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Distinguishing Fact from Fiction in a System of Systems Safety Case [chapter]

Zoä Stephenson, Christian Fairburn, George Despotou, Tim Kelly, Nicola Herbert, Bruce Daughtrey
2010 Advances in Systems Safety  
Based on our recent experience, 'distinguishing fact from fiction' in relation to System of Systems (SoS) safety has emerged as a pertinent topic in a number of senses.  ...  In this particular SoS, the 'fact versus fiction' differential also applies to SoS users and the notion of participant 'immersion' is a key area of interest.  ...  of SoSs, which cannot and what else is required in addition (i.e. distinguishing fact from fiction when moving from complex systems to SoSs).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-85729-133-2_4 dblp:conf/scss/StephensonFDKHD11 fatcat:rfdlbxeslnan5ezabdcqtqfgjq

Informaticology: combining Computer Science, Data Science, and Fiction Science [article]

Jan A. Bergstra
2012 arXiv   pre-print
A suggestion for the scope of fiction science is specified in some detail.  ...  , assessment and distribution, ranging from serious gaming to entertainment gaming, as a chapter of fiction science.  ...  The preliminary conclusion that I have drawn is that I got involved in a case where quality assurance for safety critical inseqware invites one to think in terms of fictional engineers, fictional production  ... 
arXiv:1210.6636v1 fatcat:mx527ihcgzc2tlhxpvjofsmffy

Sunstein's New Canons: Choosing the Fictions of Statutory Interpretation

Eben Moglen, Richard J. Pierce
1990 The University of Chicago Law Review  
In other writings, one of the authors has proposed a competing system that asks less of judges by conferring greater discretion on agencies. See Richard J.  ...  Our goal is much more modest: to convince readers that Sunstein's proposed system asks more of judges than they are capable of providing, and does so on the basis of fictions concerning legislative behavior  ...  Both premises are fictional in most cases.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1599889 fatcat:3xpppwuzbvdcjpuovtf3fjw4x4

Armed military robots: editorial

Jürgen Altmann, Peter Asaro, Noel Sharkey, Robert Sparrow
2013 Ethics and Information Technology  
Acknowledgments Support from the German Foundation for Peace Research (DSF) and the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust for the 2010 workshop in Berlin is gratefully acknowledged.  ...  One of the difficulties involved in writing about existing military robots-and about future developments in the field-is distinguishing fact from science fiction; another is freeing our imagination, and  ...  the operation of our moral faculties, from the influence of the representations of these systems in popular culture-in films, books, and video games-where they often appear as science fiction.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10676-013-9318-1 fatcat:7wr7jzu4ifgq7nluyicye6n3qa

Liability Framework for Cognitive Computing in Healthcare: Standing at the Crossroad

Hartini Saripan, Nurus Sakinatul Fikriah Mohd Shith Putera, Sarah Munirah Abdullah, Rafizah Abu Hassan, Zuhairah Ariff Abd Ghadas
2021 Asian Journal of University Education  
CC fits into the traditional liability rules in a piecemeal manner; however a single theory of recovery sufficiently addressing the potential liability questions arising from a computer system capable  ...  A doctrinal and case study methods formed an integrated qualitative approach adopted by this research in opting the deployment of emerging medical technologies akin to CC and the bearing it has on the  ...  Acknowledgement This paper is part of the research project entitled "A Framework for the Explainable Artificial Intelligence Model (XAI) in Governing Machine Learning Diagnostic Techniques for Healthcare  ... 
doi:10.24191/ajue.v17i2.13392 fatcat:3j3xotdd7rglvpb36mbx75clwe

Selected safety problems of autonomous vehicles

Bartosz Grucza
2018 Transport Economics and Logistics  
Autonomous cars are a fast-growing technology that was considered science fiction a few years ago.  ...  Particularly in such a dynamic context of changes, some ideas about this technology may be wrong, and concerns related to its development, impact on the environment and the nature of the innovation process  ...  Introduction An autonomous transport system can be defined as a system in which the driver of the means of transport -by plane, by train, by ship, by bus or by car -is replaced by a technologically advanced  ... 
doi:10.26881/etil.2018.80.07 fatcat:yyoiejwajbempmheixlo73m7u4

Purposive Interpretation and the Regulation of Technology: Legal Constructs, Legal Fictions, and the Rule of Law

Mike Adcock, Deryck Beyleveld
2007 Medical Law International  
It distinguishes between two types of fictions in the law, one described as a fiction for the purposes of the law and the other as a fiction about the law.  ...  Examples are drawn from medical and patent law to highlight situations where the law has been used in a purposive manner to achieve fundamental values, compared to where the law has been distorted to realise  ...  We will maintain, further, that the idea that SCNT is a process of fertilisation is not legally speaking a fiction at all, but a fact in English law (though it is, indeed, a fiction from the point of view  ... 
doi:10.1177/096853320700800402 fatcat:4pxza5gk3nfa5bcasl5uowvlli

The System Saving Mechanism in Russian Criminal Law

Anna V. Denisova
2016 Journal of Siberian Federal University  
The structure of the system  ...  This list is not comprehensive, because there is a particular phenomenon in the system of criminal law that unites all aforesaid elements and provides their effective coexistence and interaction.  ...  At the same time they are relatively independent from the functional mission, because any collision norm regulates actions of a law enforcer through a choice of one of the collision norms in case of a  ... 
doi:10.17516/1997-1370-2016-9-12-2928-2935 fatcat:fzjqzhmslve6raxvx7awgy32ya

Review of Thomas' Training for Catastrophe: Fictions of National Security after 9/11

Ben De Bruyn
2022 Surveillance & Society  
While the doctrine of preparedness is rooted in civil defense initiatives from the Cold War era that culminated in the creation of FEMA in 1979, as Thomas explains, it only fully crystallized after the  ...  attacks of 9/11 led to the emergence of the Department of Homeland Security in 2002, a new government agency responsible for both disaster management and the domestic fight against terror.  ...  In fact, she concludes that "the post-9/11 US national security state is one of the largest federal funders of fiction in the United States today" ( 200 ), given that it is remarkably "fictionfriendly  ... 
doi:10.24908/ss.v20i1.15282 fatcat:gpqykhyqlrdmhnhxb6g7ziohwe

A guarantee of safety, a cautionary tale or a celebration? Popularity of true crime narratives through the lens of Mary Douglas's concepts of pollution and defilement

Joanna Antoniak
2021 Literatura Ludowa  
appearing within conceptual schemata of a given culture.  ...  The fascination with crime, hastily described by some as a symptom of moral degradation of Western culture, seems to be a defence mechanism used by individuals to deal with social transgressions and anomalies  ...  A guarantee of safety, a cautionary tale or a celebration?  ... 
doi:10.12775/ll.2.2021.006 fatcat:7z2wz56bsvgv5cyhbduhxqidze

Science Fiction Prototypes as a Method for Discussing Socio-Technical Issues within Emerging Technology Research and Foresight

Tiina Kymalainen
2016 Athens Journal of Τechnology & Engineering  
This position article introduces science fiction prototyping as a thought-provoking method for arousing discussion within and between emerging technology research and foresight.  ...  Thereafter the article proceeds with a consideration on how foresight could further advance the future-oriented method to the unexplored fields of research that focus on the wider social, technical and  ...  Acknowledgments The author would like to express her thanks her employer, the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd. for all the support in delivering this article.  ... 
doi:10.30958/ajte.3-4-4 fatcat:owbkwidsj5cb7k62tuhgyfzuoa

'My fingerprint on Osama's cup.' On objectivity and the role of the fictive regarding the acceptance of a biometric technology

Susanne Krasmann, Sylvia Kuehne
2013 Surveillance & Society  
Social acceptance is thus a heterogeneous phenomenon, not only because it depends on the situational features of dealing with the technology, but also, notably, because facts and fiction intermingle, sometimes  ...  Mistrust in the technology tends to feed on fictive imageries, while at the same time resting on an unwavering belief in the objectivity of fingerprint data, presumably a clearly decipherable and reliable  ...  The fictive, then, is not opposed to the real, and rather than representing a fictional reality, as Esposito (1998: 287) describes, it is a presentation of 'the reality of fiction'.  ... 
doi:10.24908/ss.v12i1.4718 fatcat:nog52xda3vgqtl53re2zuzjlni

Zero inventory management: facts or fiction? Lessons from Japan

Job de Haan, Masaru Yamamoto
1999 International Journal of Production Economics  
So zero inventory management is, at least for the time being, a fiction, but western factories can, nonetheless, learn a lot from the step-by-step improvements in Japan in this field.  ...  In this paper, theoretical reflections are compared with Japanese experiences from eight case studies.  ...  If it was, it seems to be watered down because of love of ease in an affluent society.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0925-5273(98)00022-x fatcat:tuhoeqpmnnggddqcfkadeho3ue

Page 62 of American Lawyer Vol. 4, Issue 2 [page]

1896 American Lawyer  
The questicn in all cases, therefore, is, Does the act to which we object threaten our peace and safety, for the Monroe Doctrine is defensible only as a doctrine of self-defense.  ...  The political system of the allied powers is esen- tially different in this respect from that of America. This dir- ference proceeds from that which exists in their respective gov- ernments.  ... 

Formalizing value-guided argumentation for ethical systems design

Bart Verheij
2016 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
By developing the theoretical understanding of intelligent systems guided by embedded values, the paper is a step towards ethical systems design, much needed in these days of ever more pervasive AI techniques  ...  One theme in the study of value-guided argumentation is the comparison of values. Formal models involving value comparison typically use either qualitative or quantitative primitives.  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-016-9189-y fatcat:wtnxvnhsz5hfvjjz6ffnvy2tgi
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