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A Marr's Three‐Level Analytical Framework for Neuromorphic Electronic Systems

Yunpeng Guo, Xiaolong Zou, Yifan Hu, Yifei Yang, Xinxin Wang, Yuhan He, Ruikai Kong, Yuzheng Guo, Guoqi Li, Wei Zhang, Si Wu, Huanglong Li
2021 Advanced Intelligent Systems  
with the environment, and perform human-like (or even human-level) tasks.  ...  The human brain is a powerful natural information processing system that has evolved over millions of years.  ...  In light of this, a Marr's three-level framework with more cross-level communications and interactions (Figure 10 ) is desired for understanding and driving forward the neuromorphic research (Table 2  ... 
doi:10.1002/aisy.202100054 fatcat:q5eqa2kiujaj7bjxcxiefgoyvi

The Three-Level Approach: A Framework for Ensuring Medicines Quality in Limited-Resource Countries

Adrian Barojas
2014 Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs Open Access  
Citation: Pribluda VS, Barojas A, Coignez V, Bradby S, Dijiba Y, et al. (2014) The Three-Level Approach: A Framework for Ensuring Medicines Quality in Limited-Resource Countries.  ...  The Three-level Approach offers regulators in limited resource countries, a cost-effective high-throughput methodology for quality monitoring that produces valid and trustworthy results.  ...  Within the framework of the Three-level Approach, L3 tests are performed in all samples that failed L2 and on a subset of those passing L2 screening.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2167-7689.1000117 fatcat:urxfv3l7dzhxrhvfqlvt6lhvni

Developing a Three-level Framework for Building Information Modeling Education in Construction Management

Yilei Huang
2018 Universal Journal of Educational Research  
To bridge the gap, this paper proposes a three-level framework that provides a systematic coverage of BIM through the entire CM curriculum.  ...  The framework consists of a fundamentals level covering BIM contents in most CM subjects, an application level where BIM is applied to solve real-world problems, and an advanced level that focuses on the  ...  To bridge the gap, this paper proposes a three-level framework for BIM education in CM programs.  ... 
doi:10.13189/ujer.2018.060918 fatcat:2uecfuatx5cideqcz3v3ku3v7m

Sample size requirements to detect an intervention by time interaction in longitudinal cluster randomized clinical trials

Moonseong Heo, Andrew C. Leon
2009 Statistics in Medicine  
Using a test statistic based on maximum likelihood estimates, we derived closed form formulae for statistical power to detect the intervention by time interaction and the sample size requirements for each  ...  A mixedeffects linear regression model can be applied in a cluster-RCT with three level data to test the hypothesis that the intervention groups differ in the course of outcome over time.  ...  Heo and Leon [15] derived an algorithm for sample size requirements to detect a main effect of group using a linear mixed effects model for three level data.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sim.3527 pmid:19153969 pmcid:PMC2758777 fatcat:hieq46zamrc4pdw4yuvax5u75e

A Framework of Three Learning Activity Levels for Enhancing the Usability and Feasibility of Wireless Learning Environments

Hsue-Yie Wang, Tzu-Chien Liu, Chih-Yueh Chou, Jen-Kai Liang, Tak-Wai Chan, Stephen Yang
2004 Journal of educational computing research  
This article introduces a framework that involves three learning activity levels-learning functions, learning episodes, and learning flows-as a basis for designing an integrated system that supports various  ...  The participating teachers indicated that the use of the three learning activity levels eased the burden of preparing, implementing and reviewing instruction and learning activities.  ...  In summary, the framework of three learning activity levels enhanced the usability and feasibility of the WiTEC system.  ... 
doi:10.2190/pwme-0h2w-gaeu-ad9p fatcat:sb4eqsaiurcgxlwrz2m7dvsh5a

Requirement specification of an ontology-based semantic recommender system for medical prescriptions and drug interaction detection

Ali Asghar Safaei, Sayyed Saeid Safaei
2019 International Journal of Electronic Healthcare  
In this paper, requirement specification of a ontology-based semantic recommender system for medical prescriptions and drug interaction detection has been presented.  ...  A prototype was developed using Java to evaluate the functions of drug recommendations and drug interaction detection.  ...  Table 1 A selection of functional requirements of the seminal recommender system for prescription and interaction detection Requirement code Requirement description GetIntFR17 The system must insert  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijeh.2019.108565 fatcat:bkzmycavpner3dfuyvv3qgzx7q

Sample size requirements to detect an intervention by time interaction in longitudinal cluster randomized clinical trials with random slopes

Moonseong Heo, Xiaonan Xue, Mimi Y. Kim
2013 Computational Statistics & Data Analysis  
This study design results in a three level hierarchical data structure.  ...  In this paper, we propose approaches for determining the samples size for each level of a 3-level hierarchical trial design based on ordinary least squares (OLS) estimates for detecting a difference in  ...  Heo and Leon (2009) proposed an approach for determining the required number of clusters to detect an intervention by time interaction under a fixed slope model.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.csda.2012.11.016 pmid:23459110 pmcid:PMC3580878 fatcat:7grh7njugzd6xmxp6ybdll4s2y

Protein-Detecting Microarrays: Current Accomplishments and Requirements

Kin-ya Tomizaki, Kenji Usui, Hisakazu Mihara
2005 ChemBioChem  
level.  ...  dextran coatings to detect protein-peptide interactions in an array format  ... 
doi:10.1002/cbic.200400232 pmid:15791688 fatcat:4lyzzi5cbfdhdj2tz5iuq4q4cy

Reasoning with contextual requirements: Detecting inconsistency and conflicts

Raian Ali, Fabiano Dalpiaz, Paolo Giorgini
2013 Information and Software Technology  
We illustrate and evaluate our framework via a case study on a smart-home system for supporting the life of people having dementia problems. RESULTS.  ...  The evaluation showed a significant ability of our analysis mechanisms to detect errors which were not notable by requirements engineers.  ...  We have evaluated our framework from three perspectives.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2012.06.013 fatcat:34qpemh725h7pmorifcxmrroiu

Detecting defects in software requirements specification

Amira A. Alshazly, Ahmed M. Elfatatry, Mohamed S. Abougabal
2014 Alexandria Engineering Journal  
Motivated by both the problem of producing reliable requirements and the limitations of existing taxonomies to provide a satisfactory level of information about defects in the requirements phase, we focus  ...  on providing a better tool for requirements analysts.  ...  The three high-levels of requirements' errors will be used in the taxonomy.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aej.2014.06.001 fatcat:f643wjxesvcxtarn4rxekzpss4

Sampling requirements and approaches to detect ecosystem shifts [article]

Rosalie Bruel, Easton R White
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
For example, sediment or ice cores can be quickly obtained in the field, but they require weeks or months of processing in a laboratory setting.  ...  We use simulations to show how many samples, and which types of sampling approaches, are the most effective in detecting ecosystem change.  ...  The iterative sampling approach requires (f) adding samples around a detected changepoint until (g) a certain level of accuracy is achieved.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.04.07.030643 fatcat:xml6xcs46jhapldgtcrbnbgjvu

Detecting Logical Inconsistencies by Clustering Technique in Natural Language Requirements

Satoshi MASUDA, Tohru MATSUODANI, Kazuhiko TSUDA
2016 IEICE transactions on information and systems  
In this paper, we present a practical approach to detecting logical inconsistencies by clustering technique in natural language requirements.  ...  We implemented our approach and conducted experiments on three case studies of requirements written in natural English.  ...  CT can detect failures triggered by interactions of parameters in the software under test (SUT) with a covering array test suite generated by some sampling mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.1587/transinf.2015kbp0005 fatcat:s4asdiaouncndk6337c4f3d6xq

Towards Detecting and Mitigating Conflicts for Privacy and Security Requirements

Duaa Alkubaisy, Karl Cox, Haralambos Mouratidis
2019 2019 13th International Conference on Research Challenges in Information Science (RCIS)  
requirement engineering live in a world were contradiction is the norm. Hence, development of software engineering is usually an adjustable and upgrading cyclical process.  ...  We found in the literature that some requirements conflict with other requirements.  ...  These conflicts may occur within a level of the project, such as among items at the goal level, requirements level, technical level, or implementation level. II.  ... 
doi:10.1109/rcis.2019.8876999 dblp:conf/rcis/AlkubaisyCM19 fatcat:uctlgqzu6vcrralzirzanjnvz4

Using NLP Tools to Detect Ambiguities in System Requirements - A Comparison Study

Aleksandar Bajceta, Miguel Leon, Wasif Afzal, Pernilla Lindberg, Markus Bohlin
2022 Requirements Engineering: Foundation for Software Quality  
Ambiguity detection in natural language requirements is a challenging problem in the requirements engineering community.  ...  Requirements engineering is a time-consuming process, and it can benefit significantly from automated tool support.  ...  The tool is implemented as a plugin for an open-source framework called GATE workbench 3 .  ... 
dblp:conf/refsq/BajcetaLALB22 fatcat:onkd34tma5hlfaoierauvsnyja

Robust coordination of collective oscillatory signaling requires single-cell excitability and fold-change detection [article]

Chuqiao Huyan, Alexander Golden, Xinwen Zhu, Pankaj Mehta, Allyson E. Sgro
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Complex multicellular behaviors are coordinated at the level of biochemical signaling networks, yet how this decentralized control mechanism enables robust coordination in variable environments and over  ...  A stunning example of these behaviors is found in the microbe Dictyostelium discoideum, which uses the small molecule cyclic AMP (cAMP) to drive the propagation of collective signaling oscillations and  ...  To permit direct comparison between the models, as well as to experimental data, we needed a common scale for three key parameters: external cAMP level, internal cAMP level, and time.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.09.02.457527 fatcat:okcwdwhxyfhffbvlwdj5scz7hy
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