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Displacement Measurement and Its Application in Interframe Image Coding

J. Jain, A. Jain
1981 IRE Transactions on Communications Systems  
The results of applying the technique to two sets of images are presented which show 8-10 dB improvement in interframe variance reduction due to motion compensation.  ...  The motion compensation is applied for analysis and design of a hybrid coding scheme and the results show a factor of two gain at low bit rates.  ...  Application of this method in interframe hybrid coding (with and without frame skipping and interpolation) is shown. cussion of other interframe coding techniques are given in [9] and [IO] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcom.1981.1094950 fatcat:sb25tyhemfdpxc7cndrnqpbc6q

High-Speed Extraction of 3D Structure of Selectable Quality Using a Translating Camera

Arun K. Dalmia, Mohan Trivedi
1996 Computer Vision and Image Understanding  
when the viewinterframe camera displacement, and number of frames in a ing positions of the camera are known.  ...  The acquisition and processing of the image stream [7, 8] . The most challenging problem in stereo is the probare done in real time on a pipeline architecture based processor.  ...  It can be expressed as the product of the interframe camera displacement and the frame index.  ... 
doi:10.1006/cviu.1996.0047 fatcat:sklem6ms5jamrdk77fpx7z3dta

Digital image stabilization with sub-image phase correlation based global motion estimation

S. Erturk
2003 IEEE transactions on consumer electronics  
This paper presents digital image stabilization with sub-image phase correlation based global motion estimation and Kalman filtering based motion correction.  ...  The peak values of sub-image phase correlation surfaces reveal reliable local motion vectors, as poorly matched sub images result in considerably lower peaks in the phase correlation surface due to spread  ...  ) and then obtains feedback in the form of (noisy) measurements as in equation (6) (update stage).  ... 
doi:10.1109/tce.2003.1261235 fatcat:rg2ysbsxsffilaefvjzpxifmy4

Page 796 of SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal Vol. 103, Issue 12 [page]

1994 SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal  
However, the beauty of subjective assessment is that it measures the per- ceived quality of images directly.  ...  In video compression interframe/ field coding is widely used to reduce temporal redundancies; motion esti- mation/compensation is used to pre- dict the current frame, so as to make the interframe/field  ... 

Reversible interframe compression of medical images: a comparison of decorrelation methods

P. Roos, M.A. Viergever
1991 IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  
In interframe decorrelation, distinction is made on the one hand between extrapolation-and interpolation-based methods, and on the other hand between methods based on local motion estimation, block motion  ...  image compression, 3) interframe compression yields entropies comparable to intraframe HINT at higher computational costs, and 4) two methods, unregistered extrapolation and interpolation, are nonetheless  ...  A displacement vector is obtained by minimizing d(f(x -D , t -11, f(x, t)) (8) where d represents some image distance measure.  ... 
doi:10.1109/42.108588 pmid:18222859 fatcat:cnht2vvbszakhb2ztkp2putk2e

Displacement imaging for focused ultrasound peripheral nerve neuromodulation

Stephen A. Lee, Hermes A. S. Kamimura, Mark T. Burgess, Elisa E. Konofagou
2020 IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  
Focused ultrasound (FUS) is an emerging technique for neuromodulation due to its noninvasive application and high depth penetration.  ...  Thus, we developed a method that non-invasively measures nerve engagement, via tissue displacement, during FUS neuromodulation of in vivo nerves using simultaneous high frame-rate ultrasound imaging.  ...  Data Analysis Parameter space maps were generated by measuring average interframe nerve displacement using an ROI (1 mm x 0.5 mm) at the center of the focus and nerve. 50 displacement images per parameter  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmi.2020.2992498 pmid:32406828 pmcid:PMC7717066 fatcat:6sysbce3uneqpngqxoxt6sbz7q

Interblock Redundancy Reduction Using Quadtrees

X. Domingo, M. Faundez
1996 Zenodo  
Publication in the conference proceedings of EUSIPCO, Trieste, Italy, 1996  ...  For interframe applications, displacement vectors at the same location but different images (I and I ) are highly k k-1 correlated.  ...  In interframe coding applications motion compensation is usually utilized, and a great number of contiguous blocks present the same displacement vector. Thus, they can be clustered with a quadtree.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.36221 fatcat:q365ca5jbjez5n33i2c74yqsiq

Interframe coding of magnetic resonance images

A. Nosratinia, N. Mohsenian, M.T. Orchard, B. Liu
1996 IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  
This paper presents a new inter-frame coding method for medical images, in particular magnetic resonance (MR) images.  ...  Until now, attempts in using inter-frame redundancies for coding MR images have been unsuccessful.  ...  One of the original slices and its coded counterpart are shown in Figures 9 and 10.  ... 
doi:10.1109/42.538941 pmid:18215945 fatcat:vhn6ey4ff5grfeondoy3yhpzbm

Real-time lossless compression of mosaic video sequences

Lei Zhang, Xiaolin Wu, Paul Bao
2005 Real-time imaging  
Interframe predictive coding is invoked only when the motion between adjacent frames is modest and a simple motion compensation operation can significantly improve the compression performance.  ...  Aiming to make the encoding throughput high enough for real-time lossless video compression, we propose a hybrid scheme of inter and intraframe coding.  ...  For each input frame to be encoded, we compute the intraframe difference of it and the interframe distance between it and the previous frame, which serve as the measurements in the adaptive switching between  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rti.2005.07.001 fatcat:33443mmukjdhhhei7pyd5ypiny

Real-Time Digital Image Stabilization Using Kalman Filters

Sarp Ertürk
2002 Real-time imaging  
It is shown that the process noise variance has a direct effect on stabilization performance, and that it is possible to implement an efficient and robust stabilization system by adaptively changing the  ...  The global camera motion is defined in terms of constant acceleration motion and constant velocity motion models, and Kalman filtering is employed to facilitate smooth operation.  ...  Results show that gray-coded bit-plane matching is superior to plain bit-plane matching in terms of accuracy, and thus gray-coded bit-plane matching is a good choice for fast and reasonably accurate global  ... 
doi:10.1006/rtim.2001.0278 fatcat:6wfiff3lofauvp4s5mrctghpja

Temporal regularization of ultrasound-based liver motion estimation for image-guided radiation therapy

Tuathan P. O'Shea, Jeffrey C. Bamber, Emma J. Harris
2015 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
For the training set, the mean and 95th percentile (95%) errors (defined as the difference from manual annotations) were 1.6 and 1.4 mm, respectively (compared to 6.2 and 9.1 mm, respectively, for IT).  ...  For controlling linear accelerator tracking and gating, ultrasound motion estimates must remain highly accurate throughout the imaging sequence.  ...  The range (minimum to maximum) of interframe similarity values were linearly mapped to α values in the range of 0.2 (less confidence in measurement) to 0.8 (more confidence in measurement).  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.4938582 pmid:26745938 pmcid:PMC5366873 fatcat:jaze37se6rbgdghp35njxlvc6a

Object tracking using deformable templates

Yu Zhong, A.K. Jain, M.-P. Dubuisson-Jolly
2000 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
The tracking proceeds by optimizing an objective function which combines both the shape deformation and the fidelity of the modeled shape to the current image (in terms of gradient, texture, and interframe  ...  region possesses consistent color and texture throughout the sequence, and 3) interframe motion: the boundary of a moving object is characterized by large interframe motion.  ...  The imaging term i sYÂY$Yd Y measures the agreement between the deformed template and the image [11] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/34.857008 fatcat:hocutdllnvdkpomw744jyil34e

Video coding algorithm based on image warping and nonrectangular DCT coding

Yung-Ming Chou, Hsueh-Ming Hang, Jan Biemond, Edward J. Delp III
1997 Visual Communications and Image Processing '97  
Object scalability is a new trend in video coding research. This paper presents an attempt of designing an object-oriented coding based on the notion of irregular mesh and image warping.  ...  Three techniques are employed: motion compensation based on image warping, image segmentation and object tracking based on (mesh) nodal point adjustment, and nonrectangular DCT coding performed on the  ...  Although PSNR is a popular measure of image objective quality, it is not always matches the subjective image quality.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.263228 fatcat:b5asazdfujg3zho7dxwo3hcwki

INTERFRAME CODING OF CANONICAL PATCHES FOR LOW BIT-RATE MOBILE AUGMENTED REALITY

MINA MAKAR, SAM S. TSAI, VIJAY CHANDRASEKHAR, DAVID CHEN, BERND GIROD
2013 International Journal of Semantic Computing (IJSC)  
In this paper, we propose a temporally coherent keypoint detector and design e±cient interframe predictive coding techniques for canonical patches and keypoint locations.  ...  Local features are widely used for content-based image retrieval and augmented reality applications.  ...  However, in streaming MAR applications, we need to track the object of interest and localize it in all video frames.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s1793351x13400011 fatcat:lktnxffp55hqbktbfip34ucr2m

Active mesh-a feature seeking and tracking image sequence representation scheme

Yao Wang, Ouseb Lee
1994 IEEE Transactions on Image Processing  
It describes a sequence by nodal positions and colors in a starting frame, followed by nodal displacements in the following frames.  ...  Our computer simulations have shown that the proposed scheme can successfully track facial feature movements in head-and-shoulder type of sequences, and more generally, interframe changes that can be modeled  ...  It describes a sequence by nodal positions and colors in a starting frame, followed by nodal displacements in the following frames.  ... 
doi:10.1109/83.334982 pmid:18291955 fatcat:us72angzibak3ja57752rfrjp4
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