsdtsym

Mirror Neuron Forum

Vittorio Gallese, Morton Ann Gernsbacher, Cecilia Heyes, Gregory Hickok, Marco Iacoboni
2011 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
We are not surprised when neurons in F5 respond both during object observation and object-directed actions and we do not endow such cells with the power to understand objects.  ...  all can recognize and understand actions that we can't execute (e.g., flying, coiling).  ...  Mirror Neuron Forum 393  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691611413392 pmid:25520744 pmcid:PMC4266473 fatcat:5qwjovshdfd4xdlcysqfmu6etq

Mirror neurons and humanity's dark side

Gisela Kaplan
2019 Animal Sentience  
The old dichotomies are breaking down; but the dark side is that these insights come at a time in the Anthropocene when humans have caused and continue to cause mass extinctions.  ...  The last two decades have revealed brain mechanisms in birds and primates showing that, contrary to earlier prejudices, some birds can do things (cognitive and affective) on par with or even better than  ...  We don't just have the ability to destroy whole ecosystems with little effort: we do so, readily, if there is a dollar to be made.  ... 
doi:10.51291/2377-7478.1401 fatcat:ytupjwfrubajzaoyek76js2rvq

BethAnn McLaughlin: Protecting neurons and women in science

Nicole Infarinato, Marie Anne O'Donnell
2018 Journal of Cell Biology  
McLaughlin studies how neurons respond to acute and chronic stress.  ...  My laboratory's bread and butter work is identifying new pathways that protect neurons and then we do these out of the box things with our collaborators.  ...  We aren't children. We are grownups. And there is an enormous amount of work needed to restore the careers of women who have been hurt. Let's do that work.  ... 
doi:10.1083/jcb.201810065 fatcat:cyvsmle3cbgujpvt7ithqvxum4

Robots record brain activity inside neurons

Helen Shen
2016 Nature  
In the most common, 'blind' version, researchers do this without being able to see the neurons.  ...  "Our hope is that we can help as many people as possible to answer questions about how neurons compute, " Boyden says.  ... 
doi:10.1038/532135a pmid:27078570 fatcat:qzkdsmspnvctdf5e2r7eydqlyi

NEUROSCIENCE: Single-Neuron Arithmetic

S. Dehaene
2002 Science  
This theory can be rejected, however, because the neurons recognized numbers up to 5, even when the dots were all aligned.  ...  But not just any accumulator model will do. A strong constraint is imposed by the remarkably short latency of the neurons.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.1076392 pmid:12215630 fatcat:gnpliq2aqndv3iellli6yfvepa

Out-of-Sample Extrapolation with Neuron Editing [article]

Matthew Amodio, David van Dijk, Ruth Montgomery, Guy Wolf, Smita Krishnaswamy
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To address this, we introduce a technique called neuron editing that learns how neurons encode an edit for a particular transformation in a latent space.  ...  We use an autoencoder to decompose the variation within the dataset into activations of different neurons and generate transformed data by defining an editing transformation on those neurons.  ...  In almost all dimensions, the GAN generates data with less variance than really exists.  ... 
arXiv:1805.12198v4 fatcat:bmg7dbzt65eizf2qfdhfjaghje

Intentional and Skillful Neurons

Jens Erling Birch
2017 Sport, Ethics and Philosophy  
We do not need to have focal awareness or conscious attention on all the subsidiaries/background because there is a direct link between the object (the nail), the grasping of the hand, and the intention  ...  But there are voices arguing that mirror neurons do not play a role in action understanding at all.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17511321.2017.1334695 fatcat:todo4mcgdbavzcye53uvhi3sjq

Percept and the single neuron

Adrien Wohrer, Christian K Machens
2013 Nature Neuroscience  
Obtaining the readout weights β k may seem straightforward now: we need to solve equation (1) by inverting the covariance matrix, C.  ...  volume 16 | number 2 | february 2013 nature neuroscience n e w s a n d v i e w s is the following: a neuron's choice probability depends on the sum over all of its firing rate covariances with other neurons  ...  Yet when we perceive an uncertain stimulus-was that a friend hustling by on the other side of the street?-which neurons are really implicated in the formation of the mental percept?  ... 
doi:10.1038/nn.3314 pmid:23354380 fatcat:222dac7xqjhs7ho4rq2dyrzeby

Consistent estimation of complete neuronal connectivity in large neuronal populations using sparse "shotgun" neuronal activity sampling

Yuriy Mishchenko
2016 Journal of Computational Neuroscience  
We investigate the properties of the recently proposed "shotgun" sampling approach for the common inputs problem in the functional estimation of neuronal connectivity.  ...  We show that the shotgun approach can be expected to allow the inference of the complete connectivity matrix in large neuronal populations under some rather general conditions.  ...  These scalings are inopportune for the reconstructions of neuronal connectivity, if the fraction of observed neurons needs to remain small.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10827-016-0611-y pmid:27515518 fatcat:mr74qpt2bzd6pbkhdr4fzuhvxu
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