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Index [chapter]

2012 Handbook of Loss Prevention and Crime Prevention  
codecs, 267-268 display issues, 269-270 display parity, 269-270 frame rates, 268 resolution, 268 storage issues, 270 Digital video recorder (DVR) CCTV, 72 example, 236f raster scanning, 228  ...  survey, 72 Digital communicators, central alarm stations, 202 Digital image resolution basic considerations, 268 MPEG, 269f Digital scanning, basic process, 228f, 229 Digital video cameras and  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-385246-5.00054-7 fatcat:mhh3wkdcljfjdams4mueht6dl4

All You Can Eat or Breaking a Real-World Contactless Payment System [chapter]

Timo Kasper, Michael Silbermann, Christof Paar
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We found several flaws implying severe security vulnerabilities on the system level that allow for devastating attacks including identity theft and recharging the amount of money on the cards.  ...  For some systems, so-called "shadow accounts" exist for each card that contain the amount of money stored at the instant of the last synchronization and could be used for detecting fraud or functional  ...  Hence, the fraud will not be detected in the back-end. This option would harm only the victim, while no damage is caused for the issuing institution.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14577-3_28 fatcat:ksok6q44g5hhdgt43f3pq2knsq

Towards Big Data Electricity Theft Detection Based on Improved RUSBoost Classifiers in Smart Grid

Rehan Akram, Nasir Ayub, Imran Khan, Fahad R. Albogamy, Gul Rukh, Sheraz Khan, Muhammad Shiraz, Kashif Rizwan
2021 Energies  
The advent of the new millennium, with the promises of the digital age and space technology, favors humankind in every perspective.  ...  Energy theft is a universal electric problem in many countries, with a possible loss of billions of dollars for electric companies.  ...  synthesized to detect suspected fraud consumers.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14238029 fatcat:oe6vfrjdeze2loq3jupdnsybla

Blockchain in Global Supply Chains and Cross Border Trade: A Critical Synthesis of the State-of-the-Art, Challenges and Opportunities [article]

Yanling Chang, Eleftherios Iakovou, Weidong Shi4
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Blockchain will improve business for all global supply chain stakeholders by providing enhanced traceability, facilitating digitisation, and securing chain-of-custody.  ...  Another plague in the sector is food fraud.  ...  Binding the Physical and Digital for Complete Trust Binding the physical world with information stored on a blockchain is the closed loop required for complete, absolute trust.  ... 
arXiv:1901.02715v1 fatcat:mntyocenvncedgypwmz6nxmsfe

COVID-19: Unmasking Telemedicine

Nathan Hare, Priya Bansal, Sakina S. Bajowala, Stuart L. Abramson, Sheva Chervinskiy, Robert Corriel, David W. Hauswirth, Sujani Kakumanu, Reena Mehta, Quratulain Rashid, Michael R. Rupp, Jennifer Shih (+1 others)
2020 Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice  
social/physical distancing in order to continue to treat patients with a variety of allergic and immunologic conditions.  ...  rapidly accelerated since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.1 Telemedicine provides increased access to medical care and helps to mitigate risk by conserving personal protective equipment and providing for  ...  INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEMS Intrusion detection systems run the gamut from complex hostbased detection to lightweight network-based detection.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jaip.2020.06.038 pmid:32603900 pmcid:PMC7320693 fatcat:mscwx3wtrvb6bfxi4u2e5xpy44

Taxes in an e-commerce generation

David R. Agrawal, William F. Fox
2016 International Tax and Public Finance  
We discuss the arguments for the destination principle as the appropriate place-of-taxation rule for consumption taxation of cross-border trade.  ...  various policy options in the United States -maintaining the status quo, changing nexus rules, states adopting information reporting, and national reforms that require firms to remit taxes regardless of physical  ...  However, physical products purchased online could be distinguished as 28 Some proposed solutions to carousel fraud include conducting background checks or site visits of firms registering for VAT and making  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10797-016-9422-3 fatcat:kamubdqqujcvdbfpysfnukih5a

There is an elephant in the room: Towards a critique on the use of fairness in biometrics [article]

Ana Valdivia, Júlia Corbera-Serrajòrdia, Aneta Swianiewicz
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Yet whilst concerns towards the racialised use of this technology for migration control have been on the rise, investment in the biometrics industry and innovation is increasing considerably.  ...  We also thank Claudia Aradau, Sarah Perret, Lucrezia Canzutti and Tobias Blanke for their expert editing advice that greatly improved the article; and Lorena Jaume-Paulasí and Reuben Binns for their ethical  ...  Acknowledgments We are grateful to Martina Tazzioli for her detailed and insightful comments on early drafts.  ... 
arXiv:2112.11193v2 fatcat:m53vgggakrdodpo4c2izbz3gea

Blockchain in Insurance: Exploratory Analysis of Prospects and Threats

Anokye Acheampong AMPONSAH, Adebayo Felix, Benjamin Asubam
2021 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Fig. 7 . 7 Framework for Fraud Detection during Claim Submission or Policy Issuance. Fig. 8 . 8 KYC Compliance Framework using Blockchain. Fig. 9 . 9 Sharding Processes. Source: [50] .  ...  chronic disabilities (cognitive or physical).  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0120153 fatcat:rkefhtym65ekhlrxapdnvphyka

Adversarial Attacks Against Medical Deep Learning Systems [article]

Samuel G. Finlayson, Hyung Won Chung, Isaac S. Kohane, Andrew L. Beam
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To this end, we outline the healthcare economy and the incentives it creates for fraud and provide concrete examples of how and why such attacks could be realistically carried out.  ...  For each of our representative medical deep learning classifiers, both white and black box attacks were highly successful.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Aleksander Madry, Dimitris Tsipras, Yun Liu, Jasper Snoek, Alex Wiltschko for a helpful review of our manuscript.  ... 
arXiv:1804.05296v3 fatcat:wx46luxmavbyjocw7meiqusduy


Dr. P.S. Aithal, Prof. Amith D. Menezes
2019 Zenodo  
. %) having food security.  ...  Important issue is mobile network operator (MNO) e-money issue for better and healthy Digital Finance inclusion. A nonbank and non-MNO e-money issue for sustainable Digital Finance inclusion.  ...  reducing fraud and allowing the fair allocation of responsibility for compensation from fraud.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3369601 fatcat:36pzraub2zgx3hxb3gnowzrya4

Fraud and misconduct in clinical research

Frank Wells
1997 Accountability in Research  
The University of Chicago responded by developing a two-year "scientific integrity" programme and concluded that, when a new researcher joins an institution (university, FRAUD AND MISCONDUCT IN BIOMEDICAL  ...  Dr Elizabeth Clough, Deputy Director of Research and Development for the Trent region in the UK and a member of the steering group who developed the framework, said; "There were two main imperatives for  ...  Detecting clinical fraud The detection of clinical fraud is not easy.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08989629708573893 pmid:11654814 fatcat:mbhr3sgdvrcw7medtesyrb27bi

Blockchain protocols in clinical trials: Transparency and traceability of consent

Mehdi Benchoufi, Raphael Porcher, Philippe Ravaud
2017 F1000Research  
Clinical trial consent for protocols and their revisions should be transparent for patients and traceable for stakeholders.  ...  Seife C: Research misconduct identified by the US Food and Drug Administration: out of sight, out of mind, out of the peer-reviewed literature. JAMA Intern Med. 2015; 175(4): 567-77.  ...  OpenPGP (the most established method for digital identity and signatures) relies on a web of trust model to link digital identities to physical identities.  ... 
doi:10.12688/f1000research.10531.1 pmid:29167732 pmcid:PMC5676196 fatcat:v6zal2qwlvevdcvbqg5s22og54

Cryptocurrency and the Myth of the Trustless Transaction

Rebecca M. Bratspies
2018 Social Science Research Network  
Physical money by and large does not share this problem. The parties to a transaction physically transfer the asset between themselves.  ...  Blockchain Guide, BITCOIN, (last visited Nov. 2, 2018). 162. SPV stands for "simplified payment verification."  ...  also reduce food waste. 324 Yet, Prodeum was a scam.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3141605 fatcat:nplhy3pofjbaxjsf6aojbyckfm

Blockchain protocols in clinical trials: Transparency and traceability of consent

Mehdi Benchoufi, Raphael Porcher, Philippe Ravaud
2017 F1000Research  
Clinical trial consent for protocols and their revisions should be transparent for patients and traceable for stakeholders.  ...  Seife C: Research misconduct identified by the US Food and Drug Administration: out of sight, out of mind, out of the peer-reviewed literature. JAMA Intern Med. 2015; 175(4): 567-77.  ...  to fraud. to fraud.  ... 
doi:10.12688/f1000research.10531.2 pmid:29167732 pmcid:PMC5676196 fatcat:so4zwdd7afbthltmvnjrujagem

COVID-19 Antibody Test / Vaccination Certification: There's an app for that [article]

Marc Eisenstadt, Manoharan Ramachandran, Niaz Chowdhury, Allan Third, John Domingue
2020 arXiv   pre-print
to avoid restrictive ownership of sensitive digital keys and/or data.  ...  Results: Our mobile phone app and decentralized server architecture enable the mixture of verifiability and privacy in a manner derived from public/private key pairs and digital signatures, generalized  ...  , antibody detection, and likely immunity to COVID-19 [5] .  ... 
arXiv:2004.07376v3 fatcat:yteg3wjtefhl7gihtfaweodpgm
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