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Heterogeneous Treatment Effects in Social Networks [article]

Amir Gilad, Harsh Parikh, Sudeepa Roy, Babak Salimi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We study treatment effect modifiers for causal analysis in a social network, where neighbors' characteristics or network structure may affect the outcome of a unit, and the goal is to identify sub-populations  ...  In addition, we develop a novel algorithm for the discovery of network patterns that are potential effect modifiers.  ...  In this paper, we address the problem of detecting treatment effect modifiers [45] for causal analysis in a social network.  ... 
arXiv:2105.10591v5 fatcat:necdgfjep5akrdsmpgwmmnb2ba

How Ready Are We to Win the Multimorbidity Battle - from Croatian General Practitioner's Point of View

Sunčana Vlah
2021 International Journal of Integrated Care  
Moreover, patient's biopsychosocial risk factors, social network, burden of disease, health care consumption and coping strategies can function as modifiers on the effect of multimorbidity which can be  ...  Understanding the problem on all levels of society, making action plan in which the government, and all parts of social and health care will participate and communicate effectively could represent a solution  ...  Moreover, patient's biopsychosocial risk factors, social network, burden of disease, health care consumption and coping strategies can function as modifiers on the effect of multimorbidity which can be  ... 
doi:10.5334/ijic.icic20281 fatcat:lvykxp7tejcohgpgokgxgxdkmy

S16.2 Recurrent BV

J Marrazzo
2013 Sexually Transmitted Infections  
populations are using social networking technologies to meet sexual partners, (2) Although at-risk populations who use social networking technologies are engaging in high rates of sexual intercourse,  ...  Specific BVAB in the Clostridiales Order may predict BV persistence when detected pretreatment, and have been detected in men whose female partners have BV.  ...  What effect does the timing of treatment have on the pregnancy? What is the best treatment and should this be modified in the presence of HIV?  ... 
doi:10.1136/sextrans-2013-051184.0074 fatcat:dytyofopybcufmuvfid4rcase4

Considering appropriate replication in the design of animal social network studies

Lesley A. Smith, Dave L. Swain, Giles T. Innocent, Ian Nevison, Michael R. Hutchings
2019 Scientific Reports  
of the differences in treatment effects for the contact behaviour of the resident cattle.  ...  In this replicated study, subtle but consistent changes in animal contact patterns were detected after the application of a social disturbance treatment.  ...  The project was in part funded by the Scottish Government's Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services (RESAS), the Scottish Government's Centre of Expertise in Animal Disease Outbreaks (EPIC  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-43764-9 pmid:31076637 pmcid:PMC6510932 fatcat:oa3p2zl3gjhx7adchw7ijgxq2i

Mastectomized women's perception of breast cancer early detection

Indara Cavalcante Bezerra, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Cleoneide Paulo Oliveira, Christina César Praça Brasil, Mardênia Gomes Ferreira Vasconcelos, Marli Vilela Mamede, Marnewton Tadeu Pinheiro de Oliveira
2018 PLoS ONE  
The absence of effective measures in Primary Health Care and patients' 'pilgrimage' in the formal health care network have delayed early detection breast cancer.  ...  Access to the subjectivity of mastectomized patients becomes relevant to elucidate failures in early detection of breast cancer and thus improve the cancer care network.  ...  Conclusions The absence of effective measures in the PHC network to sensitize women to preventive breast care and patients' pilgrimage in the formal health care network have delayed early detection of  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0206405 pmid:30403717 pmcid:PMC6221333 fatcat:vltlddtlibehlj7kubdgr3j4ze

Task shifting for tuberculosis control: A qualitative study of community-based directly observed therapy in urban Uganda

David K. Mafigiri, Janet W. McGrath, Christopher C. Whalen
2012 Global Public Health  
Shifting the task of DOTS support away from only qualified health workers to include laypersons in the patients' social-support network may contribute to meeting World Health Organization (WHO) treatment  ...  This qualitative study of task shifting examined tuberculosis (TB) therapy under modified community-based directly observed treatment short-course (CB-DOTS) in Kampala, Uganda.  ...  This project received financial support from the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), project # A40245, and the AIDS International Training  ... 
doi:10.1080/17441692.2011.552067 pmid:21360381 pmcid:PMC3603570 fatcat:5ngo6nagajdmri2rxtagg64ray

The Social Phobia Psychotherapy Research Network

F. Leichsenring, J. Hoyer, M. Beutel, S. Herpertz, W. Hiller, E. Irle, P. Joraschky, H.H. König, T.M. de Liz, B. Nolting, K. Pöhlmann, S. Salzer (+9 others)
2009 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics  
Abstract This paper presents the Social Phobia Psychotherapy Research Network.  ...  in the treatment of SP.  ...  A committee of international experts in psychotherapy research recommended the Social Phobia Psychotherapy Research Network (SOPHO-NET) for funding 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1159/000162299 pmid:18852500 fatcat:g2b4ib542rd2nazk7p7za74e4q

"El Lado Oscuro": "The Dark Side" of Social Capital in Mexican American Heroin Using Men

David V. Flores, Luis R. Torres, Isabel Torres-Vigil, Yi Ren, Ali Haider, Patrick S. Bordnick
2013 Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse  
Thus, social capital functions dichotomously in positive and negative contextualized roles.  ...  This article describes social capital in a cohort of 227 Mexican American men who are long-term injection heroin users.  ...  Torres, Co-Investigator and Project Director, Health Consequences of Long-Term Heroin Use in Aging Mexican-American Men Project).  ... 
doi:10.1080/15332640.2013.788897 pmid:23768430 pmcid:PMC3733353 fatcat:zkc6t3mrxfb27oqxwcz37xihxi

Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy reduces loneliness in patients with persistent depressive disorder

Matthias Alexander Reinhard, Katharina Zentz, Tabea Nenov-Matt, Barbara B. Barton, Stephanie V. Rek, Stephan Goerigk, Eva-Lotta Brakemeier, Richard Musil, Andrea Jobst, Frank Padberg
2021 Journal of Affective Disorders Reports  
Loneliness, social network characteristics, and depressive symptoms were assessed before and after treatment.  ...  Results: Loneliness and depressive symptoms significantly and independently decreased, whereas social network characteristics showed no change after 10 weeks of CBASP.  ...  In the following section, we hypothesize and argue that three CBASP components may be effective in particularly addressing and modifying loneliness and its underpinnings on an intra-and interpersonal level  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jadr.2021.100171 fatcat:h6nyuqhlhfdwpphjtawa2gvuim

Engineering online and in-person social networks to sustain physical activity: application of a conceptual model

Liza S Rovniak, James F Sallis, Jennifer L Kraschnewski, Christopher N Sciamanna, Elizabeth J Kiser, Chester A Ray, Vernon M Chinchilli, Ding Ding, Stephen A Matthews, Melissa Bopp, Daniel R George, Melbourne F Hovell
2013 BMC Public Health  
Methods/Design: A conceptual model for engineering social networks was developed based on a scoping literature review of modifiable social influences on PA.  ...  The effects of these treatment conditions were assessed at baseline, post-program, and 6-month follow-up. The primary outcome was accelerometer-measured PA.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was funded, in part, by NIH Grant R00HL088017 awarded to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-753 pmid:23945138 pmcid:PMC3844372 fatcat:rxdw4dsuufbctpmqtr2pzthxyy

Development & maintenance of social support among aged out foster youth who received independent living services: Results from the Multi-Site Evaluation of Foster Youth Programs

Johanna K.P. Greeson, Antonio R. Garcia, Minseop Kim, Allison E. Thompson, Mark E. Courtney
2015 Children and youth services review  
In addition, no racial/ethnic difference in the social support trajectory was detected.  ...  We had three interrelated aims: (1) Evaluate the effectiveness of the LST program as compared to services as usual on the change in social support over time; (2) Examine the differences over time in social  ...  No difference between treatment and control groups was detected.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2015.03.016 fatcat:s27nymxo3bbhrct5p3xb3a74iq

When social computing meets soft computing: opportunities and insights

Fei Hao, Doo-Soon Park, Zheng Pei
2018 Human-Centric Computing and Information Sciences  
Among online social networking services, there exist very interesting and challengeable research works on how to improve an efficient social media computing and how to make an effective social network  ...  Normally, various social computing related techniques include statistical approaches, graph based approaches and so forth. However, a human nature is present in the social networks.  ...  [51] first studied the k-balanced trusted cliques detection in signed social networks [23] . Further, they investigated the k-clique communities detection in social networks [29] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13673-018-0131-z fatcat:wpndgifehneazfevku6vuewzf4

Addressing Social Risk and Support as Adjuvants in Colorectal Cancer Treatment

Fritz François, Sophie Balzora, Renee Williams
2021 JAMA Network Open  
Notably, following surgical resection of stage III (nodepositive) disease, adjuvant chemotherapy has a substantial effect on disease-free survival rates beyond 5 years, 1 yet disparities persist in treatment  ...  Beyond prevention, early detection of CRC provides an opportunity for appropriate treatment, as well as improved survival rates.  ...  well as social needs, are associated with CRC treatment.  ... 
doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.13651 pmid:34106268 fatcat:2lgergq7dfgfregqm3zavsa3fe

Aberrant pulvinar effective connectivity in generalized social anxiety disorder

Reza Tadayonnejad, Heide Klumpp, Olusola Ajilore, Alex Leow, Kinh Luan Phan
2016 Medicine  
The main aim of this study was to examine the pulvinar network effective connectivity in gSAD.  ...  In particular, higher order areas compromising visual networks that process emotional and social information have been implicated.  ...  Interestingly, they also detected a significant correlation between treatment induced VBM change in the left pulvinar and change in social anxiety symptom severity score.  ... 
doi:10.1097/md.0000000000005358 pmid:27828859 pmcid:PMC5106065 fatcat:ygdcg4l6jrebjb7i4y3iw3vmoe

Findings From Encontros

Sheri A. Lippman, Magda Chinaglia, Angela A. Donini, Juan Diaz, Arthur Reingold, Deanna L. Kerrigan
2012 Sexually Transmitted Diseases  
We also determined the association of participation on reported social cohesion and participation in networks.  ...  and participation in networks among sex workers.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by the Population Council, Pathfinder do Brasil, and the Ministry of Health in Brazil.  ... 
doi:10.1097/olq.0b013e31823b1937 pmid:22337108 pmcid:PMC3569054 fatcat:vbqvucpkhna3bghivgb64eupce
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