Filters








439 Hits in 7.3 sec

Direct and Indirect Economic Incentives to Mitigate Nitrogen Surpluses: A Sensitivity Analysis

Alena Schmidt, Magdalena Necpalova, Albert Zimmermann, Stefan Mann, Johan Six, Gabriele Mack
2017 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
The sensitivity analysis and the results from the levy scenarios suggest that indirect instruments, such as optimizing the direct payments scheme, should be considered rather than direct instruments for  ...  an e ective N surpluses mitigation in Swiss agriculture.  ...  Therefore, the introduction of economic incentives requires a thorough ex ante analysis of potential incentive-based instruments, for which bio-economic models are appropriate. .  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.3477 fatcat:e5nnosh3mvg55atpvgfh24zn4a

Climate change mitigation and agriculture: measures, costs and policies – A literature review

Markku Ollikainen, Jussi Lankoski, Sanna Lötjönen
2020 Agricultural and Food Science  
We develop an economic model characterizing the production decisions in animal and crop production farms and link our discussion on policy instruments to them.  ...  We review the literature on climate change mitigation in agriculture with a focus on the use of climate policy instruments to incentivize the adoption of greenhouse gas mitigation measures.  ...  Acknowledgments This work is a part of research consortium "Multi-benefit solutions to climate-smart agriculture" (MULTA), funded by the Strategic Research Council of Academy of Finland (Contract No. 327342  ... 
doi:10.23986/afsci.85830 fatcat:ep3gsrmokfabbd7vrqxprp7oe4

Climate change and agriculture

David A. Jones, Obaid T. Hassan
1991 Trends in Ecology & Evolution  
Acknowledgements Many thanks to Emma Blackmore and Bill Vorley for their invaluable comments and support, and to David Hebditch for additional research on market coverage.  ...  This is because they often target inputs (fertilisers, livestock) rather than outputs (such as greenhouse gases, or nitrogen surpluses) and are set too low to have a substantial impact.  ...  The targeting of outputs (e.g. nitrogen surpluses) rather than inputs will be more effective and more cost efficient for farmers and is also perceived to be fairer.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0169-5347(91)90186-2 pmid:21232437 fatcat:cg7nnx54fncg5phbjx64qeowjy

The social inefficiency of regulating indirect land use change due to biofuels

Madhu Khanna, Weiwei Wang, Tara W. Hudiburg, Evan H. DeLucia
2017 Nature Communications  
DayCent is a globally validated ecosystem model which simulates the direct effects of land use change on soil carbon sequestration and nitrogen cycling.  ...  Direct regulations to restrict conversion of grasslands and forestland to cropland can also prevent indirect loss of carbon.  ... 
doi:10.1038/ncomms15513 pmid:28649991 pmcid:PMC5490190 fatcat:is6mfnezazhxbhxg2qsy7ppr6q

Evaluation of the Dutch implementation of the nitrates directive, the water framework directive and the national emission ceilings directive

Hans J.M. Van Grinsven, Aaldrik Tiktak, Carin W. Rougoor
2016 NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences  
Finally, we thank Johan Bouma, emeritus professor of soil science, Wageningen University and our colleague Sonja Kruitwagen and for their suggestions to improve the manuscript.  ...  We also thank Wageningen University and Research Centre; Marga Hoogeveen, Harrie Luesink and Ton van Leeuwen from the Agricultural Economics Research Institute for the use of data of the Farm accountancy  ...  So the decrease of nitrate before 2005 was both a direct and indirect effect of legislation, with low financial cost for farmers.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.njas.2016.03.010 fatcat:mdtuony4p5bc3cvaer63pv4tdm

Mitigating Agricultural Diffuse Pollution: Uncovering the Evidence Base of the Awareness–Behaviour–Water Quality Pathway

Murat Okumah, Pippa Chapman, Julia Martin-Ortega, Paula Novo
2018 Water  
An in-depth understanding and analysis of this complexity—through an integrative model covering the entire pathway—could help in the design and implementation of effective policy strategies to encourage  ...  In addition to penalties and provision of incentives, policy efforts are increasingly focusing on raising land managers' awareness regarding diffuse pollution under the expectation that this would influence  ...  Effects of lowering nitrogen and phosphorus surpluses in agriculture on the quality of groundwater and surface water in the Netherlands Netherlands Journal of Hydrology ** [46] Identifying and understanding  ... 
doi:10.3390/w11010029 fatcat:nsknqrnjtnaf5pp2ntg47dguxy

Review of indexing tools for identifying high risk areas of phosphorus loss in Nordic catchments

G. Heckrath, M. Bechmann, P. Ekholm, B. Ulén, F. Djodjic, H.E. Andersen
2008 Journal of Hydrology  
Falling P surpluses in agriculture for more than a decade and voluntary programmes of good agricultural practice have not reduced P losses to surface waters, while general regulatory measures have primarily  ...  To gain acceptance amongst stakeholders and inform river basin 0022-1694/$ -see front matter ª  ...  The authors wish to thank the Nordic Council of Ministers for providing funding for the workshop.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.10.039 fatcat:q53tfqs2m5hvlidyptlgyx64oi

Benchmarking Eco-Efficiency and Footprints of Dutch Agriculture in European Context and Implications for Policies for Climate and Environment

Hans J. M. van Grinsven, Martha M. van Eerdt, Henk Westhoek, Sonja Kruitwagen
2019 Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems  
However, emissions of ammonia, surpluses of nitrogen and phosphorus, and use of pesticides per hectare of agricultural land are also among the highest in the EU.  ...  We carried out a Life Cycle Analysis for production of milk, pork, poultry, potato, and wheat in other EU countries which disclosed that GHG emission per unit of product in the Netherlands is similar to  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Lody Kuling and Hans Blonk of Blonk Consultants (Gouda, NL) for doing the LCA and for their helpful comments to the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fsufs.2019.00013 fatcat:qdm7zrh5zbfn7l7qfgywzxslre

Allocation of New Zealand Units Within Agriculture in the New Zealand Emissions Trading System

Suzi Kerr, Wei Zhang
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Previous empirical studies have addressed a variety of questions, including what the economic impact of the system is and on whom, how much leakage is there likely to be, and what might be the adjustment  ...  This paper addresses one of the key issues for making an agricultural emissions trading system a success: how to use the allocation of NZ units to achieve equitable and acceptable cost sharing and a smoother  ...  Any allocation method needs to be sensitive to this and may need to be able to respond in a flexible way.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1604248 fatcat:haenctd3nbbuphljnolszeetve

Nitrogen–climate interactions in US agriculture

G. Philip Robertson, Tom W. Bruulsema, Ron J. Gehl, David Kanter, Denise L. Mauzerall, C. Alan Rotz, Candiss O. Williams
2012 Biogeochemistry  
Agriculture in the United States (US) cycles large quantities of nitrogen (N) to produce food, fuel, and fiber and is a major source of excess reactive nitrogen (Nr) in the environment.  ...  Nitrogen lost from cropping systems and animal operations moves to waterways, groundwater, and the atmosphere.  ...  Acknowledgments This work resulted from a workshop supported by NSF Research Coordination Network awards DEB-0443439 and DEB-1049744 and by the David and Lucille Packard Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10533-012-9802-4 fatcat:ear267akc5btxg5s7zuunzovue

Gypsum amendment as a means to reduce agricultural phosphorus loading: an economic appraisal

Antti Iho, Marita Laukkanen
2012 Agricultural and Food Science  
This study analyzes the economic feasibility of gypsum amendment as a means to reduce particulate and dissolved phosphorus loads from arable areas.  ...  When accounting for the costs and benefits to the society on the whole, gypsum treatment suits best to mitigation of phosphorus losses from soils with excessively high phosphorus reserves; once a threshold  ...  We would also like to thank two anonymous referees for helpful comments and suggestions that substantially improved the paper.  ... 
doi:10.23986/afsci.6832 fatcat:pjdyn5aqfraqdfwvfeaqnioeyy

The Kyoto Protocol and the Effect of Existing and Planned Measures in the Agricultural and Forestry Sector in the EU25

Carlo Giupponi, Francesco Bosello, Barbara K. Buchner, Jacopo Crimi, Andrea Povellato
2007 Social Science Research Network  
National Communication were used in this reports as the main source of information to develop a country by country survey of policy measureboth from a qualitative and a quantitative perspective -allowing  ...  The role of agriculture as both a source of and as a sink of greenhouse gases (GHG) varies significantly because of the diversity of production systems adopted by farmers and of the environmental conditions  ...  expected to reduce the pressure on the environment as well as to cut farm surpluses.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.962380 fatcat:fdepozwy2zf33nedxc2k3ellae

Smart Farming Technologies in Arable Farming: Towards a Holistic Assessment of Opportunities and Risks

Sebastian Lieder, Christoph Schröter-Schlaack
2021 Sustainability  
In particular, a reduction in fertilizer and pesticide application rates through mapping, sensing and precise application can lead to environmental benefits.  ...  The potential of SF to aid in the reduction in the environmental impacts of individual agricultural work steps was examined via an analysis of current literature.  ...  With regard to environmental risks associated with SF, we distinguish between direct and indirect risks.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13126783 fatcat:umdg6bcho5akrbs7m4pht7ci44

Biogas Technology for Sustainable Energy Generation: Development and Perspectives

Abdeen Omer
2017 MOJ Applied Bionics and Biomechanics  
The current literature is reviewed regarding the ecological, social, cultural and economic impacts of biogas technology.  ...  However, to be truly competitive in an open market situation, higher value products are required.  ...  In some countries, a wide range of economic incentives and other measures are already helping to protect the environment.  ... 
doi:10.15406/mojabb.2017.01.00022 fatcat:ttioslozl5amdmqndt7d4fgcuq

Cattle ranching intensification in Brazil can reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by sparing land from deforestation

A. S. Cohn, A. Mosnier, P. Havlik, H. Valin, M. Herrero, E. Schmid, M. O'Hare, M. Obersteiner
2014 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We use an economic model of global land use to investigate, from 2010 to 2030, the global agricultural outcomes, land use changes, and GHG abatement resulting from two potential Brazilian policies: a tax  ...  A revenue-neutral combination of the policies could be an element of a sustainable development strategy for Brazil and other emerging economies seeking to balance agricultural development and forest protection  ...  Equilibrium prices are the result of a simulation to maximize the sum of the producer and consumer surpluses (54) .  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1307163111 pmid:24778243 pmcid:PMC4034253 fatcat:bjmc37gksnhrhlguqyooejg3qu
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 439 results