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Recent advances in the use of MRI to assess early human cortical development

Jeffrey J. Neil, Christopher D. Smyser
2018 Journal of magnetic resonance (San Diego, Calif. 1997 : Print)  
The fundamentals of each MR method are described, followed by a discussion of application of the method to developing cortex and potential clinical uses.  ...  Over the past decade, a number of advanced magnetic resonance-based methods have been brought to bear on questions related to early development of the human cerebral cortex.  ...  He is an intelligent, patient and kind teacher with a unique sense of humor, and also a loyal friend.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2018.05.013 pmid:29894905 pmcid:PMC6047926 fatcat:etx3fqlelfbv7br2rgnhgrp6g4

Mapping Infant Brain Myelination with Magnetic Resonance Imaging

S. C. L. Deoni, E. Mercure, A. Blasi, D. Gasston, A. Thomson, M. Johnson, S. C. R. Williams, D. G. M. Murphy
2011 Journal of Neuroscience  
Here we present the first quantitative study of myelination in healthy human infants, from 3 to 11 months of age.  ...  Using a new myelin-specific MRI technique, we report a spatiotemporal pattern beginning in the cerebellum, pons, and internal capsule; proceeding caudocranially from the splenium of the corpus callosum  ...  Using the mcDESPOT technique, we have noninvasively mapped myelin content throughout the brain in healthy infants for the first time, providing the first quantitative visualization of brain myelination  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.2106-10.2011 pmid:21228187 pmcid:PMC6623428 fatcat:45p6n4pqzvgg5c4mjpaqbsicki

Interactions between White Matter Asymmetry and Language during Neurodevelopment

J. O'Muircheartaigh, D. C. Dean, H. Dirks, N. Waskiewicz, K. Lehman, B. A. Jerskey, S. C. L. Deoni
2013 Journal of Neuroscience  
The relationship between language ability and asymmetry of myelin stabilized at ∼4 years, indicating anatomical evidence for a critical time during development before which environmental influence on cognition  ...  However, the developmental basis and trajectory of this asymmetry is unclear, and its relationship(s) to functional and cognitive development, especially language, remain to be fully elucidated.  ...  To investigate developmental asymmetry in human brain myelination, we measured myelin content in a large sample of 108 typically developing infants and young children, aged between 1 and 6 years.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1463-13.2013 pmid:24107949 pmcid:PMC3792458 fatcat:7uk6ir7flrc5roz7ves6zzpu6a

Altered lateralization of dorsal language tracts in 6‐week‐old infants at risk for autism

Janelle Liu, Tawny Tsang, Lisa Jackson, Carolyn Ponting, Shafali S. Jeste, Susan Y. Bookheimer, Mirella Dapretto
2018 Developmental Science  
Altered structural connectivity has been identified as a possible biomarker of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk in the developing brain.  ...  predict altered developmental trajectories prior to overt language delays and the onset of ASD symptomatology.  ...  Institute of Child Health and Human Development National Research Service Award F31 HD088102 (to JL).  ... 
doi:10.1111/desc.12768 pmid:30372577 pmcid:PMC6470045 fatcat:hmhjtql2szaupmmr3tzpgvrpxy

Microstructural maturation of the human brain from childhood to adulthood

C. Lebel, L. Walker, A. Leemans, L. Phillips, C. Beaulieu
2008 NeuroImage  
To assess structural brain maturation from childhood to adulthood, we charted brain development in subjects aged 5 to 30 years using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging, a novel brain imaging technique  ...  Differences observed in developmental timing suggest a pattern of maturation in which areas with fronto-temporal connections develop more slowly than other regions.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the Networks of Centres of Excellence -Canadian Language and Literacy Research Network (CLLRNet) for operating grants, and the Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2007.12.053 pmid:18295509 fatcat:e64swxhnonhipekhf3sjg5mgnu

Structural MRI connectome in development: challenges of the changing brain

O Tymofiyeva, C P Hess, D Xu, A J Barkovich
2014 British Journal of Radiology  
Understanding and mapping the development of the MRI connectome may offer new insights into the development of brain connectivity and plasticity, ultimately leading to improved understanding of normal  ...  that the brain is undergoing during maturation.  ...  Our specific focus is the challenge of characterizing networks in the changing brain, which is most arduous during early brain development.  ... 
doi:10.1259/bjr.20140086 pmid:24827379 pmcid:PMC4075590 fatcat:bbvhihxfc5hfrgnxbfksdzhfpe

Structural development of cortical lobes during the first 6 months of life in infant macaques

Z.A. Kovacs-Balint, C. Payne, J. Steele, L. Li, M. Styner, J. Bachevalier, M.M. Sanchez
2021 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
This study mapped the developmental trajectories of cortical regions in comparison to overall brain growth in typically developing, socially-housed infant macaques.  ...  Growth of the prefrontal, frontal, parietal, occipital, and temporal cortices (visual and auditory) was examined using MRI and age-specific infant macaque brain atlases developed by our group.  ...  For example, neuroimaging studies revealed rapid increases in total brain and WM volumes in human infants during the first 2 years of life, and in infant macaques during the first 6 months of life -although  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100906 pmid:33465553 pmcid:PMC7815644 fatcat:r7um3phxyffwtbauvqtwpg5pli

The potential of infant fMRI research and the study of early life stress as a promising exemplar

Alice M. Graham, Jennifer H. Pfeifer, Philip A. Fisher, Weili Lin, Wei Gao, Damien A. Fair
2015 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research with infants and toddlers has increased rapidly over the past decade, and provided a unique window into early brain development.  ...  In the current report, we review the state of the literature, which has established the feasibility and utility of task-based fMRI and resting state functional connectivity MRI (rs-fcMRI) during early  ...  Rapid brain development continues during infancy with frontal and primary sensory cortex showing 70-80% increases in synaptic density over the first year and half of life (Huttenlocher and Dabholkar,  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2014.09.005 pmid:25459874 pmcid:PMC4385461 fatcat:liuj7wyfl5czndk6c7q6qzch4e

Toward Developmental Connectomics of the Human Brain

Miao Cao, Hao Huang, Yun Peng, Qi Dong, Yong He
2016 Frontiers in Neuroanatomy  
Imaging connectomics based on graph theory has become an effective and unique methodological framework for studying structural and functional connectivity patterns of the developing brain.  ...  Collectively, we showed that delineation of the brain network from a connectomics perspective offers a unique and refreshing view of both normal development and neuropsychiatric disorders.  ...  Do the structural and functional brain networks develop with different maturation patterns? Are the developmental patterns different across age-ranges, such as during infancy and childhood?  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnana.2016.00025 pmid:27064378 pmcid:PMC4814555 fatcat:twlu4d2cdvbhlgyq6bktl6ed7y

EEG and the newborn

Maria Cilio
2015 Journal of Pediatric Neurology online  
The prognostic value of neonatal EEG has been long recognized in term as well as in preterm infants.  ...  Background patterns, more that patterns of ictal discharges, correlate significantly with the long-term outcome.  ...  Barkovich serves on the editorial boards of the American Journal of Neuroradiology, Neuroradiology, Brain and Development, and Neuropediatrics; receives royalties from the publication of Pediatric Neuroimaging  ... 
doi:10.3233/jpn-2009-0272 fatcat:j6esondwvvci5f55acdqnql2n4

Early Markers for Cerebral Palsy [chapter]

Ali A. Al-Mayahi
2018 Cerebral Palsy - Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects  
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term referring to a nonprogressive disease of the brain originating during the antenatal, neonatal, or early postnatal period when brain neuronal connections are still evolving  ...  Parents on the other hand are also concerned about their growing infants, their development, and neurological outcome.  ...  The plasticity of the brain is at its highest during the first 2 years and decreases gradually thereafter [9] .  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.79466 fatcat:u5zj5bohhrgjrcq43jj3zfalyy

Neurologic and neuroimaging manifestations of Cantú syndrome

Christopher R. Leon Guerrero, Sheel Pathak, Dorothy K. Grange, Gautam K. Singh, Colin G. Nichols, Jin-Moo Lee, Katie D. Vo
2016 Neurology  
The majority of patients had mild developmental delays and one patient had a diagnosis of autism.  ...  Involvement of the KATP SUR2/Kir6.1 subtype potentially plays an important role in the neurologic manifestations of Cantú syndrome.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank the patients and their families who participated and helped make this study possible.  ... 
doi:10.1212/wnl.0000000000002861 pmid:27316244 pmcid:PMC4955281 fatcat:gevmsydj25c3xkl7mmcyc7jazq

Grandchildren at High and Low Risk for Depression Differ in EEG Measures of Regional Brain Asymmetry

Gerard E. Bruder, Craig E. Tenke, Virginia Warner, Myrna M. Weissman
2007 Biological Psychiatry  
on fetal and infant brain/behavior development.  ...  Our research has centered on the role of the parent-infant relationship as the first major environmental influence on postnatal development.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2006.12.006 pmid:17481594 pmcid:PMC2129130 fatcat:k6tcws3albb2xgxedugvf2jcoq

Neurologic Correlates of Gait Abnormalities in Cerebral Palsy: Implications for Treatment

Joanne Zhou, Erin E. Butler, Jessica Rose
2017 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We first discuss brain injury in terms of mechanism, pattern, and time of injury during the prenatal, perinatal, or postnatal period in preterm and term-born children.  ...  This review of the neural basis of gait abnormalities in CP discusses what is known about links between the location and extent of brain injury and the type and severity of CP, in relation to the associated  ...  Patterns of Injury in Term-Born Infants In a study of 173 term-born infants with neonatal encephalopathy, the pattern of brain injury on MRI revealed 45% of newborns had predominantly a watershed (border  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2017.00103 pmid:28367118 pmcid:PMC5355477 fatcat:7bfhfjmw4fgwli7grss2owpe5a

A lateral-to-mesial organization of human ventral visual cortex at birth

P. Barttfeld, S. Abboud, H. Lagercrantz, U. Adén, N. Padilla, A. D. Edwards, L. Cohen, M. Sigman, S. Dehaene, G. Dehaene-Lambertz
2018 Brain Structure and Function  
The results revealed that ventral visual regions are functionally connected with their contra-lateral homologous regions and also exhibit distinct patterns of long-distance functional correlation with  ...  Finally, we observed hemispheric asymmetries in the functional correlation of key areas of the language network that may influence later adult hemispheric lateralization.  ...  Acknowledgements Authors would like to thank Elvis Dohmatob, Isabelle Denghien, François Leroy, Jessica Dubois for their constructive remarks during this work.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00429-018-1676-3 pmid:29752588 fatcat:efze6ocnkjcexdxcc565twjeuq
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