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Displays for Productive Non-Driving Related Tasks: Visual Behavior and Its Impact in Conditionally Automated Driving

Clemens Schartmüller, Klemens Weigl, Andreas Löcken, Philipp Wintersberger, Marco Steinhauser, Andreas Riener
2021 Multimodal Technologies and Interaction  
(1) Background: Primary driving tasks are increasingly being handled by vehicle automation so that support for non-driving related tasks (NDRTs) is becoming more and more important.  ...  (HUDs) and Auditory Speech Displays (ASDs) for productive NDRT engagement.  ...  Acknowledgments: We want to thank our deceased lab engineer Stefan Cor for his support in conducting the study. His memory will be with us.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mti5040021 fatcat:l2c6wcmenvgfhb4oghiuljpvby

Sensor Architecture and Task Classification for Agricultural Vehicles and Environments

Francisco Rovira-Más
2010 Sensors  
The strategy proposed groups sensors into four specific subsystems: global localization, feedback control and vehicle pose, non-visual monitoring, and local perception.  ...  The success of this architecture, implemented and tested in various agricultural vehicles over the last decade, rests on its capacity to integrate redundancy and incorporate new technologies in a practical  ...  Acknowledgements The research activities devoted to the study of sensor and system architectures for agricultural intelligent vehicles carried out during 2010 have been supported by the Spanish Ministry  ... 
doi:10.3390/s101211226 pmid:22163522 pmcid:PMC3231084 fatcat:ihgoqnewxbczhjb4dwmjtxnw2a

Effect of different alcohol levels on take-over performance in conditionally automated driving

Katharina Wiedemann, Frederik Naujoks, Johanna Wörle, Ramona Kenntner-Mabiala, Yvonne Kaussner, Alexandra Neukum
2018 Accident Analysis and Prevention  
Most often the driver's task will consist of being available as a fall-back level when the automation reaches its limits.  ...  The results point out that a 0.08% BAC increases the time needed to re-engage in the driving task and impairs several aspects of longitudinal and lateral vehicle control, whereas 0.05% BAC did only go  ...  System description and non-driving related task The automated driving system used in the study took over the longitudinal and lateral control and kept a set speed of 130 km/h.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aap.2018.03.001 pmid:29550612 fatcat:qn42wrgga5dihcwasvcks2auly

Human–Vehicle Integration in the Code of Practice for Automated Driving

Stefan Wolter, Giancarlo Caccia Dominioni, Sebastian Hergeth, Fabio Tango, Stuart Whitehouse, Frederik Naujoks
2020 Information  
It provides the developer with a comprehensive guideline on how to design and test automated driving functions, with a focus on highway driving and parking.  ...  The challenges of Level 3 automation make it necessary to create a new Code of Practice for automated driving (CoP-AD) as part of the public-funded European project L3Pilot.  ...  An important aspect of this is the impact of non-driving-related tasks (in the following referred to as secondary tasks) carried out while driving with a highly automated function.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info11060284 fatcat:uxev72ys3bgezoqbjmuvk5hqae

Effects of User Interfaces on Take-Over Performance: A Review of the Empirical Evidence

Soyeon Kim, René van Egmond, Riender Happee
2021 Information  
On the other hand, take-over requests directly displayed on non-driving-related task devices and augmented reality do not affect take-over time.  ...  In automated driving, the user interface plays an essential role in guiding transitions between automated and manual driving.  ...  In Levels 3 to 5, drivers may take their eyes off the road, creating the opportunity to engage in non-driving-related tasks (NDRTs).  ... 
doi:10.3390/info12040162 fatcat:rgkpzabrnjctjaohwbralotd5e

Get ready for automated driving using Virtual Reality

Daniele Sportillo, Alexis Paljic, Luciano Ojeda
2018 Accident Analysis and Prevention  
In addition, Head-Mounted Display (HMD)-based VR (light VR) would allow for the easy deployment of such training systems in driving schools or car dealerships.  ...  In conditionally automated vehicles, drivers can engage in secondary activities while traveling to their destination.  ...  During the automated driving phase drivers were free to engage in non-driving related activities by using the 755 tablet in the car.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aap.2018.06.003 pmid:29890368 fatcat:mdxlbahc3neeni7v5esughnq3y


BC Satterfield, JP Wisor, MA Schmidt, H Van Dongen
2017 Sleep  
We identified and corrected potential confounders that might impact genetic studies, including body mass index (mediated by cardiac interference in the EEG) and age.  ...  In 730 individuals from the Cleveland Family Study, spindle density was highly heritable in both white (h 2 = 0.45, p = 8x10 -6 ) and black individuals (h 2 = 0.43, p = 3x10 -6 ), adjusting for age and  ...  This suggests a role for striatal dopamine in shaping the impact of TOT and sleep deprivation on performance as measured with the PVT.  ... 
doi:10.1093/sleepj/zsx050.002 fatcat:taz7ywypdjexppsdgp7takzjlu

Stereoscopic 3D dashboards

Florian Weidner, Wolfgang Broll
2020 Personal and Ubiquitous Computing  
We further discuss participants' gaze behavior in the context of visual warnings for automotive user interfaces.  ...  In a driving simulator study with a 4 × 2 between-within design, we presented 3 smart TORs showing the current traffic situation and a baseline TOR in 2D and S3D to 52 participants doing the n-back task  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the reviewers for their helpful and encouraging feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00779-020-01438-8 fatcat:557saett7vcnfpl6yznnwg5wzi

Graphical State Space Programming: A visual programming paradigm for robot task specification

Jimmy Li, Anqi Xu, Gregory Dudek
2011 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation  
Our approach simplifies and expedites the programming process for robot routines and behaviors, and we examine the performance improvement that ensues through a set of controlled user studies.  ...  We describe a framework that combines a software development paradigm, a software visualization technique, and a tool for robot programming.  ...  In prior work we showed that the visualization of waypoint-based programming improves productivity [1] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icra.2011.5979630 dblp:conf/icra/LiXD11 fatcat:26lilzvxgbetlonfgj4h5nzwna

Classification of Drivers' Workload Using Physiological Signals in Conditional Automation

Quentin Meteier, Marine Capallera, Simon Ruffieux, Leonardo Angelini, Omar Abou Khaled, Elena Mugellini, Marino Widmer, Andreas Sonderegger
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
The use of automation in cars is increasing. In future vehicles, drivers will no longer be in charge of the main driving task and may be allowed to perform a secondary task.  ...  ., conditionally automated driving).  ...  Besides, on the basis of decisions taken by the authorities concerned, drivers could be allowed to engage in a Non-Driving-Related Task (NDRT) during periods of conditionally automated driving.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.596038 pmid:33679516 pmcid:PMC7930004 fatcat:zsybfc2qzbahlorvwcsxgwhqca

Automated Driving: A Literature Review of the Take over Request in Conditional Automation

Walter Morales-Alvarez, Oscar Sipele, Régis Léberon, Hadj Hamma Tadjine, Cristina Olaverri-Monreal
2020 Electronics  
them to be engaged in non-driving related tasks (NDRT) whilst the vehicle operates within its Operational Design Domain (ODD).  ...  Moreover, it compiles guidelines and standards related to automation in driving and highlights the research gaps that need to be addressed in future research, discussing also approaches and limitations  ...  How Traffic Situations and Non-Driving Related Tasks Affect theTake-Over Quality in Highly Automated Driving. Proc. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc. Annu. Meet. 2014, 58, 2063-2067. [CrossRef] 23.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics9122087 fatcat:x2d42oex7fayxoegi3mjyrvuzu

Usability Evaluation—Advances in Experimental Design in the Context of Automated Driving Human–Machine Interfaces

Deike Albers, Jonas Radlmayr, Alexandra Loew, Sebastian Hergeth, Frederik Naujoks, Andreas Keinath, Klaus Bengler
2020 Information  
These methods and findings are discussed critically, taking into consideration requirements for usability assessments of HMIs in the context of conditional automated driving.  ...  In addition to safety aspects, the usability of HMIs plays a vital role in improving the trust and acceptance of the automated driving system.  ...  The funders had no role in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of the data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info11050240 fatcat:32fv3kbttvhqljgz55tlsk6qvm

Behavioral Research and Practical Models of Drivers' Attention [article]

Iuliia Kotseruba, John K. Tsotsos
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Driving is a routine activity for many, but it is far from simple.  ...  as designing systems for driver monitoring, driver assistance, and automated driving.  ...  The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:2104.05677v3 fatcat:db5yxgk72ng5rdywxwdaalvpsa

A Gravitational Task Model for Target Sensitive Real-Time Applications

Raphael Guerrra, Gerhard Fohler
2008 2008 Euromicro Conference on Real-Time Systems  
The execution sequence of jobs in the schedule has a signicant impact on the equilibrium of jobs, and dominates the complexity of the problem the optimum solution is Non-deterministic Polynomial-time hard  ...  Examples of such applications include multimedia and control; multimedia application are very popular nowadays and control applications are present in every automated system.  ...  Token consumption uses blocking reads, whereas token production uses non-blocking writes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ecrts.2008.25 dblp:conf/ecrts/GuerraF08 fatcat:uppp6sxqnfc5xdz5m4yhpjd2li

Evaluation approach for a combined implementation of Day 1 C-ITS and Highway Chauffeur – v.1.0

Serio Angelo Maria Agriesti, Marco Ponti, Giovanna Marchionni, Paolo Gandini, Roberto Maja, Fabio Borghetti, Valeria Paglino, Maurizio Bruglieri, Luca Studer
2018 Zenodo  
longitudinal and the lateral behavior of a conditionally automated vehicle.  ...  First, to achieve this objective, in Chapter 2 the available bibliography concerning the Highway Chauffeur system and, more in general, conditional automated driving is analyzed with a particular focus  ...  longitudinal and the lateral behavior of a conditionally automated vehicle.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3637982 fatcat:75uics7gfzcezir3z6ixm5ccu4
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