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Trustable Environmental Monitoring by Means of Sensors Networks on Swarming Autonomous Marine Vessels and Distributed Ledger Technology

Ivan Berman, Enrica Zereik, Aleksandr Kapitonov, Fabio Bonsignorio, Alisher Khassanov, Aziza Oripova, Sergei Lonshakov, Vitaly Bulatov
2020 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
This platform provides encrypted decentralized technologies based on distributed ledger tools, and market mechanisms for organizing the work of heterogeneous multi-vendor cyber-physical systems when automated  ...  The swarm implements a version of Reynolds' Boids model based on the Belief Space Planning approach.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors want to thank the Airalab 22 team for the development and support of the unmanned surface vessel, as well as for providing the Robonomics platform support and related software  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2020.00070 pmid:33501237 pmcid:PMC7805745 fatcat:x5z3znvtsnhkrbwxukovtu7egi

Internet of Entities (IoE): a Blockchain-based Distributed Paradigm to Security [article]

Roberto Saia
2018 arXiv   pre-print
It is a mechanism for the localization of people and things, which exploits both the huge number of existing wireless-based devices and the blockchain-based distributed ledger technology, overcoming the  ...  Its operation is based on two core elements with interchangeable roles, entities and trackers, which can be very common elements such as smart-phones, tablets, and IoT devices, and its implementation requires  ...  ledgers, in terms of unique identification of the involved devices and communication techniques/protocols; (iii) formalization of the entity-to-tracker and tracker -to-blockchain-based distributed ledger  ... 
arXiv:1808.08809v1 fatcat:jmxcryaofzgthmq2pu24zmgdr4

DynamiChain: Development of Medical Blockchain Ecosystem Based on Dynamic Consent System

Tong Min Kim, Seo-Joon Lee, Dong-Jin Chang, Jawook Koo, Taenam Kim, Kun-Ho Yoon, In-Young Choi
2021 Applied Sciences  
Although blockchain is acknowledged as one of the most important technologies to lead the fourth industrial revolution, major technical challenges regarding security breach and privacy issues remain.  ...  The proposed system was implemented in a scenario where the exercise management healthcare company provided health management services based on data obtained from the data provider's hospital.  ...  (f) Order transactions and create a block, (g) send a new block, (h) commit transaction and update distributed ledger, and (i) send the result of the updated distributed ledger.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11041612 fatcat:mdfls37ognep5mmvqxde4vfxsm

Grading the Government

Richard W. Parker
2003 The University of Chicago Law Review  
They also exclude all unquantified costs and benefits, disregard all questions about the fairness of the distribution of cost and risk, and conceal the large uncertainties that are present in virtually  ...  This Article demonstrates that all three scorecards rely on undisclosed data and non-replicable calculations; use biased regulatory samples; misrepresent ex ante guesses about costs and benefits as actual  ...  Indeed, I found no formal discussion of distributive impacts in any of the regulatory impact analyses cited in this Article.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1600577 fatcat:t42t3ssjqndrzgaw6apsp6i7tu

REA, Triple-Entry Accounting and Blockchain: Converging Paths to Shared Ledger Systems [article]

Juan Ignacio Ibañez, Chris N. Bayer, Paolo Tasca, Jiahua Xu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper conducts a genealogical analysis of shared ledger systems, in particular tracing the development of REA, TEA and blockchain.  ...  of shared ledger systems.  ...  In contrast, momentum and income are recorded in the "credit" column and assets are recorded in the "debit" column (Ijiri 1986, 751 ).  ... 
arXiv:2005.07802v3 fatcat:e5bwvgzchjhc3amu3r3qsm2iia

Blockchains: a Systematic Multivocal Literature Review [article]

Bert-Jan Butijn, Damian A. Tamburri, Willem-Jan Van Den Heuvel
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We derive a systematic definition of blockchain technology, based on a formal concept analysis. Further on, we flesh out an overview of blockchain technology elaborated by means of Grounded-Theory.  ...  Blockchain technology has gained tremendous popularity both in practice and academia.  ...  .: 787061 and grant "PRoTECT" under Grant No.: 815356.  ... 
arXiv:1911.11770v1 fatcat:id3mvregirdx7ay27mahicek2i

D2.2 The COLLABS Level-3 Security Package for Secure Digital Supply Networks: 1st complete version

Panagiotis Rizomiliotis, Konstantinos Tserpes, Aikaterini Triakosia
2021 Zenodo  
(Statistical Analytics and Machine- / Deep-Learning on shared data), T2.5 (Distributed anomaly detection for Industrial IoT) and T2.6 (Workflow-driven security for supply chain and compliance in manufacturing  ...  It describes and demonstrates the various technologies that form the COLLABS Level-3 security package for secure digital supply networks.  ...  Blockchain and Smart Contracts A distributed ledger implements a decentralized record of transactions. A blockchain 27 is a particular type of distributed ledger.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5667012 fatcat:xgzhqfeq6nbwte4h256pntlkau

A Survey on Challenges and Progresses in Blockchain Technologies: A Performance and Security Perspective

Xiaoying Zheng, Yongxin Zhu, Xueming Si
2019 Applied Sciences  
We briefly introduce the key technologies of blockchain including distributed ledger, cryptography, consensus, smart contracts and benchmarks.  ...  We extracted 42 primary papers from major scientific databases and 34 online technical articles. The objective is to understand the current research trends, challenges and future directions.  ...  A framework is proposed to apply formal analysis to the implementation, protocol and language layer of blockchain by using existing standards and results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app9224731 fatcat:ccijixyhpje3xjjxgwowsamew4

Understanding Modern Banking Ledgers Through Blockchain Technologies: Future of Transaction Processing and Smart Contracts on the Internet of Money

Gareth William Peters, Efstathios Panayi
2015 Social Science Research Network  
banking ledgers and digital assets.  ...  From there we discuss key issues that must be considered in developing such ledger based technologies in a banking context. arXiv:1511.05740v1 [cs.CY] 18 Nov 2015  ...  Note, this is a formal graphical model structure and protocol to establish or disprove the safety of a given computer system that follows specific rules. 7.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2692487 fatcat:qcub4ko6ujcghohenwhkcj5qrm

Biscotti: A Ledger for Private and Secure Peer-to-Peer Machine Learning [article]

Muhammad Shayan, Clement Fung, Chris J.M. Yoon, Ivan Beschastnikh
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The implementation can be found at: https://github.com/DistributedML/Biscotti  ...  Our evaluation demonstrates that Biscotti is scalable, fault tolerant, and defends against known attacks.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to express our thanks to Margo Seltzer for her helpful feedback and comments.  ... 
arXiv:1811.09904v4 fatcat:75s3sh2wznejjmtkqysyatbxi4

A Vademecum on Blockchain Technologies: When, Which and How

Marianna Belotti, Nikola Bozic, Guy Pujolle, Stefano Secci
2019 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Blockchain is a technology making the shared registry concept from distributed systems a reality for a number of application domains, from the cryptocurrency one to potentially any industrial system requiring  ...  We draw the key requirements and their evolution when passing from permissionless to permissioned blockchains, presenting the differences between proposed and experimented consensus mechanisms, and describing  ...  That is, the blockchain registers a columnar history and transactions, both regular and smart contract ones, can update multiple column values at once thanks to a proper object syntax.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2928178 fatcat:isvs2zswl5hzfady4pjv63bkqq

How blockchain technologies impact your business model

Vida J. Morkunas, Jeannette Paschen, Edward Boon
2019 Business Horizons  
Blockchain is a technology making the shared registry concept from distributed systems a reality for a number of application domains, from the cryptocurrency one to potentially any industrial system requiring  ...  We draw the key requirements and their evolution when passing from permissionless to permissioned blockchains, presenting the differences between proposed and experimented consensus mechanisms, and describing  ...  That is, the blockchain registers a columnar history and transactions, both regular and smart contract ones, can update multiple column values at once thanks to a proper object syntax.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bushor.2019.01.009 fatcat:yxsaxgbkyramld4vsxaantac3u

D1.2 System Architecture Definition

Srdjan Skrbic
2021 Zenodo  
and homomorphic encryption, distributed deep learning and anomaly detection, distributed ledger technologies (blockchain) and smart contracts, and distributed remote software attestation.  ...  These goals will be achieved using state-of-the-art technologies and making significant scientific and technological advances in several key relevant domains, including secure multi-party computations  ...  These high-level objectives are detailed with KPIs that can be found in section 1.1.2 of the proposal and will be formalized for real success measurement in WP6.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5347678 fatcat:4jr4tibrurasfnbl23huny3xkq

Blockchain Applications and Institutional Trust

Martin Smits, Joris Hulstijn
2020 Frontiers in Blockchain  
In the current discussions around Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies, we find a lack of theory to conceptualize and understand application scenarios.  ...  In this paper we propose to conceptualize distributed ledger technologies as trust mechanisms.  ...  INTRODUCTION The popularity of Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies for business applications has increased substantially over the past years.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbloc.2020.00005 fatcat:4sldds5whbdsvmilcxwdgntbvq

ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES OF SYSTEMS STUDIES ON ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA, THEIR POSSIBILITIES IN THE "DIGITAL" SOCIETY

A.A. Makarov
2021 Energy Systems Research  
The scope of planned work and possible means for its implementation in the systems studies on the energy development in the future information society are investigated for various forms of its organization  ...  The paper addresses major achievements, current trends, and challenges in systems studies on energy development.  ...  tools; b) agent models and methods of their interaction; c) distributed ledger technologies.  ... 
doi:10.38028/esr.2021.03.0008 fatcat:xyraqma2fvdhtov5ld2r4umgie
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