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Sustainable development through Internet of Things

R. Maheswar, G. R. Kanagachidambaresan
<span title="2020-02-03">2020</span> <i title="Springer Science and Business Media LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wpzihu2scrb7nntl4ywanbryai" style="color: black;">Wireless networks</a> </i> &nbsp;
We also extend our sincere thanks and grateful to the reviewers for their efforts in reviewing the manuscripts.  ...  Imrich Chlamtac, Wireless Networks Journal, Springer and Eliška Vlčková, Managing Editor, European Alliance for Innovation (EAI) for their continuous support and guidance during the entire process.  ...  The last article ''Development of high-speed FSO transmission link for the implementation of 5G and Internet of Things'' proposes the development of high-speed long-reach FSO link for the implementation  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-020-02269-4">doi:10.1007/s11276-020-02269-4</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6a6mndu2jbfovo2zlx4oyygkai">fatcat:6a6mndu2jbfovo2zlx4oyygkai</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200509220942/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11276-020-02269-4.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/04/36/0436967736e9e3ad96859497eac802583aef65b2.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11276-020-02269-4"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

A Flexible Bidirectional Fiber-FSO-5G Wireless Convergent System

Chung-Yi Li, Hai-Han Lu, Cing-Ru Chou, Hsin-Mao Hsia, Chao-Yu Feng, Yi-Hao Chen, Yu-Ting Huang, Agustina Nainggolan
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/eo7ayeunzba63co4cxddmhlwma" style="color: black;">Journal of Lightwave Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
It exhibits an excellent convergence not only due to its development for incorporating optical fiber with optical/5G wireless networks, but also due to its enhancement for flexible two-way high-speed and  ...  Good bit error rate performance and acceptable eye diagrams are achieved over 25 km single-mode fiber transport, 600 m FSO link, and 10 m/4 m RF wireless transmission.  ...  developing technologies to provide a variety of emerging applications, such as high-speed Internet, 4K/8K ultra-HD video streaming, autonomous vehicles, smart homes/cities, Internet of Things, etc.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2020.3037943">doi:10.1109/jlt.2020.3037943</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tyhwapkjw5ghtkjclbr5a7inqe">fatcat:tyhwapkjw5ghtkjclbr5a7inqe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210717055839/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/50/9357449/09258980.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/96/c0/96c0ae97d2eab79973dabf3b2d41de917dc5e473.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2020.3037943"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Design and Analysis of High-Speed Free Space Optical (FSO) Communication System for Supporting Fifth Generation (5G) Data Services in Diverse Geographical Locations of India

Harjeevan Singh, Nitin Mittal, Rajan Miglani, Harbinder Singh, Gurjot Singh Gaba, Mustapha Hedabou
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/om3ffw454zhbbg3oqtn7ogq6fi" style="color: black;">IEEE Photonics Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
In light of the upcoming launch of 5G services, this paper aims to evaluate the performance of the FSO system for the implementation of 5G technology in diverse geographical locations of India.  ...  Free space optical (FSO) communication has established a reputation for itself as a next-generation network capable of delivering high-speed data services.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are very grateful to the Indian Meteorological Department for supplying the weather-related meteorological and statistical data for conducting this research study.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2021.3113650">doi:10.1109/jphot.2021.3113650</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/i2xv2azj75cdpamimacvuwcc4m">fatcat:i2xv2azj75cdpamimacvuwcc4m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211007235835/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/4563994/9536215/09541103.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9541103&amp;isnumber=9536215&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/87/5a/875abe2e8f77df846d7b4e4a99e0d7aafd323f7d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2021.3113650"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

The Role of Optical Wireless Communication Technologies in 5G/6G and IoT Solutions: Prospects, Directions, and Challenges

Mostafa Zaman Chowdhury, Md. Shahjalal, Moh. Khalid Hasan, Yeong Min Jang
<span title="2019-10-16">2019</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/smrngspzhzce7dy6ofycrfxbim" style="color: black;">Applied Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
The Internet of Things (IoT) based on the tactile internet will also be an essential part of 5G-and-beyond (5GB) (e.g., 5G and 6G) communication systems.  ...  for successful deployment of 5G/6G and IoT systems.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/app9204367">doi:10.3390/app9204367</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lofczlpwznedlgevc25vx6y43m">fatcat:lofczlpwznedlgevc25vx6y43m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200212121013/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/applsci/applsci-09-04367/article_deploy/applsci-09-04367-v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d9/8b/d98bec4c98c618620e01eaa63def7db2f4002ce9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/app9204367"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

5G Wireless Communications for Future Internet of Things: The Need for Free-Space Optical/Visible Light Communication Technology

Pahalson C. A. D, Nanchen Nimyel Caleb
<span title="2019-12-30">2019</span> <i title="Zain Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6ikzxnxjvfca7lxnuzfrfzqowm" style="color: black;">International journal of computer science and mobile computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
The Internet of Things (IoT) based on the tactile internet will also be an essential part of the 5G communication systems.  ...  Some key requirements of the IoT are low device cost, low deployment cost, high energy efficiency, high security and privacy, and support for a large number of devices.  ...  The performance and coverage area of IoT will also be improved with high-speed FSO communication when 5G features are implemented in IoT.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.47760/ijcsmc.2019.v08i12.001">doi:10.47760/ijcsmc.2019.v08i12.001</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f3iy24ccy5ftngzgrqafufmvte">fatcat:f3iy24ccy5ftngzgrqafufmvte</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210905014626/https://ijcsmc.com/docs/papers/December2019/V8I12201911.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/57/0c/570cee70defd5b529cc88fc1208a11e924147307.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.47760/ijcsmc.2019.v08i12.001"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Historical Perspective of Free Space Optical Communications: from the early dates to today's developments

Arockia Raj, Arun Majumdar
<span title="2019-08-02">2019</span> <i title="Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hilohscapjgk3kxfrc3gt64bvm" style="color: black;">IET Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
Research challenges of FSO systems for internet of things/everything (IoT/IoE), 5G communication, mobilenetwork, terahertz spectrum, quantum communication and underwater optical applications are presented  ...  Classical quantitative analysis of reliability of FSO communication, developments on radio over FSO (RoFSO) and hybrid FSO/RF systems are also explained.  ...  devices, internet of things (IoT), IoE etc., developing a capable network infrastructure becomes a challenging task.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-com.2019.0051">doi:10.1049/iet-com.2019.0051</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/thfgmrmltbht3nryghtpoogpgm">fatcat:thfgmrmltbht3nryghtpoogpgm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210716181940/https://ietresearch.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdfdirect/10.1049/iet-com.2019.0051" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b9/dd/b9ddc53c401a29324aeca906a209c06452a0ed36.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-com.2019.0051"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Survey on Future Generation Wireless Communications-6G: Requirements, Technologies, Challenges and Applications

<span title="2021-10-07">2021</span> <i title="The World Academy of Research in Science and Engineering"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/naqzxq5hurh2bp2pnvwitnnx44" style="color: black;">International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
Beyond 5G, the main factors to consider are higher system capacity, greater data rates, reduced latency, enhanced security, and improved quality of service (QoS) compared to current 5G systems.  ...  In this paper, we describe the strategy for future 6G wireless networks, emerging technologies and the architecture within which they will operate.  ...  By offering high-speed, high-quality, and high-capacity services, VoIP, multimedia, and internet over IP costs can be lowered with improved security.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30534/ijatcse/2021/211052021">doi:10.30534/ijatcse/2021/211052021</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/noq4pwypebfmtdsgjctfquszoq">fatcat:noq4pwypebfmtdsgjctfquszoq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211018183447/http://www.warse.org/IJATCSE/static/pdf/file/ijatcse211052021.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8e/99/8e99f55eb90be64a972e8232d705dd3ad78909d9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30534/ijatcse/2021/211052021"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Optical Wireless Communication: A Candidate 6G Technology?

Shintaro ARAI, Masayuki KINOSHITA, Takaya YAMAZATO
<span title="2021-01-01">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electronics, Information and Communications Engineers (IEICE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/x2mklbxoqjfvjdjrdybgo53sdm" style="color: black;">IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics Communications and Computer Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Whether OWC is adopted post 5G or 6G is not the vital issue; rather, the aim should be that OWC coexists with 5G and 6G communication technologies.  ...  In working toward this goal, research and development in OWC will continue to extend its benefits and standardize its systems so that it can be widely deployed in the market.  ...  Tomohiro Yendo (Nagaoka Univ. of Tech.), and Dr. Yusuke Kozawa (Ibaraki Univ.) for useful discussions and suggestions.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1587/transfun.2020wbi0001">doi:10.1587/transfun.2020wbi0001</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wcygnhkfund5jmc5bl6nsc237q">fatcat:wcygnhkfund5jmc5bl6nsc237q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210428124627/https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/transfun/E104.A/1/E104.A_2020WBI0001/_pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b1/9f/b19f210444e64b708647328a2ad45eebfa7f9ed9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1587/transfun.2020wbi0001"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

FSO-based Vertical Backhaul/Fronthaul Framework for 5G+ Wireless Networks [article]

Mohamed Alzenad, Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir, Halim Yanikomeroglu, and Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="2017-05-04">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
of a novel vertical backhaul/fronthaul framework where the NFPs transport the backhaul/fronthaul traffic between the access and core networks via point-to-point FSO links.  ...  The presence of a super high rate, but also cost-efficient, easy-to-deploy, and scalable, backhaul/fronthaul framework is essential in the upcoming fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks \& beyond.  ...  Moreover, E p = h p c/λ denotes the photon energy with h p denotes Planck's constant, c denotes the speed of light and λ stands for transmission wavelength. [8] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.01472v3">arXiv:1607.01472v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ujpsb3xlibaojbto3gdjvjomqy">fatcat:ujpsb3xlibaojbto3gdjvjomqy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200930041508/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1607.01472v3.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/19/05/19055c4cf221d5a35cb1aaffa86ae7aedc924467.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1607.01472v3" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

A Comparative Survey of Optical Wireless Technologies: Architectures and Applications

Mostafa Zaman Chowdhury, Md. Tanvir Hossan, Amirul Islam, Yeong Min Jang
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
New high-data-rate multimedia services and applications are evolving continuously and exponentially increasing the demand for wireless capacity of fifth-generation (5G) and beyond.  ...  The existing radio frequency (RF) communication spectrum is insufficient to meet the demands of future high-datarate 5G services.  ...  Furthermore, with the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) concept, the rate at which physical devices are connected to the internet is increasing exponentially [7] - [11] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2018.2792419">doi:10.1109/access.2018.2792419</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wlvbsm5qzncjnjiaao3k55vysu">fatcat:wlvbsm5qzncjnjiaao3k55vysu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200823202936/https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1810/1810.02594.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ab/52/ab52ab52d1c439a66793c29f3318b64b0f98c6c0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2018.2792419"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

FSO-Based Vertical Backhaul/Fronthaul Framework for 5G+ Wireless Networks

Mohamed Alzenad, Muhammad Z. Shakir, Halim Yanikomeroglu, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/risok53fz5a7tj5f2bczy5zmpq" style="color: black;">IEEE Communications Magazine</a> </i> &nbsp;
feasibility of a novel vertical backhaul/fronthaul framework where the NFPs transport the backhaul/fronthaul traffic between the access and core networks via point-to-point FSO links.  ...  The presence of a super high rate, but also cost-efficient, easy-to-deploy, and scalable, backhaul/fronthaul framework is essential in the upcoming fifth-generation (5G) wireless networks & beyond.  ...  Moreover, E p = h p c/λ denotes the photon energy with h p denotes Planck's constant, c denotes the speed of light and λ stands for transmission wavelength.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mcom.2017.1600735">doi:10.1109/mcom.2017.1600735</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ncp2uvyfgrgqzaxjx22fbimizu">fatcat:ncp2uvyfgrgqzaxjx22fbimizu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200307114824/https://myresearchspace.uws.ac.uk/ws/files/5010275/Accepted_Author_Manuscript.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c7/45/c7450d8e42fa7596e69215db740022db33087b7a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/mcom.2017.1600735"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Enabling Optical Wired and Wireless Technologies for 5G and Beyond Networks [chapter]

Isiaka A. Alimi, Ana Tavares, Cátia Pinho, Abdelgader M. Abdalla, Paulo P. Monteiro, António L. Teixeira
<span title="2019-04-26">2019</span> <i title="IntechOpen"> Telecommunication Systems [Working Title] </i> &nbsp;
This is due to the fact that radio-frequency (RF)-based wireless system transmission speeds are highly constrained by the regulated RF spectrum.  ...  For instance, if the CPRI standard is to be directly employed for the transportation of a considerable number of long-term evolutionadvanced (LTE-A) and/or 5G radio signals, an enormous aggregate bandwidth  ...  It is also supported by the European Regional Development Fund (FEDER), through the Regional Opera-  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.85858">doi:10.5772/intechopen.85858</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7wwz2aongbcqtbgfm5thsrale4">fatcat:7wwz2aongbcqtbgfm5thsrale4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200214231853/https://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/66858.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e4/f7/e4f7a09e13f795662e86c28f05f1c928148ec9f5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.85858"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Impact of thermal-induced turbulent distribution along FSO link on transmission of photonically generated mmW signals in the frequency range 26-40 GHz

Luis Vallejo, Matej Komanec, Beatriz Ortega, Jan Bohata, Dong-Nhat Nguyen, Stanislav Zvanovec, Vicenc Almenar
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/om3ffw454zhbbg3oqtn7ogq6fi" style="color: black;">IEEE Photonics Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Different thermal distributions along the FSO link have been implemented and Gamma-Gamma model has been employed to estimate the thermally induced turbulence.  ...  The results show high electrical power decrease and fluctuation of the generated mmW signal according to the particular level of the turbulence in terms of refractive index structure parameter and thermal  ...  Several turbulence distributions along the FSO link have been implemented and their impact on the signal transmission have been evaluated.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2019.2959227">doi:10.1109/jphot.2019.2959227</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fgo6fwghfjb2jegfhif3zldhum">fatcat:fgo6fwghfjb2jegfhif3zldhum</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201108090832/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/4563994/8951187/08930928.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f7/98/f798fdcd7f396b45604256a1b7dca831a9ec3901.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jphot.2019.2959227"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A Key 6G Challenge and Opportunity – Connecting the Remaining 4 Billions: A Survey on Rural Connectivity [article]

Elias Yaacoub, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
<span title="2019-06-27">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this paper, a survey of technologies for providing connectivity to rural areas, and that can help address this challenge, is provided. Fronthaul and backhaul techniques are discussed.  ...  Directions for future evolution of rural connectivity are outlined.  ...  FSO links for satellite communication have also received attention in the literature. In [40] , optical feeder links based on DWDM FSO were proposed for very high throughput satellite systems.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.11541v1">arXiv:1906.11541v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kb6tpkvskjggbp25bt7it5iibm">fatcat:kb6tpkvskjggbp25bt7it5iibm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191222043920/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1906.11541v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/cf/20cfe60687477f701e9c3faf37e50ca13426d225.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.11541v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

LiFi Opportunities and Challenges

Harald Haas, Tezcan Cogalan
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/uwar2656cfb33fn54gfkj6ghcy" style="color: black;">2019 16th International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems (ISWCS)</a> </i> &nbsp;
communications, and iv) light-fidelity (LiFi) and discuss these technologies in the context of industrial private networks.  ...  To this end, we introduce a taxonomy that defines the four major developments in this field: i) visible light communications (VLC), ii) optical camera communication (OCC), iii) free-space optical (FSO)  ...  This growth is massively fuelled by new emerging trends such as machine-type communication (MTC) and the internet of things (IoT).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iswcs.2019.8877151">doi:10.1109/iswcs.2019.8877151</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iswcs/HaasC19.html">dblp:conf/iswcs/HaasC19</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/k3hndomkizhnbl5e73jzp4lgdi">fatcat:k3hndomkizhnbl5e73jzp4lgdi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200710103019/https://www.research.ed.ac.uk/portal/files/94022845/Industry4LiFi.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/36/80/36802af5dab03433b41f9bc9caab814e1648527d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iswcs.2019.8877151"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>
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