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Precision Differential Sampling Measurements of Low-Frequency Synthesized Sine Waves With an AC Programmable Josephson Voltage Standard

A. Rufenacht, C.J. Burroughs, S.P. Benz, P.D. Dresselhaus, B.C. Waltrip, T.L. Nelson
2009 IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  
We have developed a precision technique to measure sine-wave sources with the use of a quantum-accurate ac programmable Josephson voltage standard.  ...  Finally, we propose a dual-waveform approach for measuring two precision sine waves with the use of a single Josephson system.  ...  White for the helpful approaches for the data analysis of differential measurements, and B. Djokic of NRC-Canada for helpful conversations concerning the differential sampling method.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tim.2008.2008087 fatcat:7qdnalwfzjezji3ginxjbx2u5y

Synthesizing accurate voltages with superconducting quantum-based standards

Sam Benz
2010 IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine  
S. government, not subject to copyright O ver the past three decades, the quantum behavior of superconducting Josephson junctions has been exploited to dramatically improve the accuracy of dc voltage measurements  ...  Within the past couple of years, new superconducting devices, circuits, systems and measurement techniques have been developed that have begun to impact ac voltage applications.  ...  Acknowledgement The device and measurement technology advances described in this article are a result of the collaborative nature of many researchers from many national metrology institutes within the  ... 
doi:10.1109/mim.2010.5475160 fatcat:56f73qd2dfamtl5mockzoyquza

Application of the Josephson effect in electrical metrology

B. Jeanneret, S. P. Benz
2009 The European Physical Journal Special Topics  
A detailed explanation of the operation of the conventional Josephson voltage standard and its use for dc applications will be presented, including a description of the most important results.  ...  The following article reviews the history and present status of the research and development for Josephson voltage standards.  ...  It is a real pleasure to thank C. Burroughs  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjst/e2009-01050-6 fatcat:4zujtawrdjchlbzryqcwoi3kj4

Josephson voltage standards

Clark A. Hamilton
2000 Review of Scientific Instruments  
This paper reviews the development and use of Josephson voltage standards over the last 30 years, including classical dc standards, programmable standards based on binary weighted arrays, pulse-driven  ...  delta-sigma standards for ac wave-form synthesis, and single-flux-quantum voltage multipliers. ͓  ...  of the manuscript and the many helpful comments of Richard Kautz, Yi-hua Tang, Ronald Goldfarb, David Smith, and Barry Taylor.  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.1289507 fatcat:xakss77owfa5lhwz6wephchjcu

Development of Josephson voltage standards [chapter]

Johannes Kohlmann, Ralf Behr
2011 Superconductivity - Theory and Applications  
The authors would like to thank the Josephson voltage standard team at PTB.  ...  The work within this EURAMET joint research project leading to these results was supported in part by the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme, ERA-NET Plus, under Grant Agreement 217257 (JoSy  ...  Synthesis of a step-wise approximated 50 Hz sine wave using a 10 V Josephson junction series array. minimum number of samples, frequencies up t o 6 k H z h a v e b e e n u s e d t o c a l i b r a t e impedance  ... 
doi:10.5772/17031 fatcat:kuubturbdfbnlkgcyw3gsa4fzm

Josephson voltage standards

Johannes Kohlmann, Ralf Behr, Torsten Funck
2003 Measurement science and technology  
The authors would like to thank the Josephson voltage standard team at PTB.  ...  The work within this EURAMET joint research project leading to these results was supported in part by the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme, ERA-NET Plus, under Grant Agreement 217257 (JoSy  ...  Synthesis of a step-wise approximated 50 Hz sine wave using a 10 V Josephson junction series array.  ... 
doi:10.1088/0957-0233/14/8/305 fatcat:vs7qbuo4ojffdgkl5z4p3gyr3q

Tests on waveform synthesis in a new cryocooler setup

A. Sosso, B. Trinchera, P. Durandetto, E. Monticone, O. Kieler, R. Behr, J. Kohlmann
2016 2016 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM 2016)  
POLITECNICO DI TORINO Repository ISTITUZIONALE Tests on waveform synthesis in a new cryocooler setup / Sosso, A.; Trinchera, B.; Durandetto, P.; Monticone, E.; Kieler, O.; Behr, R.; Kohlmann, J.  ...  This work was partly carried out with funding by the European Union within the EMRP project JRP SIB59 Q-WAVE.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors gratefully acknowledge the contribution of D. Serazio for designing and manufacturing mechanical parts of the cryogenic apparatus and R. Cerri for the electronics.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cpem.2016.7540563 fatcat:txchdzmazjefjieo2tymbehcaa

Characterization of an analog-to-digital converter frequency response by a Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer

Javier Díaz de Aguilar, J R Salinas, Oliver Kieler, Raúl Caballero, Ralf Behr, Yolanda A Sanmamed, Ángel Méndez
2019 Measurement science and technology  
Most of the instrumentation is based on sensors that convert any quantity into an electrical signal related Measurement Science and Technology  ...  The present situation is not keeping pace with industrial and research needs.  ...  Acknowledgment This work is carried out with funding by the European Union within the EMPIR JRP SIB59 Q-WAVE, EMRP JRP 14RPT01 ACQ-PRO and EMRP JRP 15RPT TRACE-PQM.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1361-6501/aafb27 fatcat:mmryl3r5c5fx5ox3ekeqvt7sum

An ac josephson source for johnson noise thermometry

S.P. Benz, J.M. Martinis, P.D. Dresselhaus, Sae Woo Nam
2003 IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement  
We have adapted the Josephson arbitrary waveform synthesizer to create a quantized voltage noise source suitable for calibrating the cross-correlation electronics of a Johnson noise thermometer system.  ...  the properties of ultra-small Josephson junctions.  ...  This is much simpler than more recent bias schemes of the Josephson synthesizer, where large output voltages are achieved with bipolar pulses by adding a sine wave to the input drive [5] , [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tim.2003.811687 fatcat:iiwjspc3xnhfdnftqfl2xzmksu

The ampere and the electrical units in the quantum era

Wilfrid Poirier, Sophie Djordjevic, Félicien Schopfer, Olivier Thévenot
2019 Comptes rendus. Physique  
The Josephson effect (JE) and the quantum Hall effect (QHE), used to maintain voltage and resistance standards with unprecedented reproducibility since 1990, will henceforth provide realizations of the  ...  Here, we review the state-of-the-art of these standards and discuss further applications and perspectives.  ...  programme.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.crhy.2019.02.003 fatcat:h3ngf2ux2fal5acdctodmjgmee

Noise characterization of analog to digital converters for amplitude and phase noise measurements

A. C. Cárdenas-Olaya, E. Rubiola, J.-M. Friedt, P.-Y. Bourgeois, M. Ortolano, S. Micalizio, C. E. Calosso
2017 Review of Scientific Instruments  
The method retrieves the Phase Modulation and Amplitude Modulation noise by sampling around zero and maximum amplitude, a test sine-wave synchronous with the ADC clock.  ...  This results in measurement systems with extended capabilities, additional functionalities and ease of use.  ...  This work was partly supported by the ANR Programme d'Investissement d'Avenir (PIA) under the Oscillator IMP project and the First-TF network, and by grants from the Région Bourgogne Franche Comté intended  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.4984948 pmid:28667980 fatcat:de2nixphpvay7c34p3maewskcq

Fluke 8588A and Keysight 3458A DMM Sampling Performance [article]

Rado Lapuh
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Apart from their specified sampling capabilities, measurements were performed to evaluate frequency response, noise performance, including a 1 / f type noise and a timing jitter induced noise, as well  ...  The given comprehensive report is crucial for careful application of DMMs in metrology tasks with optimal utilization of their performance.  ...  A special thanks goes to Boštjan Voljč, being always ready to help with virtually everything I needed.  ... 
arXiv:2205.11321v1 fatcat:ok2vxbpzrvcidht6y7x57epsfm

Coulomb blockade effects in anodised niobium nanostructures [article]

Torsten Henning
1997 arXiv   pre-print
Samples in a single electron transistor-like geometry with two variable thickness weak links were made by combined angular evaporation of niobium and anodisation.  ...  Transport properties of these resistors were measured at millikelvin temperatures.  ...  We used a Stanford SR850DSP amplifier in current measuring mode, applying a sine shaped excitation with typical rms amplitudes of 4 mV, for very high resistive samples up to 32 mV.  ... 
arXiv:cond-mat/9710037v1 fatcat:voqi5ps365g2tgvisoxnjnrswq

Four-quadrant flux quanta counting for wide-range SQUID amplifiers

Mikko Kiviranta, Nikolai Beev
2014 Superconductors Science and Technology  
The SQUID and LNA would allow 0.07 0 /Hz 1/2 noise floor with a more silent digitizer. Operation up to 13 0 / s slew rate was demonstrated, which however is not a fundamental limitation.  ...  We have studied flux quanta counting in open loop as a way to implement SQUID amplifiers simultaneously with large dynamic range and small power dissipation.  ...  Acknowledgement This work was supported in part by the E-SQUID project, grant no. 262947 of the European Communitys 7 th framework programme (FP7/2007-2013).  ... 
doi:10.1088/0953-2048/27/7/075005 fatcat:2ijwmodrkvcqthvcwkwjpvbyuu

Superconductor analog-to-digital converters

O.A. Mukhanov, D. Gupta, A.M. Kadin, V.K. Semenov
2004 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Complete systems with digital sampling at rates of 20 GHz and above have been demonstrated using low-temperature superconductor device technology.  ...  Two major classes of superconductor analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are being developed-Nyquist sampling and oversampling converters.  ...  rate (factor of 1 : 64 decimation), and 10-MHz input sine wave.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2004.833660 fatcat:qwqz4se6ejbktgtnn3gu2oxcay
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