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Hybrid integration of silicon photonic devices on lithium niobate for optomechanical wavelength conversion [article]

Igor Marinković, Maxwell Drimmer, Bas Hensen, Simon Gröblacher
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Using our method, we assemble a hybrid silicon-lithium niobate device with state-of-the-art wavelength conversion characteristics.  ...  Here we present a novel integration method based on previous pick-and-place ideas, that can combine independently fabricated device components of different materials into a single device.  ...  We expand on earlier demonstrations of pick-and-place assemblies [5] by developing a novel technique that allows a greatly simplified approach to making hybrid electro-  ... 
arXiv:2010.08493v1 fatcat:4csiyrdh3jdvdn2fuuibingtve

Hybrid Integration of Silicon Photonic Devices on Lithium Niobate for Optomechanical Wavelength Conversion

Igor Marinković, Maxwell Drimmer, Bas Hensen, Simon Gröblacher
2021 Nano letters (Print)  
Using our method, we assemble a hybrid silicon-lithium niobate device with state-of-the-art wavelength conversion characteristics.  ...  Here we present a novel integration method, based on previous pick-and-place ideas, that can combine independently fabricated device components of different materials into a single device.  ...  The membrane resonator is made from X-cut lithium niobate and is designed to support gigahertz-frequency Lamb wave modes along the yaxis of the crystal, as shown in Figure 2b .  ... 
doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03980 pmid:33393311 pmcid:PMC7809686 fatcat:rld2mnp3y5aopo2ej4zwwodncm

High-quality lithium niobate photonic crystal nanocavities [article]

Hanxiao Liang, Rui Luo, Yang He, Haowei Jiang, Qiang Lin
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Lithium niobate (LN) exhibits unique material characteristics that have found many important applications.  ...  Scaling LN devices down to a nanoscopic scale can dramatically enhance light-matter interaction that would enable nonlinear and quantum photonic functionalities beyond the reach of conventional means.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was performed in part at the Cornell NanoScale Science and Technology Facility  ... 
arXiv:1706.08904v2 fatcat:5pmkklmznfb53mfnubolnbahtu

Design of nanobeam photonic crystal resonators for a silicon-on-lithium-niobate platform

Jeremy D. Witmer, Jeff T. Hill, Amir H. Safavi-Naeini
2016 Optics Express  
We outline the design for a photonic crystal resonator made in a hybrid Silicon/Lithium Niobate material system.  ...  Using the index contrast between silicon and lithium niobate, it is possible to guide and confine photonic resonances in a thin film of silicon bonded on top of lithium niobate.  ...  Part of this work was performed at the Stanford Nano Shared Facilities (SNSF) and the Stanford Nanofabrication Facility (SNF).  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.24.005876 pmid:27136784 fatcat:jj6cdpx7tvbg5k3t3nnv2vpi6m

Cavity electro-optics in thin-film lithium niobate for efficient microwave-to-optical transduction [article]

Jeffrey Holzgrafe, Neil Sinclair, Di Zhu, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Marco Colangelo, Yaowen Hu, Mian Zhang, Karl K. Berggren, Marko Lončar
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we create an EO transducer in thin-film lithium niobate, leveraging the low optical loss and strong EO coupling in this platform.  ...  We demonstrate a transduction efficiency of up to 2.7×10^-5, and a pump-power normalized efficiency of 1.9×10^-6/μ W.  ...  CNS is part of Harvard University. D.Z. is supported by the Harvard Quantum Initiative (HQI) postdoctoral fellowship. The authors thank C.J. Xin, E. Puma, B. Machielse, C. Wang, Y. Qiu, and W.  ... 
arXiv:2005.00939v2 fatcat:hk5g4snh6bhgxil3e23xwbxevu

Simultaneous bandgap

Maria Maragkou
2014 Nature Photonics  
One kind of structure that supports simultaneous localization of light and vibration is an optomechanical crystal -a periodic structure that exhibits a bandgap for both photons and phonons.  ...  The authors employ a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (emitting 560 ps pulses at 1,064 nm) and use a nonlinear optical crystal of periodically-poled lithium niobate to perform phase-matched optical parametric  ... 
doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.229 fatcat:yhdejw46kzgkzdzohg4fbdvfnu

Reaching the mid-infrared

Maria Maragkou
2014 Nature Photonics  
One kind of structure that supports simultaneous localization of light and vibration is an optomechanical crystal -a periodic structure that exhibits a bandgap for both photons and phonons.  ...  The authors employ a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (emitting 560 ps pulses at 1,064 nm) and use a nonlinear optical crystal of periodically-poled lithium niobate to perform phase-matched optical parametric  ... 
doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.231 fatcat:l2kdmggrw5hstkjwifxo7c42je

Black phosphorus potential

Oliver Graydon
2014 Nature Photonics  
One kind of structure that supports simultaneous localization of light and vibration is an optomechanical crystal -a periodic structure that exhibits a bandgap for both photons and phonons.  ...  The authors employ a passively Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (emitting 560 ps pulses at 1,064 nm) and use a nonlinear optical crystal of periodically-poled lithium niobate to perform phase-matched optical parametric  ... 
doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.236 fatcat:aarn7vnm2vcwjka2oi2bgqkeku

Modulation of Brillouin optomechanical interactions via acoustoelectric phonon-electron coupling [article]

Nils T. Otterstrom, Matthew J. Storey, Ryan O. Behunin, Lisa Hackett, Peter T. Rakich, Matt Eichenfield
2021 arXiv   pre-print
and show that they give rise to a dramatic enhancement of the performance of Brillouin-based photonic technologies.  ...  Optomechanical Brillouin nonlinearities – arising from the coupling between traveling photons and phonons – have become the basis for a range of powerful optical signal processing and sensing technologies  ...  The lithium niobate thin film has its +Y-axis normal to the device plane and the +X-axis is parallel to the [110] direction in the cubic InGaAsP and silicon crystals.  ... 
arXiv:2111.01020v2 fatcat:7mj6hqftlfeolasofddvdugqke

Design of nano-groove photonic crystal cavities in lithium niobate

Yihang Li, Cheng Wang, Marko Loncar
2015 Optics Letters  
We propose a novel design of photonic-crystal nanobeam cavities in lithium niobate (LN) for both TE and TM modes, addressing problems associated with tilted sidewalls, which commonly result from dry etching  ...  The principle of designing an ultrahigh-Q PCNC is to linearly increase the mirror strength on both sides of the cavity, Fig. 1. Schematics of photonic crystal nano-groove cavities. (a) Top view.  ...  We propose a novel design of photonic-crystal nanobeam cavities in lithium niobate (LN) for both TE and TM modes, addressing problems associated with tilted sidewalls, which commonly result from dry etching  ... 
doi:10.1364/ol.40.002902 pmid:26076291 fatcat:s6ter7awhfchtlvzskv3tcwqoa

Lithium Niobate Piezo-optomechanical Crystals [article]

Wentao Jiang, Rishi N. Patel, Felix M. Mayor, Timothy P. McKenna, Patricio Arrangoiz-Arriola, Christopher J. Sarabalis, Jeremy D. Witmer, Raphaël Van Laer, Amir H. Safavi-Naeini
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We make significant progress in this direction by demonstrating a photonic crystal resonator on thin-film lithium niobate (LN) that simultaneously supports high-Q optical and mechanical modes, and where  ...  Demonstrating a device that efficiently connects light, motion, and microwaves is an outstanding challenge in classical and quantum photonics.  ...  A.S.N. and W.J. thank Martin Fejer and Marek Pechal for numerous helpful discussions. We thank Thaibao Phan supplying us with HSQ.  ... 
arXiv:1903.00957v1 fatcat:iphebxp75za5fpfvs6zdvybpn4

Monolithic integration of a lithium niobate microresonator with a free-standing waveguide using femtosecond laser assisted ion beam writing

Zhiwei Fang, Yingxin Xu, Min Wang, Lingling Qiao, Jintian Lin, Wei Fang, Ya Cheng
2017 Scientific Reports  
Lithium niobate (LN) microresonators have attracted much attention for their broad range of applications in optical signal processing, quantum electrodynamics and optomechanics 1-9 .  ...  This is mainly due to the excellent material properties of lithium niobate such as a broad transmission window, large nonlinear optical coefficients, and a large electro-optic tunability.  ...  Lithium niobate (LN) microresonators have attracted much attention for their broad range of applications in optical signal processing, quantum electrodynamics and optomechanics [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep45610 pmid:28358135 pmcid:PMC5372359 fatcat:n4z2bvnjofhvla7vxrpm5xmtf4

Piezoelectric optomechanical approaches for efficient quantum microwave-to-optical signal transduction: the need for co-design [article]

Krishna C. Balram, Kartik Srinivasan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Piezoelectric optomechanical platforms represent one of the most promising routes towards achieving quantum transduction of photons between the microwave and optical frequency domains.  ...  The first approach uses one-dimensional nanobeam optomechanical crystals excited by interdigitated transducers, and is characterized by large single-photon optomechanical coupling strength, limited intracavity  ...  Traditionally, optomechanical crystals, and photonic crystals in general, have been designed to work with TE polarized optical fields.  ... 
arXiv:2108.11797v1 fatcat:vdbq2x22uzce3hrezhhzufgije

Microwave-to-optical conversion using lithium niobate thin-film acoustic resonators

Linbo Shao, Mengjie Yu, Smarak Maity, Neil Sinclair, Lu Zheng, Cleaven Chia, Amirhassan Shams-Ansari, Cheng Wang, Mian Zhang, Keji Lai, Marko Lončar
2019 Optica  
We demonstrate conversion of up to 4.5 GHz-frequency microwaves to 1500 nm-wavelength light using optomechanical interactions on suspended thin-film lithium niobate.  ...  Owing to the strong microwave-to-acoustic coupling offered by the transducer in conjunction with the strong photoelastic, piezoelectric, and electro-optic effects of lithium niobate, we achieve a half-wave  ...  lithium niobate (LN), where the secondary effect via piezoelectricity and electro-optics is excluded [25, 37] .  ... 
doi:10.1364/optica.6.001498 fatcat:eqlk3bcwnfe7lold7i5vfolr5i

Efficient microwave to optical photon conversion: an electro-optical realization

Alfredo Rueda, Florian Sedlmeir, Michele C. Collodo, Ulrich Vogl, Birgit Stiller, Gerhard Schunk, Dmitry V. Strekalov, Christoph Marquardt, Johannes M. Fink, Oskar Painter, Gerd Leuchs, Harald G. L. Schwefel
2016 Optica  
Compared to previous experiments, we show a three orders of magnitude improvement of the electro-optical conversion efficiency reaching 0.1% photon number conversion for a 10GHz microwave tone at 0.42mW  ...  of optical pump power.  ...  We would like to acknowledge our stimulating discussions with Konrad Lehnert and Alessandro Pitanti. † These authors contributed equally to this work.  ... 
doi:10.1364/optica.3.000597 fatcat:pkxdnofijvgpzihno5nsniw6ya
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