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Experiment and analysis of potato-soil separation based on impact recording technology

Zhongcai Wei, 1. College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China, Hongwen Li, Yijin Mao, Chuanzhu Sun, Xueqiang Li, Wenzheng Liu, Guoliang Su, 2. Shenzhen Escope Technology Co., Ltd, Shenzhen 518052, China, 3. School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255091, China, 4. Shandong Xicheng Agricultural Machinery Science and Technology Co., Ltd., Dezhou 253600, China
2019 International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering  
Experiment and analysis of potato-soil separation based on impact recording technology. Int J Agric & Biol Eng, 2019; 12(5): 71-80.  ...  In order to discover the damage mechanism and improve separation performance in the separation process of potato-soil mixture, the experiment was conducted on an in-house test-bed.  ...  The key part of the test-bed is the separation device of potato-soil, which encompasses reversing rubber wheel, separation sieve, vibration device, driving device of separation sieve, and the front and  ... 
doi:10.25165/j.ijabe.20191205.4573 fatcat:vpcxpzvjfbgzlaltruzntdtbhe

DEM-MBD Coupling Simulation and Analysis of the Working Process of Soil and Tuber Separation of a Potato Combine Harvester

Yuyao Li, Zhichao Hu, Fengwei Gu, Bing Wang, Jiali Fan, Hongguang Yang, Feng Wu
2022 Agronomy  
potato combine harvester and the separation performance between tuber and soil.  ...  The results can be used as a reference for parameter optimization of small-scale potato combine harvesters and coupled DEM-MBD simulation of tuber-soil separation.  ...  However, most of the research on tuber-soil separation devices in potato harvesting has been realized through field tests or bench tests.  ... 
doi:10.3390/agronomy12081734 fatcat:mltkgnd4qbakhcbzox7xzoscnq

A Dynamic Analysis on the Potato Conveying and Separation System Considering the Acting Force of a Material

Lili Xin, Jihui Liang
2019 Transactions of FAMENA  
The test further shows that the rational use of vibration can improve the separation rate of potato and soil, and improve the harvest quality.  ...  In order to study the effect of the exciting forces for the dynamic characteristics of potato conveying and vibration separation system, taking potatoes with soil on them and equivalent viscoelastic material  ...  and by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No.51505305.  ... 
doi:10.21278/tof.43si104 fatcat:7xxvdhtxyzgp5gnjdmayphyfhi

Design and Experimental Study of Potato-Soil SeparationDevice for Sticky Soils Condition

Bei Wu, Tianci Huang, Xuanxuan Qiu, Tianlin Zuo, Xiushan Wang, Fangping Xie
2021 Applied Sciences  
Subsequently, the orthogonal test of 4 factors and 3 levels was performed, and the percentage of small soil λ, the percentage of soil adhering to potato tuber γ, and damage rate of potato tuber K were  ...  The potato-soil separation device comprising five function areas (i.e., shearing, bending, throwing, cleaning, and conveying) was developed to address the mentioned problems (e.g., soil with high moisture  ...  Separation Device Performance Test Test Materials and Equipment The separation test was performed in the laboratory to examine the effect of the device on potato-soil separation and optimize the run  ... 
doi:10.3390/app112210959 fatcat:3fbxub2ztrfnxktnxepztzc7jy

DYNAMIC POTATO IDENTIFICATION AND CLEANING METHOD BASED ON RGB-D

Xiaoming Fu, Zhijun Meng, Zedong Wang, Xiaohui Yin, Chang Wang
2022 Engenharia Agrícola  
To solve the problems of a large number of clods remaining in potatoes after mechanized harvesting in northern heavy clay soil planting areas in China and requiring much labor to separate clods from potatoes  ...  after mechanized harvesting, and a potato cleaning method is presented in this paper.  ...  Geng et al. (2021) designed a potato-stone separator based on airflow suspension technology for a potato cleaner, which used high-speed airflow suspension and a vibrating screen swing to separate potatoes  ... 
doi:10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v42n3e20220010/2022 fatcat:euycjc4zdre4va2wbmtecx64um

Experimental research into operation of potato harvester with rotary tool

Yevhen Ihnatiev, Volodymyr Bulgakov, Vitaliy Bonchik, Zinoviy Ruzhylo, Anatoliy Zaryshnyak, Volodymyr Volskiy, Viktor Melnik, Jüri Olt
2021 Agraarteadus  
A design and process schematic model has been proposed for the operation of the potato harvester.  ...  The experimental research was carried out on a specially designed laboratory-and-field test unit with the use of a hydraulic vertical rotor drive and strain-gauge equipment mounted on a tractor as well  ...  Author contributions VB, YIstudy conception and design; VB, JOdrafting of the manuscript; VB, VB, VM, JO, YIanalysis and interpretation of data; YI, ZR, AZ, VVacquisition of data.  ... 
doi:10.15159/jas.21.15 fatcat:u3h4ggzlwfgl3gjm72cw7xafdi

The Results of Laboratory Studies of the Device for Evaluation of Suitability of Potato Tubers for Mechanized Harvesting

Alexey Dorokhov, Andrey Ponomarev, Vitaly Zernov, Sergei Petukhov, Alexander Aksenov, Alexey Sibirev, Nikolay Sazonov, Maria Godyaeva
2022 Applied Sciences  
determine the force action of the separating surface of the developed device on the potato tubers are presented.  ...  the selection process and to perform quantitative and structural assessment of damage to potato varieties and hybrids inflicted by the device, simulating the process of the harvester's separating element  ...  suitable for mechanized cultivation, as well as to assess the degree of resistance of potato varieties to mechanized harvesting at early stages of selective and seed production works.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app12042171 fatcat:prz2i4xdvrcn3c5exyownxv454

Design of a New Soil-Tuber Separation Device on Potato Harvesters [chapter]

Gaili Gao, Dongxing Zhang, Jun Liu
2011 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
A new soil-tuber separation device on potato harvesters has been developed. It mainly comprises a linear motor, a rectangular screen, a frame, four supporting springs and four dampers.  ...  It is the first time to propose that the soil-tuber separation device is driven by the linear motor. Forces acting on the rectangular screen are found.  ...  Design of a New Soil-Tuber Separation Device on Potato Harvesters 611 The exciting force F was calculated in equation(2), (16) and (19).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-18354-6_71 fatcat:fnncd2zz5vgozii7u6qnsbbl7u

Substantiation of rational parameters of the root crops separator with a rotating inner separation surface

Rim Khamaletdinov, Vladimir Martynov, Salavat Mudarisov, Ildar Gabitov, Eduard Khasanov, Anton Pervushin
2019 Journal of Agricultural Engineering  
Laboratory and field tests have shown that with appropriate adjustments, separation of up to 80% of soil impurities commensurate in size with potato tubers is provided.  ...  device for separating potato tubers from soil lumps in the form of a rotating truncated cone with an internal separating surface.  ...  the time to find new solutions and optimize the design and technological parameters of the designed devices.  ... 
doi:10.4081/jae.2019.997 fatcat:gmvebne27bg27h4rf7zrdum6wi

Improvement of the working bodies of the harvesting machines by means of the use of composite materials

Nikita Zhbanov, Nikolay Byshow, Natalia Kostenko, George Rembalovich, Mihail Kostenko, D. Fayzrakhmanov, B. Ziganshin, F. Nezhmetdinova, R. Shaydullin
2020 BIO Web of Conferences  
When designing potato harvesting technology, the main focus is on the separation of soil impurities, which make up about 97 % with a high yield of 300 kg/ha, and lower yields increase them to 98–99 %.  ...  Potato production is associated with high energy and labor costs, and the final part (harvesting) accounts for the bulk of the costs.  ...  The tests of potato harvesters were based on the use of strain gauges on all power devices of the potato harvester.  ... 
doi:10.1051/bioconf/20201700191 fatcat:vttadxwr2vcj7kskahu4rz4tsa

Justification of parameters for novel rotary potato harvesting machine

V. Bulgakov, V. Bonchik, I. Holovach, I. Fedosiy, V. Volskiy, V. Melnik, Ye. Ihnatiev, Jüri Olt
2021 Agronomy Research  
The authors have set an aim in relation to the development of a novel rotary potato harvesting machine design and the substantiation of rational design and process parameters for the clod crushing tools  ...  A novel design solution has been suggested for the process of crushing the two adjacent potato rows with the vanes of the vertical rotor and the expediency of using the methods of crushing clods in the  ...  During its farm testing, the new potato harvester proved to have a number of advantages as compared with commercially available machines: -soil separation rate was on the average equal to 95%, which was  ... 
doi:10.15159/ar.21.079 fatcat:7e7eh6b2offmpfskso72wyrdiy

Reduction of energy consumption and damage of tubers when digging potatoes

Shishlov S.A., Chugaeva N.A., Shishlov A.N.
2021 E3S Web of Conferences  
On the basis of the existing designs' analysis of potato harvesters' digging working bodies and conducted patent search, the original design of finger type share is proposed.  ...  The practice of using existing digging working bodies of potato harvesters on heavy soils of Primorsky Krai showed that the digging process is energy-consuming and does not meet agrotechnical requirements  ...  Theoretical analysis and operational practice of devices for separating tubers from soil lumps in potato harvesters show that there is yet no effective way of separating impurities and mainly soil lumps  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202125407005 doaj:df771f6f1c044f7ebf8349dbc53fc15f fatcat:hyxwg7tl6nf7tdaprtvshlmgc4

EXPERIMENTAL TEST AND FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF POTATO IMPACT ACCELERATION
马铃薯碰撞加速度试验测试与有限元分析

Weigang Deng, Chenglong Liu, Peng Li, Yanlong Wang, Shengshi Xie, Chunguang Wang
2021 INMATEH Agricultural Engineering  
To analyze the maximum acceleration (amax) of a potato colliding with different objects, both experimental test and finite element analysis (FEA) methods were used.  ...  Results showed that when potatoes were collided with the single rod, the steel plate and the double rods, the average discrepancies of FEA and experimental test values were 5.3%, 3.95% and 5.04%.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the National Natural Science Found of China (31901409) and the Natural Science Foundation of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China (2019BS05012).  ... 
doi:10.35633/inmateh-65-02 fatcat:isxkxvvwp5as3kk7mdbbdeby6y

EXPERIMENT OF A SWING SEPARATING SIEVE ON A POTATO DIGGER

Shengshi Xie, Chunguang Wang, Weigang Deng
2019 Engenharia Agrícola  
The reported results may be of help in providing a reference for the design of the swing separating sieve on potato diggers.  ...  In the first part, it was observed that the coverage of the potato-soil mixture on the separating sieve reduced gradually with the increase in crank rotational speed and sieve inclination.  ...  ., 2015; Yang, 2009 ) and farmers' experience in harvesting potatoes, the separating effect of potatoes and soil mainly depended on the crank radius, crank rotational speed, sieve inclination and machine  ... 
doi:10.1590/1809-4430-eng.agric.v39n4p548-554/2019 fatcat:baa6afcqlngedp3t5q24a7weyq

Stone-clod Separation and Its Application to Potato Cultivation in Hokkaido

Hideyuki Ichiki, Nang Nguyen Van, Keita Yoshinaga
2013 Engineering in Agriculture Environment and Food  
However, direct contact of stones and clods with potatoes in the harvester causes considerable damage to potato tubers during mechanical harvesting (Yamada, 2007) .  ...  Consequently, a soil mechanical conditioning (SMC) technique that removes the stones and clods from beds before sowing potato crops has been adopted in Hokkaido.  ...  The authors gratefully thank the NARO Hokkaido Agricultural Research Center and Hokkaido Research Organization's Tokachi Agricultural Experimental Station for providing experimental data on potato yield  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1881-8366(13)80030-4 fatcat:3m5wb6iukjfbbb3rglzh3z7zq4
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