16,689 Hits in 7.6 sec

Boolean functions whose Fourier transform is concentrated on pairwise disjoint subsets of the input [article]

Aviad Rubinstein, Muli Safra
2015 arXiv   pre-print
We prove that any such function is close to one of the variables. Both our results are independent of the number of variables, but depend on the variance of f.  ...  ., if f is ϵVar(f)-close to a sum of independent functions or random variables, then it is O(ϵ)-close to one of the independent functions or random variables, respectively.  ...  An earlier version of this paper appeared before as the Masters thesis of the first author.  ... 
arXiv:1512.09045v1 fatcat:7qrkmdhmojdavit6eidvfg7r6y

Editorial: Collegial and Administrative Interface in Faculty Governance

Gloriana St. Clair
1992 College and Research Libraries  
.• For most libraries, neither extreme works.  ...  Even in institutions without open information requirements, select faculty budget committees sometimes have an overview and advising function.  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_53_05_377 fatcat:sudhdlfkgjcx5ihgmn27snbkd4

The political economy of exchange rate policy in Brazil: an empirical assessment

Marco Bonomo, Cristina Terra
1999 Revista Brasileira de Economia  
Current account is posited as a positive function of the real exchange rate due to the effect of the real exchange rate on trade balance.  ...  The exercise was performed using at most two political economy variables at a time, because otherwise the number of parameters to be estimated will be to big as compared to the number of observations available  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0034-71401999000400001 fatcat:5tmgjqie2zbxdn5giqaol66z5m

The Foundations of Limited Authoritarian Government: Institutions, Commitment, and Power-Sharing in Dictatorships

Carles Boix, Milan W. Svolik
2013 Journal of Politics  
Why do some dictatorships establish institutions that may constrain their leaders? We argue that institutions promote the survival of dictatorships by facilitating authoritarian power-sharing.  ...  However, because authoritarian power-sharing succeeds only when it is backed by a credible threat of a rebellion by the dictator's allies, institutions will be ineffective or break down when an imbalance  ...  at seminars and conferences at Berkeley, Princeton, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and APSA, IPES, ISA and MPSA annual conventions for helpful comments and Aya Kachi for research assistance  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0022381613000029 fatcat:2ppeeipb2nf7liltxtiwf3qmzy

Economic theories of dictatorship

Alexandre Debs
2010 The Economics of Peace and Security Journal  
The goal of this essay is to review recent advances in what we may call economic theories of dictatorships.  ...  approach has been slow to expand to the study of dictatorships, but there is a recent and expanding literature on the subject.  ...  extent the conclusions depend on the particular game and functional forms.  ... 
doi:10.15355/epsj.5.1.20 fatcat:anwx4s6exnhtxkcnf2pysnsxvq

Fascist Era Elites (3). Salazar's ministerial elite, 1933–44

António Costa Pinto
2004 Portuguese Journal of Social Science  
forces, the senior administration, and the universities -within which the legal profession was strongly represented.  ...  The main characteristics of the Estado Novo's governing elite was that it belonged to a small and exclusive political and bureaucratic class that almost completely dominated the senior ranks of the armed  ...  The role of the informal 'political advisors' At this point, it is worth complementing the above with some qualitative information on the informal recruitment channels into the governmental elite and the  ... 
doi:10.1386/pjss.3.2.103/0 fatcat:zhws5fvn6rbvxi7o55cuzod46q

The new comparative economics

Simeon Djankov, Edward Glaeser, Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer
2003 Journal of comparative economics (Print)  
The theme of the new research is that institutions exert a profound influence on economic development.  ...  We argue that, to understand capitalist institutions, one needs to understand the basic tradeoff between the costs of disorder and those of dictatorship.  ...  The tendency of democratic states to seek efficiency is well illustrated by the adoption of that great American invention for balancing dictatorship and disorder -a rigid constitution with checks and balances  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jce.2003.08.005 fatcat:yhv5albe5vgehmaneg7y62tlcm

Crime, Suicide and Social Well-Being in Your State and City.Austin L. Porterfield , Robert H. Talbert , Herbert R. Mundhenke

Marshall B. Clinard
1949 American Journal of Sociology  
Such an index score is an extremely crude measure and is open to serious criticism.  ...  The author sees in the Roman dicta- torship with its strict limitations in time and functions the classic example of a constitutional dictatorship which is able to meet successfully em-argency situations  ... 
doi:10.1086/220431 fatcat:rnanixtw6fbcrpv5d2u6htdbca

Political policing

Simon Kitson
1999 Crime, History & Societies  
Severe transgressions of this professional code are most common in counter-espionage policing where state secrecy is the most extreme but this activity is on the margins of police activity.  ...  In dictatorships this function may apply but once the message being sent up from below is that the government is deeply unpopular the effect may be the very reverse of stimulating moderation.  ... 
doi:10.4000/chs.893 fatcat:yr4soysj5bcx5jqzfmbnylkreu

Legislatures and Legislative Politics Without Democracy

Jennifer Gandhi, Ben Noble, Milan Svolik
2020 Comparative Political Studies  
Would outcomes in dictatorships be different if they were absent? Why do dictatorships have legislatures in the first place?  ...  future work might fruitfully look at.  ...  Acknowledgment Support from the Basic Research Program of the National Research University Higher School of Economics is gratefully acknowledged by Ben Noble.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0010414020919930 fatcat:rttmtc2wzzeidfhs2ysoml6fb4

Covering CSPs

Irit Dinur, Gillat Kol
2013 2013 IEEE Conference on Computational Complexity  
For the 4LIN predicate, it is NP-hard to decide if a given instance C has v(C) at most 2, or v(C) is super-constant. 2. (a) We propose a framework of covering dictatorship tests.  ...  The covering number of a CSP instance C, denoted v(C), is the smallest number of assignments to the variables, such that each constraint is satisfied by at least one of the assignments.  ...  I.e., every assignment satisfies at most δ fraction of the edge constraints.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ccc.2013.29 dblp:conf/coco/DinurK13 fatcat:rzt7jkykvvhurmc3tvhiutyin4

Losing Your Dictator: Firms During Political Transition

Felipe Gonzzlez, Mounu Prem
2015 Social Science Research Network  
from resource misallocation during the dictatorship, and those distortions persisted into democracy.  ...  We show that, after learning that the dictatorship was going to end, firms in the dictator's network increased their productive capacity, experienced higher profits, and obtained more loans from the state-owned  ...  Firms report information in two ways, balance sheets and annual reports.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2670869 fatcat:jti25lhirbajfpozwkgunsfa4e

Beyond Talagrand Functions: New Lower Bounds for Testing Monotonicity and Unateness [article]

Xi Chen and Erik Waingarten and Jinyu Xie
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We prove a lower bound of Ω̃(n^1/3) for the query complexity of any two-sided and adaptive algorithm that tests whether an unknown Boolean function f:{0,1}^n→{0,1} is monotone or far from monotone.  ...  This improves the recent bound of Ω̃(n^1/4) for the same problem by Belovs and Blais [BB15].  ...  This work is supported in part by NSF CCF-1149257, CCF-1423100 and the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE-16-44869.  ... 
arXiv:1702.06997v2 fatcat:b2e5ip4w75h2zmq65fyqgxvgnm

Understanding Regulation

Andrei Shleifer
2005 European Financial Management  
The dramatic failure of state socialism as an economic system is only the most remarkable illustration of the problems of dictatorship taken to an extreme, where all economic problems are solved to maintain  ...  With well functioning courts enforcing property rights and contracts, the scope for desirable regulation -even by a 'helping hand' government -is minimal.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1354-7798.2005.00291.x fatcat:hoxqfl6zmbbdtnlmlkxbzrci2m

A Better Place to Be: Republicanism and the Liberal Democracy Index

Christopher Binetti
2019 Journal of Political Science and International Relations  
There are some surprises in the findings in this study. For one thing, France is not a liberal democracy. On the other hand, Nicaragua is not a dictatorship.  ...  I look at all sovereign states, both democracies and non-democracies and ultimately categorize all modern political regimes into seven categories, the highest of which is liberal democracy.  ...  Additionally, I look at political regimes in a mostly functional way, so how laws, norms and institutions are supposed to work and actually function.  ... 
doi:10.11648/j.jpsir.20190202.12 fatcat:wnmrohfxpranhcwnskihqx6kuq
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