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Scalable computing [chapter]

W. F. McColl
1995 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Scalable computing will, over the next few years, become the normal form of computing.  ...  A number of important techniques, tools and methodologies for the design of sequential algorithms and programs have been developed over the past few decades.  ...  It is being developed at Oxford by the author and Quentin Miller as part of ESPRIT Project 9072 -GEPPCOM (Foundations of General Purpose Parallel Computing).  ... 
doi:10.1007/bfb0015236 fatcat:vnuyf6g42jhrnoj7qx6zklror4

Distributed computing using autonomous objects

L.F. Bic, M. Fukuda, R. Dillencourt
1996 Computer  
Autonomous Objects are a new paradigm for distributed systems, based on the concept of intelligent messages that carry their own behavior as they navigate autonomously through the underlying computational  ...  network.  ...  Echo Algorithms, BPEM, and WAVE all strive for high-performance distributed computing. Each attempts, in some way, to harness the power of the underlying network to speedup some computational task.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.532046 fatcat:gdcx3t4v35ay5kds4roxjofqvu

Molecular modeling of hen egg lysozyme HEL[52-61] peptide binding to I-Ak MHC class II molecule

P. Weber, I. Raynaud, L. Ettouati, M. C. Trescol-Biemont, P. A. Carrupt, J. Paris, C. Rabourdin-Combe, D. Gerlier, B. Testa
1998 International Immunology  
Therefore, Asp52 of HEL was fixed as the P1 anchor and aligned on Tyr308 of HA. After molecular dynamics, the modeled complex was stable even in the absence of any constraint.  ...  A bound conformation of the antigenic decapeptide hen egg lysozyme HEL[52-61] associated to the mouse MHC class II (MHC II) I-A k was modeled by homology with the three-dimensional structure of hemagglutinin  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported in part by the Swiss National Science Foundation, the Ministè re de l'Enseignement Supé rieur et de la Recherche and the Association pour la Recherche contre le  ... 
doi:10.1093/intimm/10.12.1753 pmid:9885896 fatcat:76k5xwtl35fehdyrad3634vt4a

A Pvm Implementation of the Mchf Atomic Structure Package

Andreas Stathopoulos, Anders B. Ynnerman, Charlotte F. Fischer
1996 The International Journal of Supercomputer Applications and High Performance Computing  
Previous implementations of the MCHF on parallel computers provided means for meeting the ever increasing computational demands posed by these calculations.  ...  The development of e cient routines for global operations and of a userfriendly interface exploits the special characteristics of PVM-network programming.  ...  Computer facilities were provided by a grant from the Division of Chemical Sciences, Ofce of Basic Energy Research, U.S.  ... 
doi:10.1177/109434209601000102 fatcat:3db2c4v3preuhfckb6bvnwskz4

Multi-scale models for gene network engineering

Yiannis N. Kaznessis
2006 Chemical Engineering Science  
The large number of components and interactions involved in dynamic gene regulation warrants a quantitative, computational perspective for investigating the dynamic behavior.  ...  Yet, the static pictures these experiments give cannot provide insight on the dynamic behavior of gene networks.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (BES-0425882 and EEC-0234112).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ces.2005.06.033 fatcat:jc7iaoqvlnclnhxkwgjhpkmgfa

Distributed actuator reconfiguration in networked control systems*

André Teixeira,, José Araújo,, Henrik Sandberg,, Karl H. Johansson
2013 IFAC Proceedings Volumes  
In this paper, we address the problem of distributed reconfiguration of first-order networked control systems under actuator faults.  ...  The design of the distributed reconfiguration scheme is proposed and evaluated in numerical examples.  ...  Additionally, the speed of convergence of the distributed algorithm depends on the network connectivity.  ... 
doi:10.3182/20130925-2-de-4044.00035 fatcat:no6pjzgterdmlb4outr4jo5fhi

Intervention in gene regulatory networks via greedy control policies based on long-run behavior

Xiaoning Qian, Ivan Ivanov, Noushin Ghaffari, Edward R Dougherty
2009 BMC Systems Biology  
to dynamic programming algorithms when the latter are computationally prohibitive; and they can be used to predict the best control gene with reduced computational complexity, even when one is employing  ...  Similar to the recently proposed meanfirst-passage-time (MFPT) control policy, these policies do not depend on minimization of a cost function and avoid the computational burden of dynamic programming.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been supported by the National Science Foundation (CCF-0514644) and the National Cancer Institute (2 R25CA090301-06).  ... 
doi:10.1186/1752-0509-3-61 pmid:19527511 pmcid:PMC2728102 fatcat:rphnrukaqrgzlojruqqqpwx7q4

Securing Multimedia Content Using Joint Compression and Encryption

Amit Pande, Prasant Mohapatra, Joseph Zambreno
2013 IEEE Multimedia  
Algorithmic parameterization and hardware architectures can ensure secure transmission of multimedia data in resource-constrained environments such as wireless video surveillance networks, tele-medicine  ...  Hardware-amenable design of proposed algorithms makes them suitable for realtime embedded multimedia systems.  ...  He was/is on the editorial board of the IEEE Transactions on Computers, IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, IEEE Transaction on Parallel and Distributed Systems, ACM WINET, and Ad Hoc Networks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mmul.2012.29 fatcat:43qlgredcrdevca6fx45gdlfjy

DAQUA-MASS: An ISO 8000-61 Based Data Quality Management Methodology for Sensor Data

Ricardo Perez-Castillo, Ana Carretero, Ismael Caballero, Moises Rodriguez, Mario Piattini, Alejandro Mate, Sunho Kim, Dongwoo Lee
2018 Sensors  
This paper introduces DAQUA-MASS, a methodology based on ISO 8000-61 for data quality management in sensor networks.  ...  propose that companies, developers and vendors should align their data quality management mechanisms and artefacts with well-known best practices and standards, as for example, those provided by ISO 8000-61  ...  This is one of the core foundations of the Internet-of-Things (IoT) as stated by Ashton, who coined the term.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18093105 pmid:30223516 pmcid:PMC6165119 fatcat:33atsnund5g55dvgkgkhibxsdu

Learn++.MT: A New Approach to Incremental Learning [chapter]

Michael Muhlbaier, Apostolos Topalis, Robi Polikar
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper proposes a modified version of this algorithm, called Learn++.MT that not only reduces the number of classifiers generated, but also provides performance improvements.  ...  An ensemble of classifiers based algorithm, Learn++, was recently introduced that is capable of incrementally learning new information from datasets that consecutively become available, even if the new  ...  Acknowledgements This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. ECS-0239090, "CAREER: An Ensemble of Classifiers Approach for Incremental Learning."  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-25966-4_5 fatcat:5q5pdgi3yrfnvl4hkcmin3io6e

CSMA Using the Bethe Approximation: Scheduling and Utility Maximization

Se-Young Yun, Jinwoo Shin, Yung Yi
2015 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  
CSMA (Carrier Sense Multiple Access), which resolves contentions over wireless networks in a fully distributed fashion, has recently gained a lot of attentions since it has been proved that appropriate  ...  In particular, for the stability problem, the proposed distributed algorithm requires, somewhat surprisingly, only one iteration among links.  ...  Let H(y) denote the Hessian matrix of K B (y) and H(y) ij denote the element of H(y) on i-th row and j-th column.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tit.2015.2439251 fatcat:gxfdhgtpubgwrl7mol4ib7ltqa

Inference of gene regulatory networks from time series by Tsallis entropy

Fabrício Lopes, Evaldo A de Oliveira, Roberto M Cesar
2011 BMC Systems Biology  
The adopted AGN is based on theoretical models of complex networks and its gene transference function is obtained from random drawing on the set of possible Boolean functions, thus creating its dynamics  ...  In order to assess the proposed methodology, the algorithm is applied to recover the network topology from temporal expressions generated by an artificial gene network (AGN) model as well as from the DREAM  ...  BMC Systems Biology 2011, 5:61 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1752-0509/5/61 Page 9 of 13  ... 
doi:10.1186/1752-0509-5-61 pmid:21545720 pmcid:PMC3117729 fatcat:kikqqpyygvg4xpwgayx67ytsuq

The Excitatory Neuronal Network of the C2 Barrel Column in Mouse Primary Somatosensory Cortex

Sandrine Lefort, Christian Tomm, J.-C. Floyd Sarria, Carl C.H. Petersen
2009 Neuron  
Here, we investigate the excitatory synaptic neuronal network of an anatomically defined cortical column, the C2 barrel column of mouse primary somatosensory cortex.  ...  Local microcircuits within neocortical columns form key determinants of sensory processing.  ...  This work was supported by grants from the Swiss National Science Foundation and the European Union. Accepted: December 4, 2008 Published: January 28, 2009  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2008.12.020 pmid:19186171 fatcat:djlpx3lpsvfu3a45seaauhyhbe

A parallel Poisson solver using the fast multipole method on networks of workstations

J.-Y. Lee, K. Jeong
1998 Computers and Mathematics with Applications  
We present a parallel Poisson solver on distributed computing environments.  ...  computations. (~)  ...  In this paper, we present a parallel algorithm for the Poisson equation and explain the implementation issues of a numerical algorithm on a distributed computing environment focusing on parallelization  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0898-1221(98)00140-0 fatcat:ygmgny6usjfyddgsw45hqfh5my

Hidden Markov Models in Bioinformatics

Valeria De Fonzo, Filippo Aluffi-Pentini, Valerio Parisi
2007 Current Bioinformatics  
In this survey, we first consider in some detail the mathematical foundations of HMMs, we describe the most important algorithms, and provide useful comparisons, pointing out advantages and drawbacks.  ...  We finally provide a critical appraisal of the use and perspectives of HMMs in bioinformatics.  ...  (c) A zoom of the marked zone in (b), where the computation of a recursion step of the Viterbi algorithm is detailed.  ... 
doi:10.2174/157489307779314348 fatcat:xnx7dyuzdjcz3glldxkqiizwhu
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