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Nudges in SRI: The Power of the Default Option

Jean-Francois Gajewski, Marco Heimann, Luc Meunier
2021 Journal of Business Ethics  
Second, even investors who opt-out of the default allocation invest more in SRI than those in the control group, an effect that appears driven by anchoring.  ...  AbstractWe introduce nudges in order to incite investors to choose Socially Responsible Investment (SRI) funds instead of traditional funds.  ...  Publishing workshop 2019, Lyon, as well as participants of the Lyon University Research Seminar, and the Panorisk workshop 2019, Angers, in which this paper was presented and received a number of comments that  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10551-020-04731-x fatcat:tsdajy5rj5gttag4ig7qvhv5be

Nudging and Other Behaviourally Based Policies as Enablers for Environmental Sustainability

Marta Santos Silva
2022 Laws  
Recent years have shown that traditional regulatory techniques alone are not effective in achieving behaviour change in important fields such as environmental sustainability.  ...  This led to the arrival of alternative regulatory tools, such as nudges.  ...  Nudges are also reported to lose effectiveness if agents feel manipulated (Rebonato 2012 )-fairness is a dominant factor in human motivation (Feldman 2018) .  ... 
doi:10.3390/laws11010009 fatcat:fovei27lxbeqhbappxq3qcfohm

Models of Cognition and Their Applications in Behavioral Economics: A Conceptual Framework for Nudging Derived From Behavior Analysis and Relational Frame Theory

Marco Tagliabue, Valeria Squatrito, Giovambattista Presti
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Educative nudges, or boosts, are a subset of nudges that may more easily maintain target choice behavior in the future.  ...  The conclusions depict a promising way forward for the study of choice: an improved model for interpreting and overcoming human errors, due to changes in the contingencies of behavior.  ...  This involves breaking the current relations of responding and promotes new derivations that encompass origin or caloric content.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02418 pmid:31736824 pmcid:PMC6838970 fatcat:aeonhxopufamtbumcpowueorzq

Agentic preferences: a foundation for nudging when preferences are endogenous

Mark Fabian, Malte Dold
2022 Behavioural Public Policy  
We argue that agentic preferences are not only welfare-relevant and thus appropriate to libertarian paternalism but can also be identified by choice architects.  ...  We explain the learning process through which individuals establish 'agentic' preferences: preferences that are sufficiently stable, reasonable, autonomous and associated with organismic well-being to  ...  Welfare: Nudges can only be justified when they promote the preferences of the people being nudged.  ... 
doi:10.1017/bpp.2022.17 fatcat:lobi3ertbbavvpp4rft4vmbghi

Engineering Pro-Sociality With Autonomous Agents

Ana Paiva, Fernando Santos, Francisco Santos
2018 PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRTIETH AAAI CONFERENCE ON ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND THE TWENTY-EIGHTH INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CONFERENCE  
of agents and humans to be more pro-social?  ...  Pro-social behavior occurs when people and agents perform costly actions that benefit others.  ...  How can we design autonomous agents which, immersed within humans, can promote collective action in situations where it may not naturally arise?  ... 
doi:10.1609/aaai.v32i1.12215 fatcat:nvcsiddbu5gs5bt44wx6tqvhxa

Exemplars and nudges: Combining two strategies for moral education

Bart Engelen, Alan Thomas, Alfred Archer, Niels van de Ven
2018 Journal of Moral Education  
His research largely focuses on the efect of emotions on decision-making, specializing in emotions that result from disadvantageous inequality (for example envy and admiration).  ...  Well-designed choice situations, then, qualitatively improve ethical decisions. Nudges form part of a wider set of self-management strategies for agents who have their own characteristic limitations.  ...  In short, the more relatable exemplar stories are, the more they will succeed in promoting moral behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1080/03057240.2017.1396966 fatcat:6pcymgzxsnepvipyw3vroagkfy

Status Quo, Critical Reflection and Road Ahead of Digital Nudging in Information Systems Research – A Discussion with Markus Weinmann and Alexey Voinov [article]

Christian Meske, Ireti Amojo
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To further distinguish itself from other disciplines that already tested various nudges in many different domains, Digital Nudging Research in IS may benefit from a strong Design Science perspective, going  ...  beyond the test of effectiveness and providing specific design principles for the different types of digital nudges.  ...  cycle) for a nudge design strategy (Schneider et al., 2018) : (1) the definition of a goal for nudging, (2) the importance of understanding the nudgees (users), (3) the actual design of the nudge, in  ... 
arXiv:1911.08202v1 fatcat:d4weph5qx5hhjfi43ymaijcpra

Understanding the Better Than Average Effect on Altruism

Yunyu Xiao, Kelly Wong, Qijin Cheng, Paul S. F. Yip
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
Findings improve the understanding of the sociodemographic profiles of people showing BTA effects and facilitate targeted policy development to effectively promote altruism.  ...  on multiple sociodemographic characteristics to promote altruistic behaviors.  ...  Increasing altruism nudges (e.g., making altruism norms salient) and fostering habits of personal reflection on altruism (e.g., questions on the importance/consequences of altruism) are directions that  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.562846 pmid:33488442 pmcid:PMC7817701 fatcat:pmlznukolfcwtc3h6wzj4bjvtu

Designing information provision to serve as a reminder of altruistic benefits: A case study of the risks of air pollution caused by industrialization

Hidenori Komatsu, Hiromi Kubota, Nobuyuki Tanaka, Hirotada Ohashi, Valerio Capraro
2020 PLoS ONE  
A well-known phenomenon is that humans perceive risks to threaten future generations as more dangerous in many cases.  ...  We utilize this insight, which has never been explored in the context of nudge, to show that real-world messages reminding respondents that they are supported by their relatives can moderate the perception  ...  The concept of nudge emphasizes humans' irrational decision-making.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0227024 pmid:31945069 pmcid:PMC6964856 fatcat:yskk6e4mw5gcdl5grqibe5rwzu

Efficacious and Ethical Public Paternalism

Daniel M. Hausman
2018 Review of Behavioral Economics  
In what circumstances can policy makers be confident that they know better than individuals how individuals can best promote their own well-being? 2.  ...  What are the methods governments can use to lead people to make decision that are better for themselves? 3. What are the moral pluses and minuses of these methods?  ...  At the same time (and this is the fifth criticism), nudging suggests the superiority of those who design the nudges or perhaps even their contempt for those whom they nudge.  ... 
doi:10.1561/105.00000090 fatcat:p3zofyljhrg4rlxyvljpmo3fdm

The Ethics of Climate Nudges: Central Issues for Applying Choice Architecture Interventions to Climate Policy

Helena SIIPI, Polaris KOI
2021 European Journal of Risk Regulation  
We conclude that climate nudges raise distinct ethical questions that ought to be considered in developing climate nudges.  ...  In this article, we overview the state of the debate on the ethics of nudging and highlight themes that are either specific to or particularly important for climate nudges.  ...  Well-designed nudges can also promote justice.  ... 
doi:10.1017/err.2021.49 fatcat:ogjhzp7cjvbztiqybunx5uf3oy

Behavioral Paternalism

Christophe Salvat
2014 Revue de philosophie économique  
This new type of paternalism, that I call here Behavioral Paternalism (BP), has become popular through Sunstein and Thaler's Nudges theory and challenges the view that paternalism is unacceptable today  ...  Paternalism is considered illegitimate a) when it acts under false pretenses to satisfy the interest of the paternalist agent, b) when it violates the individual autonomy of the people interfered with  ...  policies that help people make better choices. […] In other words, economists ought to treat the analysis of optimal paternalism as a mechanism-design problem when some agents might be boundedly rational  ... 
doi:10.3917/rpec.152.0109 fatcat:7icl44mq7ncqdb4oawxtmq64ja

The Contribution of the UK's Behavioural Insights Team

Simon James
2015 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics  
For this reason the Behavioural Insights Team is often known as the 'Nudge Unit'.  ...  It is suggested that some areas may have more potential than others for the application of behavioural insights but that such potential also exists with respect to financial behaviour.  ...  A Human can't. 'Humans predictably err' (p. 7). A nudge is then 'any factor that significantly alters the behaviour of Humans, even though it would be ignored by Econs' (p. 8).  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijabe.2015040104 fatcat:umsxme5qmrd6rbkjkwnjnef7yq

Some Problems of Behavioral Economics

Arkadiusz Sieron
2020 EUROPEAN RESEARCH STUDIES JOURNAL  
Design/Methodology/Approach: Logical reasoning based on relevant literature.  ...  First, it claims that people are not rational and that this discredits neoclassical economics, which is based on the homo economicus model.  ...  heritage and are created by human interactions, but not by conscious human design."  ... 
doi:10.35808/ersj/1687 fatcat:hmsbiirgvrd3jkokekz32tdszy

People Prefer System 2 Nudges (Kind Of)

Cass R. Sunstein
2016 Social Science Research Network  
On philosophical grounds, it might seem tempting to prefer System 2 nudges, on the assumption that they show greater respect for individual dignity and promote individual agency.  ...  If people are asked to assume that the System 1 nudge is significantly more effective, then many of them will shift to preferring the System 1 nudge.  ...  In that respect, noneducative nudges might promote autonomy in addition to welfare.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2731868 fatcat:bpz32xsnkbbwnitbs7ck7fpyee
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