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Detecting controversy on the web

Shiri Dori-Hacohen, James Allan
2013 Proceedings of the 22nd ACM international conference on Conference on information & knowledge management - CIKM '13  
We demonstrate the applicability of our approach by validating it on a set of webpages drawn from seed queries.  ...  Our approach (1) maps a webpage to a set of neighboring Wikipedia articles which were labeled on a controversiality metric; (2) coalesces those labels into an estimate of the webpage's controversiality  ...  Recent work includes diversifying search results for controversial queries [6] , with less focus on detection that a query is controversial in the first place.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2505515.2507877 dblp:conf/cikm/Dori-HacohenA13 fatcat:wkyozwhmmze4toacukiavrjxqm

Automated Controversy Detection on the Web [chapter]

Shiri Dori-Hacohen, James Allan
2015 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Alerting users about controversial search results can encourage critical literacy, promote healthy civic discourse and counteract the "filter bubble" e↵ect, and therefore would be a useful feature in a  ...  search engine or browser extension.  ...  Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are the authors, and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsor.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16354-3_46 fatcat:67hccnqghjeqrl3ovexv3v6n3y

Sentiment diversification with different biases

Elif Aktolga, James Allan
2013 Proceedings of the 36th international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '13  
Prior search result diversification work focuses on achieving topical variety in a ranked list, typically equally across all aspects.  ...  Then, we utilize this information in 3 different ways to diversify results according to various sentiment biases: (1) Equal diversification to achieve a balanced and unbiased representation of all sentiments  ...  Prior work focusing on opinion diversity is very recent: Demartini and Siersdorfer describe a study about opinions in search results as given by popular search engines for controversial queries [11] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2484028.2484060 dblp:conf/sigir/AktolgaA13 fatcat:3ewdu3x5dvabparhbyqek22n5u

SogouQ: The First Large-Scale Test Collection with Click Streams Used in a Shared-Task Evaluation [chapter]

Ruihua Song, Min Zhang, Cheng Luo, Tetsuya Sakai, Yiqun Liu, Zhicheng Dou
2020 Evaluating Information Retrieval and Access Tasks  
Search logs are very precious for information retrieval studies.  ...  It is the first large-scale query logs used in a shared-task evaluation (i.e., the NTCIR tasks).  ...  For example, the results of query "flower" now may contain image results and encyclopedia results as well as usual Web search results. We refer to such "types" of search results as verticals.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-15-5554-1_10 fatcat:4xvy3tudt5cpvolzpefvjik63a

Dear search engine: what's your opinion about...?

Gianluca Demartini, Stefan Siersdorfer
2010 Proceedings of the 3rd International Semantic Search Workshop on - SEMSEARCH '10  
This paper provides a preliminary study about opinions contained in search engine results for controversial queries such as "cloning" or "immigration".  ...  In a preliminary empirical analysis, we compare up to 50 results from 3 commercial search engines on 14 controversial queries to study the relation between sentiments, topics, and rankings.  ...  On the other hand, it is not clear what a "good" overview should be if we want to diversify opinions in search results.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1863879.1863883 fatcat:467zwrzcorhfbhi3uya6ecdblm

Design Challenges for a Multi-Perspective Search Engine [article]

Sihao Chen and Siyi Liu and Xander Uyttendaele and Yi Zhang and William Bruno and Dan Roth
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Many users turn to document retrieval systems (e.g. search engines) to seek answers to controversial questions.  ...  We use the prototype system to conduct a user survey in order to assess the utility of our paradigm, as well as understanding the user information needs for controversial queries.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Disha Jindal and Hegler Tissot for their valuable feedback throughout the development of the prototype search engine.  ... 
arXiv:2112.08357v1 fatcat:a2eufs3rlbckpk56ydrt3kx2zm

Do Web search engines suppress controversy?

Susan Gerhart
2004 First Monday  
using more search engines, more diverse queries, a greater number of search results, and searching where controversy and more analytic material is likely to be found.  ...  Summary of case studies: How much is controversy suppressed? Each controversy was well represented on the Web in search results posed with the right query.  ... 
doi:10.5210/fm.v9i1.1111 fatcat:3acolcfi45h2blr7cy4s2iydbi

History by Diversity

Jaspreet Singh, Wolfgang Nejdl, Avishek Anand
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval - CHIIR '16  
To support this search strategy, we introduce the notion of a Historical Query Intent to explicitly model a historian's search task and define an aspect-time diversification problem over news archives.  ...  We test our methods by constructing a test collection based on The New York Times Collection with a workload of 30 queries of historical intent assessed manually.  ...  Baselines We evaluate the effectiveness of H D at diversifying the search results produced by four effective classes of baselines: Non-temporal Baselines : The first baseline that we considered is the  ... 
doi:10.1145/2854946.2854959 dblp:conf/chiir/SinghNA16 fatcat:x7vpwfbmhrdblemcusbkgxi5sq

AspecTiles

Mayu Iwata, Tetsuya Sakai, Takehiro Yamamoto, Yu Chen, Yi Liu, Ji-Rong Wen, Shojiro Nishio
2012 Proceedings of the 35th international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '12  
A diversified search result for an underspecified query generally contains web pages in which there are answers that are relevant to different aspects of the query.  ...  These results suggest that simple interfaces like AspecTiles can enhance the search performance and search experience of the user when their queries are underspecified.  ...  The query field of the original TREC topic served as the initial query for each task, so that each participant began his task by looking at a diversified search result.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2348283.2348298 dblp:conf/sigir/IwataSYCLWN12 fatcat:bn75toeif5febgclhar7l3xnau

Search Result Diversification

Rodrygo L. T. Santos, Craig Macdonald, Iadh Ounis
2015 Foundations and Trends in Information Retrieval  
In particular, different levels of ambiguity may entail different needs for diversifying the search results.  ...  As discussed throughout this survey, a central approach for tackling query ambiguity is to diversify the search results.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1500000040 fatcat:g4vxxda6u5aaljeqg6n47lushu

Mining Relevant Time for Query Subtopics in Web Archives

Tu Ngoc Nguyen, Nattiya Kanhabua, Wolfgang Nejdl, Claudia Niederée
2015 Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '15 Companion  
This task is especially useful for one important ranking problem in the web archive context, the time-aware search result diversification.  ...  However, searching in this unique longitudinal collection of huge redundancy (pages of near-identical content are crawled all over again) is completely different from searching over the web.  ...  Connection with the time-based search result diversification Search result diversification is meant for diversifying the result list so that the top-k covers all the aspects of an ambiguous query.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2740908.2741702 dblp:conf/www/NguyenKNN15 fatcat:qwip7zhuzrdfjghpr6wzryoopi

ClaimsKG: A Knowledge Graph of Controversial Claims and Its Applications

Konstantin Todorov
2020 Zenodo  
about claims and related online discourse data, making it difficult to access, query and reuse this wealth of information.  ...  I will present preliminary results on learning claim vector representations (embeddings) from ClaimsKG and their application for the task of automatic fact-checking.  ...  The distribution of truth values hints at this being a highly controversial topic with potentially highly polarized Viewpoints.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3874932 fatcat:fueydjgpmjajxcmb5an2wik4hm

ICDE conference 2015 detailed author index

2015 2015 IEEE 31st International Conference on Data Engineering  
Application Development Chakraborty, Tanmoy 555 DiSCern: A Diversified Citation Recommendation System for Scientific Queries C continues on next page… [Search] A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O  ...  Management System Narayanam, Ramasuri 555 DiSCern: A Diversified Citation Recommendation System for Scientific Queries Nascimento, Mario A. 1428 A Framework for Computation of Popular Paths  ... 
doi:10.1109/icde.2015.7113260 fatcat:ep7pomkm55f45j33tkpoc5asim

Bias in Conversational Search: The Double-Edged Sword of the Personalized Knowledge Graph [article]

Emma J. Gerritse and Faegheh Hasibi and Arjen P. de Vries
2020 arXiv   pre-print
search systems.  ...  In this paper, we discuss different types of biases in conversational search systems, with the emphasis on the biases that are related to PKGs.  ...  to detect a biased user and help to diversify results.  ... 
arXiv:2010.10409v1 fatcat:kpnp2mc5graivh2or7jwie4idi

Evaluating Fairness in Argument Retrieval [article]

Sachin Pathiyan Cherumanal, Damiano Spina, Falk Scholer, W.Bruce Croft
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Existing commercial search engines often struggle to represent different perspectives of a search query.  ...  Argument retrieval systems address this limitation of search engines and provide both positive (PRO) and negative (CON) perspectives about a user's information need on a controversial topic (e.g., climate  ...  The authors thank the organizers of Touché@CLEF 2020 for making the runs available. This work is partially supported by the Australian Research Council (DE200100064, DP190101113).  ... 
arXiv:2108.10442v1 fatcat:4cu26mtdgrdm3acfkfz67hupwi
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