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Accessibility of rich internet applications for blind people

Stéphanie Giraud, Teresa Colombi, Aurore Russo, Pierre Thérouanne
2011 Proceedings of the 9th ACM SIGCHI Italian Chapter International Conference on Computer-Human Interaction Facing Complexity - CHItaly  
Our study with blind and sighted people identified the main problems encountered by blind people and the magnitude of the difference of execution time of tasks among these two populations.  ...  Due to their greater information density and diversity, making these interfaces accessible for blind people is difficult as the content changes constantly.  ...  The difference between blind novice users and sighted novice users is therefore less considerable than the difference between blind expert users and sighted expert users.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2037296.2037335 dblp:conf/chitaly/GiraudCRT11 fatcat:77mg7qx57rdrjfjqxb2e2lo54u

Navigation in hypermedia learning systems: experts vs. novices

Sherry Y. Chen, Jing-Ping Fan, Robert D. Macredie
2006 Computers in Human Behavior  
Research into individual differences suggests that prior knowledge has significant effects on student learning in hypermedia systems, with experts and novices showing different preferences to the use of  ...  hypermedia learning systems and requiring different levels of navigation support.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful for the support of the EPSRC (Grant number: GR/R57737/01) for funding this project.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chb.2004.06.004 fatcat:lppbyw7z6rff5nlcm4hprif2wy

Validation of NOViSE

Przemyslaw Korzeniowski, Daniel C. Brown, Mikael H. Sodergren, Alastair Barrow, Fernando Bello
2016 Surgical Innovation  
Seven participants were classified as "Novices" and 3 as "Gastroenterologists" with no or minimal NOTES experience.  ...  NOViSE demonstrated early signs of construct validity. Experts were faster and used a shorter endoscopic path length than novices in all but one task.  ...  Acknowledgments We are very grateful to the study participants who took time from their busy schedules to help us with this research. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1177/1553350616669896 pmid:27671036 pmcid:PMC5302126 fatcat:byxr6n76pfgvpko3l6ul5bzora

The effect of individual differences on searching the web

Ihadjadene Madjid, Chaudiron Stéphane, Martins Daniel
2005 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
Results show that participants with good knowledge in the domain on the one hand and participants with high experience of the Web on the other had the best performances.  ...  This paper reports results from a project which sought to investigate the influence of two types of expertise -the knowledge of the search domain and the experience of the Web search engineson the use  ...  For each search request, a dynamic table of contents was generated that summarized the content and concepts contained in the search results.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.1450400130 fatcat:tye6wseewjgpjhhasmcfoe2ic4

Building the trail best traveled

Xiaojun Yuan, Ryen White
2012 Proceedings of the 2012 ACM annual conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '12  
We observed differences in how people in each of the groups blazed trails and the value of the trails they generated; experts were more efficient and generated better-quality trails.  ...  In this paper, we describe the findings of a user study of trailblazing in the medical domain, comparing domain novices and experts.  ...  Although our findings suggest that domain experts performed best, both in terms of processes and output, the differences between novices and experts are not enormous.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2207676.2208312 dblp:conf/chi/YuanW12 fatcat:cfqgc4fhrfaojgq23gbnibmjuq

Undergraduates Graph Interpretation and Scientific Paper Reading Shift from Novice- to Expert-like as a Result of Participation in a Summer Research Experience: A Case Study

Anne U. Gold, Rachel Atkins, Karen S. McNeal
2021 Scholarship and Practice of Undergraduate Research  
In a case study with 10 REU students, the authors used eye-tracking and self-report data to determine student strategies for reading scientific papers and interpreting graphs at the beginning and end of  ...  The strategies of REU students and science experts were then compared. The REU students changed their strategies and performed more like experts at posttest.  ...  Acknowledgments This work as supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant EAR-1757930 and EAR-1461281 (REU site grants) and through the Broader Impact component of the  ... 
doi:10.18833/spur/5/2/2 fatcat:4hdbl3fjsbhc5c23wdi2qzedba

Web-based interaction: A review of three important human factors

Sherry Y. Chen, Robert Macredie
2010 International Journal of Information Management  
The main results from the analysis include that: (a) females have more disorientation problems than males; (b) flexible paths are more beneficial to experts while structured content is more useful to novices  ...  These applications are used by a diverse population of users with heterogeneous backgrounds, in terms of their knowledge, skills, and needs.  ...  Regarding Internet searching, experts and novices used different types of search strategies, spent different amount of time in doing broader tasks and reading documents and show different perceptions  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2010.02.009 fatcat:eulatbl2kfdp3p32bzvrnkqsnq

User Interactions with Electronic Finding Aids in a Controlled Setting

Christopher Prom
2004 The American Archivist  
As shown in the bold entries in table 7, comparisons between expert and novice users did not show significant time differences within either the Princeton or Yale finding aids (although obviously when  ...  Both included a table of contents with hyperlinks to specific sections of the finding aid.  ...  A p p e n d i x Survey Questions and Tabulated Responses I am a: Off  ... 
doi:10.17723/aarc.67.2.7317671548328620 fatcat:dq5qjefwbjdhfluilhxrplaoeq

Differences between novice and experienced users in searching information on the World Wide Web

Ard W. Lazonder, Harm J.A. Biemans, Iwan G.J.H. Wopereis
2000 Journal of the American Society for Information Science  
The observed differences were ascribed to the experts' superior skills in operating Web search engines.  ...  However, on tasks that required subjects to locate information on specific Web sites, the performance of experienced and novice users was equivalent-a result that is in line with hypertext research.  ...  This research was conducted while the first author was supported by a grant of the Foundation for Behavioral and Educational Sciences of this organization (575-33-006).  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-4571(2000)51:6<576::aid-asi9>3.0.co;2-7 fatcat:v25gunj7rzhv7niqbm25tdlvga

Hypermedia learning and prior knowledge: domain expertise vs. system expertise

Timothy J. F. Mitchell, Sherry Y. Chen, Robert D. Macredie
2005 Journal of Computer Assisted Learning  
Discussions on how to accommodate the different needs of students with varying levels of prior knowledge are provided based on the results.  ...  Prior knowledge is often argued to be an important determinant in hypermedia learning, and may be thought of as including two important elements: domain expertise and system expertise.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful for Professor Xiaohui Liu's help with this study and for the support of the EPSRC (Grant number: GR/R57737/01) for funding this project. References  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2729.2005.00113.x fatcat:ybf5j7ueafh2tk6gloisbxi5ze

Smartphones' Calling Application Usability Improvement for People with Special Needs

Rajibul Anam
2020 International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering  
Most of the people with special needs and novice users use smartphones to make/receive calls, send/receive SMS.  ...  When it comes to the implementation of the concept of ATAWADAC (Any Time, Any Where, Any Device, Any Content) smartphones play a primary role.  ...  Content-oriented Navigation The content itself provides navigation and hierarchy to inform users about the other pages of the application [30] .  ... 
doi:10.30534/ijatcse/2020/160932020 fatcat:zgjqytesrvcwtpltdy5s4orrl4

Personalization of user interfaces for browsing XML content using transformations built on end-user requirements

Benoît Encelle, Nadine Baptiste-Jessel
2007 Proceedings of the 2007 international cross-disciplinary conference on Web accessibility (W4A) - W4A '07  
With the emergence of the semantic Web and connected XML applications, such customized multimodal user interfaces can be useful for many kinds of users, especially individuals with various type of impairment  ...  Although WAI and development of specialized languages are very promising and needed, adapting content using guidelines or adapting content to voice browser technology still remains a significant burden  ...  According to data analysis, difference between the expert group average and novice group average tends to decline progressively.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1243441.1243459 dblp:conf/w4a/EncelleB07 fatcat:t5mth345prfmbprcftdslclbdu

Scentindex: Conceptually Reorganizing Subject Indexes for Reading

Ed Chi, Lichan Hong, Julie Heiser, Stuart Card
2006 2006 IEEE Symposium On Visual Analytics And Technology  
A great deal of analytical work is done in the context of reading, in digesting the semantics of the material, the identification of important entities, and capturing the relationship between entities.  ...  We also provide a number of navigational cues to help users peruse over this list of index entries and find relevant passages quickly.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The user study portion of this research has been funded in part by ARDA NIMD/ARIVA program MDA904-03-C-0404 to Stuart  ... 
doi:10.1109/vast.2006.261418 dblp:conf/ieeevast/ChiHHC06 fatcat:dcwquobyhnhxvnjjivtdhlk7cq

Novices' performance using hypertext materials: Shedding light on disorientation

Álvaro Jáñez, Javier Rosales
2020 Australasian Journal of Educational Technology  
Educators must be aware that novices may show difficulties to adapt their learning behaviour to different reading goals.  ...  We analysed navigation patterns and comprehension scores in a sample of low topic knowledge undergraduate students (N = 45) who were assigned to one of three hypertext conditions: reading for a test, reading  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Jean-François Rouet for his thorough review and helpful comments on an early draft of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.14742/ajet.4617 fatcat:ibx3ao2vvjebpjiuyov3erhuim

Development and initial validation of an endoscopic part-task training box

Christopher Thompson, Pichamol Jirapinyo, Nitin Kumar, Amy Ou, Andrew Camacho, Balazs Lengyel, Michele Ryan
2014 Endoscopy  
The final training box consisted of five modules (knob control, torque, retroflexion, polypectomy, and navigation and loop reduction).  ...  Average box scores were 272.6 and 284.4 (P = 0.94) when performed sequentially, and average score for all participants with proctor 1 was 297.6 and 308.1 with proctor 2 (P = 0.94), suggesting reproducibility  ...  Daniel Koretz for his assistance with the manuscript revision.  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0034-1365463 pmid:24770972 pmcid:PMC5019102 fatcat:2n5733edjff6thl2vtxkr5hkme
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