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Digital Contact Tracing Service: An improved decentralized design for privacy and effectiveness [article]

Kilian Holzapfel, Martina Karl, Linus Lotz, Georg Carle, Christian Djeffal, Christian Fruck, Christian Haack, Dirk Heckmann, Philipp H. Kindt, Michael Köppl, Patrick Krause, Lolian Shtembari (+25 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a decentralized digital contact tracing service that preserves the users' privacy by design while complying to the highest security standards.  ...  We trace the users' contacts and the possible spread of infectious diseases while preventing location tracking of users, protecting their data and identity.  ...  Additionally we show a way to trace second order contacts in a decentralized system while protecting the privacy of the user.  ... 
arXiv:2006.16960v1 fatcat:mse4iov7bja5tkxjlxsgdgl5le

Digital Contact Tracing Powered By Blockchain.pdf

Diego Roma
Country leaders and policy-makers are debating on the most effective methods and systems of reintegration and opening borders once the curve has flattened, since this is happening at various times and  ...  deadlines, this paper aims to explore and consider possible solutions that could be put in place to keep borders safe from spill overs of COVID-19 by tracking travellers, and their medical records and  ...  and Vaccination Certificates, Screening Travellers, Pandemic, Contact Tracing, Digital Contact Tracing in a Pandemic OR COVID19, Economy Effect of the Pandemic OR COVID19, Tracing Travellers in a Time  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.13330871.v1 fatcat:huqqp2hr25dgjj3gucqrdoozzu

Digital contact tracing for COVID-19

Robert A. Kleinman, Colin Merkel
2020 CMAJ - Canadian Medical Association Journal  
What is the optimal path forward for digital contact tracing?  ...  (Data deletion maintains privacy and may assuage concerns about surveillance that prevent adoption; however, it limits retrospective audits of an app's accuracy and efforts to improve effectiveness.)  ...  Competing interests: In March and early April, the authors developed a prototype of a geolocation-based contact tracing app.  ... 
doi:10.1503/cmaj.200922 pmid:32461324 pmcid:PMC7828844 fatcat:yvw26sedyjeb3pv5t7gnfjlkx4

Ethics of digital contact tracing wearables

G Owen Schaefer, Angela Ballantyne
2021 Journal of Medical Ethics  
We argue that governments have an ethical obligation to ensure fair access to the protective benefits of contract tracing during the pandemic and that wearables are an effective way of addressing some  ...  The most contentious issues about contact tracing apps have been the potential infringements of privacy and individual liberty, especially where the use of apps or other technology (such as wearables or  ...  Developing and distributing contact tracing wearables has the potential to substantially improve the effectiveness and equity of existing contact tracing apps.  ... 
doi:10.1136/medethics-2020-106958 pmid:33990428 pmcid:PMC8127281 fatcat:zpman2bpc5afjdl7oixt7i4j7i

Mobile Applications for Privacy-Preserving Digital Contact Tracing

Christos Laoudias, Steffen Meyer, Philippos Isaia, Thomas Windisch, Justus Benzler, Maximilian Lenkeit
2022 Zenodo  
Presentation slides of the advanced seminar "Mobile Applications for Privacy-Preserving Digital Contact Tracing" presented at the 23rd IEEE Intl. Conference on Mobile Data Management (MDM 2022).  ...  Mobile applications for triggering Covid-19 exposure notifications without sacrificing the users' privacy are a promising tool for complementing manual contact tracing that is a resource-demanding and  ...  Limited privacy 20 Mobile Applications for Privacy-Preserving Digital Contact Tracing @ 23 rd IEEE MDM 2022, Online, June 8, 2022 Mobile Applications for Privacy-Preserving Digital Contact Tracing  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6622627 fatcat:fkcwwnz4ebg6jhjpkpae77n7su

KHOVID: Interoperable Privacy Preserving Digital Contact Tracing [article]

Xiang Cheng, Hanchao Yang, Archanaa S Krishnan, Patrick Schaumont, Yaling Yang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
However, an effective DCT must not only preserve user privacy but also augment the existing manual contact tracing process.  ...  To accelerate the laborious manual contact tracing process, digital contact tracing (DCT) tools can track contact events transparently and privately by using the sensing and signaling capabilities of the  ...  Smartphone-based Digital Contact Tracing (DCT) systems have been proposed in an attempt to improve the speed of finding close contacts [12, 43, 46, 52] .  ... 
arXiv:2012.09375v1 fatcat:b7cxoej2lnahvd6qa3qz6bxgp4

COVID-19: digital contact tracing technologies and ethical challenges

Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Vidya Kuniyil, Jeeja Mathummal Cherumanalil
2020 International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health  
Globally 47 contact tracing apps are available and for maximally effective for contact identification it should be adopted by 60-75% of a country's population.  ...  Digital contact tracing technologies (DCTT) are used in public health surveillance to support rapid reporting, data management and analysis with the intention to improve the efficacy of the health system  ...  Digital contact tracing technologies (DCTT) are used in public health surveillance to support rapid reporting, data management and analysis in many countries with the intention to improve the efficacy  ... 
doi:10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20203027 fatcat:dyocw7fkevah5acm2yl6ao5tie

Public Health, Technology, and Human Rights: Lessons from Digital Contact Tracing [article]

Maria Carnovale, Khahlil Louisy
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To mitigate inefficiencies in manual contact tracing processes, Digital Contact Tracing and Exposure Notifications Systems were developed for use as public-interest technologies during the SARS-CoV-2 global  ...  Effective implementation of these tools requires alignment across several factors, including local regulations and policies and trust in government and public health officials.  ...  Data privacy Most digital contact tracing and exposure notification apps are decentralized and privacypreserving.  ... 
arXiv:2107.07552v1 fatcat:gpz2b6wttnes7jnolmcvlxzlbi

Comparative Study of Privacy Preserving-Contact Tracing on Digital Platforms

Forum Bhavesh Patel, Nilakshi Jain, Ramesh Menon, Srikanth Kodeboyina
2020 2020 International Conference on Computational Intelligence (ICCI)  
This revolution has bought many new applications and new technologies, now aiming at replacement with improving effectiveness and efficiency of manual contact tracing with new approaches with maintaining  ...  The rapid development in digital infrastructure such as computing power and less expensive mobile devices and explosive growth of the internet has made an impact on digital processing.  ...  CONCLUSION This paper has presented in depth most widely used methods with its advantages and disadvantages for privacy preservingcontact tracing on digital platforms.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icci51257.2020.9247782 fatcat:zjz3lwcxbzeyjcdchgusfjfgia

Digital Contact Tracing Against COVID-19 in Europe: Current Features and Ongoing Developments

Alessandro Blasimme, Agata Ferretti, Effy Vayena
2021 Frontiers in Digital Health  
These developments signal a shift from a strict interpretation of data minimization and purpose limitation toward a more expansive approach to digital contact tracing in Europe, calling for careful scrutiny  ...  Our study highlights that while privacy and data protection are at the core of contact tracing apps in Europe, countries differ in their technical protocols, and in their capacity to utilize collected  ...  Furthermore, this feature is an ingenious way to integrate manual and digital contact tracing.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdgth.2021.660823 pmid:34713135 pmcid:PMC8521942 fatcat:imtvkmyvunef7mt2r53ewpajme

Safer together

Jason Bay
2022 XRDS Crossroads The ACM Magazine for Students  
A pioneer of digital contact tracing discusses the considerations that went into building the world's first national contact tracing app and ponders the future of the technology.  ...  Digital contact tracing was unproven. Would it be given the chance to learn, improve, and demonstrate its value to medical science and public health?  ...  Without losing sight of the raison d'etre for contact tracing, we designed the system to decentralize the recording and storage of proximity logs on users' own devices (or on a non-connected hardware device  ... 
doi:10.1145/3522695 fatcat:yt4bg4eryvbnxmpu3nybdhtasa

Demystifying COVID-19 digital contact tracing: A survey on frameworks and mobile apps [article]

Tania Martin, Georgios Karopoulos, José L. Hernández-Ramos, Georgios Kambourakis, Igor Nai Fovino
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The development of digital tracing apps, which among others are aimed at automatising and globalising the prompt alerting of individuals at risk in a privacy-preserving manner is a prominent example of  ...  Bluetooth, and specifically its Low Energy (BLE) power-conserving variant has emerged as the most promising short-range wireless network technology to implement the contact tracing service.  ...  Acknowledgment Authors would like to thank Massimiliano Gusmini for the figures.  ... 
arXiv:2007.11687v2 fatcat:jth2wbomznbllkjylmenhrs4qi

Data Quality and Network Considerations for Mobile Contact Tracing and Health Monitoring

Riya Dave, Rashmi Gupta
2021 Frontiers in Digital Health  
We then identify where our requirements can be met, as countries have varying contact tracing apps and smartphone usages.  ...  Contact tracing apps are just one area reaping the benefits, as ML can use location and health data from these apps to forecast virus spread, predict "hotspots," and identify vulnerable groups.  ...  In addition, models that examined digital contact tracing have replicated disease outbreaks in schools and found that the digital system successfully identified participants' close contacts (10) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdgth.2021.590194 pmid:34977855 pmcid:PMC8715913 fatcat:h2znozrxfrfcvkkpliducs66kq

Digital Contact Tracing: Large-scale Geolocation Data as an Alternative to Bluetooth-based Apps' Failure [article]

José González Cabañas, Ángel Cuevas, Rubén Cuevas, Martin Maier
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This urges the research community to re-open the debate and explore new avenues that lead to efficient contact-tracing solutions.  ...  The currently deployed contact-tracing mobile apps have failed as an efficient solution in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  until an effective contact-tracing solution is found.  ... 
arXiv:2101.07024v1 fatcat:soaadqdok5dorc4v66e3vruzl4

Digital Contact Tracing Applications during COVID-19: A Scoping Review about Public Acceptance

My Villius Zetterholm, Yanqing Lin, Päivi Jokela
2021 Informatics  
Digital contact tracing applications (CTAs) have been one of the most widely discussed technical methods of controlling the COVID-19 outbreak.  ...  The effectiveness of this technology and its ethical justification depend highly on public acceptance and adoption.  ...  Instead, the participants preferred a centralized model based on their national health service system and a combination of digital and human contact tracing.  ... 
doi:10.3390/informatics8030048 fatcat:ikl3sgir3rgkvlmio2xztbifhi
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