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The Self-Driving Car: A Media Machine for Posthumans?

Erkki Huhtamo
2020 Artnodes  
While there have been concerns about the "human factor" and the consequences of poor and distracted driving, the human behind the steering wheel has also been considered a guarantee of safety.  ...  One of the basic points underlying the discussion is that the autonomous car can never be fully autonomous.  ...  Wetmore for providing me copies of his excellent but hard-to-find studies. The ideas in this study were tested in lectures I gave at several universities in Japan in 2018-19.  ... 
doi:10.7238/a.v0i26.3374 fatcat:qaku5ltpnvfphpm3dpb7yos2um

Internet of Things for Elderly and Fragile People [article]

Andrea Zanella, Federico Mason, Patrik Pluchino, Giulia Cisotto, Valeria Orso, Luciano Gamberini
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This paper discusses the potential of the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm in the context of assisted living for elderly and fragile people, in the light of the peculiar requirements of such users, both  ...  The discussion is backed up by the description of DOMHO, a prototypal IoT-based AAL system that embodies most of the concepts described in the paper, and that is being deployed and tested in a shelter  ...  of ideas and identification of users' needs and requirements Mock-up Development of mock-ups of UIs and system prototypes for user testing Testing Evaluation of system performance, usability, accessibility  ... 
arXiv:2006.05709v1 fatcat:6cy3ycdyznfr5d5p7zkefbedx4

Open Questions in Creating Safe Open-ended AI: Tensions Between Control and Creativity [article]

Adrien Ecoffet and Jeff Clune and Joel Lehman
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The idea is that AI systems are increasingly applied in the real world, often producing unintended harms in the process, which motivates the growing field of AI safety.  ...  This paper argues that open-ended AI has its own safety challenges, in particular, whether the creativity of open-ended systems can be productively and predictably controlled.  ...  Discussion and Conclusion One of the larger challenges for safety in open-ended search is the indirectness through which a system designer influences the products of the system.  ... 
arXiv:2006.07495v1 fatcat:whdhok4ztzc7tov55c2x5ggkcq

Safe Artificial General Intelligence via Distributed Ledger Technology

Kristen W. Carlson
2019 Big Data and Cognitive Computing  
., "smart contracts" are necessary to address the evolution of AI that will be too fast for human monitoring and intervention.  ...  By systematically addressing pathways to malevolent AI we can induce the methods/axioms required to redress them.  ...  Results and Discussion Regarding the term AI "containment", Babcock et al. suggest that "containment" is an appropriate term for methodologies for controlled AGI development and safety-testing rather than  ... 
doi:10.3390/bdcc3030040 fatcat:jgexq3tvfvhizpsfahckgwsbfy

Contributions and Risks of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Building Smarter Cities: Insights from a Systematic Review of the Literature

Tan Yigitcanlar, Kevin C. Desouza, Luke Butler, Farnoosh Roozkhosh
2020 Energies  
The findings of the systematic review containing 93 articles disclose that: (a) AI in the context of smart cities is an emerging field of research and practice.  ...  Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the most disruptive technologies of our time. Interest in the use of AI for urban innovation continues to grow.  ...  [195] propose the immediate application of the following three sets of controls for AI development and testing: (a) The controls required to ensure AI system designers and developers create safe AI  ... 
doi:10.3390/en13061473 fatcat:ynlbnwsqjvcqnpuvmhwns7bgwu

Grand challenges for ambient intelligence and implications for design contexts and smart societies

Norbert Streitz, Dimitris Charitos, Maurits Kaptein, Marc Böhlen
2019 Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Smart Environments  
systems.  ...  Finally, debating the merits and shortfalls of the world's largest professional engineering community effort to craft a global standards body on ethically aligned design for autonomous and intelligent  ...  Acknowledgements The authors like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback and suggestions and Boris de Ruyter for his supporting role in the initial phase of this paper and for his detailed  ... 
doi:10.3233/ais-180507 fatcat:utgdcz7mcbe2pfdrm5ff6rxccu

The Transformation of Auto Safety Regulation: Bureaucratic Adaptation to Legal Culture

Jerry Louis Mashaw, David Harfst
2015 Social Science Research Network  
As in the case of the market for auto safety, the implications of autonomous vehicles and new software market entrants for NHTSA going forward can only be dimly perceived at present.  ...  Moreover, the motoring public is increasingly exposed to the prospect of the so-called self-driving (autonomous) vehicle. 35° If and when they are perfected, 351 autonomous vehicles suggest an astonishing  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2703370 fatcat:htxjylyto5bkrcjpwi2iczghy4

CAVs Cybersecurity threats digest and analysis

S. Steinhorst, J. Lauinger, N.A. Nijdam, A. Collen, A. Zacharaki, M. Aslam
2019 Zenodo  
research relating to the particular topic of cybersecurity in CAVs, autonomous vehicles, and smart-city infrastructures.Moreover, the limitations of state-of-the-art cybersecurity systems and the constantly  ...  This effort will start as a systemic in-depth literature review of cybersecurity environment aiming to provide explicit, reproducible and auditable methodology for evaluating and interpreting all available  ...  As it happens with the phishing and drive by attacks the potential problems that will be created are depended on the use of the sniffed credentials from the attacker.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4728214 fatcat:fonojcfo6fdzbnc7oz6w66zoh4

Is Brain Emulation Dangerous?

Peter Eckersley, Anders Sandberg
2013 Journal of Artificial General Intelligence  
We conclude that the riskiness of brain emulation probably depends on the order of the preceding research trajectory.  ...  Broadly speaking, it appears safer for brain emulation to happen sooner, because slower CPUs would make the technology's impact more gradual.  ...  Acknowledgements We wish to give thanks to Toby Ord, Stuart Armstrong, Robin Hanson and Nick Bostrom for many helpful discussions. We also wish to thank for very constructive reviewer comments.  ... 
doi:10.2478/jagi-2013-0011 fatcat:3wlj5oyuundm3fp24hfxovu72m

The Planetary Stacking Order of Multilayered Crowd-AI Systems [chapter]

2022 Digital Work in the Planetary Market  
What is the impact of the high demand for artificial intelligence (AI) training data for autonomous vehicles on the working conditions of crowdworkers?  ...  as its fragilities and uncertainties for the different stakeholders.  ...  One interrelated consequence that has not yet been taken sufficiently into consideration in the debate around the public safety of self-driving vehicles is that by training cars based on these siloed datasets  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/13835.003.0012 fatcat:5lauadeetfad3b54w6n637kp3i

AI to optimize the effectiveness and efficiency of public services [chapter]

2022 Artificial Intelligence and Democracy  
Autonomous driving systems illustrate well how an AI system functions.  ...  Accountability: existence of accountability mechanisms for the externalities of AI systems; 3. Safety and Security: ensuring that the AI system does not present any vulnerability; 4.  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781788977319.00006 fatcat:y7dkz247m5bsjgawg5gldbcav4

The Persistence of Motion

Jinhyoung Lee, The Academy of Mobility Humanities, Konkuk University, South Korea
2021 Kritike: An Online Journal of Philosophy  
fragile point of the multitude.  ...  In this respect, there is a need to properly understand potential problems caused by the (current) inability of intelligent systems such as autonomous vehicles "to annotate and categorize the driving environment  ...  Agamben's description of the camps as a paradigm of political space "at the point at which politics becomes biopolitics and homo sacer is virtually confused with the citizen" 48 helps specify an aspect  ... 
doi:10.25138/14.3.cp fatcat:pboewbufzrat3oi2gkg5n2tfoa

Vision Screening in Adults Across the Life Span

Helen S. Cohen, Jasmine Stitz, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Susan P. Williams
2018 Southern medical journal (Birmingham, Ala. Print)  
You perform a careful history and physi cal examination, and order some laboratory tests to help determine the cause of his atrial fibrillation. When you ask Mr.  ...  Evans, a 72-year-old man with coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure, arrives for an office visit after fainting yesterday and reports complaints of "light headedness" for the past two weeks  ...  Acknowledgements This Physician's Guide to Assessing and Counseling Older Drivers is the product of a cooperative agreement between the American Medical Association and the National Highway Traffic Safety  ... 
doi:10.14423/smj.0000000000000762 pmid:29394428 pmcid:PMC5798005 fatcat:v2k63uj4k5bphbkcgkcfkswaze

Simulation and Modeling Applications in Global Health Security [chapter]

Arthur J. French
2020 Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications  
The advantages of SBT may be summarized as follows: (1) safety-simulated lives and health can be jeopardized to any extent required for training without harming any people; (2) economy-simulated material  ...  DOD has invested in computer games and simulation technology for increased training effectiveness and patient safety, with reduced training costs through increased preparation of personnel before costly  ...  High-frequency, low-fidelity distributed simulation has been used to prepare health-care workers on EBV personal protective equipment using virtual reality in a "fragile health system" and low literacy  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-23491-1_13 fatcat:tgcbouiulfgx7ewrq7zsp6wmou

Kickstarting Reconnection: An Approach to Legal Problems Arising from Emerging Technologies

Kayleen Manwaring
2018 Deakin Law Review  
Early and rigorous identification and categorisation of legal problems is crucial for emerging technologies, to assist in avoiding two problems: the first being the stifling of beneficial innovation by  ...  This disconnection may lead to legal problems of uncertainty, under- or over-inclusiveness of conduct in existing law, obsolescence, or the complete absence of laws regulating new behaviour.  ...  One current focus for autonomous design in eObjects is the self-driving car.  ... 
doi:10.21153/dlr2017vol22no1art722 fatcat:os6olg37czddpghksb4npr3l4u
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