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Disentangling the Structure of Tables in Scientific Literature [chapter]

Nikola Milosevic, Cassie Gregson, Robert Hernandez, Goran Nenadic
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a model that structures tables in a machine readable way and a methodology to automatically disentangle and transform tables into the modelled data structure.  ...  Within the scientific literature, tables are commonly used to present factual and statistical information in a compact way, which is easy to digest by readers.  ...  Acknowledgments This research is funded by a doctoral funding grant from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and AstraZeneca Ltd.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-41754-7_14 fatcat:b5kf6ifc6nhinj6wq5c7ifuhrq

What's New? Summarizing Contributions in Scientific Literature [article]

Hiroaki Hayashi, Wojciech Kryściński, Bryan McCann, Nazneen Rajani, Caiming Xiong
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Through a human study involving expert annotators, we show that in 79%, of cases our new task is considered more helpful than traditional scientific paper summarization.  ...  With thousands of academic articles shared on a daily basis, it has become increasingly difficult to keep up with the latest scientific findings.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Wenhao Liu, Divyansh Agarwal, Sharvin Shah, and Tania Lopez-Cantu for assisting with annotations.  ... 
arXiv:2011.03161v2 fatcat:p5ah7v35qzdf5oahlvd6n2rily

Pattern to Knowledge: Deep Knowledge-Directed Machine Learning for Residue-Residue Interaction Prediction

Andrew K. C. Wong, Ho Yin Sze-To, Gary L. Johanning
2018 Scientific Reports  
R2R-I prediction is critical, as it enhances our scientific understanding of PPI and furnishes potential targets for inhibiting PPI 3 .  ...  Methods based on computational docking 5,6 require unbound structures or their template-based structures 7 .  ...  Availability of data, materials and methods. The PPI structure data is publicly available, where the data accessible method is described in the data availability statements.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-32834-z fatcat:3nffe3nt25b7piy5tf7ggb4pxe

DisCont: Self-Supervised Visual Attribute Disentanglement using Context Vectors [article]

Sarthak Bhagat, Vishaal Udandarao, Shagun Uppal
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose a self-supervised framework DisCont to disentangle multiple attributes by exploiting the structural inductive biases within images.  ...  Motivated by the recent surge in contrastive learning paradigms, our model bridges the gap between self-supervised contrastive learning algorithms and unsupervised disentanglement.  ...  Saket Anand (IIIT Delhi) for his guidance in formulating the initial problem statement, and valuable comments and feedback on this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2006.05895v2 fatcat:bqml26d7ozb6dpi64zm5mqjqtm

Generating Tertiary Protein Structures via an Interpretative Variational Autoencoder [article]

Xiaojie Guo, Yuanqi Du, Sivani Tadepalli, Liang Zhao, Amarda Shehu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A comprehensive evaluation of several deep architectures shows the promise of generative models in directly revealing the latent space for sampling novel tertiary structures, as well as in highlighting  ...  in the living cell.  ...  The authors additionally thank members of the Zhao and Shehu laboratories for valuable feedback during this work.  ... 
arXiv:2004.07119v2 fatcat:6idinceogjdr5gvfpqmbonkn6e

Disentangling component spectra of , a spectroscopic binary with a pulsating primary

K. Uytterhoeven, M. Briquet, C. Aerts, J. H. Telting, P. Harmanec, K. Lefever, J. Cuypers
2005 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
We also point out that we cannot disprove the variability in κ Sco to originate from co-rotating structures.  ...  Moreover, we find dominant variability in the equivalent width with a frequency in the interval [0.22, 0.30] c d −1 which we interpret as the rotational frequency f rot of the star.  ...  K.U. is supported by the Fund for Scientific Research -Flanders (FWO) under project G.0178.02 and C.A. and K.L. by the Research Fund K.U. Leuven under grant GOA/2003/04.  ... 
doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20041444 fatcat:v3igdspbpzbahnvpz7frk4sidi

Beyond analogy: A model of bioinspiration for creative design

Camila Freitas Salgueiredo, Armand Hatchuel
2016 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
We ground this model on well-described examples of biologically inspired designs available in the scientific literature.  ...  Our modeling disentangles the analogical aspects of the biologically inspired design process, and highlights the expansions occurring in both knowledge bases, scientific (nonbiological) and biological,  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the researchers of the Design Theory and Methods for Innovation Research and Teaching Chair; Philippe Doublet from Renault; Drs.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0890060416000044 fatcat:s2glnxmsufbihepoaxmccsnmwm

Unsupervised physics-informed disentanglement of multimodal data for high-throughput scientific discovery [article]

Nathaniel Trask, Carianne Martinez, Kookjin Lee, Brad Boyce
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Sampling from clusters allows cross-modal generative modeling, with a mixture of expert decoder imposing inductive biases encoding prior scientific knowledge and imparting structured disentanglement of  ...  the latent space.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank Warren Davis, Anthony Garland  ... 
arXiv:2202.03242v1 fatcat:2mox3xydzrfqhac5kasdxrf7ci

A comprehensive database of quality-rated fossil ages for Sahul's Quaternary vertebrates

Marta Rodríguez-Rey, Salvador Herrando-Pérez, Barry W. Brook, Frédérik Saltré, John Alroy, Nicholas Beeton, Michael I. Bird, Alan Cooper, Richard Gillespie, Zenobia Jacobs, Christopher N. Johnson, Gifford H. Miller (+4 others)
2016 Scientific Data  
There are many applications of the database, including disentangling the confounding influences of hypothetical extinction drivers, better spatial distribution estimates of species relative to palaeo-climates  ...  However, the robustness of inferences made from fossil ages relies heavily on both the quantity and quality of available data.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the following researchers for providing data, literature sources and/or clarifying the genesis of  ... 
doi:10.1038/sdata.2016.53 pmid:27434208 pmcid:PMC4984482 fatcat:6xiquxos5fcxdb6clbog4kgo7y

Application of self-healing materials in architecture and construction industry: an exploratory review

2020 JOURNAL OF XI'AN UNIVERSITY OF ARCHITECTURE & TECHNOLOGY  
This work's aim was to perform a review of the scientific literature from the standpoint of both the architect and builder.  ...  The review was largely carried out using the scientific database tool sciencedirect ® and other similar tools on the main applications of self-healing materials in construction industry.  ...  Source: author's own elaboration based on the review of the scientific literature recorded in the first column of this table.  ... 
doi:10.37896/jxat12.05/1404 fatcat:4p7chpforjfonncgrnmirjhpsi

Disentangling the tourism sector's fragmentation: a hands-on coding/post-coding guide for interview and policy document analysis in tourism

Arie Stoffelen
2018 Current Issues in Tourism  
This paper presents a coding/post-coding scheme that proved robust in disentangling multidimensional tourism datasets in a middle-range research project that necessitated reflecting on the position of  ...  the researcher and the literature study during the data analysis.  ...  Disclosure statement No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author. Funding This work was supported by the Research Foundation -Flanders (Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek).  ... 
doi:10.1080/13683500.2018.1441268 fatcat:lt5ymdspuvfhlch4buf26u2j5m

Music Style Transfer: A Position Paper [article]

Shuqi Dai and Zheng Zhang and Gus G. Xia
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Led by the success of neural style transfer on visual arts, there has been a rising trend very recently in the effort of music style transfer.  ...  disentanglement techniques.  ...  Table 1 : 1 A summary of music representations.  ... 
arXiv:1803.06841v4 fatcat:szawbtzbjvgkrgbfollnryutru

Music Style Transfer: A Position Paper

Gus G. Xia, Shuqi Dai
2018 Zenodo  
Led by the success of neural style transfer on visual arts, there has been a rising trend very recently in the effort of music style transfer.  ...  disentanglement techniques.  ...  Table 1 : 1 A summary of music representations.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4285179 fatcat:ywwc37deffcjfnvbdcyz2cf6ca

Microstructural behavior of magnetorheological elastomer undergoing durability evaluation by stress relaxation

Mohd Aidy Faizal Johari, Saiful Amri Mazlan, Mohamed Mahmoud Nasef, U. Ubaidillah, Nur Azmah Nordin, Siti Aishah Abdul Aziz, Norhasnidawani Johari, Nurhazimah Nazmi
2021 Scientific Reports  
Exceptional attention was focused on the development of molecular slippage, disentanglement, microplasticity, microphase separation, and shear bands.  ...  AbstractThe widespread use of magnetorheological elastomer (MRE) materials in various applications has yet to be limited due to the fact that there are substantial deficiencies in current experimental  ...  Overall, the results presented in this study successfully manifest the variation of possible failure mechanisms for stress relaxation durability in MRE and provide a critical assessment for the development  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-90484-0 pmid:34035434 fatcat:4qrojbopvfew3nq56tfh6b3j44

PDE-Driven Spatiotemporal Disentanglement [article]

Jérémie Donà
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A recent line of work in the machine learning community addresses the problem of predicting high-dimensional spatiotemporal phenomena by leveraging specific tools from the differential equations theory  ...  Following this direction, we propose in this article a novel and general paradigm for this task based on a resolution method for partial differential equations: the separation of variables.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank all members of the MLIA team from the LIP6 laboratory of Sorbonne Université for helpful discussions and comments, as well as Vincent Le Guen for his help to reproduce  ... 
arXiv:2008.01352v3 fatcat:di3nuh7jcnggdm2px44hiukb4m
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