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Heterogeneous knowledge representation using a finite automaton and first order logic: a case study in electromyography

Vincent Rialle, Annick Vila, Yves Besnard
1991 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine  
Such a difficulty arises in the polyneuropathy diagnosis which is based on the spatial distribution, along the nerve fibres, of lesions, together with the synthesis of several partial diagnoses.  ...  In a certain number of situations, human cognitive functioning is difficult to represent with classical artificial intelligence structures.  ...  The choice of concepts described in this study is based on 2 major reasoning features that lead to NP diagnosis: this diagnosis is based, on one hand, on spatial distribution of lesions along the nerve  ... 
doi:10.1016/0933-3657(91)90018-7 fatcat:m3fvxe4wdnhr7omedw3jbq6hwe

Heterogeneous knowledge representation using a finite automaton and first order logic: a case study in electromyography [article]

Vincent Rialle
2009 arXiv   pre-print
Such a difficulty arises in the polyneuropathy diagnosis which is based on the spatial distribution, along the nerve fibres, of lesions, together with the synthesis of several partial diagnoses.  ...  In a certain number of situations, human cognitive functioning is difficult to represent with classical artificial intelligence structures.  ...  The choice of concepts described in this study is based on 2 major reasoning features that lead to NP diagnosis: this diagnosis is based, on one hand, on spatial distribution of lesions along the nerve  ... 
arXiv:0903.5289v1 fatcat:oxtd2mzdgvd2jj5ttvvgo6ysym

Fuzzy expert system for diagnosing diabetic neuropathy

Meysam Rahmani Katigari, Haleh Ayatollahi, Mojtaba Malek, Mehran Kamkar Haghighi
2017 World Journal of Diabetes  
AIM To design a fuzzy expert system to help detect and diagnose the severity of diabetic neuropathy. METHODS The research was completed in 2014 and consisted of two main phases.  ...  RESULTS The final diagnostic parameters included the duration of diabetes, the score of a symptom examination based on the Michigan questionnaire, the score of a sign examination based on the Michigan  ...  MATERIALS AND METHODS Objective To design a fuzzy expert system to categorize the severity of diabetic neuropathy based on clinical exa-minations and results of laboratory tests.  ... 
doi:10.4239/wjd.v8.i2.80 pmid:28265346 pmcid:PMC5320751 fatcat:3zmw4cbrkrbcfajyfvugm4wzha

Classification of the severity of diabetic neuropathy: a new approach taking uncertainties into account using fuzzy logic

AP Picon, NRS Ortega, R Watari, C Sartor, ISN Sacco
2012 Clinics  
METHODS: A rule-based fuzzy expert system was designed by four experts in diabetic neuropathy.  ...  Accuracy was evaluated by an ROC curve analysis obtained based on 50 other cases; the results of those clinical assessments were considered to be the gold standard.  ...  through linguistic variables; 2) an if-then fuzzy rule base, which consists of a set of conditioned fuzzy propositions; 3) an inference method, which applies fuzzy reasoning mechanisms to obtain outputs  ... 
doi:10.6061/clinics/2012(02)10 pmid:22358240 pmcid:PMC3275123 fatcat:44t7p7ao4nfgnfifrrmpeypape

Integrating Deep Biomedical Models into Medical Decision Support Systems: An Interval Constraint Approach [chapter]

Jorge Cruz, Pedro Barahona, Frédéric Benhamou
1999 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Knowledge representation has always been a major problem in the design of medical decision support systems.  ...  The methodology which enables reasoning both forward and backward in time, is applied to a specific domain, electromyography.  ...  Early medical knowledge based systems were designed to accomplish some specific medical task (e.g. diagnosis) and the medical knowledge was mostly embedded in the procedures used to accomplish that task  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-48720-4_20 fatcat:q2sq7g5vrbhivddrzjgluqlr5m

FESMI: A Fuzzy Expert System for Diagnosis and Treatment of Male Impotence [chapter]

Constantinos Koutsojannis, Ioannis Hatzilygeroudis
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present the design, implementation and evaluation of FESMI, a fuzzy expert system that deals with diagnosis and treatment of male impotence.  ...  The diagnosis process, linguistic variables and their values were modeled based on expert's knowledge the statistical analysis of the records of 70 patients from a hospital database and existing literature  ...  We also want to thank Prof Petros Perimenis, Director of the Andrology Laboratory of the Dept of Urology of University of Patras, Greece.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30133-2_147 fatcat:unipjcuv5vdkfm6lc3wh67lflm

A hierarchical deep learning approach with transparency and interpretability based on small samples for glaucoma diagnosis

Yongli Xu, Man Hu, Hanruo Liu, Hao Yang, Huaizhou Wang, Shuai Lu, Tianwei Liang, Xiaoxing Li, Mai Xu, Liu Li, Huiqi Li, Xin Ji (+4 others)
2021 npj Digital Medicine  
Previously, we developed a deep learning system for glaucoma diagnosis based on a large number of samples that had high sensitivity and specificity.  ...  Applying this system to three validation datasets of fundus images, we demonstrate performance comparable to that of human experts in diagnosing glaucoma.  ...  We would like to thank Yue Zhang for her advice and assistance with reviewing the manuscript. AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41746-021-00417-4 pmid:33707616 fatcat:mcdjllk62bdifkw6bqx2jmzgwq

Evaluation of distal symmetric polyneuropathy: The role of autonomic testing, nerve biopsy, and skin biopsy (an evidence-based review)

J.D. England, G.S. Gronseth, G. Franklin, G.T. Carter, L.J. Kinsella, J.A. Cohen, A.K. Asbury, K. Szigeti, J.R. Lupski, N. Latov, R.A. Lewis, P.A. Low (+7 others)
2009 Muscle and Nerve  
Any design where a test is not applied in blinded evaluation or evidence provided by expert opinion alone or in descriptive case series (without controls).  ...  The diagnosis of DSP should be based on a combination of clinical symptoms, signs, and electrodiagnostic criteria as outlined in the previous case definition. 10 The search terms selected were peripheral  ... 
doi:10.1002/mus.21227 pmid:19086069 fatcat:liwyj7rh5vei5kgdu273zt2gqi

A randomized trial of diagnostic ultrasound to improve outcomes in focal neuropathies

Michael S. Cartwright, Leah P. Griffin, Hugh Dowlen, Jessica M. Bargoil, James B. Caress, Zhongyu J. Li, Anthony J. Defranzo, Ethan R. Wiesler, Christopher J. Tuohy, Nikhil Balakrishnan, Joseph A. Molnar, Vanessa Baute (+3 others)
2015 Muscle and Nerve  
Methods-120 individuals with focal neuropathy based on history, examination, and electrodiagnosis were enrolled.  ...  focal neuropathies.  ...  was originally designed to evaluate outcomes in inflammatory neuropathies, so it had not previously been used to evaluate a myriad of focal mononeuropathies.  ... 
doi:10.1002/mus.24884 pmid:26296394 pmcid:PMC4596792 fatcat:xww56h6eyfggdfqbkyzjizaw6a

Perspectives on next steps in classification of oro-facial pain - part 1: role of ontology

W. Ceusters, A. Michelotti, K. G. Raphael, J. Durham, R. Ohrbach
2015 Journal of Oral Rehabilitation  
The purpose of this paper is to review existing principles of orofacial pain classifications and to specify design recommendations for a new system that would reflect recent insights in biomedical classification  ...  Four recommendations for addressing these problems are: 1) develop a hypothesisdriven classification structure built on principles that ensure to our best understanding an accurate description of the relations  ...  Ohrbach) from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.  ... 
doi:10.1111/joor.12336 pmid:26212927 pmcid:PMC4741295 fatcat:scno5romcza3vaf2v45kzahznu

Electrodiagnostic Findings in 441 Patients with Ulnar Neuropathy - a Retrospective Study

Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Parisa Youseffam, Leila Bagherzadeh, Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Dariush Eliaspour
2019 Orthopedic Research and Reviews  
We aimed to retrospectively analyze the medical records of patients diagnosed with ulnar neuropathy in a seven-year period and report our findings.  ...  If a consensus is achieved for the diagnosis of UN, even retrospective studies can become valuable sources for studying UN.  ...  Parisa Yuseffam in the School of Medicine Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Registration No: 424m).  ... 
doi:10.2147/orr.s230116 pmid:31819676 pmcid:PMC6897064 fatcat:n2rossi455butm6lw2fuvecs54

Electrodiagnostic Findings in 441 Patients with Ulnar Neuropathy - a Retrospective Study

Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Parisa Youseffam, Leila Bagherzadeh, Seyed Mansour Rayegani, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Dariush Eliaspour
2019 Orthopedic Research and Reviews  
We aimed to retrospectively analyze the medical records of patients diagnosed with ulnar neuropathy in a seven-year period and report our findings.  ...  If a consensus is achieved for the diagnosis of UN, even retrospective studies can become valuable sources for studying UN.  ...  Parisa Yuseffam in the School of Medicine Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Registration No: 424m).  ... 
doi:10.2147/orr.s230116 fatcat:clxsrke5nfg6da7crptepzk34u

Methods of case adaptation: A survey

Rudradeb Mitra, Jayanta Basak
2005 International Journal of Intelligent Systems  
to find two complex situations that coincide in every particular, whereas a rule-based system must have rules that explicitly match the problem; otherwise the problem cannot be recognized and solved.  ...  In other words, rule-based systems are more rigid in providing the exact solution whereas case-based systems are more flexible in providing an approximate solution.  ...  ICARUS 33 : Design and Deployment of a Case-Based Reasoning System for Locomotive Diagnostics.  ... 
doi:10.1002/int.20087 fatcat:mjszqiunvjgsniekwgaddguyky

Inherited peripheral neuropathies: a myriad of genes and complex phenotypes

J. Baets, V. Timmerman
2011 Brain  
Such studies are valuable for several reasons: first, a more detailed knowledge on the various inherited peripheral neuropathy phenotypes helps neurologists to reach a clinical diagnosis in a particular  ...  Disturbances of this interaction may indeed cause myelin abnormalities. If that were the case, one expects demyelinating forms of neuropathy, as was the case in at least two of the reported families.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awr114 pmid:21616967 fatcat:lzbrj7lkhjd5fedytgsrnrg5bq

CLINICAL AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FEATURES OF IDIOPATHIC OCULOMOTOR NEUROPATHY IN 14 DOGS

Roser Tetas Pont, Courtenay Freeman, Ruth Dennis, Claudia Hartley, Elsa Beltran
2017 Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound  
The 224 presumptive diagnosis of idiopathic neuropathy was made in all cases based on the failure 225 on revealing an underlying cause.  ...  The authors 327 applied stringent inclusion criteria for sampled animals in the current study in order to 328 maximize the likelihood of a true positive diagnosis as much as possible. 329 330 In conclusion  ... 
doi:10.1111/vru.12478 pmid:28176404 fatcat:widydkje3rathibmdgw2k7meia
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