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Deontic defeasible reasoning in legal interpretation

Antonino Rotolo, Guido Governatori, Giovanni Sartor
2015 Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law - ICAIL '15  
We identify some options for modelling reasoning about interpretations and show that interpretative argumentation has a distinctive structure where the claim that a legal text ought or may be interpreted  ...  This paper offers a new logical machinery for reasoning about interpretive canons.  ...  is not even admissible; On the basis of the above intuitions, we will offer two options for modelling reasoning about interpretations: a defeasible logic for reasoning about the interpretation of abstract  ... 
doi:10.1145/2746090.2746100 dblp:conf/icail/RotoloGS15 fatcat:4lmhm2bjxjcxplk3ogrki6fsre

An argumentation framework for contested cases of statutory interpretation

Douglas Walton, Giovanni Sartor, Fabrizio Macagno
2016 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
This paper proposes an argumentation-based procedure for legal interpretation, by reinterpreting the traditional canons of textual interpretation in terms of argumentation schemes, which are then classified  ...  A logical model for statutory interpretation is finally presented, covering pro-tanto and all-thingsconsidered interpretive conclusions.  ...  In we modelled interpretive claims as deontic claims, stating the obligation to adopt a certain interpretation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-016-9179-0 fatcat:gz62grchjfeyjhs6pzp4lu4iny

Legal Interpretations in LegalRuleML

Tara Athan, Guido Governatori, Monica Palmirani, Adrian Paschke, Adam Z. Wyner
2014 International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems  
LegalRuleML allows for mutually incompatible renderings (or interpretations) of a legal source to coexist in the same LegalRuleML document, and provides facilities to identify the interpretations and to  ...  In this paper we discuss the mechanism proposed by LegalRuleML to capture alternative interpretations or renderings of a legal source.  ...  LegalRuleML enables the expression of defeasibility, a rich range of deontic concepts, and associated concepts of penalty and reparation.  ... 
dblp:conf/jurix/AthanGPPW14 fatcat:vov2h3rxgvfrvc77uqojhzcyoi

Combining fuzzy logic and formal argumentation for legal interpretation

Célia da Costa Pereira, Andrea G. B. Tettamanzi, Beishui Liao, Alessandra Malerba, Antonino Rotolo, Leendert van der Torre
2017 Proceedings of the 16th edition of the International Conference on Articial Intelligence and Law - ICAIL '17  
The interpretation of a norm is often uncertain and con icting. In this paper we propose a model for arguing about legal interpretation, which considers the problems of vagueness.  ...  After motivating our adoption of graded categories as a tool to tackle the problem of open texture in legal interpretation, we introduce a model based on fuzzy logic and argumentation.  ...  : MIning and REasoning with Legal texts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3086512.3086532 dblp:conf/icail/PereiraTLMRT17 fatcat:mhucjfldyrcntoqm7thtlfisne

Rules and Norms: Requirements for Rule Interchange Languages in the Legal Domain [chapter]

Thomas F. Gordon, Guido Governatori, Antonino Rotolo
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this survey paper we summarize the requirements for rule interchange languages for applications in the legal domain and use these requirements to evaluate RuleML, SBVR, SWRL and RIF.  ...  We also present the Legal Knowledge Interchange Format (LKIF), a new rule interchange format developed specifically for applications in the legal domain.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Harold Boley and Monica Palmirani for their valuable comments on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04985-9_26 fatcat:n27pazrxzbfpbp5bxy6g6wvaka

Deontic Concepts and Their Clash in Mīmāṃsā : Towards an Interpretation

Elisa Freschi, Matteo Pascucci
2021 Theoria  
Our formal rendering captures the most important features of the Mīm aṃs a theory and can thus serve as a concise and rigorous presentation of it for scholars working in deontic logic.  ...  Thus, the Mīm aṃs a deontics is interesting for any historian of philosophy and constitutes a thought-provoking occasion to rethink deontic concepts, taking advantage of centuries of systematic reflections  ...  EF presented parts of this article at a conference in honour of James Benson in Oxford (20.6.2019) and would like to thank the audience, and especially J. Benson, for his feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1111/theo.12307 fatcat:hzkkdvnn3bbr3m6dvllnimekzy

Conflicts in legal knowledge base

Tomasz Zurek
2012 Foundations of Computing and Decision Sciences  
The authors main objective was to model a selected legal act, together with the inference rules applied, and to represent them in an advisory system, focusing on the most accurate representation of both  ...  This distinction would allow for preserving both the universal character of the provision and its applicability to various legal problems.  ...  This model also allows for the reinstatement of arguments, i.e. for the defeasibility of an argument which acts as a defeater for another argument.  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10209-011-0006-9 fatcat:6y62yhwb6zatpdrddfkbpdqg2y

The Logic of Legal Requirements. Essays on Defeasibility

Vojko Strahovnik
2012 Revus  
Ferrer Beltrán and Ratti conclude that "[a]t least two main models of interpretation can clearly be singled out in the discussion of substantive legal defeasibility we have sketched so far: a formalist  ...  defeasibility in legal reasoning as a consequence of interpretation of legal provisions or concepts (interpretation based account of legal defeasibility).  ...  However, within such a model there remains an open question of how to account for knowledge in case of such open "unless... " principles. Jonathan R.  ... 
doi:10.4000/revus.2341 fatcat:44ynkzevg5gqxo2kxhyx32wwh4

Law and Defeasibility

Bartosz Brożek
2014 Revus  
reasoning (in general) is defeasible, because it often takes advantage of defeasible rules; legal arguments are defeasible, since they might include defeasible rules; and legal properties may be said  ...  This question can be interpreted in two ways: either as inquiring into the possibility of reconstructing legal phenomena with the utilization of the mechanism of defeasibility, or as demanding the answer  ... 
doi:10.4000/revus.3110 fatcat:7nsdpfuusbbydfprfyousnx324

LegalRuleML: XML-Based Rules and Norms [chapter]

Monica Palmirani, Guido Governatori, Antonino Rotolo, Said Tabet, Harold Boley, Adrian Paschke
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The above is modeled as follow in enriched way, ready for legal reasoning base don defeasible logic.  ...  met at the reasoning level, at the level responsible for structuring, evaluating and comparing legal arguments constructed from rules and other sources.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24908-2_30 fatcat:2gypa5dnyrc7lnmgswc2d4bgna

Presumptive Reasoning in Interpretation. Implicatures and Conflicts of Presumptions

Fabrizio Macagno
2012 Argumentation: an international journal on reasoning  
It is shown why we cannot simply jump to an interpretative conclusion based on what we presume to be the most common purpose of a speech act, and why, in cases of indirect speech acts, we need to depend  ...  on an abductive process of interpretation.  ...  This model allows one to account for interpretation in specific contexts of dialogue, where communication is not cooperative.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10503-011-9232-9 fatcat:wortt3cppjadhmno77bugitvo4

Multiagent Deontic Logic and its Challenges from a Normative Systems Perspective

Gabriella Pigozzi, Leendert W. N. van der Torre
2017 IfColog journal of logics and their applications (FLAP)  
The articles in this special issue reflect the development of the logical analysis of normative multi-agent systems theory during the last two decades, with a special emphasis on the role played by deontic  ...  Fifteen challenges for multiagent deontic logic are considered, even though such list is by no means final. The three central concepts in these challenges are preference, agency, and norms.  ...  Third, we show how argumentation can be used to reason about other challenges in normative systems as well, by discussing a model for arguing about legal interpretation [17] .  ... 
dblp:journals/flap/PigozziT17a fatcat:7z52lqgoxnaqnmxqu3uqmthnja

REPRESENTING BUSINESS CONTRACTS IN RuleML

GUIDO GOVERNATORI
2005 International Journal of Cooperative Information Systems  
The task of monitoring contract execution and performance requires a logical account of deontic and defeasible aspects of legal language; currently such aspects are not covered by RuleML; accordingly we  ...  This will be done in the setting of RuleML.  ...  DP0558854 on "A Formal Approach to Resource Allocation in Web Service Oriented Composition in Open Marketplaces".  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0218843005001092 fatcat:ppe6t6nucfg4lnvphloht7nz2y

On Extending RuleML for Modal Defeasible Logic [chapter]

Duy Hoang Pham, Guido Governatori, Simon Raboczi, Andrew Newman, Subhasis Thakur
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We motivate the reasons for this type of extension and we argue that the extension will allow for a robust knowledge framework in different application areas.  ...  In this paper we present a general methodology to extend Defeasible Logic with modal operators.  ...  This can be done in two ways: we can show that some of the premises of a counterargument do not obtain, or we can show that the argument is weaker than an argument in favour of the conclusion.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88808-6_12 fatcat:b3bvqlloongu7np4bgwuvnlt3q

Utilitarian Moral Judgment Exclusively Coheres with Inference from Is to Ought

Shira Elqayam, Meredith R. Wilkinson, Valerie A. Thompson, David E. Over, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
We thank Narayanan Srinivasan and two reviewers for helpful comments on previous versions of this article.  ...  SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg. 2017.01042/full#supplementary-material  ...  Empirical work specifically demonstrating defeasibility is rather sparse, but recent evidence shows that legal arguments, at least, are defeasible (Gazzo Castañeda and Knauff, 2016) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01042 pmid:28690572 pmcid:PMC5480028 fatcat:qpzl63efjffdhd3k4zd7urzc2q
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