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Gestures of the face, arms, and hands are components of signed languages used by Deaf people. Signaling codes, such as the racecourse betting code known as Tic Tac, are also made up of such gestures. ... Greater activation for BSL than Tic Tac was observed in signers, but not in nonsigners, in the left posterior superior temporal sulcus and gyrus, extending into the supramarginal gyrus. ... We thank Judith Jackson and Trudi Collier for their help with this study and all the Deaf and hearing participants. ...doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.03.015 pmid:15275917 fatcat:c3gvposvqbbolnbelo2vs4okxy
between language and gesture); to determine whether we could dissociate the brain systems involved in deriving meaning from symbolic communication (including both language and gesture) from those specifically ... Comparing them can help identify the boundaries between language and nonlinguistic symbolic communication. ... between language and gesture); to determine whether we could dissociate the brain systems involved in deriving meaning from symbolic communication (including both language and gesture) from those specifically ...doi:10.1073/pnas.1510527112 pmid:26283352 pmcid:PMC4577150 fatcat:ix6av3yntrgdjiclfuc532pdsu
This separation between linguistic and nonlinguistic function is all the more striking, because sign language and gesture are transmitted in the same modality. movement analysis; deaf signers; brain damage ... The relationship of gesture to language has special relevance for sign language, since gesture and linguistic symbols are transmitted in the same modality. ...
This separation between linguistic and nonlinguistic func- tion is all the more striking, because sign language and gesture are transmitted in the same modality. ... Eng Since signed /anguages utilize visual-gestural channels, their study allows a unique opportunity for insight into the ways language and gesture may be represented in the brain. ...
In contrast with two widely held and contradictory views – that sign languages of deaf people are "just gestures," or that sign languages are "just like spoken languages" – the view from sign linguistics ... We propose that neuroscience research suggests that a similar approach needs to be taken and offer some examples from research on the brain bases of sign language perception. ... In one brain imaging study, for example, deaf native signers were shown signed utterances and brachial gestures (specifically, the traditional tic-tac signalling system used by bookies to communicate odds ...doi:10.1017/s0140525x15002848 pmid:29342511 fatcat:qajzc72rx5gwveutpjrlcvmfma
A holistic approach to pragmatic ability and disability is outlined which takes account both of the behaviour of individuals involved in the communicative process, and also of the underlying factors which ... viewed as the emergent consequence of interactions between linguistic, cognitive and sensorimotor processes which take place both within and between individuals. ... Thus we might define pragmatics generally as '(the study of) the use of linguistic and nonlinguistic capacities for the purpose of communication'. ...doi:10.1080/02699200400027155 pmid:16019781 fatcat:ne36jgsksrbnhjjge2kvofglni
We used functional MRI to investigate whether these two forms of communication are processed by the same system in the human brain. ... Responses to symbolic gestures, to their spoken glosses (expressing the gestures' meaning in English), and to visually and acoustically matched control stimuli were compared in a randomized block design ... The authors thank Drs. Susan Goldin-Meadow and Jeffrey Solomon for their important contributions. This research was supported by the Intramural program of the NIDCD. ...doi:10.1073/pnas.0909197106 pmid:19923436 pmcid:PMC2779203 fatcat:qy3xryfwofho5kzysfkc6klqee
between Linguistic and Nonlinguistic Gestural Systems: A Case for Compositionality, Brain and Language, 1992, 43, 3, Oct, 414-447. 1 The separability of language from nonlinguistic gesture & pantomime ... The structural properties of American Sign Language (ASL) & communicative pantomimic gestures are described & compared. A vid- 316 ...
Brain and Language
The idea that neural organization of the human brain may evidence domain-specific linguistic specialization has had a long history in linguistics and psychology (Chomsky, 1965; Pinker, 1994, among others ... used by communities of deaf individuals are full-fledged linguistic systems. ...doi:10.1006/brln.1999.2062 pmid:10447993 fatcat:xh5ipki3eba75cmt7vdg2flgk4
In this revival field, approaches from a number of disciplines other than linguistics, including (paleo)anthropology and archaeology, animal behaviors, genetics, neuroscience, computer simulation, and ... psychological experimentation, have been adopted, and a wide scope of topics have been examined in one way or another, covering not only world languages, but also human behaviors, brains and cultural products ... For example, the neuroimaging techniques reveal the complex brain mechanisms behind linguistic behaviors and close correlations between linguistic and nonlinguistic activities. ...doi:10.1016/j.langsci.2012.09.002 fatcat:vrmkpqazyfbgxexbtdqeh3noh4
We found that brain responses to words were affected by informativeness of co-occurring multimodal cues, indicating that comprehension relies on linguistic and non-linguistic cues. ... The ecology of human language is face-to-face interaction, comprising cues such as prosody, co-speech gestures and mouth movements. ... Importantly, the dissociation between meaningful and beat gestures further allows us to exclude the possibility that the N400 reduction observed (for meaningful gestures and prosody) resulted from cues ...doi:10.1098/rspb.2021.0500 fatcat:5njf3gykfvbr5iachijgfwzrca
and their level of respond- ing (gestural, vocal, verbal, or the use of conventional words). ... With the prevalent use of the diagnosis of LD for children with difficulties in the areas of speech, reading, writing, arithmetic, and other instrumental abilities, terms such as minimal brain dysfunction ...
The evolution of human manipulative abilities may be clearly linked to the evolution of speech motor control Both creativity and complexity in vocal and manipulative gestures may be closely linked to a ... single dimension of brain evolution -the evolution of absolute brain size. ... We should also note that in modern humans, linguistic production and object manipulation tasks are partially dissociable in terms of the mental workload required in each domain to produce output of a given ...doi:10.1017/s0959774300015043 fatcat:pdtepjpn3jhcxdiktdhtjpalim
Differences in language were reflected in differences in performance on two pitchreproduction tasks, even though the tasks used simple, nonlinguistic stimuli and responses. ... To find out, we used nonlinguistic psychophysical tasks to compare mental representations of musical pitch in native speakers of Dutch and Farsi. ... Most also spoke some Dutch or English and so may have been exposed to linguistic height metaphors. In principle, such exposure could eliminate the predicted effects, but it could not produce them. 2. ...doi:10.1177/0956797612457374 pmid:23538914 fatcat:ztvezksnzrc3hcur26tsjirlk4
In this fMRI study, we contrasted the processing of emblematic gestures with meaningless gestures by pre-lingually Deaf and hearing participants. ... gyri, regions that play important roles in linguistic processing. ... Acknowledgments The research was supported by the NIH-NIDCD Intramural Research Program. The authors are grateful to Nathan Pajor for assistance with the analysis of behavioral data. ...doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2012.08.029 pmid:22968047 pmcid:PMC3477813 fatcat:kw64h2fsbngsjmqva54khtckxm
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