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Robotics and Neuroscience

Dario Floreano, Auke Jan Ijspeert, Stefan Schaal
2014 Current Biology  
In the attempt to build adaptive and intelligent machines, roboticists have looked at neuroscience for more than half a century as a source of inspiration for perception and control.  ...  We argue that robots generate valuable insight into the function of nervous systems, which is intimately linked to behaviour and embodiment, and that brain-inspired algorithms and devices give robots life-like  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in parts by the Swiss National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) Robotics, the Max-Planck-Society, and the U.S. National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.07.058 pmid:25247370 fatcat:hu6weag6gzg5ncncf5ycmekta4

The emerging technology of biohybrid micro-robots: a review

Zening Lin, Tao Jiang, Jianzhong Shang
2021 Bio-Design and Manufacturing  
In the past few decades, robotics research has witnessed an increasingly high interest in miniaturized, intelligent, and integrated robots.  ...  The imperative component of a robot is the actuator that determines its performance.  ...  The key to the design and manufacture of micro-robots is the miniaturization of the drivers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42242-021-00135-6 fatcat:j2i7yetrkbb2nmxqfwa5vkjzfu

Jumping Locomotion Strategies: From Animals to Bioinspired Robots

Xiaojuan Mo, Wenjie Ge, Marco Miraglia, Francesco Inglese, Donglai Zhao, Cesare Stefanini, Donato Romano
2020 Applied Sciences  
The strategies adopted by animals and robots to control the jump (e.g., take-off angle, take-off direction, take-off velocity and take-off stability), aerial righting, land buffering, and resetting are  ...  Jumping is a locomotion strategy widely evolved in both invertebrates and vertebrates.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10238607 fatcat:ajfztjqtbjdmhkbirs5sltgioi

A future of living machines?: International trends and prospects in biomimetic and biohybrid systems

Tony J. Prescott, Nathan Lepora, Paul F. M. J. Vershure, Akhlesh Lakhtakia
2014 Bioinspiration, Biomimetics, and Bioreplication 2014  
Drawing on our recent research in biomimetic mammalian robots, including humanoids, we review the future prospects for such machines and consider some of their likely impacts on society, including the  ...  as an important methodology for improving our understanding of the world we live in and of ourselves as biological organisms.  ...  Acknowledgements: We are grateful for the support of the European Commission through the Framework 7 ICT programme projects CSN (248986), CSNII (601167), BIOTACT (215910), EFAA (270490), and WYSIWYD (612139  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2046305 fatcat:pjhzr3leubetbm7xwlgexqkw4i

Robotic tails: a state-of-the-art review

Wael Saab, William S. Rone, Pinhas Ben-Tzvi
2018 Robotica (Cambridge. Print)  
Inspired by biological tails observed in nature, robotic tails provide a separate means to enhance stabilization, and maneuverability from the mobile robot's main form of locomotion, such as legs or wheels  ...  This paper discusses relevant research in design, modeling, analysis and implementation of robotic tails onto mobile robots, and highlight how this work is being used to build robotic systems with enhanced  ...  A simulation-based study 55 using the R3-RT with a quadrupedal robot 56, 57 has shown the tail's capabilities in affecting the yaw, pitch and roll dynamics of a mobile robot.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0263574718000425 fatcat:4s7vq6k3gzh2li52iy6wls4d7y

Recent Advances in Flexible Tactile Sensors for Intelligent Systems

Yiyao Peng, Ning Yang, Qian Xu, Yang Dai, Zhiqiang Wang
2021 Sensors  
With the rapid development of smart robots, wearable devices, and human-computer interaction interfaces, flexible tactile sensing has attracted extensive attention.  ...  Then, for intelligent systems, the wide application prospects of flexible tactile sensors in the fields of wearable electronics, intelligent robots, human-computer interaction interfaces, and implantable  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21165392 pmid:34450833 pmcid:PMC8401379 fatcat:bkkl7xfm7je55iedktek52fbhi

Evolution of Embodied Intelligence [chapter]

Dario Floreano, Francesco Mondada, Andres Perez-Uribe, Daniel Roggen
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
field (Swiss OFES grants 00.05291-1 and 01.0012-1).  ...  Acknowledgements This paper is an updated and extended version of A.I. 101: Machine Self-evolution by the same authors.  ...  Bio-inspired solutions are applied where natural mechanisms are well identified and can be translated into our robot design and control.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-27833-7_23 fatcat:l56x37yksvhexmquaqcetsr7hi

A survey of socially interactive robots

Terrence Fong, Illah Nourbakhsh, Kerstin Dautenhahn
2003 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
We then present a taxonomy of design methods and system components used to build socially interactive robots.  ...  Following this taxonomy, we survey the current state of the art, categorized by use and application area. Finally, we describe the impact of these these robots on humans and discuss open issues.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the participants of the Robot as Partner: An Exploration of Social Robots workshop (2002 IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems) for inspiring  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0921-8890(02)00372-x fatcat:iwjtltmh65cb3icwsy2svbls54

Neurorobots as a Means Toward Neuroethology and Explainable AI

Kexin Chen, Tiffany Hwu, Hirak J. Kashyap, Jeffrey L. Krichmar, Kenneth Stewart, Jinwei Xing, Xinyun Zou
2020 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
Moreover, a neuroroboticist has total control over the network, and by analyzing different neural groups or studying the effect of network perturbations (e.g., simulated lesions), they may be able to explain  ...  We suggest that using neurorobots as a form of computational neuroethology can be a powerful methodology for understanding neuroscience, as well as for artificial intelligence and machine learning.  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2020.570308 pmid:33192435 pmcid:PMC7604467 fatcat:37v42xxymbfuznceh4gofmuawy

Table of contents

2010 ICCAS 2010  
Kim FEP-20 Effects of torsional stiffness, knee angle, and link ratios on the design of a biologically inspired mobile robot with two-segment legs 1835 DongHwan Shin, Youngshik Kim and Jinung  ...  Choi TE06-3 Benefit/Cost Analysis of a Robot-based Construction Automation System 616 Taehoon Kim and Ung-Kyun Lee TE06-4 Remote mine sensing technology using a mobile wheeled robot RAT-1 622  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccas.2010.5669694 fatcat:43uj6owxh5c63gr2mn5shli5ja

3D Printing Polymeric Materials for Robots with Embedded Systems

Ray Noel Medina Delda, Rex Balisalisa Basuel, Rodel Peralta Hacla, Dan William Carpiano Martinez, John-John Cabibihan, John Ryan Cortez Dizon
2021 Technologies  
The integration of additive manufacturing (AM) to robotics has made advancements in robotics manufacturing through sophisticated and state-of-the-art AM technologies and materials.  ...  The fabrication of robots and their embedded systems is challenging due to the complexity of the interacting components.  ...  The robot was composed of two parts: a flexible body section and a functional part, controllable externally by magnetic fields [102, 140] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/technologies9040082 fatcat:pcqynvvibvfz3niwclwjlddwx4

Reconfigurable systems for multifunctional electronics

Jia Zhu, Michael Dexheimer, Huanyu Cheng
2017 npj Flexible Electronics  
In the development of these systems, biomimicry has been a long lasting inspiration for the novel yet simple designs and technological innovations.  ...  Reconfigurable systems complement the existing efforts of miniaturizing integrated circuits to provide a new direction for the development of future electronics.  ...  solitary transition waves, with high fidelity and controllability for signal control. 53 The band gap can be effectively modulated through local resonance in a unit cell, which can be used to design  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41528-017-0009-6 fatcat:ag75mymrajhlrhcnhb6fz3zxv4

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2014 Zenodo  
advanced control and sensory functions.  ...  The budget request details the proposed investments $80 million to develop new sets of tools for imaging and analytics of neural and synaptic brain activities that will improve diagnosis and care of wounded  ...  -Applied novel design tools to reduce design time of robots to include user-guided evolution of structures and controller, and automated morphological design processes.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215345 fatcat:fjzhmynqjbaafk67q2ckcblj2m

Recent advances in physical reservoir computing: A review

Gouhei Tanaka, Toshiyuki Yamane, Jean Benoit Héroux, Ryosho Nakane, Naoki Kanazawa, Seiji Takeda, Hidetoshi Numata, Daiju Nakano, Akira Hirose
2019 Neural Networks  
A reservoir computing system consists of a reservoir for mapping inputs into a high-dimensional space and a readout for pattern analysis from the high-dimensional states in the reservoir.  ...  Another advantage is that the reservoir without adaptive updating is amenable to hardware implementation using a variety of physical systems, substrates, and devices.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Ze Hei for his assistance in collecting the relevant papers and the anonymous reviewers for helpful comments that improved the quality of this review.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2019.03.005 fatcat:u4vjykpyxnch3n24kprqoi2tsy

The Dynamics of Legged Locomotion: Models, Analyses, and Challenges

Philip Holmes, Robert J. Full, Dan Koditschek, John Guckenheimer
2006 SIAM Review  
Evolution has shaped the breathtaking abilities of animals, leaving us the challenge of reconstructing their targets of control and mechanisms of dexterity.  ...  A full neuromechanical model of a running animal requires integration of these elements, along with proprioceptive feedback and models of goal-oriented sensing, planning, and learning.  ...  The work that led to this review was begun in June 1998 at the Institute for Mathematics and Its Applications (Minnesota) Workshop on Animal Locomotion and Robotics, which we all attended, and at which  ... 
doi:10.1137/s0036144504445133 fatcat:izz7o5ch2zadpa4gkyqzopspda
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