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Display considerations for night and low-illumination viewing

Rafał Mantiuk, Allan G. Rempel, Wolfgang Heidrich
2009 Proceedings of the 6th Symposium on Applied Perception in Graphics and Visualization - APGV '09  
An inadequately designed display viewed in the dark can easily cause dazzling glare and affect our night vision.  ...  Our results can serve as a guidelines for designing the displays that change their color scheme at low ambient light levels.  ...  We would also like to thank Dolby Canada for use of their facilities in conducting the studies.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1620993.1621005 dblp:conf/apgv/MantiukRH09 fatcat:jvqnwwdr7jahhgzairtalrg5xu

Factors Affecting Sign Visibility, Conspicuity, and Legibility: Review and Annotated Bibliography

John Bullough
2017 Interdisciplinary Journal of Signage and Wayfinding  
of signs as they affect visibility; finally, environmental considerations (e.g., daytime versus nighttime viewing, whether a sign is located in a rural or urban area, etc.) as they influence sign design  ...  This paper summarizes published research studies, technical reports and codes and standards related to the visibility (i.e., conspicuity and legibility) of signage.  ...  (1962) 35 100 Night, rural 70 340 Night, illuminated highway 700 1700 Night, very bright urban AASHTO (2005) 20 40 Night, low ambient brightness 45 90 Night, medium ambient brightness  ... 
doi:10.15763/issn.2470-9670.2017.v1.i2.a9 fatcat:ldieig2lfvdx5camklirifxyhe

Factors Affecting Sign Visibility, Conspicuity, and Legibility: Review and Annotated Bibliography

John Bullough
2017 Interdisciplinary Journal of Signage and Wayfinding  
of signs as they affect visibility; finally, environmental considerations (e.g., daytime versus nighttime viewing, whether a sign is located in a rural or urban area, etc.) as they influence sign design  ...  This paper summarizes published research studies, technical reports and codes and standards related to the visibility (i.e., conspicuity and legibility) of signage.  ...  (1962) 35 100 Night, rural 70 340 Night, illuminated highway 700 1700 Night, very bright urban AASHTO (2005) 20 40 Night, low ambient brightness 45 90 Night, medium ambient brightness  ... 
doi:10.15763/ijsw.v1i2.9 fatcat:keaurir2vnalxdkt7t2bbcsfb4

Simulated Day and Night Effects on Perceived Motion in an Aircraft Taxiing Simulator [chapter]

Daniel C., Keith K., Laurence R., Michael Jenki
2010 Modeling Simulation and Optimization - Tolerance and Optimal Control  
We found an interaction of tilt and illumination conditions, particularly for targets greater than 30 m.  ...  The ratio of response distance to stimulus distance significantly increases in the dark (1.1 vs. 0.85), at higher accelerations (1.01 for 1.6 m/s 2 vs. 0.95 for 0.4 m/s 2 ) and, during daytime illumination  ...  The visual display simulated either night-time conditions with low illumination or daytime conditions with higher illumination.  ... 
doi:10.5772/9039 fatcat:rkwrgxyjfffcnefzwsxct44dcm

Threat to Astronomy by Space Art

Paul Murdin
1991 International Astronomical Union Colloquium  
Satellites of this nature, launched for noble but essentially frivolous motives, pose a threat to optical astronomy.  ...  Other satellites in the competition organized by the Eiffel Tower proposed configurations under the name of Space Art which could unacceptably increase the night sky background.  ...  The brightness of the night sky background within the illuminated region is increased in the same proportion.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0252921100003882 fatcat:s62hqpdltbdfncjzsjoia2skqe

Computer Simulation of Electro-Optical Viewing Systems

1977 Journal of Aircraft  
Similar considerations apply regarding night illumination. For day-night factor other than ‘‘1”’ (full day) or ‘‘0”’ (full night), a proportional mix is assigned to the face.  ...  Electro-Optical Viewing Systems (EVS), including Forward-Looking Infrared and Low-Light-Level Television systems, are becoming increasingly important to the military for aerial navigation and targeting  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.58790 fatcat:bbrr7f5xv5circhz2u6yizcxgq

Smartphone viewing distance and sleep: an experimental study utilizing motion capture technology

Michitaka Yoshimura, Momoko Kitazawa, Yasuhiro Maeda, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota, Taishiro Kishimoto
2017 Nature and Science of Sleep  
The viewing distance may cause sleep disturbance, because the viewing distance determines the screen illuminance and/or asthenopia.  ...  We used the distance between the head and the hand while holding a smartphone to measure the viewing distance while using smartphones in sitting and lying positions.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors thank Mr Tsukasa Sugiura for his very helpful suggestions about programming the Kinect.  ... 
doi:10.2147/nss.s123319 pmid:28331379 pmcid:PMC5349506 fatcat:2cj5eky5jjauhgywkjk6mjcgla

Human Factors And Safety Considerations Of Night Vision Systems Flight

Robert W. Verona, Clarence E. Rash, Harry M. Assenheim
1989 Display System Optics II  
Martin for his technical assistance and Dr. Roger W. Wiley for his guidance and assistance in the preparation of this paper.  ...  Shadows cast by terrain features and manmade objects from the external lighting are important considerations for the aviators.  ...  The two basic sections are the sensor and the display. Currently, the two technologies used for night vision sensors are image intensification and thermal imaging (forward looking infrared-FLIR).  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.960916 fatcat:hoomf2l2bjczfc6k6rk2stkiiq

A Comparative Study on Current Outdoor Lighting Policies in China and Korea: A Step toward a Sustainable Nighttime Environment

Wu Guanglei, Jack Ngarambe, Gon Kim
2019 Sustainability  
Accordingly, many countries have issued laws and regulations to limit the effects of artificial lighting at night (ALAN).  ...  In the present study, we gathered data related to light pollution regulations and ordinances in both China and Korea.  ...  A residential area is a low-light area with low illumination.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11143989 fatcat:4zvs6ovedzfwxad74r3psigd5e

Intelligent Night Vision System For Automobile Based On Computer Vision

ROHINI VILAS KAMBLE, PROF. S.S.PATIL
2016 Zenodo  
This system is intended towards the increasing drivers' visibility in the night by focusing attention of driver by showing all pedestrian on a display provided in the car.  ...  Such systems needs to detect objects more reliably and sooner and has to provide information about the object's position. Rain, fog and wet road way surfaces dramatically alter visibility of driver.  ...  Night vision system focuses on detecting, illuminating and recognizing road signs at night. Camera is adopted to tackle the problem of low visibility at night.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1468149 fatcat:vikiswaigrhc7m65hvu5u55onm

AFV Vetronics: Displays Design Criteria

Branko Livada, Radomir Janković, Nebojša Nikolić
2012 Strojniski vestnik  
The AFV displays are specified by active area, footprint size and other characteristics such as luminance, resolution, viewing envelope, colour, grey scale, night vision compatibility, and sun light readability  ...  Also, some specific requirements for AFV display properties related to AFV application environment are discussed.  ...  For display technologies the other important consideration is the luminance dynamic range (dimming range), that is, the ratio between the minimum and maximum luminance that can be generated, and allow  ... 
doi:10.5545/sv-jme.2011.279 fatcat:dzo2fb7kevbl5g6uaomtrcumoi

Performance history of AN/PVS-5 and ANVIS image intensification systems in U.S. Army aviation

William E. McLean, Clarence E. Rash, B. Joseph McEntire, Malcolm G. Braithwaite, John C. Mora, Ronald J. Lewandowski, Loran A. Haworth, Henry J. Girolamo
1997 Head-Mounted Displays II  
PERFORMANCE When I 2 devices are added to the aviator' s head to allow night and low illumination operation, night is "not turned into day."  ...  In this study, the night simulating light source was spectrally adjusted for the range of night sky ambient illuminations.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.276647 fatcat:lix5ei2lkfdbdn3vggf4rslxfq

Night Vision Technology: An Overview

Mohd Junedul, Mohd Muntjir
2017 International Journal of Computer Applications  
This paper is about Night vision Technology, by definition, literally allows one to see in the dark, originally developed for military use.  ...  Image Processing refers Capturing and manipulating images to enhance or extract information.  ...  Cameras -Cameras with night-vision technology can send the image to a monitor for display or to a VCR for recording.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2017914562 fatcat:iy44ytfxurfg3dsf3xxxiqev4m

Head-Mounted Display Technology for Low-Vision Rehabilitation and Vision Enhancement

Joshua R. Ehrlich, Lauro V. Ojeda, Donna Wicker, Sherry Day, Ashley Howson, Vasudevan Lakshminarayanan, Sayoko E. Moroi
2017 American Journal of Ophthalmology  
Purpose-To describe the various types of head-mounted display technology, their optical and human factors considerations, and their potential for use in low vision rehabilitation and vision enhancement  ...  These optical and human factors considerations are important when selecting head-mounted displays for specific applications and patient groups.  ...  acuity and illumination; 8 however, this device was heavy and functioned too slowly for routine use. 8 Modern electronic HMDs have been shown to improve constricted peripheral fields, 4,6,9 night vision  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2016.12.021 pmid:28048975 pmcid:PMC5580828 fatcat:reqtm473gbhxtdejqizy33oeqm

Comparison of Accommodation Microfluctuations before and after 5 Minutes Near Digital Reading in the dark with Night Shift Mode

Aresya Najmee, Ai-Hong Chen, Saiful Azlan Rosli, Nursyuhadah Azni
2020 Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal (E-BPJ)  
There was no significant difference in accommodation microfluctuations before and after 5-minute reading with night shift mode and without night shift mode.  ...  Nineteen subjects were recruited using convenient sampling and a crossover design was used to compare the accommodation microfluctuations two viewing conditions.  ...  Grand Seiko WAM 5500 binocular auto-refractor facility was at the courtesy of Optometry and Vision Science Research Centre (iROViS).  ... 
doi:10.21834/ebpj.v5isi3.2567 fatcat:2amwwzgvbbc53cdkjdagq5rcwe
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