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Determining property relevance in concept formation by computing correlation between properties [chapter]

João José Furtado Vasco
1998 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This relevance is computed through the account of the property correlation with other ones and it is used by the concept quality function in order to improve predictive accuracy.  ...  We propose a method to incrementally compute and use, during the concept formation, the relevance of a concept property.  ...  In this paper, we propose a method to compute the relevance of a concept property based on file correlation between properties of file entities covered by the concept.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bfb0026701 fatcat:fvxf7bsc4fhzxj3fg7utlh766a

COGOM: Cognitive Theory Based Ontology Matching System

K. Saruladha, S. Ranjini
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
of semantically correlating concepts thus reducing the concept match space.  ...  The proposed ontology matching system is adaptive in nature because of the cognitive based knowledge expression and the computational overhead of generating alignments is improved by forming quality clusters  ...  Hence by determining similarity between concepts, relations and their correlation degree, concepts with rich semantics are determined which helps in forming better alignments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.05.237 fatcat:njhrngian5acrdrrdhzj254aoe

Knowledge Representation Models and Cognitive Search Support Tools

Nikolay Maksimov, Olga Golitsina, Kirill Monankov, Anastasia Gavrilkina
2020 Procedia Computer Science  
Cognitive search is considered as process of formation of ontology of the subject area (of target object) as a system of three systems (functional, conceptual and terminological).  ...  Cognitive search is considered as process of formation of ontology of the subject area (of target object) as a system of three systems (functional, conceptual and terminological).  ...  , determining the relevance, significance and usefulness.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2020.02.118 fatcat:zc2zcskvmzgvdfzrihgfxos6p4

Evaluation of semantic-based information retrieval methods in the autism phenotype domain

Saeed Hassanpour, Martin J O'Connor, Amar K Das
2011 AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings  
Our results indicate that incorporating rule-based definitions in information retrieval methods can improve search for relevant publications.  ...  In this paper, we present a novel information retrieval approach that exploits knowledge specified by the Semantic Web ontology and rule languages OWL and SWRL.  ...  This research was supported in part by grants R01LM009607 and R01MH87756 from the National Institutes of Health.  ... 
pmid:22195112 pmcid:PMC3243127 fatcat:ze44p4f4znhdbkrbmijol4n3ym

Semantics-Empowered Big Data Processing with Applications

Krishnaprasad Thirunarayan, Amit Sheth
2015 The AI Magazine  
To handle velocity, we seek to use continuous semantics capability to dynamically create event or situation specific models and recognize relevant new concepts, entities and facts.  ...  We discuss the nature of big data and address the role of semantics in analyzing and processing big data that arises in the context of physical-cyber-social systems.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v36i1.2566 fatcat:utph5wmxvzb6ldoz53pusypzjy

Overview of imaging science

R. N. Beck
1993 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The traditional disciplines of science are grounded in the observation and measurement of object properties.  ...  Recent advances in digital computer technology have spawned numerous computer-based imaging systems that extend the range of observation and measurement into realms that would otherwise be inaccessible  ...  As has been suggested already, image formation, in the most general sense of the term as it is used here, involves the concept of the image as a mapping of some detectable object property into image space-i.e  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.90.21.9746 pmid:11607430 pmcid:PMC47650 fatcat:eh75hr2gdred7mtwkeybl3ok6a

Page 334 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 78, Issue 2 [page]

1991 Psychological Abstracts  
If the object to be named in recall has properties that are relevant to a relation between the 2 334  ...  —Conducted 2 experiments to explore the effects of 2 kinds of strategies (nonanalytic and analytic) in concept formation.  ... 

Contextual-Based Approach to Reduce False Positives

Nadjah CHERGUI, Narhimene Boustia
2019 IET Information Security  
The high rate of false positive alerts generated by the intrusion detection system (IDS), raises a crucial problem in the face of the security operator to differentiate between true attacks and failed  ...  NOC-IDS aims in general to filter false positive alerts and to figure out relevant alerts, and helping the security operator to analyse relevant ones.  ...  It provides a tractable algorithm for computing the subsumption relation between the concepts and the inheritance of properties and thus it is used in practical case [23] .  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-ifs.2018.5479 fatcat:6dosl5cifjfwjjkts2t2f3wawe

An efficient coding approach to the debate on grounded cognition

Abel Wajnerman Paz
2018 Synthese  
In this case, the predictions that must be tested are related to the implementation of specific computational operations and task parameters presupposed by the relevant efficient coding model.  ...  I propose that modal format can be identified by determining the relation between intrinsic structure and perceptual processing and claim that efficient coding models can be useful precisely to understand  ...  This suggests that sparse codes are not only implemented by visual areas but also correlated with the statistical properties of natural visual signals.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-018-1815-7 fatcat:4tu4o6drxbfh5dsa34whqe7gzm

Accelerating materials property predictions using machine learning

Ghanshyam Pilania, Chenchen Wang, Xun Jiang, Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, Ramamurthy Ramprasad
2013 Scientific Reports  
properties may be unearthed) at negligible computational cost, thereby completely bypassing the conventional laborious approaches towards material property determination alluded to above.  ...  Subsequently, once the profile u property mapping has been established, the properties of a vast number of new materials within the same subclass may then be directly predicted (and correlations between  ...  Computational support was provided by the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), which is supported by National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep02810 pmid:24077117 pmcid:PMC3786293 fatcat:wl6vy6ad6fgpthwwezcpyym2wi

Predictability of spatio-temporal patterns in a lattice of coupled FitzHugh-Nagumo oscillators

M. Grace, M.-T. Hutt
2013 Journal of the Royal Society Interface  
As a function of drift speed and desynchronization, we observe systematically different routes towards fully established patterns, as well as strikingly different correlations between cell properties and  ...  We show that the predictability of spatio-temporal patterns from cell properties contains important information on the pattern formation process as well as on the underlying dynamical system.  ...  This project was funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; grant no. HU 937/4) and the centre for Mathematics, Modeling and Computing (MAMOC) at Jacobs University Bremen.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsif.2012.1016 pmid:23349439 pmcid:PMC3627115 fatcat:uabrplxee5a7bo2wfm3n6osiea

Using Vulnerability To Reduce False Positive Rate In Intrusion Detection Systems

Nadjah Chergui, Narhimene Boustia
2016 Zenodo  
The purpose behind this paper is to present a formalism model to perform correlation engine by the reduction of false positive alerts basing on vulnerability contextual information.  ...  Alert Concept : alert concept is defined to represent alarms generated by IDS, we consider that each alert is represented by attributes defined in IDMEF format (for Intrusion Detection Message Exchange  ...  This axiom means that the penguin is a bird that can't flies by exception, in this case, the concept Penguin inherits from the concept Bird the property Animal but not the property fly since it's an excepted  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1112091 fatcat:iih5zyt2ejhc7ncfeqokidksuu

Bridging the Gap between Similarity and Causality: An Integrated Approach to Concepts

Corinne L Bloch-Mullins
2017 British Journal for the Philosophy of Science  
A growing consensus in the philosophy and psychology of concepts is that while theories such as the prototype, exemplar, and theory theories successfully account for some instances of concept formation  ...  I put forth a sketch of an integrated model of concept formation and application, which rejects this shared assumption and satisfies the explanatory desiderata I discuss.  ...  In order to satisfy it, models of concept formation and application should include the effects of factors such as goals and background knowledge on the selection of relevant properties (and correlations  ... 
doi:10.1093/bjps/axw039 fatcat:zoi7qgn7drcnfpk2vacndl4ivi

Cassirer and the Structural Turn in Modern Geometry

Georg Schiemer
2018 Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy  
First, to give a closer study of several developments in projective geometry that form the direct background for Cassirer's philosophical remarks on geometrical concept formation.  ...  The second aim is to analyze the specific character of Cassirer's geometrical structuralism formulated in 1910 as well as in subsequent writings.  ...  Evora in .  ... 
doi:10.15173/jhap.v6i3.3439 fatcat:gxzs5p5jejd5bnmj5ufrovd5uy

Data analytics approach for melt-pool geometries in metal additive manufacturing

Seulbi Lee, Jian Peng, Dongwon Shin, Yoon Suk Choi
2019 Science and Technology of Advanced Materials  
Modern data analytics was employed to understand and predict physics-based melt-pool formation by fabricating Ni alloy single tracks using powder bed fusion.  ...  Correlation analysis provided insight for relationships between process parameters and melt-pools, and enabled the development of meaningful machine learning models via the use of highly correlated features  ...  Disclosure statement No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. ORCID Dongwon Shin http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5797-3423  ... 
doi:10.1080/14686996.2019.1671140 pmid:31692926 pmcid:PMC6818108 fatcat:fu2hbynaojepzctsmw3vn76tqa
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