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Distributed Computing Column 60

Jennifer L. Welch
2015 ACM SIGACT News  
PODC 2015 Review Lewis Tseng University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Urbana, IL, USA ltseng3@illinois.edu The 34th 2015 ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing (PODC '15) was held on July  ...  Computing 2015 was awarded to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2852040.2852055 fatcat:hlayo67wurfjhexvgbejt4cwdm

Molecular Clouds in the Milky Way

Mark Heyer, T.M. Dame
2015 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
We review the arguments for short, intermediate, and long molecular lifetimes based on the observational record.  ...  and vertical distributions, its concentration into clouds, and its relationship to spiral structure.  ...  There have been several recent reviews in the Annual Reviews of Astronomy and Astrophysics and elsewhere that discuss the molecular ISM in relation to star formation (McKee & Ostriker 2007 , Hennebelle  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-astro-082214-122324 fatcat:yhojltt5lrb5jcw3f5apjwtipm

Oceanic Forcing of Coral Reefs

Ryan J. Lowe, James L. Falter
2015 Annual Review of Marine Science  
These Copyright  c 2015 by Annual Reviews.  ...  Sci. 2015. 7:43–66 Keywords First published online as a Review in Advance on coral reefs, waves, tides, circulation, temperature, nutrients September 17, 2014 The Annual Review of Marine  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-010814-015834 pmid:25251270 fatcat:t34hf667dvdmhovvxuqdfr4riq

Analytical Aspects of Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry

John R. Engen, Thomas E. Wales
2015 Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry  
The analytical aspects of measuring hydrogen exchange by mass spectrometry are reviewed.  ...  The nature of analytical selectivity in hydrogen exchange is described followed by review of the analytical tools required to accomplish fragmentation, separation, and the mass spectrometry measurements  ...  With modern computation methods, this strategy can be implemented automatically during data processing.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-anchem-062011-143113 pmid:26048552 pmcid:PMC4989240 fatcat:xcava46jongwpboh752jdw6thi

Exciton-Polariton Bose-Einstein Condensates

Benoît Deveaud
2015 Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics  
Some of the properties of condensates of exciton-polaritons are reviewed in this article.  ...  Some of which are described in the present review.  ...  When the polariton population has significantly decayed (last two columns), a vortex pair is created at the boundary of the obstacle.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-conmatphys-031214-014542 fatcat:wk7mnswmd5ewxao2gjyykbp2sq

Observations of the Icy Universe

A.C. Adwin Boogert, Perry A. Gerakines, Douglas C.B. Whittet
2015 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
This review summarizes the detected infrared spectroscopic ice features and compares the abundances across Galactic, extragalactic, and solar system environments.  ...  SMC MYSOs have low abundances when the H 2 O column is low, but converge to the LMC values at higher columns (Oliveira et al., 2013) . For background stars, the distribution is doublepeaked.  ...  For features caused by scattering ( §2), the ice column traced depends strongly on the grain size, and radiative transfer involving grain size distributions and appropriate optical constants must be calculated  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-astro-082214-122348 fatcat:kw333faohvhuxnl7odfwias34a

The Nine Lives of Cosmic Rays in Galaxies

Isabelle A. Grenier, John H. Black, Andrew W. Strong
2015 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
For an extensive review of the whole subject of magnetic fields in galaxies see Beck & Wielebinski (2013) and also Haverkorn (2015) .  ...  Many of these findings were not known at the time of the previous CR article in Annual Reviews (Strong, Moskalenko & Ptuskin 2007) , which illustrates how lively this field of research is.  ...  review. I. G. gratefully thanks the Institut Universitaire de France for its research support. Cosmic Rays and the ISM  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-astro-082214-122457 fatcat:7pjszghlznchjabqqqz464d5fq

Disaster Risk and Its Implications for Asset Pricing

Jerry Tsai, Jessica A. Wachter
2015 Annual Review of Financial Economics  
We review both modeling techniques and results and consider both endowment and production economies.  ...  All the results are in annual percentage terms.  ...  Finally, Section 6 reviews the literature on disaster risk in production-based models.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-financial-111914-041906 fatcat:gzt6zj4r6zdgdl2jjftjnjcdre

Powerful Outflows and Feedback from Active Galactic Nuclei

Andrew King, Ken Pounds
2015 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
Dehnen, Dean McLaughlin, Sergei Nayakshin, Chris Nixon, Jim Pringle, Chris Power, James Reeves, Simon Vaughan, Mark Wilkinson, and Kastytis Zubovas for help, collaboration, and advice on the subjects reviewed  ...  The column density, which generally lies below N H ∼ 10 24 cm −2 , can vary rapidly Distribution of (a) outflow velocities, (b) ionization parameter, and (c) column density obtained from modeling the individual  ...  Figure 4 also shows the distribution of ionization parameter and absorption column density from the surveys by Tombesi et al. (2011) and Gofford et al. (2013) .  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-astro-082214-122316 fatcat:6qxacf4zwbcqpo37yxpmikxnkq

Ultracold Atoms Out of Equilibrium

Tim Langen, Remi Geiger, Jörg Schmiedmayer
2015 Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics  
While the former provides direct access to the density distribution n() in position space, the latter enables the measurement of the momentum distribution n(k).  ...  The coherence times in such experiments are in fact so long that their results can be challenging to reproduce using classical computers [59] .  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-conmatphys-031214-014548 fatcat:tyusktooejafraixwc4j7x5aem

Reconciling Micro and Macro Labor Supply Elasticities: A Structural Perspective

Michael Keane, Richard Rogerson
2015 Annual Review of Economics  
We feel this column gives their most reliable estimates.  ...  For more recent reviews we refer the reader to Meghir and Phillips (2008) and Keane (2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-economics-080614-115601 fatcat:f4h2j6p2efhebjc3xnkizgr3fm

Hedge Funds: A Dynamic Industry in Transition

Mila Getmansky, Peter A. Lee, Andrew W. Lo
2015 Annual Review of Financial Economics  
Our review is written from several distinct perspectives: the investor's, the portfolio manager's, the regulator's, and the academic's.  ...  In this article we present a selective review of the recent academic literature on hedge funds as well as updated empirical results for this industry.  ...  series from which we computed an empirical distribution of the matrices' largest eigenvalues.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-financial-110311-101741 fatcat:idivscxxpjfcjhxsdxul45rhoa

Cell Size as a Key Determinant of Phytoplankton Metabolism and Community Structure

Emilio Marañón
2015 Annual Review of Marine Science  
Photosynthesis and respiration were measured with the 14 C-uptake and O 2evolution techniques, respectively, and μ max was computed from cell abundance.  ...  (a) Size distribution of bloom-forming species in coastal waters of the northwest Iberian peninsula.  ...  Review of Marine Science articles may be found at http://www.annualreviews.org/errata/marine  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-010814-015955 pmid:25062405 fatcat:26oryt5wazckpocus66twtzkvm

Near-Field Cosmology with Extremely Metal-Poor Stars

Anna Frebel, John E. Norris
2015 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
We review the fields of stellar archaeology and dwarf galaxy archaeology by examining the chemical abundance measurements of various elements in extremely metal-poor stars.  ...  For example, Susa (2013) obtained masses of 4.4 M ⊙ and 60 M ⊙ in their simulation.  ...  In Figure 7(a) -(c) we present A(Li) for near-main-sequence stars (with one exception) as a function of T eff (left column) and [Fe/H] (middle and right columns) in order to illustrate some of the tensions  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-astro-082214-122423 fatcat:x73mozllhbcuhpyktno4ali5um

Overview of modelling and control strategies for wind turbines and wave energy devices: Comparisons and contrasts

J.V. Ringwood, S. Simani
2015 Annual Reviews in Control  
Simani / Annual Reviews in Control 40 (2015) 27-49 or H s . In addition, real ocean waves do not generally occur at a single frequency.  ...  The Weibull distribution may thus vary, both in its shape, and in its mean value. If the shape parameter is exactly 2, as in Fig. 6 , the distribution is known as a Rayleigh distribution.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.arcontrol.2015.09.003 fatcat:vdaui3b2hjhwrcnpb3gyvhnpty
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