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Linear and Range Counting under Metric-based Local Differential Privacy [article]

Zhuolun Xiang, Bolin Ding, Xi He, Jingren Zhou
2020 arXiv   pre-print
flexible knob than ϵ does to relax LDP and tune utility-privacy trade-offs.  ...  Local differential privacy (LDP) enables private data sharing and analytics without the need for a trusted data collector.  ...  Two models of DP have been studied: centralized differential privacy (CDP) and local differential privacy (LDP).  ... 
arXiv:1909.11778v3 fatcat:cjbhtzoozrf6fbjjijreqg53v4

Optimization of Privacy-Utility Trade-offs under Informational Self-determination [article]

Thomas Asikis, Evangelos Pournaras
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The framework computes a broad spectrum of such trade-offs that form privacy-utility trajectories under homogeneous and heterogeneous data sharing.  ...  This paper studies parameterizations of privacy-settings that regulate the trade-off between maximum utility, minimum privacy and minimum utility, maximum privacy, where utility refers to the accuracy  ...  production and design pricing policies [27, 6] .  ... 
arXiv:1710.03186v2 fatcat:6g53qtkfrbazfeaz4l26rfe7vi

Privacy-Utility Trade-Offs Against Limited Adversaries [article]

Xiaoming Duan, Zhe Xu, Rui Yan, Ufuk Topcu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We study privacy-utility trade-offs where users share privacy-correlated useful information with a service provider to obtain some utility.  ...  This information asymmetry between the users and the limited adversary leads to better privacy guarantees than the case of the omniscient adversary under the same utility requirement.  ...  privacy-utility trade-offs.  ... 
arXiv:2106.14643v1 fatcat:bdgivzlm6jaj7pycnspndpjyqe

Optimization of privacy-utility trade-offs under informational self-determination

Thomas Asikis, Evangelos Pournaras
2018 Future generations computer systems  
production and design pricing policies [11, 12] .  ...  The optimization of privacy-utility trade-offs under diversity in data sharing originated from informational self-determination is the challenge tackled in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.future.2018.07.018 fatcat:knyayh4gybfcdddtts7i33qe5e

PANDA: Policy-aware Location Privacy for Epidemic Surveillance [article]

Yang Cao, Shun Takagi, Yonghui Xiao, Li Xiong, Masatoshi Yoshikawa
2020 arXiv   pre-print
of contact tracing in our systems, and (3) the privacy-utility trade-offs w.r.t. different policy graphs.  ...  Specifically, we formalize the privacy policy using graphs in light of differential privacy, called policy graph.  ...  Third, we visualize the trade-off between privacy and utility.  ... 
arXiv:2005.00186v2 fatcat:4lcfpd446jfbbpp5lticuy7rcu

Asymmetric Differential Privacy [article]

Shun Takagi, Yang Cao, Masatoshi Yoshikawa
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recently, differential privacy (DP) is getting attention as a privacy definition when publishing statistics of a dataset.  ...  Finally, we conducted experiments to evaluate proposed algorithms using real-world datasets and show their practicality and improvement of the utility, comparing state-of-the-art algorithms.  ...  CONCLUSION We proposed asymmetric differential privacy, which is the relaxation of differential privacy to mitigate the constraints of differential privacy.  ... 
arXiv:2103.00996v1 fatcat:gd2uud5zfnbkvazz742ngnys24

Privacy Intelligence: A Survey on Image Privacy in Online Social Networks [article]

Chi Liu, Tianqing Zhu, Jun Zhang, Wanlei Zhou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The framework consists of three stages with different principles of privacy by design.  ...  The recent image leaks from popular OSN services and the abuse of personal photos using advanced algorithms (e.g.  ...  Intelligent solutions in social experience 1) Solutions for utility loss: a) Privacy-utility trade-off: Given that a lot of powerful privacy protection techniques will lead to a certain visual utility  ... 
arXiv:2008.12199v2 fatcat:vxv6rsnyavesjiw2bbnc4jzsiy

Privacy-Preserving Technologies [chapter]

Josep Domingo-Ferrer, Alberto Blanco-Justicia
2020 The International Library of Ethics, Law and Technology  
This chapter introduces privacy and data protection by design, and reviews privacy-enhancing techniques (PETs).  ...  Although privacy by design includes both technical and operational measures, the chapter focuses on the technical measures. First, it enumerates design strategies.  ...  The views in this paper are the authors' own and do not necessarily reflect the views of UNESCO or any of the funders.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-29053-5_14 fatcat:lbnpp4vk4fe6xi7ftgphaxpnlm

Privacy-Functionality Trade-Off: A Privacy-Preserving Multi-Channel Smart Metering System

Xiao-Yu Zhang, Stefanie Kuenzel, José-Rodrigo Córdoba-Pachón, Chris Watkins
2020 Energies  
The system takes an angle based on the ethical concerns about privacy and it implements a hybrid privacy-utility trade-off strategy, without sacrificing functionality.  ...  In the end of the paper, the privacy performance is evaluated to examine whether the proposed system satisfies the privacy and functionality requirements.  ...  So, the TPs should carful choose a noise scale that follows privacy-utility trade-off to settle both services and privacy.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en13123221 fatcat:qq7r6mfx2vgkzj6fsyge2zphwa

Local and Central Differential Privacy for Robustness and Privacy in Federated Learning [article]

Mohammad Naseri, Jamie Hayes, Emiliano De Cristofaro
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Overall, our work provides a comprehensive, re-usable measurement methodology to quantify the trade-offs between robustness/privacy and utility in differentially private FL.  ...  To this end, we present a first-of-its-kind evaluation of Local and Central Differential Privacy (LDP/CDP) techniques in FL, assessing their feasibility and effectiveness.  ...  MN was supported by a Microsoft Research PhD and an EPSRC CASE Studentship on "Privacy in Distributed and Collaborative Learning."  ... 
arXiv:2009.03561v4 fatcat:vd6cvai5hfejxf3rzlgcyvoaxe

Privacy analytics

Hamed Haddadi, Richard Mortier, Steven Hand
2012 Computer communication review  
individuals leads to a distributed form of differential privacy [9] .  ...  However, the trade-offs between security, privacy and usability of such personal profiling and information gathering systems are not well understood -what vulnerabilities are introduced by centralising  ... 
doi:10.1145/2185376.2185390 fatcat:fa6emusj7zdxtjd3zgx5fkdxve

Privacy Aspects of Recommender Systems [chapter]

Arik Friedman, Bart P. Knijnenburg, Kris Vanhecke, Luc Martens, Shlomo Berkovsky
2015 Recommender Systems Handbook  
Hence, it is of paramount importance for recommender system designers and service providers to find a sweet spot, which allows them to generate accurate recommendations and guarantee the privacy of their  ...  In this chapter we overview the state of the art in privacy enhanced recommendations.  ...  that the privacy-accuracy trade-off also exists in differential privacy based methods.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-7637-6_19 fatcat:a37glurl2vgyhconf6ihghekge

Differential Privacy Techniques for Cyber Physical Systems: A Survey [article]

Muneeb Ul Hassan, Mubashir Husain Rehmani, Jinjun Chen
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Meanwhile, differential privacy emerged as an efficient technique to protect CPSs data privacy. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of differential privacy techniques for CPSs.  ...  This survey can serve as basis for the development of modern differential privacy techniques to address various problems and data privacy scenarios of CPSs.  ...  Researchers have now started developing modern differential privacy approaches by efficiently handling utility-privacy trade-off with help of game theory based algorithms [368] , [369] .  ... 
arXiv:1812.02282v3 fatcat:bnapnprldnaetjnjedz473lrme

The Economics of Privacy

Alessandro Acquisti, Curtis Taylor, Liad Wagman
2016 Journal of Economic Literature  
We focus on the economic value and consequences of protecting and disclosing personal information, and on consumers' understanding and decisions regarding the trade-offs associated with the privacy and  ...  First, characterizing a single unifying economic theory of privacy is hard, because privacy issues of economic relevance arise in widely diverse contexts.  ...  and knowledge of tracking technologies and privacy trade-offs).  ... 
doi:10.1257/jel.54.2.442 fatcat:3edb5nk4bvelrcufqd4usvvhnm

Together or Alone: The Price of Privacy in Collaborative Learning

Balázs Pejó, Qiang Tang, Gergely Biczók
2019 Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies  
While a number of privacy-preserving solutions exist for collaborating organizations to securely aggregate the parameters in the process of training the models, we are not aware of any work that provides  ...  We introduce the notion of Price of Privacy, a novel approach for measuring the impact of privacy protection on the accuracy in the proposed framework.  ...  This work has been partially funded by the Higher Education Excellence Program of the Hungarian Ministry of Human Capacities in the frame of the Artificial Intelligence research area of the Budapest University  ... 
doi:10.2478/popets-2019-0019 dblp:journals/popets/PejoTB19 fatcat:7pqqjgegyvfmfcowfavryhlrvi
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