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Brain-Machine Interface (BMI) in paralysis

U. Chaudhary, N. Birbaumer, M.R. Curado
2015 Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine  
BMI for stroke motor recovery includes intensive BMI training linking brain activity related to patient's intention to move the paretic limb with the contingent sensory feedback of the paretic limb movement  ...  In this review, we focus on the current advances of non-invasive BMIs for communication in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and for restoration of motor impairment after severe stroke.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, Koselleck), Stiftung Volkswagenwerk (VW), and Baden-Wü rttemberg-Stiftung. M.R.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rehab.2014.11.002 pmid:25623294 fatcat:ucodptunvjd3hjorrpulpgwsqm

A Systemic Review of Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Stroke: Current Application and Future Directions

Muyue Yang, Zhen Yang, Tifei Yuan, Wuwei Feng, Pu Wang
2019 Frontiers in Neurology  
NIRS has a wide range of application, including in monitoring upper limb, lower limb recovery, motor learning, cortical function recovery, cerebral hemodynamic changes, cerebral oxygenation, as well as  ...  Further studies could give more emphasize on the combination of NIRS with other techniques and its utility in the prevention of stroke.  ...  stimulation (EMG-FES) significantly increased cerebral blood flow, and may improve upper limb function (26).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2019.00058 pmid:30804877 pmcid:PMC6371039 fatcat:zmxr3jkcyvgmjkipt2u3jxxqjm

Rehabilitation of gait after stroke: a review towards a top-down approach

Juan-Manuel Belda-Lois, Silvia Mena-del Horno, Ignacio Bermejo-Bosch, Juan C Moreno, José L Pons, Dario Farina, Marco Iosa, Marco Molinari, Federica Tamburella, Ander Ramos, Andrea Caria, Teodoro Solis-Escalante (+2 others)
2011 Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation  
The use of FES combined with different walking retraining strategies has shown to result in improvements in hemiplegic gait.  ...  Reports on non-invasive BCIs for stroke recovery are limited to the rehabilitation of upper limbs; however, some works suggest that there might be a common mechanism which influences upper and lower limb  ...  Physical Therapies in Stroke Rehabilitation of Gait Disorders.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1743-0003-8-66 pmid:22165907 pmcid:PMC3261106 fatcat:fbtks2sxbjgnramujb6hqfzvq4

Towards Effective Non-Invasive Brain-Computer Interfaces Dedicated to Gait Rehabilitation Systems

Thierry Castermans, Matthieu Duvinage, Guy Cheron, Thierry Dutoit
2013 Brain Sciences  
The timing and level of activity of the numerous muscles involved differ widely, as illustrated in Figure 3 . The complex sequence of muscle contractions is called the motor pattern for stepping.  ...  These patterns vary as a function of walking speed, the largest differences occurring between 2.0 and 2.5 km/h for most muscles.  ...  The scientific responsibility rests with its author(s). Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest. Brain Sci. 2014, 4  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci4010001 pmid:24961699 pmcid:PMC4066236 fatcat:apcstq54yfakzlsydlnczlfpeu

Brain–Computer Interface-Robot Training Enhances Upper Extremity Performance and Changes the Cortical Activation in Stroke Patients: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study

Lingyu Liu, Minxia Jin, Linguo Zhang, Qiuzhen Zhang, Dunrong Hu, Lingjing Jin, Zhiyu Nie
2022 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
intervention for the motor performance of patients after stroke with moderate or severe upper limb paresis and represents a potential strategy in stroke neurorehabilitation.  ...  We also focused on the neuroplastic changes in the primary motor cortex (M1) after BCI training.MethodsIn this study, 18 hospitalized chronic stroke patients with moderate or severe motor deficits participated  ...  The different scores reflect different extents of impairment in upper limb functions. The lower scores correspond to greater impairment.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2022.809657 pmid:35464315 pmcid:PMC9024364 fatcat:7lglrm2o3zeulbrqvzp6z26sae

Optical brain imaging and its application to neurofeedback

Surjo R. Soekadar, Simon H. Kohl, Masahito Mihara, Alexander V. Lühmann
2021 NeuroImage: Clinical  
Here, changes in the radiation's absorption or scattering allow for continuous in vivo assessment of regional neurometabolic and neurovascular activity.  ...  In contrast to MRI, fNIRS is portable and can be applied at bedside or in everyday life environments, e.g., to restore communication and movement.  ...  MM receives lecture fees from the Shimadzu Corp., and SHK receives payments to consult with Mendi Innovations AB, Stockholm, Sweden.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102577 pmid:33545580 pmcid:PMC7868728 fatcat:b47grpsjibegfnpjhbxn4hij7e

Sensors for brain-computer interfaces

L.R. Hochberg, J.P. Donoghue
2006 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine  
and education program.  ...  In addition, he is a cofounder of Cyberkinetics, Inc., Foxboro, Massachusetts, a biotech start-up that is developing brain implants to restore movements to paralyzed individuals.  ...  NIR imaging uses light-emitting diodes (optodes) attached to the scalp to record changes in cortical hemodynamics and oxygenation linked to neural activity [9] , [10] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/memb.2006.1705745 pmid:17020197 fatcat:4gmh7ik7g5brrk3dwvmkqena2i

Principles of motor recovery in post-stroke Patients Using Hand Exoskeleton Controlled by the Brain-Computer Interface Based on Motor Imagery

A.A. Frolov, D. Húsek, E.V. Biryukova, P.D. Bobrov, O.A. Mokienkoy, A.V. Alexandrov
2017 Neural Network World  
The description includes the principles and physiological prerequisites of BCI based on motor imagery, biologically adequate principles of exoskeleton design and control and the results of clinical application  ...  Motor recovery in post-stroke and post-traumatic patients using exoskeleton controlled by the brain-computer interface (BCI) is a new and promising rehabilitation procedure.  ...  Acknowledgement The work was supported by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science, grant No. RFMEFI60715X0128.  ... 
doi:10.14311/nnw.2017.27.006 fatcat:qlxc542v4jcjbe2bnpq36vpuna

Analysis of Human Gait Using Hybrid EEG-fNIRS-Based BCI System: A Review

Haroon Khan, Noman Naseer, Anis Yazidi, Per Kristian Eide, Hafiz Wajahat Hassan, Peyman Mirtaheri
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Third, hybrid temporal and spatial features, obtained by virtue of fusing EEG and fNIRS and associated with cortical activation, can help better identify the correlation between brain activation and gait  ...  Human gait is a complex activity that requires high coordination between the central nervous system, the limb, and the musculoskeletal system.  ...  Non-invasive BCIs are limited to upper limb rehabilitation.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.613254 pmid:33568979 pmcid:PMC7868344 fatcat:syxy7hu74fdj7e3azv7etcglya

Real-Time Subject-Independent Pattern Classification of Overt and Covert Movements from fNIRS Signals

Neethu Robinson, Ali Danish Zaidi, Mohit Rana, Vinod A. Prasad, Cuntai Guan, Niels Birbaumer, Ranganatha Sitaram, Eleni Vasilaki
2016 PLoS ONE  
In the first two experiments, activations in the motor cortex during movement execution and movement imagery were used to develop subject-dependent models that obtained high classification accuracies thereby  ...  This method has important applications in the field of hemodynamic BCIs, and neuro-rehabilitation where patients can be trained to learn spatio-temporal patterns of healthy brain activity.  ...  An earlier study comparing fMRI-BOLD activations between MI and ME in a similar task reports similar activations, with ME leading to larger activations in the M1 (primary motor cortex) and MI leading to  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0159959 pmid:27467528 pmcid:PMC4965045 fatcat:j3mkik4ejngoroaw47jlg5dheu

Reduced Gait Variability and Enhanced Brain Activity in Older Adults With Auditory Cues: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Study

Rodrigo Vitorio, Samuel Stuart, Lilian T. B. Gobbi, Lynn Rochester, Lisa Alcock, Annette Pantall
2018 Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair  
Conclusion These findings suggest that walking improves with RAC in older adults and is achieved through increased activity in multiple cortical areas.  ...  Objectives This study aimed to investigate the effects of RAC during walking on cortical activation and the relationship between RAC-related cortical changes and cognitive function, depressive symptoms  ...  Differences in motor cortical activity in response to cued walking: the effects of age.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1545968318805159 pmid:30411674 fatcat:iwqrseewzrbb5fwyfly277rooq

Brain-Machine Interfaces: From Basic Science to Neuroprostheses and Neurorehabilitation

Mikhail A. Lebedev, Miguel A. L. Nicolelis
2017 Physiological Reviews  
BMI studies have shown neural control over the movements of robotic and virtual actuators that enact both upper and lower limb functions.  ...  Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) combine methods, approaches, and concepts derived from neurophysiology, computer science, and engineering in an effort to establish real-time bidirectional links between  ...  a common motor goal of a typical upper limb BMI (657) .  ... 
doi:10.1152/physrev.00027.2016 pmid:28275048 fatcat:26dy2lgh6nfppd3mjgoofyit6u

Brain Computer Interfaces, a Review

Luis Fernando Nicolas-Alonso, Jaime Gomez-Gil
2012 Sensors  
Third, the review includes some techniques used in the signal enhancement step to deal with the artifacts in the control signals and improve the performance.  ...  First, the review examines the neuroimaging modalities used in the signal acquisition step, each of which monitors a different functional brain activity such as electrical, magnetic or metabolic activity  ...  Typical peripherals such as keyboard, mouse or joystick were offered to allow the device control through upper limb residual motor abilities.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s120201211 pmid:22438708 pmcid:PMC3304110 fatcat:rinslsoovba4hizv3ugwdy6g2e

Motor Training Using Mental Workload (MWL) With an Assistive Soft Exoskeleton System: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) Study for Brain–Machine Interface (BMI)

Umer Asgher, Muhammad Jawad Khan, Muhammad Hamza Asif Nizami, Khurram Khalil, Riaz Ahmad, Yasar Ayaz, Noman Naseer
2021 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
Assistive technologies' design and operation are required to have an easy interface with the brain with fewer protocols, in an attempt to optimize mobility and autonomy.  ...  Robotic prosthetics methodologies are employed for assisting hemiplegic patients in performing routine activities.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS All the authors would like to acknowledge the RISE lab, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (SMME), National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Islamabad, Pakistan  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2021.605751 pmid:33815084 pmcid:PMC8012849 fatcat:fhmisfalgbddhmf5rhigtzfo3u

Decoding of Ankle Flexion and Extension from Cortical Current Sources Estimated from Non-invasive Brain Activity Recording Methods

Alejandra Mejia Tobar, Rikiya Hyoudou, Kahori Kita, Tatsuhiro Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kambara, Yousuke Ogata, Takashi Hanakawa, Yasuharu Koike, Natsue Yoshimura
2018 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
limb in patients with stroke, or BCIs from motor imagery in patients with spinal cord injury.  ...  vertex for different motor tasks.  ...  vertices in the healthy brain relevant to the affected limb control, or to design BCIs for patients with spinal cord injury from current source estimation from motor imagery.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2017.00733 pmid:29358903 pmcid:PMC5766671 fatcat:yxtismilgndwppsmhpox7gq5sy
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