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Designing Social Machines for Tackling Online Disinformation

Antonia Wild, Andrei Ciortea, Simon Mayer
2020 Companion Proceedings of the Web Conference 2020  
To this end, we defined a fact-checking process that draws upon ongoing efforts for tackling disinformation on the Web, and we formalized this process as a multi-agent organisation for curating W3C Web  ...  In this position paper, we propose an approach to design social machines that coordinate humanand machine-driven credibility assessment of information on a decentralized Web.  ...  CONTRIBUTION We introduce an approach that uses multi-agent organizations to conceptualize social machines for tackling online disinformation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3366424.3385770 dblp:conf/www/WildCM20 fatcat:oduuye7tzjcfzdgs4lnuhwjhta

Tackling Disinformation: EU Regulation of the Digital Space

Flavia Durach, Alina Bârgăoanu, Cătălina Nastasiu
2020 Romanian Journal of European Affairs  
Furthermore, we need to go beyond the understanding of disinformation as an information/ truth fraud, and draw additional measures to reflect the particular understanding of disinformation as a form of  ...  We argue in favour of the co-regulation approach, while drawing attention to some current challenges in the response against disinformation.  ...  / (accessed 24 March 2020). 26 European Commission, 'Tackling online disinformation' , 13 September 2019, available at https://ec.europa.eu/digitalsingle-market/en/tackling-online-disinformation (accessed  ... 
doaj:e337c28f5664451283ad0ca36c6768e0 fatcat:dbbp74uq5vey5il2pskxjcgomu

Artificial Intelligence and Disinformation

Katarina Kertysova
2018 Security and Human Rights  
The article first examines the ways in which AI can be used to counter disinformation online.  ...  The article recognises that in the fight against disinformation, there is no single fix. The next wave of disinformation calls first and foremost for societal resilience.  ...  Data minimisation, envisaged under Article 5, may limit access to training data, which would impact the AI system's ability to improve and more effectively tackle online threats, including disinformation  ... 
doi:10.1163/18750230-02901005 fatcat:ec6fp5gxkzfuzbrk36qb42b75e

Deep learning for misinformation detection on online social networks: a survey and new perspectives

Md Rafiqul Islam, Shaowu Liu, Xianzhi Wang, Guandong Xu
2020 Social Network Analysis and Mining  
It is considered as a convenient platform for users to share personal messages, pictures, and videos.  ...  We further show that DL is an effective and scalable technique for the state-of-the-art MID.  ...  Therefore, deep learning-based detection approaches can be designed to fit various types of features for MID.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13278-020-00696-x pmid:33014173 pmcid:PMC7524036 fatcat:473ziygl7jffbhwvpav3hlmppu

Disinformation in the Perspective of Media Pluralism in Europe – the role of platforms [chapter]

Elda Brogi, Konrad Bleyer-Simon
2021 Perspectives on Platform Regulation  
One of them is the scale and the impact of disinformation on public opinion.  ...  Although not illegal, it may pose a growing threat, for instance, to the integrity of elections, including manipulation, as well as to efforts to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  up by sponsoring a "European approach" 5 to tackle disinformation.  ... 
doi:10.5771/9783748929789-531 fatcat:lxmpeyrbmffy7j7vdis22azi7e

Technology-Enabled Disinformation: Summary, Lessons, and Recommendations [article]

John Akers, Gagan Bansal, Gabriel Cadamuro, Christine Chen, Quanze Chen, Lucy Lin, Phoebe Mulcaire, Rajalakshmi Nandakumar, Matthew Rockett, Lucy Simko, John Toman, Tongshuang Wu, Eric Zeng (+2 others)
2019 arXiv   pre-print
designers, policymakers, and users.  ...  In this report, we summarize the space of technology-enabled mis- and disinformation based on our investigations, and then surface our lessons and recommendations for technologists, researchers, platform  ...  Fake News Detection One approach for combating mis/disinformation is to directly tackle the problem as such: detecting fake or misleading news.  ... 
arXiv:1812.09383v2 fatcat:76dnmu7jojairmqnccauukmagq

Promises and Environmental Risks of Digital Advertising

Harriet Kingaby
2021 Ökologisches Wirtschaften - Fachzeitschrift  
This paper calls for policy interventions which address these shortcomings.  ...  As well as funding products and services, advertising also funds hatespeech and disinformation, while contributing to overconsumption.  ...  These algorithms are designed to keep users on platforms for longer, and often prioritise content with high engagement rates, such as inflammatory disinformation.  ... 
doi:10.14512/oewo360115 fatcat:kz2ecqh4u5gynhupzzvcdum4pa

Combating Disinformation in a Social Media Age [article]

Kai Shu, Amrita Bhattacharjee, Faisal Alatawi, Tahora Nazer, Kaize Ding, Mansooreh Karami, Huan Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present an overview of the techniques explored to date for the combating of disinformation with various forms.  ...  The creation, dissemination, and consumption of disinformation and fabricated content on social media is a growing concern, especially with the ease of access to such sources, and the lack of awareness  ...  Influential social media users having a large online follower-base may also be responsible for the rapid spread of disinformation.  ... 
arXiv:2007.07388v1 fatcat:scqvbj3aczc6lf2h7t45ndtpye

Hate Speech Detection in Ethiopian Social Media Text

Arefat Hyeredin
2020 Zenodo  
This is a research proposal on hate speech detection in ethiopian social media text.  ...  While social media provides an important avenue for communication and sharing, it also acts as a means of spreading hate speech online.  ...  Facebook is selected to collect data from social media for the following reasons. Facebook is the most important platform for reaching out to online audiences, and especially the youth.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3677486 fatcat:vv7yykwklfal7j6ah2u3hptmbi

Mathematical Models of Information Operations

Rafał Kasprzyk
2020 Procedia Manufacturing  
, social groups or whole societies.  ...  , social groups or whole societies.  ...  Social media have transformed online communication into interactive dialog whose participants feel the need to express themselves and articulate "their" opinions and beliefs, seeking for approval or even  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.promfg.2020.02.242 fatcat:glxexwkjkvdcxnfb5aiodpposi

Active, aggressive, but to little avail: characterizing bot activity during the 2020 Singaporean elections

Joshua Uyheng, Lynnette Hui Xian Ng, Kathleen M Carley
2021 Computational and mathematical organization theory  
We conclude with several implications for digital disinformation in times of crisis, in the Asia-Pacific and beyond.  ...  Digital disinformation presents a challenging problem for democracies worldwide, especially in times of crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic.  ...  Fourth and finally, we affirm the importance of designing interoperable pipelines for social cybersecurity (Uyheng et al. 2019) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10588-021-09332-1 pmid:33967594 pmcid:PMC8095478 fatcat:wnbwtzjf5felbmb32zrs6t2qfe

Fake News, Disinformation, and Deepfakes: Leveraging Distributed Ledger Technologies and Blockchain to Combat Digital Deception and Counterfeit Reality [article]

Paula Fraga-Lamas, Tiago M. Fernández-Caramés
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The rise of ubiquitous deepfakes, misinformation, disinformation, propaganda and post-truth, often referred to as fake news, raises concerns over the role of Internet and social media in modern democratic  ...  Moreover, some recommendations are enumerated to guide future researchers on issues that will have to be tackled to face fake news, disinformation and deepfakes, as an integral part of strengthening the  ...  While trust in mass media and established institutions is declining, the use of online social media to connect with people around the world is rising sharply and it has become an important source for the  ... 
arXiv:1904.05386v2 fatcat:jwmdtpw6wzhcjk34aqpt2jrypm

Desinformación en las elecciones presidenciales 2018 en Brasil: un análisis de los grupos familiares en WhatsApp

João Canavilhas, Juliana Colussi, Zita-Bacelar Moura
2019 El Profesional de la Informacion  
Disinformation Online -implemented in the same time frame (February 2018), we capture the perceptions and attitudes of Romanian citizens over the use of new media and news trustworthiness, and we also  ...  compare the Romanians' online behaviour with the average European' s.  ...  This becomes particularly worrying among youth (16-24 years old)the heaviest social networks consumers, which makes them the most permeable to online disinformation.  ... 
doi:10.3145/epi.2019.sep.03 fatcat:thwqyymtsredvkqjcedeqxvvia

Covid-19, una pandemia acompañada de infodemia

Estefanía Fajardo
2020 Global Rheumatology  
this module focus on raising awareness about the importance of MIL in tackling misinformation and disinformation.  ...  This module is designed to help participants identify and verify the original source of digital information online.  ...  The aims are: Module Format This module is designed to be delivered face-to-face or online. It is intended for execution in two parts: Theoretical and practical.  ... 
doi:10.46856/grp.26.e029 fatcat:jws6rrlq5rbjxj4q2dn6ub76xy

Disinformation in the New Media System – Characteristics, Forms, Reasons for its Dissemination and Potential Means of Tackling the Issue

Tomislav Levak
2021 Medijska Istraživanja  
The design, production, and dissemination (mainly orally) of untrue and inaccurate information and news for various purposes have been recorded since ancient times.  ...  The methods for recognizing, preventing, and combating disinformation established thus far are also presented. In addition, new measures for their suppression are also proposed.  ...  The official definition of the term disinformation, as given in the European Commission policy paper Tackling online disinformation is: "Disinformation is verifiably false or misleading information created  ... 
doi:10.22572/mi.26.2.2 fatcat:w3fxmgoxb5g2xaauxpux6f45ji
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