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Statistical Inference and Evidence-Based Science

Stephen J. Langendorfer
2011 International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education  
Inferential Statistics It may be helpful to consider that all statistics (remember that does not mean all numbers) can be categorized into one of two groups: descriptive statistics and inferential statistics  ...  As straightforward as descriptive statistics can be, inferential statistics can be complicated and complex, both to calculate and to understand.  ... 
doi:10.25035/ijare.05.02.02 fatcat:rrtug2gswva2tle74coo3boebm

Two Techniques for Qualitative Data Analysis: Descriptive Narrative and Generalization

Richard L. Baskerville, Brian T. Pentland, Geoff Walsham
1994 International Conference on Information Systems  
inferential statistics).  ...  onto a future population of cases (such as inferential statistics).  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/BaskervillePW94 fatcat:vnrl23vpzzayppcinoy24p3rxm

Inferential statistics, power estimates, and study design formalities continue to suppress biomedical innovation [article]

Scott E. Kern
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Fundamental conflicts between descriptive vs inferential statistics, deductive vs inductive hypothesis testing, and exploratory vs pre-planned confirmatory research designs have been played out over decades  ...  Specific reforms could deliberately abate the damage produced by the current overemphasis on inferential statistics, power estimates, and prescriptive study design.  ...  Descriptive vs inferential statistics: A tutorial Definitions Descriptive statistics (DS) organizes and summarizes the observations made. It satisfies the broad curiosity driving an ongoing study.  ... 
arXiv:1411.0919v1 fatcat:uu3yr3zkgvhwnmanacagjas7wi

Intercultural Rhetoric as Instructional Technique for Improving Iranian EFL Learners' Reading Comprehension: Effectiveness & Challenges

Maria Pir, Jaleh Hassaskhah, Mohammad Amin Sorahi
2019 International Journal of English Language and Translation Studies  
Data Analysis As to the data analysis, quantitative measures included both descriptive and inferential statistics to measure and compare the impact of IR instruction through "using L1" vs.  ...  In order to answer the first two research questions, descriptive and inferential statistics were utilized, and to answer to the qualitative research question of the study (i.e. third one), the learners  ... 
doaj:c8ad93e8c80d4a8cbd8ecddcfc00de5f fatcat:wit5nd6v6fagxitsgryednsmqy

Page 56 of Behavior Research Methods Vol. 27, Issue 1 [page]

1995 Behavior Research Methods  
Third, we agree that the use of computer programs to compute inferential statistics without understanding the statistic or the program is dangerous, but would add that this is also true for de¬ scriptive  ...  We ask somewhat rhetorically, why the standard error?  ... 

Investigating the Extent of Familiarity of Iranian ESP Teachers and ESP Course Learners with Academic Rhetoric within a Systemic Functional Grammar Based their Educational Level, Age and Gender

Tahereh Jafarian, Akbar Azizifar, Ali Jamalinesari, Habib Gowhary
2015 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
The acquisition of rhetorical structure and function grammar can be very helpful for academicians to achieve the wanted goal which is, of course, the Publication of their RAs.  ...  This study aims at investigating the effect of educational level, age and gender to the current level of familiarity to academic rhetoric within a systematic functional grammar among the Iranian ESP teachers  ...  After administering the questionnaires, descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were utilized to analyze the collected data.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.030 fatcat:lusvhgekcvfudmaiuupzmzhfx4

The Effect Of Summarization On Intermediate EFL Learners Reading Comprehension And Their Performance On Display, Referential And Inferential Questions

Zargham Ghabanchi, Fateme Haji Mirza
2010 Journal of College Teaching & Learning (TLC)  
The results revealed that the use of summarization did not have a significant effect on the readers' performance on display and inferential questions.  ...  This study examined the effect of summarization as a generative learning strategy of the readers' performance on reading comprehension, in general, and reading comprehension display, referential and inferential  ...  Table 1 : 1 Descriptive Statistics of the Pre-test Subsections and the T-test Descriptive Statistics of the Pre-test Subsections t-test for Equality of means Grouping N Mean S D. Std.  ... 
doi:10.19030/tlc.v7i9.149 fatcat:6bmn4tikyza3hkj66ehyfs3ijq

The Study of Familiarity of Iranian ESP Teachers and ESP Course Learners with Academic Rhetoric within a Systemic Functional Grammar at Graduate Level

2014 Advances in Language and Literary Studies  
The acquisition of rhetorical structure and function grammar can be very helpful for academicians to achieve the wanted goal which is, of course, the publication of their RAs.  ...  This study aims to investigate the current level of familiarity to academic rhetoric within a systematic functional grammar among the Iranian ESP teachers and ESP course learners.  ...  After administering the questionnaires, descriptive statistics and inferential statistics were utilized to analyze the collected data.  ... 
doi:10.7575/aiac.alls.v.5n.5p.155 fatcat:ubylcx6lincn7aq5v74buyeeja

Statistical inference and Aristotle's Rhetoric

Ranald R. Macdonald
2004 British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology  
We can therefore conclude that Aristotle would have approved of statistical inference and there is a good reason for calling this form of statistical inference classical.  ...  Of existing theories of statistical inference only a weak version of Fisher's takes this into account.  ...  Inferential reasoning in statistics involves reaching conclusions about the way the world is on the basis of observations and probability models.  ... 
doi:10.1348/0007110042307186 pmid:15511303 fatcat:odcnsduxqveannsw5vbo5ma7dy

Statistics for Library Decision Making; Research Methods in Library and Information Studies (Book Review)

Kendon Stubbs
1991 College and Research Libraries  
Statistics for Library Decision Making: A Handbook. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1989. 200p. $35 (ISBN 0-89391-586-6). paper, $19.95 (ISBN 0-89391-605-6). LC 89-6744. Slater, Margaret, ed.  ...  Hernon's book, written with the collaboration of six doctoral students, goes beyond descriptive statistics to inferential statistics, as well as to the more general subject of quantitative analysis.  ...  He stops short of inferential statistics-sampling, probability, testing of hypotheses.  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_52_02_207 fatcat:vn6abmsfrnci3m5qkve6ztbnuq

Rhetorical Structure Theory: Toward a functional theory of text organization

WILLIAM C. MANN, SANDRA A. THOMPSON
1988 Text - Interdisciplinary Journal for the Study of Discourse  
DMs encode procedural information [Bla02] • DMs facilitate the inferential process • DMs guide the hearer towards the meaning intended by the speaker Preliminary empirical findings • Not all the "traditional  ...  Conclusion • Reliability of human annotation depends on guidelines and media • Automatic filtering has excellent recall and encouraging precision DMs in natural language processing • Rhetorical parsing  ...  The London-Lund Corpus of Spoken English: Description and research. Lund: LUP, 1990, pp. 137-175.  ... 
doi:10.1515/text.1.1988.8.3.243 fatcat:n5f6r2c63vetlhdt5u3fhrlme4

Strategies Training in the Teaching of Reading Comprehension for EFL Learners in Indonesia

Junaidi Mistar, Alfan Zuhairi, Nofita Yanti
2016 English Language Teaching  
<p>This study investigated the effect of reading strategies training on the students' literal and inferential reading comprehension.  ...  The analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) yielded that the experimental group outperformed the control group in both literal and inferential reading comprehension levels.  ...  Descriptive statistics of literal comprehension post-test scores Group Mean Std.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v9n2p49 fatcat:q2k4sqtdrfd6fd5yzkvbqif4lq

Page 2349 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 27, Issue 4 [page]

1993 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
evaluation/conventional assessment protocol compar- ison; lipreading alone/lipreading with sound/tactile alone; tests; 9310646 inference generation research, empirical study organization model; 9308813 inferential  ...  linguistics recent international research review, Nordic Journal of Linguistics, — Danish/Norwegian Sign Language representation; 9310473 Spanish cultisms, Latin borrowings, research methodology; 9309970 statistical  ... 

Investigating the Effect of Relational Marketing Tactics on Customer's Loyalty of e-Banking Services in Terms of Customer of Bank Tejarat

Hadi Nezari, Leila Nazari, Mousa Ahmadi
2016 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
Finally, according to the results of the descriptive statistics of the variables showed that Tejarat bank branches in Tehran in terms of relationship marketing are already in a relatively good position  ...  Finally, the raw data obtained are analyzed using SPSS statistical software was used.  ...  Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis.  ... 
doi:10.5901/mjss.2016.v7n2s2p133 fatcat:6y66gbp3vrgpbdl2ubyl5ccsyq

A methodology for streamlining historical research: the analysis of technical and scientific publications

J.T. Battalio
2002 IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication  
MEASURES OF ASSOCIATION inferential statistics estimates the significance of those trends and suggests the relationships among the historical, linguistic, and rhetorical components of the discourse  ...  In particular, the data associated with these slopes are the most useful for inferential statistical analysis (see step 8).  ... 
doi:10.1109/47.988360 fatcat:lfilc3ypaber5fnuw5vr4aghya
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