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The profession of ITVoices of computing

Peter J. Denning
2008 Communications of the ACM  
Voices of Computing (August 2008) The choir of engineers, mathematicians, and scientists who make up the bulk of our field better represents computing than the solo voice of the programmer.  ...  The choir of engineers, mathematicians, and scientists who make up the bulk of our field better represents computing than the solo voice of the programmer.  ...  You know, programming is the most fundamental part of computer science. No computer can run without a program. I enable everything else in computing. I have written some history-changing programs.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1378704.1378711 fatcat:rksui4k4c5emzc3ocw7rup3kne

Page 380 of State Bar of California. California State Bar Journal Vol. 54, Issue 6 [page]

1979 State Bar of California. California State Bar Journal  
For a few dollars a day, you can have at your disposal this comput¬ er program, distillate of the word- smithing power of legions of for¬ mer Supreme Court law clerks.  ...  I had discovered a wonderful truth about the brief. It was almost all style—few facts and less law.  ... 

Computers and the nature of man: a historian's perspective on controversies about artificial intelligence

Judith V. Grabiner
1986 Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society  
Today computer scientists have devised programs that solve problems which, if solved by people, would seem to require intelligent thought.  ...  As we shall see, the real controversy about artificial intelhgence (AI) is not about the nature of computers and programs; it is about the nature of man.  ...  In particular, in discovering Black's law, the program invents a new theoretical term-one which Black, too, invented, and which we now call specific heat 2 [4, 2 Described at greatest length in [4, pp  ... 
doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1986-15461-3 fatcat:ynie5e26rzfzdmprfzuu77hfeq

Why Teaching Informatics in Schools Is as Important as Teaching Mathematics and Natural Sciences [chapter]

Juraj Hromkovič, Björn Steffen
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we aim to do more than arguing that informatics is a fascinating scientific discipline with interesting applications in almost all areas of everyday life.  ...  Does the teaching of informatics enrich education in ways other subjects cannot or do not sufficiently contribute?  ...  But additionally, computer scientists do not only discover an efficient way of solving it, but they also implement the discovered method and provide a product (program) for solving problems of this kind  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24722-4_3 fatcat:6iy3gkjmavbdxedt4bicnlljkq

BACON.5: The Discovery of Conservation Laws

Pat Langley, Gary L. Bradshaw, Herbert A. Simon
1981 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
BACON.5 is a program that discovers empirical laws. The program represents information at varying levels of description, with higher levels summarizing the levels below them.  ...  Thus, BACON.S'S heuristics appear to be general mechanisms applicable to discovery in diverse domains.  ...  In this way, the symmetrical laws so common in physics can be easily discovered.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/LangleyBS81 fatcat:3b36maujhja5pdwgsk2klq67mi

Page 3 of The Lawyers Weekly Vol. 11, Issue 43 [page]

1992 The Lawyers Weekly  
In my own highly inexpert case of RAM jam, I have been trying to discover the computer equivalent of a high colonic enema. I mean, if computers can have viruses, why not systemic catharsis?  ...  The LRC was formed in 1971. . ~ have peat Every two years the Law Society of Upper Canada convenes this national symposium on communications law and policy. program producers, with up-to- the-minute sessions  ... 

Page 9 of Journal of Systems Management Vol. 21, Issue 11 [page]

1970 Journal of Systems Management  
Copyrights What is the best alternative available for American businessmen to protect their investments in computer programs?  ...  However, copyright protection would be meaningless if a program was written and published in COBOL and a programmer rewrote the program in a different computer language, such as PL/1.  ... 

Page 33 of Florida Bar Journal Vol. 67, Issue 2 [page]

1993 Florida Bar Journal  
Perkins, Smith and Cohen is just one of many law firms that are discovering the versatility of the Apple" Macintosh" computer- and enjoying tremen¬ dous productivity gains in the process.  ...  With more than 3,500 programs available, there’s almost no task involved in practicing law, or managing your office, that Macintosh won’t make quicker, easier, and more efficient.  ... 

Scientific discovery and simplicity of method

Herbert A. Simon, Raúl E. Valdés-Pérez, Derek H. Sleeman
1997 Artificial Intelligence  
above, which have powerful capabilities; similar simplicity is evident in the programs reported in this issue.  ...  structure, as computer programs go.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(97)00019-2 fatcat:no4xkcgw6zgjhhizxmpqotdlqu

Plant Systems Biology

N. V. Raikhel
2003 Plant Physiology  
Mendel's laws were discovered because he applied the reductionist approach to his crossing experiments.  ...  apply locally or in a narrow domain, (c) it takes a long time to discover the laws governing the whole system, and (d) it is expensive in the sense that one needs to do many independent one-dimensional  ... 
doi:10.1104/pp.023929 pmid:12822566 fatcat:thehecsfyngbbisgqy5e2rgg6a

Discovering universal scaling laws in 3D printing of metals with genetic programming and dimensional analysis [article]

Zhengtao Gan, Orion L. Kafka, Niranjan Parab, Cang Zhao, Olle Heinonen, Tao Sun, Wing Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We leverage dimensional analysis and genetic programming (a type of machine learning) to discover two strikingly simple but universal scaling laws, which remain accurate for different materials, processing  ...  for the critical issues in metal 3D printing.  ...  Our newly discovered two-dimensional pattern (scaling law) for porosity in 3D printing includes two terms and a constant (Fig. 4) .  ... 
arXiv:2005.00117v2 fatcat:nojbgj7hxnco3phlujnhvhfr4m

Artificial Intelligence Modelling: Data Driven and Theory Driven Approaches [chapter]

Klaus Manhart
1996 Social Science Microsimulation  
In the case of the theory driven approach, knowledge based modelling allows the translation of nearly any qualitative theory into a symbolic program in order to discover new conclusions or to investigate  ...  With the data driven approach, an attempt is made to replicate empirical data with generate and test programs as well as possible and, in this way, to discover theoretical mechanisms inductively.  ...  Under the label "machine learning", computers are programmed to discover empirical laws from data (Langley et al 1987; Slezak 1989) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-03261-9_19 fatcat:iszdebgbfncvlpjb3ypytxtufy

From Galatea 2.2 to Watson – And Back? [chapter]

Mireille Hildebrandt
2013 Human Law and Computer Law: Comparative Perspectives  
Richard Powers anticipated this event in his 1995 novel on Helen, 'a box' that 'had learned how to read, powered by nothing more than a hidden, firing profusion.  ...  Powers describes an experiment that involves a neural net being trained to take the Master's Comprehensive Exam in English literature.  ...  Computing power is still increasing with Moore's law, xiv which allows digital machines to see patterns in Big Data which cannot be detected with the naked human eye.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-6314-2_2 fatcat:pwy4ewmby5fxvpsbw6qdjfgfne

Guggenheim Fellowships Awarded

2015 PS: Political Science and Politics  
She loved both math and politics and studied both, interested in the concept of power and how some people achieve and legitimize power in human societies.  ...  The case of Sudan demonstrates how "the moral qualities associated with law's power, in authoritarian regimes as in democratic countries, reflect the goals of the actor who creates or uses the law."  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1049096515000773 fatcat:ljvguhjlb5ev3ef3epq3zy2w5u

Page 56 of ALI-ABA Business Law Course Materials Journal Vol. 25, Issue 2 [page]

2001 ALI-ABA Business Law Course Materials Journal  
in program- ming, if they are not channel surfing.  ...  The same concept applies with equal force to computers in today’s work- place. Most modern office/technology workers, as well as many manu-  ... 
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