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A Case for Memory Content-Based Detection and Mitigation of Data-Dependent Failures in DRAM

Samira Khan, Chris Wilkerson, Donghyuk Lee, Alaa R. Alameldeen, Onur Mutlu
<span title="2017-07-01">2017</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/picyphnwjvczplg2icumlo55k4" style="color: black;">IEEE computer architecture letters</a> </i> &nbsp;
To this end, we propose MEMCON, a memory content-based detection and mitigation mechanism for data-dependent failures in DRAM. MEMCON does not detect every possible data-dependent failure.  ...  Instead, it detects and mitigates failures that occur with the current content in memory while the programs are running in the system.  ...  This research was supported in part by the ISTC-CC, an NSF CAREER Award (CCF-0953246), and NSF grants (CCF-1212962, CNS-1320531, and CCF-1566483).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/lca.2016.2624298">doi:10.1109/lca.2016.2624298</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xbarqo6i6fc7zhoodbmxpj3lcy">fatcat:xbarqo6i6fc7zhoodbmxpj3lcy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170611103802/http://www.cs.virginia.edu:80/~smk9u/MEMCON-content-based-DRAM-failure-detection_ieee-cal16.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6a/ce/6aced82060602c966397aa709f84ffd8698b0af6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/lca.2016.2624298"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

PARBOR: An Efficient System-Level Technique to Detect Data-Dependent Failures in DRAM

Samira Khan, Donghyuk Lee, Onur Mutlu
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/64vpoz5fx5azda553iibjuf7h4" style="color: black;">2016 46th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks (DSN)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Unfortunately, systemlevel detection is challenging for DRAM failures that depend on the data content of neighboring cells (data-dependent failures).  ...  System-level detection and mitigation of DRAM failures offer a variety of system enhancements, such as better reliability, scalability, energy, and performance.  ...  This research was supported in part by the ISTC-CC and NSF (grants 1212962, 1320531, and 1566483).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/dsn.2016.30">doi:10.1109/dsn.2016.30</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/dsn/KhanLM16.html">dblp:conf/dsn/KhanLM16</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/szqposuj5jcphh47mu5bj5rbri">fatcat:szqposuj5jcphh47mu5bj5rbri</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170611111517/http://www.cs.virginia.edu:80/~smk9u/parbor-efficient-system-level-test-for-DRAM-failures_dsn16.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6a/ba/6aba2b1785bd26eb6d85820a734ddaa262d20571.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/dsn.2016.30"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

AVATAR: A Variable-Retention-Time (VRT) Aware Refresh for DRAM Systems

Moinuddin K. Qureshi, Dae-Hyun Kim, Samira Khan, Prashant J. Nair, Onur Mutlu
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/64vpoz5fx5azda553iibjuf7h4" style="color: black;">2015 45th Annual IEEE/IFIP International Conference on Dependable Systems and Networks</a> </i> &nbsp;
Multirate refresh techniques exploit the nonuniformity in retention times of DRAM cells to reduce the DRAM refresh overheads.  ...  AVATAR provides a time to failure in the regime of several tens of years while reducing refresh operations by 62%-72%.  ...  ), one of the six SRC STARnet Centers, sponsored by MARCO and DARPA.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/dsn.2015.58">doi:10.1109/dsn.2015.58</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/dsn/QureshiKKNM15.html">dblp:conf/dsn/QureshiKKNM15</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/tvbbgypw4bawpm5z76at2tjije">fatcat:tvbbgypw4bawpm5z76at2tjije</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170611115349/http://www.cs.virginia.edu:80/~smk9u/avatar_dsn_2015.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4b/82/4b82b8a280c9321ed2940e55d9481219b9e1050c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/dsn.2015.58"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Uncovering In-DRAM RowHammer Protection Mechanisms: A New Methodology, Custom RowHammer Patterns, and Implications [article]

Hasan Hassan, Yahya Can Tugrul, Jeremie S. Kim, Victor van der Veen, Kaveh Razavi, Onur Mutlu
<span title="2021-10-20">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
U-TRR is based on the new observation that data retention failures in DRAM enable a side channel that leaks information on how TRR refreshes potential victim rows.  ...  At a high level, TRR detects and refreshes potential RowHammer-victim rows, but its exact implementations are not openly disclosed.  ...  Mutlu, “De- Operation in Modern DRAM Devices: Experimental Characterization, Analysis, tecting and Mitigating Data-Dependent DRAM Failures by Exploiting Current and Mechanisms  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.10603v1">arXiv:2110.10603v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ab7zgdwb3vaqtbszjmyxuvngny">fatcat:ab7zgdwb3vaqtbszjmyxuvngny</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211025183050/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2110.10603v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/55/11/55112fc38b5bcceb8fd3d8863a6ebb748aeb33a0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.10603v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

A hybrid display frame buffer architecture for energy efficient display subsystems

Kyungtae Han, Alexander W. Min, Nithyananda S. Jeganathan, Paul S. Diefenbaugh
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qcoemsk4lfgznflartfnzb5rhy" style="color: black;">International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design (ISLPED)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Specifically, we employ two memory types: DRAM and Phase-Change Memory (PCM), in the display frame buffer to exploit their different read/write energy characteristics.  ...  We also present an analysis of the energy efficiency of the hybrid frame buffer based on our display content and energy consumption models.  ...  Fig. 2 . 2 Data flow in hybrid approach: PCM stores static contents and DRAM stores dynamic contents. Fig. 3 . 3 Data flow in hybrid frame buffer controller.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/islped.2013.6629321">doi:10.1109/islped.2013.6629321</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/islped/HanMJD13.html">dblp:conf/islped/HanMJD13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/r36rzv36ujeaxawwyt34bjau54">fatcat:r36rzv36ujeaxawwyt34bjau54</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809100946/http://signal.ece.utexas.edu/~khan/paper/2013ISLPED/han.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/78/c3/78c3d42337a1e6249b75433c5d81ace9bc2d13a6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/islped.2013.6629321"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Improving DRAM Performance, Security, and Reliability by Understanding and Exploiting DRAM Timing Parameter Margins [article]

Jeremie S. Kim
<span title="2021-09-29">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We exploit this by enabling variable access times depending on the DRAM cells being accessed, which not only improves overall system performance, but also decreases power consumption.  ...  This dissertation rigorously characterizes many modern commodity DRAM devices and shows that by exploiting DRAM access timing margins within manufacturer-recommended DRAM timing specifications, we can  ...  Data Pattern Dependence To understand the data pattern dependence of activation failures and DRAM cell entropy, we study how effectively we can discover failures using different data patterns across multiple  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.14520v1">arXiv:2109.14520v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7hhrlz3tfjgx5fekdblfawxf3a">fatcat:7hhrlz3tfjgx5fekdblfawxf3a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20211001194917/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2109.14520v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7b/e8/7be8c4742596c004563faaba69089d90f7305838.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.14520v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Research Problems and Opportunities in Memory Systems

<span title="">2014</span> <i title="FSAEIHE South Ural State University (National Research University)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ut52ymkqynfbhjyzwhwl44xhvq" style="color: black;">Supercomputing Frontiers and Innovations</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this article, after describing the demands and challenges faced by the memory system, we examine some promising research and design directions to overcome challenges posed by memory scaling.  ...  Specifically, we describe three major new research challenges and solution directions: 1) enabling new DRAM architectures, functions, interfaces, and better integration of the DRAM and the rest of the  ...  Some of the research reported here was also partially supported by GSRC, Intel URO Memory Hierarchy Program, Intel Science and Technology Center on Cloud Computing, NIH, NSF, and SRC.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14529/jsfi140302">doi:10.14529/jsfi140302</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2zfa7zk3qjgohdsgxmkkqaamuu">fatcat:2zfa7zk3qjgohdsgxmkkqaamuu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180721170123/http://superfri.org/superfri/article/download/30/121" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c4/61/c4616e928626af23487f9f3bd7be67b254451e94.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14529/jsfi140302"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Understanding and Exploiting Design-Induced Latency Variation in Modern DRAM Chips [article]

Donghyuk Lee, Samira Khan, Lavanya Subramanian, Saugata Ghose, Rachata Ausavarungnirun, Gennady Pekhimenko, Vivek Seshadri, Onur Mutlu
<span title="2017-05-15">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
To this end, we first experimentally demonstrate and analyze designed-induced variation in modern DRAM devices by testing and characterizing 96 DIMMs (768 DRAM chips).  ...  We empirically demonstrate a new form of variation that exists within a real DRAM chip, induced by the design and placement of different components in the DRAM chip.  ...  This work is supported in part by NSF grants 1212962, 1320531, and 1409723, the Intel Science and Technology Center for Cloud Computing, and the Semiconductor Research Corporation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.09604v2">arXiv:1610.09604v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2jg4cobnond6hi4p3wsikgz5aq">fatcat:2jg4cobnond6hi4p3wsikgz5aq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200930053800/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1610.09604v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5c/47/5c478e5c774eb3cf71e446e2c9eb2166ca032b28.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1610.09604v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Architectural Techniques to Enable Reliable and Scalable Memory Systems [article]

Prashant J. Nair
<span title="2017-04-13">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
This is because we rely on technology scaling to improve memory density, and at small feature sizes, memory cells tend to break easily.  ...  High capacity and scalable memory systems play a vital role in enabling our desktops, smartphones, and pervasive technologies like Internet of Things (IoT).  ...  Insight 2-Detect and Correct Large Granularity Failures Even after mitigation of TSV related faults, the stacked memory is still vulnerable to internal DRAM die faults.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.03991v1">arXiv:1704.03991v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/e4i5pbtuujagnprene3wwv3un4">fatcat:e4i5pbtuujagnprene3wwv3un4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200824161012/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1704.03991v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/57/f3/57f32185e2db8c373af40dcf643c81267a1a08c9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1704.03991v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Design of Efficient, Dependable SoCs Based on a Cross-Layer-Reliability Approach with Emphasis on Wireless Communication as Application and DRAM Memories [chapter]

Christian Weis, Christina Gimmler-Dumont, Matthias Jung, Norbert Wehn
<span title="2020-12-10">2020</span> <i title="Springer International Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/jchr2ocdj5hfhk4vv3g3huukfi" style="color: black;">Embedded Systems</a> </i> &nbsp;
Further on we focus on DRAMs (Dynamic Random Access Memories). All today's computing systems rely on dependable DRAMs.  ...  Recent research activities resulted in the concept of "approximate DRAM" to save power and improve performance by lowering the refresh rate or disabling refresh completely.  ...  On a lower level, the contents of the memory can be protected by a simple 1-bit error correction code.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-52017-5_18">doi:10.1007/978-3-030-52017-5_18</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hlrz2hnje5aohbnd34vmfr5ytm">fatcat:hlrz2hnje5aohbnd34vmfr5ytm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210429071918/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-030-52017-5_18.pdf?error=cookies_not_supported&amp;code=86a7315d-6a8e-4680-9d1b-398284d3b673" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/cb/a8/cba8b1e4acedfdee2bc414f02abb3a796313d8e4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-52017-5_18"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Citadel: Efficiently Protecting Stacked Memory from Large Granularity Failures

Prashant J. Nair, David A. Roberts, Moinuddin K. Qureshi
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/sbn7zssnbfcjpjzmgy24brukwi" style="color: black;">2014 47th Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture</a> </i> &nbsp;
failures; and Dynamic Dual-Granularity Sparing (DDS), which can mitigate permanent faults by dynamically sparing faulty memory regions either at a row granularity or at a bank granularity.  ...  Our evaluations with real-world data for DRAM failures show that Citadel provides performance and power similar to maintaining the entire cache line in the same bank, and yet provides 700x higher reliability  ...  We also thank Vilas Sridharan for his comments on DRAM scaling and FIT rates, and the members of our research group at Georgia Tech and AMD Research for providing insightful feedback.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/micro.2014.57">doi:10.1109/micro.2014.57</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/micro/NairRQ14.html">dblp:conf/micro/NairRQ14</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jz7wfqb34vblflr46pg57rlz3y">fatcat:jz7wfqb34vblflr46pg57rlz3y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150920003340/http://users.ece.gatech.edu/%7Emoin/papers/micro2014b.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7d/81/7d81feff0f1e840f1ec3b0eecc10386b1154f171.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/micro.2014.57"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

BOOM: Enabling mobile memory based low-power server DIMMs

Doe Hyun Yoon, Jichuan Chang, Naveen Muralimanohar, Parthasarathy Ranganathan
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2kokby3zfzen3bd62o6cskolxq" style="color: black;">2012 39th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (ISCA)</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we exploit the low-power nature of another high volume memory component-mobile DRAM-while improving its bandwidth and reliability shortcomings with a new DIMM architecture.  ...  To address the real-time processing needs of large and growing amounts of data, modern software increasingly uses main memory as the primary data store for critical information.  ...  We thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions. This research was partially supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE -SC0005026.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/isca.2012.6237003">doi:10.1109/isca.2012.6237003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/isca/YoonCMR12.html">dblp:conf/isca/YoonCMR12</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/d2qmjq2z3rg3zcdccewf5l22wi">fatcat:d2qmjq2z3rg3zcdccewf5l22wi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130615014920/http://www.hpl.hp.com/people/naveen_muralimanohar/isca12b-boom.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9c/a8/9ca87149f9e7cb0811c881ecac79ef02c87e1716.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/isca.2012.6237003"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Now You See Me

Ning Zhang, Kun Sun, Wenjing Lou, Y. Thomas Hou, Sushil Jajodia
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rau5643b7ncwvh74y6p64hntle" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 10th ACM Symposium on Information, Computer and Communications Security - ASIA CCS &#39;15</a> </i> &nbsp;
Digital forensic examiners can unravel what happened on a system by acquiring and inspecting in-memory data.  ...  Meanwhile, attackers have developed numerous anti-forensic mechanisms to defeat existing memory forensic techniques by manipulation of system software such as OS kernel.  ...  detect and mitigate HIveS.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2714576.2714600">doi:10.1145/2714576.2714600</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/ccs/ZhangSLHJ15.html">dblp:conf/ccs/ZhangSLHJ15</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2cqmrrujofgthpirgvfiqmqaom">fatcat:2cqmrrujofgthpirgvfiqmqaom</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20150421072900/http://www.cnsr.ictas.vt.edu:80/publication/NowYouSeeMe.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/18/81/188178cb2cf3483aa422d95e35ad0660aeb0fa5a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2714576.2714600"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

BOOM

Doe Hyun Yoon, Jichuan Chang, Naveen Muralimanohar, Parthasarathy Ranganathan
<span title="2012-09-05">2012</span> <i title="Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/35q3ync5nbhnjfpylznlz57lyi" style="color: black;">SIGARCH Computer Architecture News</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we exploit the low-power nature of another high volume memory component-mobile DRAM-while improving its bandwidth and reliability shortcomings with a new DIMM architecture.  ...  To address the real-time processing needs of large and growing amounts of data, modern software increasingly uses main memory as the primary data store for critical information.  ...  We thank the anonymous reviewers for their comments and suggestions. This research was partially supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE -SC0005026.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2366231.2337163">doi:10.1145/2366231.2337163</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qgufjw7lazadbn7uqn4rogpzkq">fatcat:qgufjw7lazadbn7uqn4rogpzkq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130615014920/http://www.hpl.hp.com/people/naveen_muralimanohar/isca12b-boom.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9c/a8/9ca87149f9e7cb0811c881ecac79ef02c87e1716.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2366231.2337163"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Reducing DRAM Latency at Low Cost by Exploiting Heterogeneity [article]

Donghyuk Lee
<span title="2016-04-27">2016</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Consequently, processors spend a long time waiting to access data from main memory, making the long main memory access latency one of the most critical bottlenecks to achieving high system performance.  ...  This dissertation provides a detailed analysis of DRAM latency by using both circuit-level simulation with a detailed DRAM model and FPGA-based profiling of real DRAM modules.  ...  To mitigate the negative impacts of the memory channel contention, prior works have focused on reducing the memory channel contention by i) offloading bulk data movement to DRAM [41, 240, 241] or other  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1604.08041v1">arXiv:1604.08041v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zw4nctympra4fp4cwzkiwbb2ca">fatcat:zw4nctympra4fp4cwzkiwbb2ca</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200928034913/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1604.08041v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/72/6c/726c2591144c116cdbfe7f16310e78d3ac544378.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1604.08041v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>
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