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The lecture-demonstration versus the problem-solving method of teaching a college science course

J. Darrell Barnard
1942 Science Education  
Darrett BARNARD Colorado State College of Education PROBLEM This study compared the relative effec- tiveness of a lecture-demonstration method and a problem-solving method of teaching the biological portion  ...  Three classes, consisting of 145 students, were taught by a problem- solving method and three classes, consist- ing of 137 students, were taught by the lecture-demonstration method.  ... 
doi:10.1002/sce.3730260303 fatcat:fgaj4f5grve6tlmsxcolgcor3m

Page 9 of Viewpoints in Teaching and Learning Vol. 42, Issue 6 [page]

1966 Viewpoints in Teaching and Learning  
In this study the lecture-demonstration method was shown to be superior to the problem-solving method in a test of recall of specific information, The problem-solving method proved superior, however, in  ...  a test of problem-solving abilities and scientific attitude.  ... 

A Nonmonotone Line Search Technique for Newton's Method

L. Grippo, F. Lampariello, S. Lucidi
1986 SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis  
Birgin, Martínez, and Raydan [1] developed for solving such problems a new projected gradient descent method based on the combination of projected Barzilai-Borwein method [2] with additional Grippo-Lampariello-Lucidi  ...  The numerical solution of many engineering problems leads to the problem of minimizing a strictly convex quadratic function subject to a given set of inequality constraints.  ...  Birgin, Martínez, and Raydan [1] developed for solving such problems a new projected gradient descent method based on the combination of projected Barzilai-Borwein method [2] with additional Grippo-Lampariello-Lucidi  ... 
doi:10.1137/0723046 fatcat:aphrlxiryrcwnnimhv3idoaawa

Problem Solving [chapter]

Candace Hughes, Jacqueline Estrada
2017 Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology  
The second method, heuristic method, is based on a more selective list of possible problem-solving methods including only those with a high likelihood of producing a solution.  ...  the process of solving a problem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-56782-2_1477-2 fatcat:kbjn6nwipja7zbwe6djldbbxfq

Assessment of Instructional Strategies Employed by Physics Teachers and Students Academic Achievement in Secondary Schools in Rivers State

Omeodu, M. Doris
2019 European Scientific Journal  
In the study, among the traditional instructional strategies, it was found that lecture method, demonstration method, laboratory method and problem solving method of teaching are the most frequently used  ...  Similarly, students taught with problem solving methods achieved more than those who were frequently taught with laboratory strategy.  ...  Problem solving teaching method according to Rushikesh (2013) is a method where students learn by working on problems.  ... 
doi:10.19044/esj.2019.v15n4p187 fatcat:3vxut7xe5vdfndj3mm2c4erfxe

Chemical Reaction Problem Solving

William Veal
2017 The Hoosier Science Teacher  
Problem solving approaches in high school chemistry classes are discussed. Instructional methods for improving reaction problem solving are offered.  ...  These methods are: brainstorming, learning general reaction types, learning solubility rules or trends, demonstrations of solving techniques and strategies, demonstrations to exemplify certain types of  ...  There are instructional methods that the teacher can use to help students understand and solve reaction problems.  ... 
doi:10.14434/thst.v40i1.23275 fatcat:n7hx27mmtbhbrl7nkpxrrqbkeq

Page 401 of Science Education Vol. 40, Issue 5 [page]

1956 Science Education  
Utilizing students taking the survey course in biological sciences at N.Y.U., Barnard [2] compared the relative effectiveness of the lecture demonstration method with the problem-solving method.  ...  TESTS ON THE PROBLEM-SOLVING QUESTIONS 35 > 5 SIGNIFICANT 124 DIFFERENCE 0 C_} = LECTURE METHOD bs: = PROBLEM-SOLVING METHOD 10d be 9 584 So P20 a So ao £ 8 Be d L15 4] 0 26 *) 0!  ... 

Investigating the Development of Pre-Service Teachers' Problem-Solving Strategies via Problem-Solving Mathematics Classes

2020 European Journal of Educational Research  
Results also demonstrated a limited and incorrect use of mathematical terminology, as well as a lack of problem comprehension.  ...  This study investigated the development of problem-solving strategies demonstrated by 42 elementary pre-service mathematics teachers in problem-solving mathematics classes.  ...  The types of problems given encouraged pre-service teachers to demonstrate different problem-solving methods and techniques.  ... 
doi:10.12973/eu-jer.9.1.129 fatcat:tmnpekd3snguhi23dzapznhjmi

PROBLEMS AND TECHNIQUES IN GENERAL SCIENCE

Ira C. Davis
1936 School Science and Mathematics  
The teacher should also provide a few experimental problems to give pupils an opportunity to use the method of the demonstration in solving problems of a similar nature.  ...  The demonstration, the experiment and the problem should be a means of solving the difficulty.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1949-8594.1936.tb11039.x fatcat:zw2udicmlne6jibs5v4xomy4rq

How Did Mathematics Postgraduates Obtain Tacit Knowledge of Mathematical Problem Solving?

Zezhong Yang, Tong Wang, Ming Zhu, Zhaohua Qu
2017 American Journal of Education and Learning  
The results indicated that mathematics postgraduates' tacit knowledge of Mathematics problem solving mainly came from their teachers' explanation and demonstration about mathematics problem solving, their  ...  This research focused on the obtainment of mathematics postgraduates' tacit knowledge of Mathematics problem solving, investigated 172 mathematics postgraduates with a closed-ended structured questionnaire  ...  of the problem (Knowledge II), the third part is the tacit knowledge about finding a fast and simple method (Knowledge III).  ... 
doi:10.20448/804.2.2.121.131 fatcat:fywtmmwzivbp3hfqon2blmnj4q

Page 173 of School Science and Mathematics Vol. 36, Issue 2 [page]

1936 School Science and Mathematics  
The demonstration, the experiment and the problem should be a means of solving the difficulty.  ...  new situations, and in the solving of the problems that face him.  ... 

Research on Computer Aided Innovation Model of Weapon Equipment Requirement Demonstration [chapter]

Yong Li, Qisheng Guo, Rui Wang, Liang Li
2009 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
Firstly, in order to overcome the shortcoming of using only AD or TRIZ solely,and solve the problems currently existed in weapon equipment requirement demonstration, the paper construct the method system  ...  Then, we construct a CAI model frame of weapon equipment requirement demonstration, which include requirement decomposed model, requirement mapping model and requirement plan optimization model.  ...  TRIZ is science about system innovation, its main function is to solve the functional problem of main requirement of a system, but its defect is it can not solve the problem meeting entire system requirements  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03346-9_16 fatcat:267bepmfi5d5nihd3sq43vzhtq

The Model Object-product-cognitive Operation Through Mathematical Education

Costică Lupu
2014 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
days, achieving a systematic research using questionnaire and method tests the effectiveness of the model operationalization.  ...  The aim was to investigate the efficiency of the model to operationalize D'Hainaut with applications in mathematics, the formation of concepts, theorem proving, problem solving.  ...  a research study on the effectiveness of model effectiveness in problem solving methods and combining traditional methods with active-participative methods; -Promoting the idea that using model operationalization  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.298 fatcat:jjavzfxypfdptmde7x3fbtezhm

Artifically intelligent physics solver: This AI understands Newtons law

V. Nirmala, PG and Research Dept. of Physics, Queen Mary's College, Chennai, A. Rajagopal, IDRP, Indian Institute of Technology, IIT Madras, Chennai
2019 Science & Technology Journal  
In this paper, a Google BERT neural network model was trained using transfer learning technique on a synthetic dataset of simple physics problems within the scope of solving Newton's third law problems  ...  The of Netwon's third law assuming certain boundaries on the language model of the word problems. A working prototype of this AI can be accessed at the given website.  ...  CONCLUSION The paper demonstrated the feasibility of developing a neural network that could understand, solve and validate certain type of word problems in physics laws.  ... 
doi:10.22232/stj.2019.07.01.03 fatcat:mx4cwwackfcdvavle2tza2vabu

A REVIEW OF META-HEURISTIC APPROACHES FOR SOLVING OPTIMAL POWER DISPATCH PROBLEMS IN POWER NETWORKS

Akintunde S. Alayande, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria., Ignatius K. Okakwu, Tolulope O. Akinbulire, Joshua T. Olowolaju, Olanike O. Ade-Ikuesan, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Benin, Nigeria., Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria., Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, University of Lagos, Nigeria., Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria.
2019 Mağallaẗ Al-kūfaẗ Al-handasiyyaẗ  
In solving the EDP in modern power systems, due to the existence of non-convexity in the problem, the capability derived in the meta-heuristical-based methods have been extensively explored in recent times  ...  This paper, therefore, presents a comprehensive review of various meta-heuristic approaches through which the solution to economic dispatch problems could be effectively provided.  ...  ., 2005) , Weighted Ideal point Method (WIM) is proposed to solve the ED problem. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed technique is efficient in solving ED problem.  ... 
doi:10.30572/2018/kje/100408 fatcat:bscuwrgv2ff3tbrtqczw6zds4m
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