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3D Face Model Estimation based on Similarity Transform using Differential Evolution Optimization

K. Punnam Chandar, T. Satya Savithri
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
3D Face model reconstruction from a single 2D image is fundamentally important for face recognition because the 3D model is invariant to changes of viewpoint, illumination, background clutter and occlusions  ...  Experimental results on 2D Head Pose and 3D Bosphorus databases demonstrate the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed methods.  ...  As from the literature two well-known projection models are available, the perspective and the orthographic.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.06.072 fatcat:t2gy3gaoajbilj3cuxiqrpbije

3D Constrained Local Model for rigid and non-rigid facial tracking

T. Baltrusaitis, P. Robinson, L. Morency
2012 2012 IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition  
We show better performance than the current state-of-the-art approaches in head pose tracking with our extension of the generalised adaptive view-based appearance model (GAVAM).  ...  We present 3D Constrained Local Model (CLM-Z) for robust facial feature tracking under varying pose. Our approach integrates both depth and intensity information in a common framework.  ...  This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Army Research, Development, and Engineering Command (RDECOM).  ... 
doi:10.1109/cvpr.2012.6247980 dblp:conf/cvpr/BaltrusaitisRM12 fatcat:eokheq2cdba6zozv25aiyprxt4

Head Pose Estimation in Computer Vision: A Survey

E. Murphy-Chutorian, M.M. Trivedi
2009 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
The capacity to estimate the head pose of another person is a common human ability that presents a unique challenge for computer vision systems.  ...  We compare these systems by focusing on their ability to estimate coarse and fine head pose, highlighting approaches that are well suited for unconstrained environments.  ...  Support for this research was provided by the University of California Discovery Program and the Volkswagen Electronics Research Laboratory.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2008.106 pmid:19229078 fatcat:fsplgqbt2fhihfbwcgqfriclhy

3D Morphable Model Parameter Estimation [chapter]

Nathan Faggian, Andrew P. Paplinski, Jamie Sherrah
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper we present a new method for estimating facial structure from only a minimal number of salient feature points across a video sequence.  ...  Estimating the structure of the human face is a long studied and difficult task.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Sami Romdhani from the Faculty of Computer Science at UniBas for putting the USF data [14] into correspondence and the Australian Research Council for  ... 
doi:10.1007/11941439_56 fatcat:i3wncsprmffnhhmhs7gcon5woa

3D Morphable Face Models – Past, Present and Future [article]

Bernhard Egger, William A. P. Smith, Ayush Tewari, Stefanie Wuhrer, Michael Zollhoefer, Thabo Beeler, Florian Bernard, Timo Bolkart, Adam Kortylewski, Sami Romdhani, Christian Theobalt, Volker Blanz (+1 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we provide a detailed survey of 3D Morphable Face Models over the 20 years since they were first proposed.  ...  The challenges in building and applying these models, namely capture, modeling, image formation, and image analysis, are still active research topics, and we review the state-of-the-art in each of these  ...  This survey paper was partially funded by Early PostDoc Mobility Grant, Swiss National Science Foundation P2BSP2_178643, ERC Consolidator Grant 4DRepLy and the Max Planck Center for Visual Computing and  ... 
arXiv:1909.01815v2 fatcat:g3wtdppy7ze3dildi6a3siq4qy

Tracking Performance of Distributed Recoverable Flight Control Systems Subject to High Intensity Radiated Fields

Rui Wang, W. Steven Gray, Oscar R. Gonzalez, Jorge R. Chavez-Fuentes
2013 IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  
Benefitting from DE's successful performance, 3D face models can be created based on a single 2D image with respect to various illumination and pose contexts.  ...  A new framework to create a face database from a single input image for training purposes is proposed in this dissertation research.  ...  Face Representation and Synthesis "A virtual view is a synthetically generated image of a face with a novel pose or expression.  ... 
doi:10.1109/taes.2013.6404118 fatcat:bgar44rctjbsvfmktflwrvulpy

Analysis of 3D Face Reconstruction

S. Hassan Amin, Duncan Gillies
2007 14th International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing (ICIAP 2007)  
Face reconstruction from a single 2D face image is an ill posed problem involving estimation of the intrinsic and the extrinsic camera parameters, light parameters, shape parameters and the texture parameters  ...  This thesis investigates the long standing problem of 3D reconstruction from a single 2D face image.  ...  In [Alt94] , a geometrically motivated approach based on weak perspective projection (orthographic projection with scaling) is applied to determine the head pose.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iciap.2007.4362813 dblp:conf/iciap/AminG07 fatcat:xzso4kbgcjbmxicgx7cx32xwdy

Unconstrained Face Recognition from a Single Image [chapter]

Shaohua Kevin Zhou, Rama Chellappa, Narayanan Ramanathan
2009 The Essential Guide to Image Processing  
The imaging models widely studied in the computer vision literature are orthographic, scale orthographic, and perspective models.  ...  Due to the projective nature of the perspective model, the orthographic or scale-orthograhic models are used in the face recognition community.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-374457-9.00024-x fatcat:ce4aq57r4bhrbd6quanyhdwmhm

Singular Value Decomposition, Eigenfaces, and 3D Reconstructions

Neil Muller, Lourenço Magaia, B. M. Herbst
2004 SIAM Review  
We therefore also show how SVD can be used to reconstruct three-dimensional objects from a two-dimensional video stream.  ...  Singular value decomposition (SVD) is one of the most important and useful factorizations in linear algebra.  ...  We are grateful to Elizabeth Jessup, Willy Hereman, and Gilbert Strang and to an anonymous referee for suggesting the algorithm for calcu-  ... 
doi:10.1137/s0036144501387517 fatcat:if5qmog6mbcbpeur6k7lcx67k4

Rendering of Eyes for Eye-Shape Registration and Gaze Estimation

Erroll Wood, Tadas Baltruaitis, Xucong Zhang, Yusuke Sugano, Peter Robinson, Andreas Bulling
2015 2015 IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV)  
These were randomly posed to synthesize close-up eye images for a wide range of head poses, gaze directions, and illumination conditions.  ...  We used computer graphics techniques to build a collection of dynamic eye-region models from head scan geometry.  ...  The environment is then randomly rotated to simulate a continuous range of head-pose, and randomly scaled in intensity to simulate changes in ambient light.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccv.2015.428 dblp:conf/iccv/WoodBZS0B15 fatcat:ep3hfq5xjjgddcf4sbl3vqeto4

3D Face Tracking Using Stereo Cameras: A review

Faleh AlQahtani, Jasmine Banks, Vinod Chandran, Jinglan Zhang
2020 IEEE Access  
This review presents an exposition of the most common challenges in face tracking, such as occlusion and clutter, pose variations, changes in facial resolution, illumination variations, and facial deformation  ...  This review considers previous research, regarding the background and applications of 3D facetracking systems with a focus on stereo camera-based systems.  ...  From this perspective, the techniques always rely on manual initialisation and the camera view for the head pose to be forward-looking.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2994283 fatcat:76ipjzlji5d35jzjlh4ozwyigu

Depth estimation of face images

Soma chaitanya, Koya Sucharitha, V. Sridhar
2014 IOSR Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering  
A 3D morphable model is generally built from a set of 3D laser-scanned heads.  ...  In our algorithm, the nonlinear least-squares model is first employed to estimate the depth values of facial feature points and the pose of the 2D face image concerned by means of the similarity transform  ...  By considering the observations as mixing signals, a novel algorithm for maximizing the posterior shape was developed in to estimate the shape from a perspective of blind source separation (BSS)., a 3D  ... 
doi:10.9790/2834-09363542 fatcat:opzzheesxbfhrhrvcbsdsdwcbu

:{unav)

Michael J. Black, Yaser Yacoob
2012 International Journal of Computer Vision  
from the local parametric motions in the presence of significant head motion.  ...  We observe that within local regions in space and time, such models not only accurately model non-rigid facial motions but also provide a concise description of the motion in terms of a small number of  ...  Without the wonderful cooperation of our forty volunteers in subjecting themselves to the intrusive experiments on their facial expressions this work would not have been possible.  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1007977618277 fatcat:vmrumcuas5cwxi24n4oqoaw5da

From few to many: illumination cone models for face recognition under variable lighting and pose

A.S. Georghiades, P.N. Belhumeur, D.J. Kriegman
2001 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
The pose space is then sampled and, for each pose, the corresponding illumination cone is approximated by a low-dimensional linear subspace whose basis vectors are estimated using the generative model.  ...  We test our face recognition method on 4,050 images from the Yale Face Database B; these images contain 405 viewing conditions (9 poses 45 illumination conditions) for 10 individuals.  ...  The 64 images of a face in a particular pose are acquired in about two seconds. Therefore, there is only minimal change in head position and facial expression in those 64 images.  ... 
doi:10.1109/34.927464 fatcat:243q47j3azhntp4n2kqkgl7moi

Lifelike talking faces for interactive services

E. Cosatto, J. Ostermann, H.P. Graf, J. Schoeter
2003 Proceedings of the IEEE  
The traditional model-based approach uses three-dimensional wire-frame models, which can be animated from high-level parameters such as muscle actions, lip postures, and facial expressions.  ...  Beside lip articulation, a talking head must show appropriate head movements, in order to appear natural. We illustrate how such "visual prosody" is analyzed and added to the animations.  ...  In this method, the pose is first estimated using a scaled orthographic projection, and then it is iteratively refined to match a perspective projection.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2003.817141 fatcat:tentbcv2nndanotgumf57brnnu
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