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Sequencing at the syllabic and supra-syllabic levels during speech perception: an fMRI study

Isabelle Deschamps, Pascale Tremblay
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
The supra-syllabic complexity was manipulated by creating sequences composed of the same syllable repeated six times (e.g., /pa-pa-pa-pa-pa-pa/) and sequences of three different syllables each repeated  ...  The processing of fluent speech involves complex computational steps that begin with the segmentation of the continuous flow of speech sounds into syllables and words.  ...  syllables -simple syllables) and the effect of supra-syllabic complexity (complex sequences -simple sequences).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00492 pmid:25071521 pmcid:PMC4086203 fatcat:duu53vcztvfphg4yoy3rqt5frm

On structured sparsity of phonological posteriors for linguistic parsing

Milos Cernak, Afsaneh Asaei, Hervé Bourlard
2016 Speech Communication  
In the context of speech processing, a deep neural network (DNN) is an effective computational method to infer the probability of individual phonological classes from a short segment of speech signal.  ...  Linguistic and neurocognitive studies recognize the phonological classes at segmental level as the essential and invariant representations used in speech temporal organization.  ...  correspond to the distal representation of the gestures in the gestural model of speech production (and perception).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2016.08.004 fatcat:euwa5efdjza3dcxsppzxpvv5pi

On segments and syllables in the sound structure of language: curve-based approaches to phonology and the auditory representation of speech

Olivier Crouzet
2007 Mathématiques et sciences humaines  
Implications of these observations for the modelling of syllables in the fields of speech perception and phonology are discussed.  ...  électronique Olivier Crouzet, « On segments and syllables in the sound structure of language: curve-based approaches to phonology and the auditory representation of speech », Mathématiques et sciences  ...  Two levels of phonological description have been subject to intense investigation in the speech sciences and will be discussed here: phonemesized units (either of a phonetic or a phonemic nature) and syllable-sized  ... 
doi:10.4000/msh.7813 fatcat:2xo2tnfkq5fjxgxztwp7phaxci

An fMRI investigation of syllable sequence production

Jason W. Bohland, Frank H. Guenther
2006 NeuroImage  
Fluent speech comprises sequences that are composed from a finite alphabet of learned words, syllables, and phonemes.  ...  We hypothesize mechanistic roles for the extended speech production network in the organization and execution of sequences of speech sounds. 2 One subject performed 100 stimuli per run; all other aspects  ...  Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging; this work was made possible by grants from the National Center for Research Resources (P41RR14075) and the MIND institute.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.04.173 pmid:16730195 fatcat:ccded2mxejcnbfp4ckvtt2emt4

Musical Expertise and Second Language Learning

Julie Chobert, Mireille Besson
2013 Brain Sciences  
Moreover, results at the behavioral and neurophysiological levels reveal that musical expertise positively influences several aspects of speech processing, from auditory perception to speech production  ...  We discuss several interpretations that may account for the influence of musical expertise on speech processing in native and foreign languages, and we propose new directions for future research.  ...  Acknowledgments Julie Chobert is supported by a grant from the Fondation de France (#00015167).  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci3020923 pmid:24961431 pmcid:PMC4061852 fatcat:4tibejlafrarlp3zzthh37ehze

Exploiting speech knowledge in neural nets for recognition

Mark Huckvale
1990 Speech Communication  
PART 1 The need to exploit existing knowledge in automatic speech recognition systems Much of the recent published work that combines neural network processing architectures and speech recognition has  ...  The paper is in two parts: Part I defends the need for the incorporation of existing knowledge, while Part II sketches a speech recognition architecture that uses neural networks to represent and exploit  ...  Acknowledgement This work is supported by a fellowship from the U.K. Science and Engineering Research Council.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0167-6393(90)90040-g fatcat:qxns35oatbholecpjh5m3dlrru

The cortical organization of lexical knowledge: A dual lexicon model of spoken language processing

David W. Gow
2012 Brain and Language  
in the dorsal and ventral speech pathways.  ...  In addition to their interface roles, the two lexica contribute to the robustness of speech processing.  ...  This work was supported by the National Institute of Deafness and Communicative Disorders (R01 DC003108).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2012.03.005 pmid:22498237 pmcid:PMC3348354 fatcat:kowmmr2qsbayrec2iymdcea5je

Mapping the cortical representation of speech sounds in a syllable repetition task

Christopher J. Markiewicz, Jason W. Bohland
2016 NeuroImage  
processes of syllable sequence representation and production.  ...  The goal of the current study 11 was to systematically map the predictive information about speech sounds at the phonemic 12 and syllabic level available in the BOLD responses related to different components  ...  more generally in the sequencing 29 and initiation of speech.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.07.023 pmid:27421186 fatcat:3mwwihxavfa3tjuug3ie3dlygy

Outstanding questions about phonological processing in dyslexia

Franck Ramus
2001 Dyslexia  
The phonological level of representation also embodies phonotactic regularities, patterns of phoneme assimilation and alternation, as well as supra-segmental knowledge pertaining to syllable structure,  ...  The model emphasizes that phonological forms of lexical items are distinct from non-lexical phonological representations.  ...  The ideas presented in this paper owe much to discussions with Emmanuel Dupoux, Sharon Peperkamp, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz and members of the LSCP in Paris, as well as with Uta Frith, Karin Landerl,  ... 
doi:10.1002/dys.205 pmid:11881781 fatcat:xzmzmkdi3jg3vjwhutvxxoq3wm

Standard Yorùbá context dependent tone identification using Multi-Class Support Vector Machine (MSVM)

A.A. Sosimi, T. Adegbola, O.A. Fakinlede
2019 Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management  
The Standard Yorùbá (SY) is a language composed of syllable with tones and requires different method for the acoustic modeling. In this paper, a context dependent tone acoustic model was developed.  ...  Most state-of-the-art large vocabulary continuous speech recognition systems employ context dependent (CD) phone units, however, the CD phone units are not efficient in capturing long-term spectral dependencies  ...  The tone introduces the requirements of generation of tone annotations from SY syllable tier. The algorithm for the production of equivalent tone transcriptions is described in this section.  ... 
doi:10.4314/jasem.v23i5.20 fatcat:nc4xgduhpbffjgvqcbmpb42aai

Towards an integrated psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic, sensorimotor framework for speech production

Gregory Hickok
2013 Language, Cognition and Neuroscience  
This is truth is manifest in the present proposal and is not overlooked by commenters, who point out several empirical and theoretical issues from within their traditions that need to be worked out.  ...  of the theoretical crispness of the separate areas alone.  ...  vowels and consonants that make noise to syllables to sequences of syllables."  ... 
doi:10.1080/01690965.2013.852907 pmid:24563567 pmcid:PMC3927912 fatcat:jgrmkyrm75fqde7lxcswgqrbcq

Speech rhythm and temporal structure: Converging perspectives?

Usha Goswami, Victoria Leong
2013 Laboratory Phonology  
Acknowledgments We thank the Medical Research Council (grants G0400574 and G0902375) and the Economic and Social Research Council (grant RES-000-23-0475) for funding the published work summarised in this  ...  We also thank the Harold Hyam Wingate Foundation for the provision of a Research Scholarship to VL, which supported the AMPH work.  ...  Rather, the deficit may relate to acoustic problems at the syllabic and supra-syllabic level (Goswami et al. 2002) .  ... 
doi:10.1515/lp-2013-0004 fatcat:atlwdhbfbrfe5ld32evxy7bwda

Polytonia

Piet Mertens
2021 Journal of Speech Sciences  
The paper also includes a preliminary evaluation of the annotation system, for a reference corpus of nearly 14 minutes of spontaneous speech in French and Dutch, in order to quantify the annotation errors  ...  The automatic tonal annotation system combines several processing steps: segmentation into syllable peaks, pause detection, pitch stylization, pitch range estimation, classification of the intra-syllabic  ...  The segmentation into syllables (cf. supra) results in a sequence of syllabic nuclei.  ... 
doi:10.20396/joss.v4i2.15053 fatcat:cnp7p32aa5ck5as4266qwjyycq

A Comparison of Theoretical and Human Syllabification

Jeremy Goslin, Ulrich H. Frauenfelder
2001 Language and Speech  
However, with a myriad of conflicting theories available, a major problem facing researchers wishing to apply the syllable unit in models of speech processing is in selecting which of these theories to  ...  use in their definition of the syllable.  ...  If subjects process words by using a syllabically based pre-lexical representation it is expected that The Syllable in Speech Production Similar to that of speech perception, traditional models of speech  ... 
doi:10.1177/00238309010440040101 pmid:12162693 fatcat:ow3w3gswkzfkzh26mhldvqafeu

Rhythmic unit extraction and modelling for automatic language identification

Jean-Luc Rouas, Jérôme Farinas, François Pellegrino, Régine André-Obrecht
2005 Speech Communication  
mora-timed and syllable-timed classes of languages, and to 67 ± 8% of correct language identification on average for the seven languages with utterances of 21 s.  ...  In this paper, an algorithm of rhythm extraction is described: using a vowel detection algorithm, rhythmic units related to syllables are segmented.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like especially to thank Brigitte Zellner-Keller for her helpful comments and advices and Emmanuel Ferragne for his careful proofreading of the draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2005.04.012 fatcat:5fzmgaca2fbjdi7cgpo4nmyjfu
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