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Recent Advances in Using Natural Language Processing to Address Public Health Research Questions Using Social Media and ConsumerGenerated Data

Mike Conway, Mengke Hu, Wendy W. Chapman
2019 IMIA Yearbook of Medical Informatics  
Finally, we found that in the period under review "modern" machine learning methods (i.e. deep neural-network-based methods), while increasing in popularity, remain less widely used than "classical" machine  ...  Methods: We conducted a literature review of NLP research that utilised social media or online consumer-generated text for public health applications, focussing on the years 2016 to 2018.  ...  Neural Networks [RNN] 2 ), and lexicon-based approaches).  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0039-1677918 pmid:31419834 pmcid:PMC6697505 fatcat:r5ubjbhoszh47flxg6tf7n5eku

Treating Addiction in the Clinic, Not the Courtroom: Using Neuroscience and Genetics to Abandon the Failed War on Drugs

Teneille R. Brown
2021 Indiana Law Review  
At least 2.3 million people in the United States have opioid use disorder (OUD), yet over 60% do not have access to evidence-based treatment. 3 Of the over 14,000 drug treatment programs in the country  ...  One estimate puts its cost to the U.S. economy at over $500 billion in 2015. 1 More than a hundred people die every day from an opioid overdose, 2 with that number likely increasing during the COVID-19  ...  Unlike differences such as audio or visual impairments, autism, or homosexuality, once drug use has developed into severe addiction, it is nearly universally seen by those affected as a net negative that  ... 
doi:10.18060/25502 fatcat:kxnmb5dgqff65g5f4rhrkpxxb4

Addiction and sexual health: The connection is no longer "holy"

Aditya Somani
2021 Zenodo  
Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine, has discussed and recommended the use of a preparation known as 'Kamini' that primarily contains natural opioids to treat male sexual dysfunction (Basu  ...  One would agree that this approach has yielded positive results for many, leading to continued use of substances for the purposes mentioned above.  ...  A similar approach can be adapted to the concept of addiction to love. The essence of this approach is that to love someone is like to get addicted to them but weakly.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5151684 fatcat:i27l2isgobe6xooq2e6akvvbgu

Lessons for Uptake and Engagement of a Smartphone App (SURE Recovery) for People in Recovery From Alcohol and Other Drug Problems: Interview Study of App Users

Joanne Neale, Alice May Bowen
2022 JMIR Human Factors  
Barriers common to addiction treatment app uptake and engagement include poor access to mobile technology, Wi-Fi, or mobile data, plus low motivation among non–treatment-seeking users to cut down or quit  ...  Although better digital literacy and access to devices and mobile data are needed if addiction recovery apps are to reach their full potential, we should not evaluate them based only on observable changes  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank all study participants for sharing their experiences and all members of the wider SURE Recovery project team, particularly Mel Getty, Paul Lennon, and Professor  ... 
doi:10.2196/33038 pmid:35258474 pmcid:PMC8941437 fatcat:65s3s2oacndwnp5sjz3ry3zafq

Equity-oriented frameworks to inform responses to opioid overdoses: a scoping review

Bruce Wallace, Karen MacKinnon, Heather Strosher, Celeste Macevicius, Carol Gordon, Rebecca Raworth, Lacey Mesley, Sana Shahram, Lenora Marcellus, Karen Urbanoski, Bernadette Pauly
2021 JBI Evidence Synthesis  
To be included, papers had to both: i) use a health equity-oriented approach, defined as a response that addresses health inequities and aims to reduce drug-related harms of stigma or overdose; and ii)  ...  An a priori protocol was published and the JBI methodology for conducting scoping reviews was employed. Published and unpublished literature from January 1, 2000, to July 31, 2019, was included.  ...  Acknowledgments The following individuals and groups have contributed to the conceptualization of the grant and to refinement of the protocol through teleconference discussions and an in-person meeting  ... 
doi:10.11124/jbies-20-00304 pmid:34137739 fatcat:6biio6zhlzbfpammgbzyfo44ke

Foreword: The Neuroethics of Drug Addiction [chapter]

T.W. Robbins
2012 Addiction Neuroethics  
I would also like to thank Sarah Yeates as a model of social epistemology in action, from library to neuroethics. Acknowledgments I thank Ed Greenlee for his invaluable help.  ...  Neuroscience and Addiction in Acknowledgments I would like to thank Wayne Hall and Judy Illes for inviting me to talk about science communication in neuroscience at "Introducing Neuroethics", a conference  ...  We also learn from chapters in this volume that the other main ethical dilemmas posed by addiction derive from its treatment.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-385973-0.00020-x fatcat:eypvtpaf2ra7nhnsowc5falqcu

6th International Conference on Behavioral Addictions (ICBA2019), June 17–19, 2019 Yokohama, Japan

Zsolt Demetrovics
2019 Journal of Behavioral Addictions  
There is emerging evidence that a similar approach is useful for addictive behaviours.  ...  The lessons learned from similar processes for the harmful use of alcohol and tobacco need to be considered despite differences between substance use and addictive behaviours.  ...  They should have an awareness of the limitations of evidence-based pharmacotherapy approaches to the treatment of behavioral addictions.  ... 
doi:10.1556/jba.8.2019.suppl.1 fatcat:vh2jdvu3dvc2piwy3fzxzea32e

Opioid pharmacotherapy: Treatment, regimes, constructions and control

Joanne Neale
2013 International journal of drug policy  
Similar to C.  ...  Recalibrating the regime: The need for a human rights-based approach to international drug policy. Acknowledgements This project was funded by an NHS Health Services Research Unit grant.  ...  A social treatment model based on a social explanation of problem drug use as a social symptom and result of social learning became the basis of Danish drug treatment.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.08.003 pmid:24075399 fatcat:o3bcsrfym5emxhngbmtqwxflpi

Self-Administered Skills-Based Virtual Reality Intervention for Chronic Pain: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study

Beth D Darnall, Parthasarathy Krishnamurthy, Jeannette Tsuei, Jorge D Minor
2020 JMIR Formative Research  
Objectives: The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a self-administered VR program that included content and skills informed by evidence-based behavioral treatment for chronic  ...  Enrolled participants were randomly assigned to one of two unblinded treatments: (1) VR: a 21-day, skills-based VR program for chronic pain; and (2) Audio: an audio-only version of the 21-day VR program  ...  ., MACM would like to give a special acknowledgement to the efforts of the individuals noted below:  ... 
doi:10.2196/17293 pmid:32374272 pmcid:PMC7381022 fatcat:kr35cvh4f5blbdcgwo7ddymo5m

Year One of the IBM Watson AI XPRIZE: Case Studies in "AI for Good"

Sean McGregor, Amir Banifatemi
2018 The AI Magazine  
The IBM Watson AI XPRIZE is a four-year competition where teams work to improve the world with artificial intelligence.  ...  The competition began in 2017 with 148 problem domains in sustainability, artificial general intelligence, education, and a variety of other grand challenge areas. 59 teams advanced to the second year  ...  Acknowledgements First and foremost, the teams competing to make the world a better place deserve special recognition for their efforts.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v39i3.2812 fatcat:jtewj3bbrjfgbjjkfduduzr5te

ACNP 58th Annual Meeting: Panels, Mini-Panels and Study Groups

2019 Neuropsychopharmacology  
pain, drug addiction, stress, and depression.  ...  Recent progress has been made on probes to study interactions between the opioid neuropeptide dynorphin and the kappa opioid receptor, which are implicated in the negative aversive states associated with  ...  We will probe several issues. (1) To discover new relationships between mental illness and latent variables using deep learning, very large datasets are needed.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41386-019-0544-z pmid:31801977 pmcid:PMC6957922 fatcat:hjyvf7fcpbf2fhxit6rlhsvg2y

Assessing binge-watching behaviors: Development and validation of the "Watching TV Series Motives" and "Binge-watching Engagement and Symptoms" questionnaires

Maèva Flayelle, Natale Canale, Claus Vögele, Laurent Karila, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
2019 Computers in Human Behavior  
OP-106 Adapting an Evidence-Based, Family-Oriented Treatment for IGD: Intervention Development Framework, Methods, and Lessons Learned HOWARD  ...  Students from all Asian countries were found to more addicted to social networking but less addicted to food in comparison to American students.  ...  Participants were recruited from local comic/game stores and social networking sites. Interpretive phenomenology approach was used to analyze the data.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chb.2018.08.022 fatcat:gz3ngbszrjepxng2ivali7vs7y

36th Annual Scientific Meeting of the Canadian Pain Society: Abstracts

2015 Pain Research and Management  
A critical barrier to incorporation of technology in delivering behavioral treatments for patients learning to live with chronic pain are outcome studies that demonstrate improvement of care with a decrease  ...  He will also present results from a recently completed study which demonstrated that an SMS-text message based social support intervention delivered via mobile phone can reduce pain and pain interference  ...  P52 Huguet A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P53  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/180282 fatcat:dgx3szugw5dnxpqog5oeyouaye

Ethical and Methodological Issues in Gang Ethnography in the Digital Age: Lessons from Four Studies in an Emerging Field [chapter]

Marta-Marika Urbanik, Robby Roks, Michelle Lyttle Storrod, James Densley
2020 Gangs in the Era of Internet and Social Media  
may use social media in a similar manner.  ...  Both media have evolved in their approach to maras as a topic.  ...  of morality, 1 to what extent social media should be policed, the impact of grime music, 2 etc.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-47214-6_2 fatcat:r6q4zplcbnc63b46lgkx76iz3u

Master's Paper Abstracts Summer 2018 - Spring 2019

Ralph Scott
2020 North Carolina Libraries  
Advisor: Denise Anthony The rise in popularity and ubiquity of social media has led to an increase in archival collection of social media data.  ...  responsibilities of archives toward social media users, and the questions they still have about social media archiving.  ...  How Medical Students Perceive Learning Anatomy with a Virtual Reality Program: Virtual Medicine, Compared to Traditional Learning Approaches. A Master's Paper for the M.S. in I.S degree.  ... 
doi:10.3776/ncl.v78i1.5382 fatcat:x65nd6v2p5fa3mc4b4bc4otxiu
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